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PDF Content Summary: 1. POWER OVERVIEW Vapor operates on the internal 3.0V watch type battery (#CR2032). If possible, install Vapor to the vehicle’s electrical system. Wiring to the vehicle enables a brighter backlight, longer sleep timer, and enables the shift and temperature indicator LED’s. Vapor is polarity independent and has safeguards to avoid draining the vehicle battery. See the POWER CONNECTION section for more info. 2. MOUNT VAPOR: Vapor is made to be bolted to the vehicle. Use the included handlebar mounts, or refer to the manual or trailtech.net for other options like the CNC aluminum protector. 4. TROUBLESHOOT ERRATIC TACH: See the TACH IGNITION SENSOR section for more information. If everything is working, but the tach is way off, then there’s too much “ambient electrical noise”, or the tach sensor is installed incorrectly. 1. Try wrapping the tach sensor around the spark plug wire more or less times. 2. Avoid routing wires alongside other high-voltage wires that may cause noise interference. 3. Some kits include a “resistor tach sensor”. If there’s a lot of tach noise at a certain frequency, the resistor may filter and smooth it out. Aluminum Included Handlebar Protector Mount (optional) Mount 3. VEHICLE SENSORS: Refer to the sensor installation sections. You should install the wheel sensor, ignition sensor, engine temperature sensor, and vehicle power connection. Power Wire Tach Ignition Temperature Sensor Sensor (varies) 5. INDICATOR LIGHTS: 6. SLEEP MODE: Wheel Speed Sensor (varies) Vapor has two colored LED lights at the top. They are activated when tach or temperature goes above the thresholds to warn you about potential problems with your vehicle. The left LED is yellow, the right LED is red. When the tach is over the rev limit the LED will flash, if the temperature is high then the LED will turn on solid. Set custom thresholds in the DATA SETTING MODE. Set the thresholds to 0 to turn them off. If Vapor sees no activity (either wheel movement or a button press) for 5 minutes, it will enter sleep mode and only display the clock. Sleep mode will end when any activity is noticed. During sleep mode Vapor is using the internal battery and will not draw down vehicle power. 010-ELV-195 Tech Support: (844) 378-8143 email@example.com QUICK-START 7. BUTTONS: Vapor has three screens. Press MODE to toggle between them. YELLOW RED LED LED RESET TRIP DATA: <LEFT> + <MODE> = HOLD TO RESET VALUES FOR: Max Speed, Distance, Ride Time, Stop Watch, Max Engine Temperature, and Max RPM. LEFT BUTTON MODE BUTTON RIGHT BUTTON Start stop watch Switch screens Toggle between Hold to edit trip distance screen features 8. SCREENS: Vapor has 3 screens, press MODE to cycle between screens. Press RIGHT on screen 2 to toggle Ride Time/Stop Watch. Press RIGHT on screen 3 to toggle Odometer/Accumulated Ride Time. Hold all three buttons to enter data setting mode. SCREEN 1 SCREEN 2 • Time of Day • Engine Temperature • Ambient Air Temperature • RPM Bar Graph • RPM Bar Graph • Stop Watch (TT) • Speed (SPD) • Ride Time (RT) • Distance (DST) • Speed (SPD) • Revolutions per Minute (RPM) ORDER OF SETUP MODE: 1. Speed and Distance Format 2. Wheel Size 3. Time Format 4. Time of Day 5. PPR Pulses per Revolution 6. PPR Pulse Change 7. PPR Level 2 8. Temperature Unit of Measure 9. Temperature Indicator 10. Temperature Indicator Danger 11. RPM Shift Indicator 12. RPM Shift Indicator Danger SCREEN 3 • Maximum Temperature (MAX) • Accumulated Ride Time (ART) • Odometer (ODO) • Maximum Speed (MS) • Maximum RPM (MR) 9. DATA SETTING MODE : HOLD DOWN ALL 3 BUTTONS to enter data setting mode. Adjust one setting at a time, then move on to the next one. <LEFT> = Scroll value. <MODE> = Move to next data setting screen. <RIGHT> = Move to next digit in data setting mode. M/H or KM/H See MEASURE WHEEL SIZE section 12H or 24H 12:00:00 0.5, 1, or 2 RPM when PPR changes 0.5, 1, or 2 °F or °C Yellow Indicator Red Indicator Yellow Indicator Red Indicator QUICK-START The Vapor sensors plug securely into Vapor using waterproof connectors. They are different sizes (you cannot plug a sensor into the wrong connector.) Ambient Temperature Sensor Wheel Sensor Engine Temperature Sensor Vehicle Power Ignition Sensor TACH IGNITION SENSOR: The ignition sensor enables tachometer readings and the animated bar graph of Vapor. OPTION 1: (Preferred option for most vehicles.) Capacitive coupling to spark plug wire: 1. If required, you may shorten the length of the ignition sensor. Be very careful when stripping back the black Ignition Sensor casing to avoid damaging the inner red wire. Coil To install ignition sensor wire, wrap the Ignition Sensor red part of the sensor wire around the Wrap coil wire 5 times. Spark Plug POWER AND TACH SENSORS INSTALLS POWER CONNECTION: FOR USE ON 6-400 VDC/VAC SYSTEMS ONLY! Vapor will operate in the range of 6-400 VAC/VDC, but will not draw enough power to drain a vehicle battery. Use a volt meter to confirm 6-400 VDC/VAC. Vapor is polarity independent, so it cannot be installed backwards. Fuse: Introducing a fuse into the circuit before electronics is always a good idea. Use a 1 amp fuse with Vapor (not provided). System Tap: It is possible to tap into the vehicle electrical system anywhere in the circuit. Possible points are at the lights, ignition, or CDI. When tapping into the electrical system, connect to a circuit protected by fuse. MX Bikes: Most do, but some motocross bikes do not have 12 volt power. If there is no vehicle battery or capacitor, connect power wire to ignition power leads from stator. Use caution, as this is a high voltage option. Power Wire SENSORS: OPTION 2: If the coil is attached to the spark plug, then wrap the sensor like this: Step 1: Pull water-seal down. Wrap ignition sensor around spark Water plug. Seal Step 2: Replace water-seal. Step 3: Reinstall spark plug into motor. TEMPERATURE SENSOR INSTALLS TEMPERATURE SENSORS: Most Vapor kits contain a model-specific temperature sensor. Installing the temperature sensor enables temperature readouts on Vapor. Alternative sensors are available. Vehicles cooled with water use sensors to measure the fluid temperature, while air-cooled machines take the cylinder head’s temperature at the spark plug. The radiator fin sensor is the easiest installation for water cooled applications. Radiator Sensor Installation: Fin 1.Confirm correct size. 2.Apply thermal grease to maximize heat transfer. 3. Carefully press sensor between radiator fins. If the in sensor is too large, file it to size rather than forcing it into the radiator. Sensor Radiator Installation: Hose 1.Drain fluid. 2.Measure inner diameter of hose before cutting. Tighten 3.Mark hose. 4.Cut hose. 5.Slide on hose clamps. Mark & Cut 6. Install sensor & tighten hose clamps. Sensor CHT Spark Cylinder Installation: Plug Head 1.Remove crush washer from spark plug. 2.Replace with temperature Sensor replaces crush washer sensor. 3. Re-install spark plug. CVT Sensor Install: (Continuously Variable Transmission) 200oF+ Warning: CVT Belt wear occurs more rapidly at high temperatures. Let the belt cool down to increase lifespan. 1.Drill 13/64” (5mm) hole in hard plastic CVT exhaust. 2.Thread sensor into hole. The sensor threads are M6x10. 3. Use high temp RTV (silicone gasket sealer) to seal case cover. Not included in kit. Sensor Screw Installation: 1.2. Remove radiator pressure relief bolt. Replace with temperature sensor. MAGNET INSTALLATION: Install a magnet on the brake rotor to trigger the speed sensor each wheel rotation. Remove one of the stock rotor bolts and install the magnetic rotor bolt as shown, do not overtighten past 10 ft-lb of torque. If the magnetic bolt will not work, the kit includes a spare magnet that can be installed into one of the rotor spaces. Use the included retainer clip or epoxy such as JB Weld to secure. BRAKE CALIPER WHEEL SENSOR Some ATVs require mounting the wheel sensor directly to the brake caliper. Drill a 1/8” hole through the caliper mount, then use the self-tapping screw to secure the sensor. Brake Caliper Wheel Sensor KTM WHEEL SENSOR Trail Tech wheel sensors work with the KTM and Husqvarna OEM install location. Screw the wheel sensor into the OEM caliper position. Insert the black magnet into the pre-drilled hole in the rotor and secure with the retainer clip. KTM Magnetic Retainer CONVENTIONAL FORK SENSOR KTM OEM Wheel Conventional Fork Sensor Position VHB Wheel Sensor INVERTED FORK WHEEL SENSOR ROTOR SHIELD WHEEL SENSOR If there are fork For UTVs and quads guards next to the with a rotor shield, brake rotor, then the position the sensor fork guard wheel there. sensor can be installed as shown. Drill a 3/8” hole and use the jam nuts to Try to have the tip of secure the sensor to the sensor about 1/2 the rotor shield. Use inch away from the loctite rather than magnet in the rotor. Rotor Bolt Magnet Inverted Fork Wheel Sensor over-tightening the jam nuts. Rotor Shield Wheel Sensor WHEEL SENSORS INSTALLS Magnetic Retainer or Spare Magnet Magnetic Rotor Bolt If the fork is close to the brake rotor, then the VHB fork sensor can be used. Peel and stick the sensor to the fork. Try to have the tip of the sensor about 1/2 inch away from the magnet in the rotor. Rotor Bolt Magnet Some kits include a metal C-bracket to help mount the sensor, as shown. Use the jam nuts to secure the sensor to the C-bracket. Use loctite rather than over-tightening the jam nuts.C-BRACKET WHEEL SENSOR C-Bracket Wheel Sensor WHEEL SENSORS SETUP WHEEL SENSOR TEST: Test for correct sensor/magnet placement before permanently mounting. 1. Set the vehicle on a stand so that the front (left) wheel spins easily. 2. Plug the wheel sensor cable into the computer. 3. Install the magnetic bolt. 4. Hold the sensor in place on the caliper mount by hand. While someone watches the computer, roll the wheel. If the computer does not register, move the magnet or sensor and try again. There should be 1/2” or less gap between the sensor and magnet. Do not mount so that the magnet passes the middle section of the sensor. Either the sensor will not register at all; or the sensor will register twice, causing a “double trigger” effect (computer displays twice the true speed.) If a double-trigger is unavoidable, divide the wheel size setting in the computer by 2 to correct the problem. Magnet Rotation Path MEASURE WHEEL SIZE: Knowing your exact wheel size it critical for the wheel sensor to calculate correct speed and distance data. When comparing calibration to GPS data, use a long straight section of road with no tight corners or small vertical movements. On a flat surface, mark the tire sidewall and the ground with a marking pen. Roll the wheel until the mark on the tire completes one revolution and is back on the ground. Mark the ground at this location. Measure the distance between the marks on the ground in millimeters (multiply inches by 25.4 to convert to mm). Use this number for your wheel size. For accuracy, the rider’s weight should be on the bike when making the measurement. Wheel Size = Wheel Diameter(mm) x3.14Method 1: Ruler Find the circumference of front wheel by measuring its diameter in millimeters. Multiply the Wheel Diameter by 3.14. The result is your wheel size. Method 2: Rolling Diameter x3.14 Method 3: Distance Measurement This is the most accurate method. 1. Set the wheel size to 2110mm (motorcycle) or 1675 (ATV). 2. Find a length of road where the distance is known. 3. Ride the distance, noting how far the computer reads (i.e. the road is known to be 5 miles and the computer shows 4.95 miles.) Wheel Size: 4. Use the numbers to solve for X in the following equation: Enter the number you calculate from one of the above formulas into setup mode. Generic/Average Sizes: Motorcycle: ATV: 2110 mm 1675 mm (new wheel size) = (actual miles) x (current wheel size) (current miles) X = 5 x 4.95 2110 X = 10550 4.95 X = 2131
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