ROLAND RSS M-400 (01) PDF MANUAL


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PDF Content Summary: Version 1.5 Owner’s Manual Before using this unit, carefully read the sections entitled: “IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS” (p. 2), “USING THE UNIT SAFELY” (p. 3–5), and “IMPORTANT NOTES” (p. 6–7). These sections provide important information concerning the proper operation of the unit. Additionally, in order to feel assured that you have gained a good grasp of every feature provided by your new unit, Owner’s manual should be read in its entirety. The manual should be saved and kept on hand as a convenient reference. Copyright © 2008 ROLAND CORPORATION All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form without the written permission of ROLAND CORPORATION. 2 WARNING: To reduce the risk of fire or electric shock, do not expose this apparatus to rain or moisture. The CAUTION RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK DO NOT OPEN lightning flash with arrowhead symbol, within an equilateral triangle, is intended to alert the user to the presence of uninsulated “dangerous voltage” within the ATTENTION: RISQUE DE CHOC ELECTRIQUE NE PAS OUVRIR product’s enclosure that may be of sufficient magnitude to constitute a risk of electric shock to persons. CAUTION: TO REDUCE THE RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK, The exclamation point within an equilateral triangle is DO NOT REMOVE COVER (OR BACK). intended to alert the user to the presence of important NO USER-SERVICEABLE PARTS INSIDE. operating and maintenance (servicing) instructions in the REFER SERVICING TO QUALIFIED SERVICE PERSONNEL. literature accompanying the product. INSTRUCTIONS PERTAINING TO A RISK OF FIRE, ELECTRIC SHOCK, OR INJURY TO PERSONS. IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS WARNING - When using electric products, basic precautions should always be followed, including the following: 1. Read these instructions. 2. Keep these instructions. 3. Heed all warnings. 4. Follow all instructions. 5. Do not use this apparatus near water. 6. Clean only with a dry cloth. 7. Do not block any of the ventilation openings. Install in accordance with the manufacturers instructions. 8. Do not install near any heat sources such as radiators, heat registers, stoves, or other apparatus (including amplifiers) that produce heat. 9. Do not defeat the safety purpose of the polarized or grounding-type plug. A polarized plug has two blades with one wider than the other. A grounding type plug has two blades and a third grounding prong. The wide blade or the third prong are provided for your safety. If the provided plug does not fit into your outlet, consult an electrician for replacement of the obsolete outlet. 10. Protect the power cord from being walked on or pinched particularly at plugs, convenience receptacles, and the point where they exit from the apparatus. 11. Only use attachments/accessories specified by the manufacturer. 12. Unplug this apparatus during lightning storms or when unused for long periods of time. 13. Refer all servicing to qualified service personnel. Servicing is required when the apparatus has been damaged in any way, such as power-supply cord or plug is damaged, liquid has been spilled or objects have fallen into the apparatus, the apparatus has been exposed to rain or moisture, does not operate normally, or has been dropped. For the U.K. WARNING: THIS APPARATUS MUST BE EARTHED IMPORTANT: THE WIRES IN THIS MAINS LEAD ARE COLOURED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE FOLLOWING CODE. GREEN-AND-YELLOW: EARTH, BLUE: NEUTRAL, BROWN: LIVE As the colours of the wires in the mains lead of this apparatus may not correspond with the coloured markings identifying the terminals in your plug, proceed as follows: The wire which is coloured GREEN-AND-YELLOW must be connected to the terminal in the plug which is marked by the letter E or by the safety earth symbol or coloured GREEN or GREEN-AND-YELLOW. The wire which is coloured BLUE must be connected to the terminal which is marked with the letter N or coloured BLACK. The wire which is coloured BROWN must be connected to the terminal which is marked with the letter L or coloured RED. CAUTION: Danger of explosion if battery is incorrectly replaced. Replace only with same or equivalent type.

M-400_v15_e.book 3 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 USING THE UNIT SAFELY Used for instructions intended to alert the user to the risk of death or severe injury should the unit be used improperly. Used for instructions intended to alert the user to the risk of injury or material damage should the unit be used improperly. * Material damage refers to damage or other adverse effects caused with respect to the home and all its furnishings, as well to domestic animals or pets. 001 • Before using this unit, make sure to read the instructions below, and the Owner’s Manual. .......................................................................................................... 001-50 • Connect mains plug of this model to a mains socket outlet with a protective earthing connection. .......................................................................................................... 002a • Do not open or perform any internal modifica- tions on the unit. .......................................................................................................... 003 • Do not attempt to repair the unit, or replace parts within it (except when this manual provides specific instructions directing you to do so). Refer all servicing to your retailer, the nearest Roland Service Center, or an authorized Roland distributor, as listed on the “Information” page. .......................................................................................................... 004 • Never use or store the unit in places that are: • Subject to temperature extremes (e.g., direct sunlight in an enclosed vehicle, near a heating duct, on top of heat-generating equipment); or are • Damp (e.g., baths, washrooms, on wet floors); or are • Humid; or are • Exposed to rain; or are • Dusty; or are • Subject to high levels of vibration. .......................................................................................................... 007 • Make sure you always have the unit placed so it is level and sure to remain stable. Never place it on stands that could wobble, or on inclined surfaces. .......................................................................................................... The symbol alerts the user to important instructions or warnings.The specific meaning of the symbol is determined by the design contained within the triangle. In the case of the symbol at left, it is used for general cautions, warnings, or alerts to danger. The symbol alerts the user to items that must never be carried out (are forbidden). The specific thing that must not be done is indicated by the design contained within the circle. In the case of the symbol at left, it means that the unit must never be disassembled. The ● symbol alerts the user to things that must be carried out. The specific thing that must be done is indicated by the design contained within the circle. In the case of the symbol at left, it means that the power- cord plug must be unplugged from the outlet. 008a • The unit should be connected to a power supply only of the type described in the operating instructions, or as marked on the rear side of unit. .......................................................................................................... 008e • Use only the attached power-supply cord. Also, the supplied power cord must not be used with any other device. .......................................................................................................... 009 • Do not excessively twist or bend the power cord, nor place heavy objects on it. Doing so can damage the cord, producing severed elements and short circuits. Damaged cords are fire and shock hazards! .......................................................................................................... 010 • This unit, either alone or in combination with an amplifier and headphones or speakers, may be capable of producing sound levels that could cause permanent hearing loss. Do not operate for a long period of time at a high volume level, or at a level that is uncomfortable. If you experience any hearing loss or ringing in the ears, you should immediately stop using the unit, and consult an audiologist. .......................................................................................................... 011 • Do not allow any objects (e.g., flammable material, coins, pins); or liquids of any kind (water, soft drinks, etc.) to penetrate the unit. .......................................................................................................... 3

M-400_v15_e.book 4 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 4 012a • Immediately turn the power off, remove the power cord from the outlet, and request servicing by your retailer, the nearest Roland Service Center, or an authorized Roland distributor, as listed on the “Information” page when: • The power-supply cord or the plug has been damaged; or • If smoke or unusual odor occurs • Objects have fallen into, or liquid has been spilled onto the unit; or • The unit has been exposed to rain (or otherwise has become wet); or • The unit does not appear to operate normally or exhibits a marked change in performance. .......................................................................................................... 013 • In households with small children, an adult should provide supervision until the child is capable of following all the rules essential for the safe operation of the unit. .......................................................................................................... 014 • Protect the unit from strong impact. (Do not drop it!) .......................................................................................................... 015 • Do not force the unit’s power-supply cord to share an outlet with an unreasonable number of other devices. Be especially careful when using extension cords—the total power used by all devices you have connected to the extension cord’s outlet must never exceed the power rating (watts/amperes) for the extension cord. Excessive loads can cause the insulation on the cord to heat up and eventually melt through. .......................................................................................................... 016 • Before using the unit in a foreign country, consult with your retailer, the nearest Roland Service Center, or an authorized Roland distributor, as listed on the “Information” page. .......................................................................................................... 020 • Keep lithium batteries out of reach of small children. If a child has accidentally swallowed a battery, see a doctor immediately. .......................................................................................................... 021 • Lithium batteries must never be recharged, heated, taken apart, or thrown into a fire or water. .......................................................................................................... 026 • Do not put anything that contains water (e.g., flower vases) on this unit. Also, avoid the use of insecticides, perfumes, alcohol, nail polish, spray cans, etc., near the unit. Swiftly wipe away any liquid that spills on the unit using a dry, soft cloth. .......................................................................................................... • Never expose Lithium Battery to excessive heat such as sunshine, fire or the like. .......................................................................................................... 101a • The unit should be located so that its location or position does not interfere with its proper venti- lation. .......................................................................................................... 102b • Always grasp only the plug on the power-supply cord when plugging into, or unplugging from, an outlet or this unit. .......................................................................................................... 103a • At regular intervals, you should unplug the power plug and clean it by using a dry cloth to wipe all dust and other accumulations away from its prongs. Also, disconnect the power plug from the power outlet whenever the unit is to remain unused for an extended period of time. Any accumulation of dust between the power plug and the power outlet can result in poor insulation and lead to fire. .......................................................................................................... 104 • Try to prevent cords and cables from becoming entangled. Also, all cords and cables should be placed so they are out of the reach of children. .......................................................................................................... 106 • Never climb on top of, nor place heavy objects on the unit. .......................................................................................................... 107b • Never handle the power cord or its plugs with wet hands when plugging into, or unplugging from, an outlet or this unit. .......................................................................................................... 108a • Before moving the unit, disconnect the power plug from the outlet, and pull out all cords from external devices. .......................................................................................................... 109a • Before cleaning the unit, turn off the power and unplug the power cord from the outlet (p. 17). .......................................................................................................... 110a • Whenever you suspect the possibility of lightning in your area, pull the plug on the power cord out of the outlet. .......................................................................................................... 113 • Use only the specified type (model no. CR2032) of lithium battery (p. 18). Be sure to insert it as directed (to ensure correct polarity). .......................................................................................................... 114 • Used lithium batteries must be disposed of in compliance with whatever regulations for their safe disposal that may be observed in the region in which you live. .......................................................................................................... 118c • Keep the USB memory cover, the REAC caps, the grounding terminal screw, the lithium battery, the battery panel, the battery panel screws, the power cord hook, the power cord screws and any fader knobs you may remove and the included the REAC connector and the ferrite cores in a safe place out of children’s reach, so there is no chance of them being swallowed accidentally. ..........................................................................................................

M-400_v15_e.book 5 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 120 • Always turn the phantom power off when connecting any device other than condenser microphones that require phantom power. You risk causing damage if you mistakenly supply phantom power to dynamic microphones, audio playback devices, or other devices that don’t require such power. Be sure to check the specifica- tions of any microphone you intend to use by referring to the manual that came with it. (This instrument’s phantom power: +48V DC, 14mA Max) .......................................................................................................... 5

M-400_v15_e.book 6 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 6 IMPORTANT NOTES 291b In addition to the items listed under “IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS” and “USING THE UNIT SAFELY” on pages P. 2 and P. 3, please read and observe the following: Power Supply 301 • Do not connect this unit to same electrical outlet that is being used by an electrical appliance that is controlled by an inverter (such as a refrigerator, washing machine, microwave oven, or air conditioner), or that contains a motor. Depending on the way in which the electrical appliance is used, power supply noise may cause this unit to malfunction or may produce audible noise. If it is not practical to use a separate electrical outlet, connect a power supply noise filter between this unit and the electrical outlet. 307 • Before connecting this unit to other devices, turn off the power to all units. This will help prevent malfunctions and/or damage to speakers or other devices. 308 • Although the LCD and LEDs are switched off when the POWER switch is switched off, this does not mean that the unit has been completely disconnected from the source of power. If you need to turn off the power completely, first turn off the POWER switch, then unplug the power cord from the power outlet. For this reason, the outlet into which you choose to connect the power cord’s plug should be one that is within easy reach and readily acces- sible. 308 • When you turn off the power switch, the M-400’s display, buttons, and meters will go dark, but this does not mean that the main power has been completely shut off. Placement 351 • Using the unit near power amplifiers (or other equipment containing large power transformers) may induce hum. To alleviate the problem, change the orientation of this unit; or move it farther away from the source of inter- ference. 352a • This device may interfere with radio and television reception. Do not use this device in the vicinity of such receivers. 352b • Noise may be produced if wireless communications devices, such as cell phones, are operated in the vicinity of this unit. Such noise could occur when receiving or initi- ating a call, or while conversing. Should you experience such problems, you should relocate such wireless devices so they are at a greater distance from this unit, or switch them off. 354a • Do not expose the unit to direct sunlight, place it near devices that radiate heat, leave it inside an enclosed vehicle, or otherwise subject it to temperature extremes. Excessive heat can deform or discolor the unit. 355b • When moved from one location to another where the temperature and/or humidity is very different, water droplets (condensation) may form inside the unit. Damage or malfunction may result if you attempt to use the unit in this condition. Therefore, before using the unit, you must allow it to stand for several hours, until the condensation has completely evaporated. 360 • Depending on the material and temperature of the surface on which you place the unit, its rubber feet may discolor or mar the surface. You can place a piece of felt or cloth under the rubber feet to prevent this from happening. If you do so, please make sure that the unit will not slip or move accidentally. Maintenance 401a • For everyday cleaning wipe the unit with a soft, dry cloth or one that has been slightly dampened with water. To remove stubborn dirt, use a cloth impregnated with a mild, non-abrasive detergent. Afterwards, be sure to wipe the unit thoroughly with a soft, dry cloth. 402 • Never use benzine, thinners, alcohol or solvents of any kind, to avoid the possibility of discoloration and/or deformation. Repairs and Data

452 • Please be aware that all data contained in the unit’s memory may be lost when the unit is sent for repairs. Important data should always be backed up on a USB memory, or written down on paper (when possible). During repairs, due care is taken to avoid the loss of data. However, in certain cases (such as when circuitry related to memory itself is out of order), we regret that it may not be possible to restore the data, and Roland assumes no liability concerning such loss of data.

M-400_v15_e.book 7 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 IMPORTANT NOTES Memory Backup Before Using USB memory 501b • This unit contains a battery which powers the unit’s memory circuits while the main power is off. When this battery becomes weak, the message shown below will appear in the display. Once you see this message, have the battery replaced with a fresh one as soon as possible to avoid the loss of all data in memory. To have the battery replaced, consult with your retailer, the nearest Roland Service Center, or an authorized Roland distributor, as listed on the “Information” page. Additional Precautions 551 • Please be aware that the contents of memory can be irretrievably lost as a result of a malfunction, or the improper operation of the unit. To protect yourself against the risk of loosing important data, we recommend that you periodically save a backup copy of important data you have stored in the unit’s memory on a USB memory. 552 • Unfortunately, it may be impossible to restore the contents of data that was stored on a USB memory once it has been lost. Roland Corporation assumes no liability concerning such loss of data. 553 • Use a reasonable amount of care when using the unit’s buttons, sliders, or other controls; and when using its jacks and connectors. Rough handling can lead to malfunctions. 554 • Never strike or apply strong pressure to the display. 556 • When connecting / disconnecting all cables, grasp the connector itself—never pull on the cable. This way you will avoid causing shorts, or damage to the cable’s internal elements. 557 • A small amount of heat will radiate from the unit during normal operation. 558b • To avoid disturbing your neighbors, try to keep the unit’s volume at reasonable levels (especially when it is late at night). 559a • When you need to transport the unit, package it in the box (including padding) that it came in, if possible. Otherwise, you will need to use equivalent packaging materials. 562 • Some connection cables contain resistors. Do not use cables that incorporate resistors for connecting to this unit. The use of such cables can cause the sound level to be extremely low, or impossible to hear. For information on cable specifications, contact the manufacturer of the cable. 562 • The M-400’s center of gravity is located toward the rear of the unit. When transporting the M-400, grasp it firmly and be careful not to let it fall. 562 • If the display becomes extremely dim, it is possible that the display backlight has malfunctioned. If this occurs, you must contact your dealer or a Roland service center. 562 • Due to the nature of the display, there may be screen pixels that remain lit or that fail to light; please be aware that this is not a malfunction or a defect. Using USB memory 704 • Carefully insert the USB memory all the way in—until it is firmly in place. 705 • Never touch the terminals of the USB memory. Also, avoid getting the terminals dirty. 708 • USB memories are constructed using precision compo- nents; handle the cards carefully, paying particular note to the following. • To prevent damage to the cards from static electricity, be sure to discharge any static electricity from your own body before handling the cards. • Do not touch or allow metal to come into contact with the contact portion of the cards. • Do not bend, drop, or subject cards to strong shock or vibration. • Do not keep cards in direct sunlight, in closed vehicles, or other such locations (storage temperature: -25 to 85 ̊ C). • Do not allow cards to become wet. • Do not disassemble or modify the cards. Copyright 851 • Recording, duplication, distribution, sale, lease, perfor- mance, or broadcast of copyrighted material (musical works, visual works, broadcasts, live performances, etc.) belonging to a third party in part or in whole without the permission of the copyright owner is forbidden by law. 853 • Do not use this unit for purposes that could infringe on a copyright held by a third party. We assume no responsi- bility whatsoever with regard to any infringements of third-party copyrights arising through your use of this unit. Fugue ? 2007 Kyoto Software Research, Inc. All rights reserved. 204 * Microsoft and Windows are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. 206j * Windows ® is known officially as: “Microsoft ® Windows ® operating system.” 7

M-400_v15_e.book 8 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 8Functionality added Functionality added in version 1.10 • Support for RS-232C transmission/reception (p. 190) • Support for the M-400RCS (p. 189) Functionality added in version 1.50 Input channels • Gate/expander/ducking is now supported for all input channels. A maximum of 24 units can be used simultaneously (p. 93). • Compressor is now supported for all input channels. A maximum of 24 units can be used simultaneously (p. 99). • Direct out has been added to all input channels (p. 60). MATRIX channels • MATRIX1–MATRIX8 have been added (p. 85). In addition to mixing audio signals from AUX1–AUX16 and MAIN L/R, you can select and mix any two input channels for each MATRIX. Output patchbay • Now you can select the following items in the output patchbay. • CH1–CH48 direct out • Talkback output • Oscillator output Effects and 31-band GEQ • The DELAY UNIT parameter has been added to delay-type effects (p. 229). • This lets you specify the delay in any of these units: msec, Meter, Feet, Frame, or Note. • When specifying the delay in Note units, the TEMPO parameter has been added (p. 131). • When using the top panel faders to control the GEQ, you can reset a fader to the 0 dB position by pressing the corresponding MUTE button (p. 135). User settings • User buttons 9–16 have been added (p. 177). • The following items have been added as functions for the user buttons (p. 209). • EDIT FX (FX1–FX4) • EDIT GEQ (GEQ1–GEQ4) • TAP TEMPO • The following functions have been added to the user preferences (p. 178). • AUX/DCA layer select button • SHIFT LOCK select button REAC • The input from the S-4000S can now be distributed to the SPLIT/BACKUP connector (a maximum of 32 channels). In order to distribute inputs using the S-4000S, the firmware of the S-4000S must be version 2.010 or later. Other settings • The MUTE switch can now be disabled for MAIN L/R (p. 196). Improvements in panel operation • You can now use [SHIFT] + GATE [DISP] to turn the gate on/ off for the selected channel. • You can now use [SHIFT] + COMP [DISP] to turn the compressor on/off for the selected channel. • You can now use [SHIFT] + AUX SENDS [1]–[16] to turn on/off the AUX send or MATRIX send. • You can now use [SHIFT] + USER [1]–[8] to operate user buttons 9–16. • You can now use a top panel [SEL] button to assign a channel to a DCA group (p. 142). • You can now use a top panel [SEL] button to assign a channel to a MUTE group (p. 146) Improvements in screen display • The layout of the top display area has been re-designed, and the channel display has been enlarged (p. 47). M-400_v15_e.book 9 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 Contents USING THE UNIT SAFELY......................................................................3 IMPORTANT NOTES ...............................................................................6 Introduction ...........................................................................................12 Features of the M-400............................................................................................................................... 12 Check the included items ........................................................................................................................ 13 Conventions used in this manual........................................................................................................... 13 Basic knowledge about REAC ................................................................................................................ 13 Placement................................................................................................................................................... 15 Turning the power on/off....................................................................................................................... 17 About the internal lithium battery......................................................................................................... 18 À propos de la pile interne au lithium .................................................................................................. 18 About USB memory ................................................................................................................................. 19 Quick start .............................................................................................20 Preparations .............................................................................................................................................. 20 REAC mode settings and connections .................................................................................................. 22 Input/output patching ............................................................................................................................ 27 Mixing ........................................................................................................................................................ 28 Explanation of the panels ....................................................................32 Top panel ................................................................................................................................................... 32 Rear panel .................................................................................................................................................. 40 Front panel................................................................................................................................................. 44 Basic operation .....................................................................................45 Basic panel operations ............................................................................................................................. 45 Screen operations...................................................................................................................................... 47 Editing a name .......................................................................................................................................... 50 Library operations .................................................................................................................................... 51 Message operations .................................................................................................................................. 53 Input channel operations .....................................................................54 About the input channels ........................................................................................................................ 54 Operations using the CHANNEL EDIT section .................................................................................. 55 Operations in the CHANNEL DISPLAY screen .................................................................................. 58 Stereo-linking channels............................................................................................................................ 62 Specifying a channel name and color label........................................................................................... 63 Copying channel settings to another channel ...................................................................................... 65 Using the channel library ........................................................................................................................ 66 Assigning channels to DCA groups and MUTE groups .................................................................... 67 AUX channel and MAIN L/R channel operations ...............................69 About AUX channels and the MAIN L/R channels ........................................................................... 69 Operations using the CHANNEL EDIT section .................................................................................. 70 Operations in the CHANNEL DISPLAY screen .................................................................................. 73 Specifying a channel name and color label........................................................................................... 79 Copying channel settings to another channel ...................................................................................... 81 Using the AUX/MAIN library ............................................................................................................... 82 Assigning channels to DCA groups and MUTE groups .................................................................... 83 Copying the MAIN mix (AUX channels only) ............................................................................................................................... 84 MATRIX channel operations ................................................................85 About MATRIX channels ........................................................................................................................ 85 MATRIX channel operations .................................................................................................................. 86 Operations using the CHANNEL EDIT section .................................................................................. 86 Operations in the CHANNEL DISPLAY screen .................................................................................. 88 9 Contents

M-400_v15_e.book 10 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 10Contents s tnetnoCDynamics ...............................................................................................93 Gate/expander operations...................................................................................................................... 93 Compressor operations............................................................................................................................ 99 Limiter operations (MAIN L/R, AUX1–AUX16)............................................................................... 104 Four-band EQ ......................................................................................107 Four-band EQ operations...................................................................................................................... 107 AUX send/MATRIX send.....................................................................111 AUX send operations ............................................................................................................................. 111 MATRIX send operations...................................................................................................................... 113 Input/output patchbay ........................................................................115 Default settings of the input/output patchbay.................................................................................. 115 Patchbay operations ............................................................................................................................... 115 Input patchbay operations .................................................................................................................... 116 Using the input patchbay library ......................................................................................................... 117 Output patchbay operations ................................................................................................................. 118 Using the output patchbay library....................................................................................................... 119 Metering ...............................................................................................120 About the meters .................................................................................................................................... 120 Viewing the meters ................................................................................................................................ 120 Viewing the channel strip of the channel layer.................................................................................. 121 Editing the meter settings ..................................................................................................................... 122 Effects and 31-band GEQ...................................................................123 EFFECTS screen ...................................................................................................................................... 123 Effects ....................................................................................................................................................... 124 31-band GEQ ........................................................................................................................................... 132 Inserting an external effects device ..................................................137 About inserting an external effects device.......................................................................................... 137 Inserting an external effects device into a channel............................................................................ 139 DCA groups .........................................................................................141 About DCA groups ................................................................................................................................ 141 DCA group settings ............................................................................................................................... 141 Assigning a channel to a DCA group.................................................................................................. 142 Specifying a name and color label for the DCA group..................................................................... 143 Using the panel to control DCA groups.............................................................................................. 144 Mute groups ........................................................................................145 About mute groups ................................................................................................................................ 145 Mute group settings ............................................................................................................................... 145 Assigning a channel to a mute group.................................................................................................. 146 Specifying a name and color label for a mute group ........................................................................ 147 Talkback/Oscillator .............................................................................150 About talkback and oscillator............................................................................................................... 150 TALKBACK/OSCILLATOR screen .................................................................................................... 150 Using talkback......................................................................................................................................... 151 Using the oscillator................................................................................................................................. 152 Monitor/Solo ........................................................................................154 About monitoring................................................................................................................................... 154 Using Monitor ......................................................................................................................................... 156 Using Solo................................................................................................................................................ 156 M-400_v15_e.book 11 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 Contents Scene memory ....................................................................................157 About scene memory ............................................................................................................................. 157 Operations in the SCENE screen.......................................................................................................... 159 The Global Scope function .................................................................................................................... 163 USB memory recorder........................................................................165 Contents About the USB memory recorder......................................................................................................... 165 Using the USB memory recorder ......................................................................................................... 166 User settings .......................................................................................170 About user settings ................................................................................................................................ 170 Creating and editing user settings ....................................................................................................... 171 REAC applications and settings........................................................181 REAC applications ................................................................................................................................. 181 REAC settings ......................................................................................................................................... 186 Remote.................................................................................................189 Remote functions .................................................................................................................................... 189 Remote settings....................................................................................................................................... 190 Other settings and functions .............................................................195 SYSTEM screen ....................................................................................................................................... 195 Viewing system information and making basic mixer settings....................................................... 196 Saving and loading mixer settings....................................................................................................... 199 Date and time settings ........................................................................................................................... 202 Managing USB memory ........................................................................................................................ 203 Console Lock ........................................................................................................................................... 207 Help function .......................................................................................................................................... 208 Appendix..............................................................................................209 User button functions ............................................................................................................................ 209 Error message list ................................................................................................................................... 210 Troubleshooting...................................................................................................................................... 211 Pin configuration diagrams .................................................................................................................. 213 Requirements for switching hubs ........................................................................................................ 214 Main specifications................................................................................................................................. 215 Dimensions..............................................................................................................................................218 FX library ................................................................................................................................................. 219 GEQ library ............................................................................................................................................. 220 Channel library ....................................................................................................................................... 220 AUX/MAIN library ............................................................................................................................... 220 GATE/EXP library ................................................................................................................................. 221 COMP library.......................................................................................................................................... 221 LIMITER library...................................................................................................................................... 221 EQ library ................................................................................................................................................ 222 Patchbay library...................................................................................................................................... 223 Reverb ...................................................................................................................................................... 224 Delay......................................................................................................................................................... 229 Modulation .............................................................................................................................................. 234 Pitch shift ................................................................................................................................................. 237 Channel strip ........................................................................................................................................... 238 GEQ .......................................................................................................................................................... 241 Index.....................................................................................................242 11

Introduction Live mixing console that allows direct connection of REAC (Roland Ethernet Audio Communication) devices REAC is a next-generation transmission protocol that uses Ethernet technology. It allows a single Cat5e Ethernet cable to carry up to forty channels of digital audio. Transmission between the M-400 and the input/output unit occurs digitally, allowing you to construct a high-quality digital mixing system without any danger of signal loss or noise even over extended distances. With the M-400 live mixing console at the center, a V-Mixing system can be assembled by connecting input/output units such as the S-1608 stage unit, S-0816 FOH unit, and the S-4000S 40-channel I/O modular rack.

M-400_v15_e.book 12 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 12 Introduction Features of the M-400 REAC port for splitting or backup A REAC port for splitting or backup is provided, allowing splitting of the M-400’s inputs or redundant transmission via the S-4000S. Flexible input/output environment Two REAC ports allow input/output units to be divided between two sides of the stage, or the number of inputs and outputs to be customized. The rear panel of the M-400 provides eight XLR input jacks featuring high-quality remote head amps and phantom power, eight XLR output jacks, stereo input, digital output, and talkback mic input, letting you construct a flexible input/output environment. 48-channel 18-bus mixer Four-band EQ is provided on CH1–CH48, MAIN L/R, and AUX1–AUX16. There are also twenty-four gate/expander units and twenty-four compressors that can be used on CH1–CH48, and limiters are provided for AUX1–AUX16 and MAIN L/R. Four effects that can be used for send/return or as inserts The M-400 provides four effects that can be used as spatial-type effects such as reverb or delay, modulation-type effects such as chorus, or dynamics-type effects such as multi-band compressor. You can connect them via an AUX channel in a send/return configuration within the mixer, or insert them into the desired channels. Up to twelve 31-band GEQ units The M-400 provides four 31-band GEQ units that can be inserted into AUX1–AUX16, MATRIX1–MATRIX8 or MAIN L/R. In addition, since the four effects can be used as dual 31-band GEQ units, you have the ability to use a total of twelve 31-band GEQ units. Up to eight external effects can be inserted The eight sets of XLR input/output jacks on the M-400’s rear panel allow you to insert up to eight external effects into the desired channels. Equipped with USB Memory Recorder for live recording or background music playback The USB memory recorder function lets you play back WAV files from USB memory, or record the output of a desired bus as a 16-bit linear WAV file. You can use this as a convenient way to play background music or record a live performance.

M-400_v15_e.book 13 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 Check the included items The following items are included with the M-400. Make sure that all of them are present. • The M-400 itself • Power cord * Use only the power cord that was included with the M-400. • REAC connector covers (three) • Channel number sticker • Ferrite cores (three) • Owner’s manual (the document you’re reading) • Cover Conventions used in this manual The explanations in this manual include illustrations that depict what should typically be shown by the display. Note, however, that your unit may incorporate a newer, enhanced version of the system (e.g., includes newer sounds), so what you actually see in the display may not always match what appears in the manual. Names The following input/output units can be connected to the M-400’s REAC ports. • S-1608 stage unit • S-0816 FOH unit • S-4000S 40-channel I/O modular rack (Ver. 2.010 and later) In this manual, we may abbreviate these units as the S-1608, S-0816, or S-4000S, or may refer to them collectively as input/output units. Text enclosed in square brackets [ ] indicates a button. For example, the direction to “press [METER]” means that you are to press the METER button. If a secondary name is shown for a button, such as [DISP (BUTTON ASSIGN)], the text in parentheses indicates the function that the button has when pressed while holding down [SHIFT]. In the case of function buttons, the function is given in parentheses, such as [F1 (LINK)]. About the icons This owner’s manual uses various icons. These icons indicate supplementary information about the M-400’s functions or operation. Indicates important information that will help you avoid personal injury, or damage to the M- 400 or other devices. Indicates supplementary information on a re- lated topic. Indicates an idea for using the function being explained. Indicates a reference page. Introduction Basic knowledge about REAC About REAC The REAC (Roland Ethernet Audio Communication) interface is the core of this system. It uses a proprietary protocol based on Ethernet technology, and allows 40 channels of digital audio to be sent via a single Cat5e Ethernet cable. Introduction Introduction Introduction Introduction Introduction Introduction Introduction REAC can do the following. • Send 40 channels of digital audio • A switching hub or the S-OPT option can be used to extend the cable. • Use a switching hub to easily split the signal • The transmission delay between REAC devices is extremely small (approximately 375 microseconds) When the signal passes through a switching hub, there will be approximately 200 microseconds of delay for each unit. About cables Since Cat5e Ethernet cables are used, it’s very easy to connect REAC devices to each other. Cat5e Ethernet cables are commonly used for computer network connections, and have RJ45 plugs. Types of Ethernet cable There are two types of Ethernet cables. Although both types have the same exterior appearance, their RJ45 plugs are wired differently, as follows. • Crossover cable The internal wiring of the cable is crossed at each RJ45 plug. This means that the connections of the RJ45 plugs will differ at each end of the cable. • Straight cable The internal wiring of the cable is the same at each end. Crossover cables (such as RSS SC-W100S or RSS W100S-R) should be used when connecting to the REAC ports on this product. Certain cautions apply if you’re using a conventional switching hub with this system. For details, refer to “REAC applications” (p. 181).

• Send audio up to 100 meters on one Cat5e cable 13 14Introduction n oitcudortnIEthernet connectors Ethernet cables use RJ45 plugs. REAC equipment provides an RJ45 connector for each REAC port. fig.RJ45andREAC-e.eps For critically important communication, it is vital to protect the RJ45 plug and connector. For such situations, REAC RJ45 connectors use a sturdy Neutrik EtherCon plug. Using the EtherCon RJ45 plug allows a latched-type connector similar to an XLR plug. Neutrik Corporation provides EtherCon RJ45 plugs as well as The Neutrik Corporation manufactures EtherCon RJ45 plugs, as well as EtherCon plugs that can be added to the RJ45 plug of commercially available Ethernet cable. The RJ45 connectors of REAC ports can accept either RJ45 plugs or EtherCon plugs. Cautions for handling Cat5e cables • Do not apply excessive force to Cat5e cables. • Do not bundle (bend) a Cat5e cable to a radius less than 25 mm, or fold it in two. • Do not tightly bundle a Cat5e cable. • Do not place multiple Cat5e cables in parallel for an extended distance. • Do not place Cat5e cables near a source of electrical noise (power supply cord, motor, fluorescent lights, etc.). M-400_v15_e.book 14 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 RJ45 plug REAC RJ45 connector REAC connections Here is a typical example of connections using the S-1608. When connecting REAC devices to each other, the REAC mode of one device must be set to Master, and the REAC mode of the others must be set to Slave. In this system, the M-400 is normally set to be the master (FOH setting), while the input/output units are set to be slaves. For a more detailed description of connections, refer to “REAC applications” (p. 181). Cat5e Ethernet cables up to 100 meters long are supported. If you need a longer connection, we recommend that you use the optional S-OPT. fig.connect-REAC.eps S-1608S-1608S-1608S-1608SLAVE Cat5e Cat5e REAC AMASTER MASTER Cautions when making REAC connections • REAC connections are designed so that noise will not be produced even if you hot-swap (plug or unplug a live connection). However in rare cases, noise may occur at the audio output of the system. To prevent hot-swapping from causing damage to your speakers or other equipment connected to the audio outputs, please observe the following points. • Make REAC connections while holding down the [MUTE ALL OUTPUTS] of the input/output unit • Before you make REAC connections, mute the outputs using [F6 (MUTE ALL OUT)] in the MUTE GROUP screen (p. 145). In some cases, the muted state will continue even after you release your finger from [MUTE ALL OUTPUTS] of the input/ output unit. In this case, press [MUTE ALL OUTPUTS] once again to mute, and then release your finger to unmute the unit. SLAVE REAC B M-400M-400

M-400_v15_e.book 15 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 You must attach the ferrite cores before using the M-400. This is for the purpose of preventing electromagnetic noise; do not remove it. 1. Spread the tabs, and open the ferrite core. fig.core1.eps 2. Attach the ferrite core near the base of the Ethernet cable’s RJ45 plug. fig.core2.eps 3. Close the ferrite core until you hear it snap shut. fig.core3.eps 4. Connect the plug with the ferrite core to the M-400’s REAC port. Placement Attaching the ferrite core Introduction About the REAC caps When the M-400 is shipped from the factory, REAC caps are attached to the REAC ports. In order to use REAC port, you’ll need to remove the REAC cap. Take care not to lose the REAC caps you remove. Introduction Introduction Introduction

About the REAC connector covers When using an Ethernet cable with standard RJ45 plugs, fit the included REAC connector covers on the REAC ports as shown. Remove the REAC connector cover if you’re using an EtherCon type REAC cable (SC-W100S/W100S-R). Take care not to lose the REAC connector covers you removed. 15 16Introduction n oitcudortnIConnect one end of the supplied AC power cord to a grounded AC outlet, and the other end to the AC INPUT connector to provide power for the M-400’s internal power supply. Use only the supplied power cords to prevent damage to the units. 1. Lower the power cord clamp to fasten the power cord. fig.cord-cramp2.eps M-400_v15_e.book 16 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 AC power connections Attaching the power cord clamp 1. As shown in the illustration, remove the two screws that fasten the hook, and detach the power cord hook. fig.cord-hook1.eps 2. As shown in the illustration, fit the power cord hook over the power cord, and fasten it using the two screws you removed in step 1. fig.cord-hook2.eps Attaching the power cord hook

M-400_v15_e.book 17 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 Turning the power on/off Turning the power off Turning the power on GROUP screen (p. 145). 2. Turn off the power of the equipment connected to the audio outputs of the M-400 and your input/output units. Introduction Introduction Once the connections have been completed (p. 22), turn on power to your various devices in the order specified. By turning on devices in the wrong order, you risk causing malfunction and/or damage to speakers and other devices. 1. Mute the outputs using [F6 (MUTE ALL OUT)] in the MUTE 3. Turn off the power using the POWER switch located on the M-400’s rear panel. 4. Turn off the power of your input/output units. Introduction Introduction Introduction fig.PowerOnOrder.eps 3 5 6 INPUT OUTPUT 5. Turn off the power of the equipment connected to the audio 5. Turn off the power of the equipment connected to the audio Cat5e 4 M-400M-400 1. Connect your input/output units (S-1608, S-0816, S-4000S, etc.) to the M-400’s REAC port. 2. Connect your audio equipment to the audio inputs and audio outputs of the M-400 and your input/output units. 3. Turn on the power of the equipment connected to the audio inputs of the M-400 and your input/output units. 4. Turn on the power using the POWER switch located on the M-400’s rear panel. When the power supply has started up, a screen like the following will appear. fig.ScrMeter.eps 5. Turn on the power of your input/output units. If your input/output unit is the S-1608 or S-0816, use the power cord included with the unit to connect the AC inlet of the input/output unit to an electrical outlet. 6. Turn on the power of the equipment connected to the audio outputs of the M-400 and your input/output units. This unit is equipped with a protection circuit. A brief interval (a few seconds) after power up is required before the unit will operate normally. inputs of the M-400 and your input/output units. Before you turn off the power of the M-400, make sure that it is not reading/writing USB memory or reading/writing scene memory or library data. The data may be destroyed if you turn off the power during such operations. To prevent malfunction and/or damage to speakers or other devices, always turn down the volume, and turn off the power on all devices before making any connections.

Introduction 17 18Introduction Introduction The M-400 has an internal lithium battery that backs up the clock function and the mixer settings. If this battery runs down, the clock function and the feature that provides for the reinstatement of the mixer settings that existed prior to switching off the power will no longer operate correctly. If a popup message recommending that you replace the battery appears when you turn on the power, replace the battery as described in the following procedure. Replace the old battery with a CR2032 type lithium battery. Ask your consumer electronics dealer for a “CR2032 type lithium battery.” 1. Back up the M-400’s mixer settings to USB memory. For details, refer to “Saving and loading mixer settings” (p. 199). 2. Switch off the M-400’s power, and disconnect the power cord from the AC outlet. 3. Remove the two screws that fasten the battery cover as shown in the illustration, and detach the battery cover. fig.battery-panel1.eps 4. Remove the old battery, and insert the new battery. 5. Attach the battery cover as shown in the illustration, and fasten it using the two screws you removed in step 3. fig.battery-panel2.eps 6. Turn on the power of the M-400, and set the date and time (p. 202). 7. Load the previously saved settings (MIXER PARAMETER, SYSTEM SETTING) from the USB memory to which you backed up the data in step 1. (p. 200) M-400_v15_e.book 18 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 About the internal lithium battery À propos de la pile interne au lithium Le M-400 est équipé d’une pile au lithium qui fait fonctionner l’horloge et préserve les réglages du mélangeur. Si la pile est faible, l’horloge et la restauration des réglages du mélangeur ne fonctionnent pas correctement. Si un message contextuel recommandant de remplacer la pile s’affiche lorsque l’appareil est mis sous tension, il faut la remplacer comme suit. Remplacement de la pile usée par une pile au lithium de type CR2032. Il faut s’assurer d’obtenir pile au lithium de type CR2032 du détaillant d’appareils électroniques. 1. Faire une copie de sauvegarde des réglages du mélangeur interne dans la mémoire USB. Pour obtenir les détails, se reporter à la rubrique “Saving and loading mixer settings” (p. 199). 2. Couper l’alimentation du M-400 et débrancher le câble d’alimentation de la prise de courant. 3. Comme le montre l’illustration, retirer les deux vis qui retiennent le couvercle du compartiment de la pile et retirer le couvercle. 4. Retirer la pile usée et insérer la pile neuve. 5. Remettre en place le couvercle du compartiment de la pile et le fixer à l’aide des deux vis retirées à l’étape 3. 6. Mettre le M-400 sous tension et régler la date et l’heure (p. 202). 7. Charger les réglages enregistrés (PARAMÈTRE DU MÉLANGEUR, RÉGLAGE DU SYSTÈME) dans la mémoire USB où la copie de sauvagarde a été faite à l’étape 1. (p. 200)

M-400_v15_e.book 19 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 About USB memory The M-400 can use USB memory to store and read a variety of data. • Record and play WAV files using the USB Memory Recorder • Save and load user settings files • Back up and recover internal mixer data USB memory used with the USB Memory Recorder must support USB 2.0 (Hi-speed). About the USB memory cover When the M-400 is shipped, a USB memory cover is attached to the USB memory connector. Remove the USB memory cover when using USB memory. Take care not to lose the USB memory cover you removed. Introduction Introduction 19 Quick start Depending on the user settings, the operations described in this chapter may be restricted. In the interests of simplicity, we will switch the user setting to ADMIN (administrator). 1. Check the current user indication in the user setting area at the top of the screen. fig.ScrUserDisp.eps

M-400_v15_e.book 20 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 20 Quick start Preparations Switch the user to ADMIN If the current user is ADMIN, you don’t need to change the user setting. If the current user is other than ADMIN, switch the user setting to ADMIN as described in steps 2–5. 2. In the USER section, press [DISP] to access the USER screen. fig.ScrUser.eps 3. In INTERNAL MEMORY, choose “ADMIN” and press [F1 (CHANGE USER)]. 4. If an ADMIN password has been set, the ENTER PASSWORD popup will appear. fig.ScrUserPasswdADMIN.eps Enter the password and press [F8 (OK)]. The ADMIN password is set by the administrator of the M-400. You must follow the intentions of the M-400’s administrator for operations related to the ADMIN password. 5. A message will indicate that the user setting has switched. Press [F8 (OK)] to close the message.

M-400_v15_e.book 21 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 Return the M-400’s setting to the default state For this chapter, we will initialize the M-400’s mixer parameters and system settings in the interests of simplicity. This will reset the REAC mode settings and input/output patchbay settings to the default state. To initialize the mixer parameters and system settings, proceed as follows. 1. Press [SYSTEM] to access the SYSTEM screen. fig.ScrSystem.eps 2. Press [F1 (INIT)]. fig.ScrInit.eps The INITIALIZE popup will appear. 3. Move the cursor to MIXER PARAMETER, and press [ENTER] to select it. 4. Move the cursor to SYSTEM SETTING, and press [ENTER] to select it. 5. Press [F8 (OK)], and a message will ask you to confirm the operation. fig.ScrLdInitSetConf.eps If you press [F7 (CANCEL)], the operation will be cancelled and the popup will close. 6. Press [F8 (INIT)], and the mixer parameters and system settings will be initialized. If you press [F7 (CANCEL)], the initialization will be cancelled and the popup will close. The current settings will be lost once you carry out an initialization. For details on saving the current settings to USB memory, refer to “Saving and loading mixer settings” (p. 199). Quick start Quick start 21

M-400_v15_e.book 22 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 22Quick start REAC mode settings and connections Rules for connecting REAC devices t ratsk ciuQfig.connect-REAC.eps When connecting REAC devices to each other, the REAC mode of one device must be set to Master, and the REAC mode of the others must be set to Slave. In this system, the M-400 is normally set to be the master (FOH setting), while the input/output units are set to be slaves. S-1608S-1608S-1608S-1608SLAVE Cat5e Cat5e REAC AMASTER Setting the REAC mode Setting the REAC mode of the input/output unit 1. Switch off power to the input/output unit. For the S-1608 or S-0816, disconnect the power cord. 2. Set the REAC mode of the input/output unit to Slave. fig.REAC-modeSW.eps M, S, and SP on the input/output units indicate MASTER, SLAVE, and SPLIT, respectively. When you return the M-400’s setting to the factory-set state, the REAC setting will be set to Master (FOH setting). In order to construct advanced systems, you will need to set each REAC device to the appropriate REAC mode. For details, refer to “REAC applications” (p. 181). SLAVE REAC B M-400M-400 MASTER

M-400_v15_e.book 23 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 Connect the input/output units Use a Cat5e cable to connect the M-400 to each input/output unit. fig.connect-REAC.eps S-1608S-1608S-1608S-1608SLAVE Cat5e Cat5e REAC AMASTER MASTER SLAVE REAC B M-400M-400 Quick start Quick start 23

24Quick start Quick start M-400_v15_e.book 24 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 Mic connections Connect your mic to INPUT 1 of the input/output unit connected to REAC A. fig.connect-mic.eps MASTER Howling could be produced depending on the location of microphones relative to speakers. This can be remedied by: 1. Changing the orientation of the microphone(s). 2. Relocating microphone(s) at a greater distance from speakers. 3. Lowering volume levels. S-1608S-1608S-1608S-1608SLAVE Cat5e Cat5e REAC AMASTER SLAVE REAC B M-400M-400

M-400_v15_e.book 25 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 Amp and speaker connections Connect your amp and speaker to OUTPUT 7 and 8 of the input/output unit connected to REAC A. fig.connect-amp.eps Amp S-1608S-1608S-1608S-1608SLAVE Cat5e Cat5e REAC AMASTER MASTER SLAVE REAC B M-400M-400 Quick start Quick start 25

26Quick start Quick start M-400_v15_e.book 26 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 Checking the REAC connections When you’ve made the correct connections, check the REAC connections as follows. 1. Power up the M-400 first, then the input/output units, and wait until the M-400 starts up. 2. Press the M-400’s [SYSTEM] to access the System screen. fig.ScrSystem.eps 3. Press [F2 (REAC CONFIG)]. fig.ScrREACConf.eps The REAC CONFIG popup will appear. 4. Press [F2 (REAC A)] to access the REAC A tab, and verify that the name of the input/output unit connected to REAC port A is shown. 5. Verify the same for the REAC B tab ([F3 (REAC B)]). 6. Press [F8 (CLOSE)] to close the popup. If the input/output units connected to the REAC ports are not detected correctly, check the M-400’s REAC setting (p. 186), the REAC settings of the input/output units, the connections of the Cat5e cables, and the conductivity of the Cat5e cables.

M-400_v15_e.book 27 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 Quick start Input/output patching Input patchbay When the M-400 is in the default state, the input patchbay will be set as follows. Input channels Input ports CH1–CH16 REAC A IN1–IN16 CH17–CH32 REAC B IN1–IN16 Quick start CH33–CH40 CONSOLE IN1–IN8 CH41–CH42 FX3 OUT L/R CH43–CH44 FX4 OUT L/R CH45–CH46 RECORDER L/R CH47–CH48 STEREO IN L/R Output patchbay When the M-400 is in the default state, the output patchbay will be set as follows. Output jacks Output REAC A OUT1–OUT6 AUX1–AUX6 REAC A OUT7–OUT8 MAIN L/R REAC B OUT1–OUT6 AUX9–AUX14 REAC B OUT7–OUT8 MAIN L/R CONSOLE OUT1–OUT6 AUX1–AUX6 CONSOLE OUT7–OUT8 MONITOR L/R DIGITAL OUT MONITOR L/R You can change the input/output patchbay settings. For details, refer to “Editing the input patching” (p. 116) or “Editing the output patching” (p. 118). 27

28Quick start Mixing Setting the preamp gain of the mic input, and sending it to the t ratsk ciuQfig.LayerBtn-qs.eps MAIN L/R bus 1. In the layer section, press [CH1-24] to select the CH1–CH24 channel layer. [CH1-24] 2. Press the fader module 1 [SEL]. fig.SelBtn.eps [SEL] CH1 will be selected, and the upper center of the screen will show the channel number, channel name, and input port name. fig.ScrTBChDisp-qs.eps M-400_v15_e.book 28 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分

M-400_v15_e.book 29 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 3. In the CHANNEL EDIT section, press [CH DISP]. fig.ChDispBtn.eps CH DISP The CHANNEL DISPLAY screen will appear. fig.ScrChDisp.eps 4. In the CHANNEL EDIT section, use the PREAMP GAIN knob to adjust the preamp gain. fig.ChEdtPreamp.eps As necessary, make settings in the CHANNEL EDIT screen for +48V phantom power and pad. It is felt that it does not change smoothly when it coordinates the preamp gain, but it is not trouble. In addition, some noises come out, but it is not trouble. 5. Raise the fader of fader module 1 to send the mic audio to the MAIN L/R bus. 6. When you raise the fader of the MAIN fader module, the mic audio will be output from output jacks connected to the MAIN L/R output. Quick start Quick start 29 30Quick start Quick start Applying four-band EQ to the mic input 1. Access the CHANNEL DISPLAY screen for CH1. fig.ScrChDisp.eps 2. In the CHANNEL EDIT section, press EQUALIZER [ON] to turn on the four-band EQ. fig.ChEdtEQ-qs.eps 3. Use the knobs of the EQUALIZER area to control the four-band EQ. For details on using the four-band EQ, refer to “Four-band EQ operations” (p. 107). M-400_v15_e.book 30 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 ON M-400_v15_e.book 31 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 Applying reverb to the mic input 1. Access the CHANNEL DISPLAY screen for CH1. fig.ScrChDisp.eps 2. In the CHANNEL EDIT section, press AUX SELECT [15]/FX3 located in the AUX SENDS area. fig.ChEdtAux-qs.eps The SEND LEVEL knob will now control AUX15. 3. Turn the SEND LEVEL knob to send the mic signal to AUX15. 4. In the layer section, press [CH25–48] to select the CH25–CH48 channel layer. 5. When you raise the CH41 fader, the output of FX3 (St.REVERB) will be mixed into MAIN L/R. By default, CH41 and CH42 are linked, and the fader values will be the same. The pan of CH41 is set to L, and the pan of CH42 is set to R. [15] / FX3 By default, the input and output of FX3 and FX4 are patched as follows, with a St.REVERB type recalled for FX3 and a LONG DELAY type recalled for FX4. fig.FXGuide.eps FX1 Dual GEQ FX2 Dual GEQ AUX15 LFX3 LR St.REVERB R AUX16 FX4 LONG DELAY CH41 CH42 LLR R CH43 CH44 Quick start Quick start 31 Explanation of the panels M-400_v15_e.book 32 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 32 Explanation of the panels Top panel fig.TopPanelGuide.eps 1 Fader module section p. 33 2 Layer section p. 33 3 Main fader module p. 34 4 CHANNEL EDIT section p. 34 5 Display p. 36 6 Function button section p. 36 7 EFFECTS button p. 37 8 METER button p. 36 9 USB MEMORY RECORDER section p. 37 10 Screen controller section p. 37 11 SETUP section p. 38 12 GROUP section p. 38 13 SCENE MEMORY section p. 38 14 USER section p. 38 15 TALKBACK/OSC section p. 39 16 MONITOR section p. 39 17 USB MEMORY connector p. 39 9911114 4 55 10 10 121214 14 15 15 16 16 17 17 13 13 6 6 7 7 8 8 1 1 2 2 3 3

M-400_v15_e.book 33 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 1. Fader module section fig.FaderModSectGuide.eps These indicate the signal level of each channel. ABCDE The OVER indicator will light when a level that exceeds the OVER LEVEL specified in the METER screen is detected. For details, refer to “Editing the meter settings” (p. 122). D. MUTE buttons These turn muting on/off for each channel. The button will be lit if mute is active. E. Faders These adjust the signal level of each channel. In SENDS ON FADER mode, these adjust the send level from the channels to AUX. 2. Layer section fig.LayerSectGuide.eps Explanation of the panels Explanation of the panels Explanation of the panels Explanation of the panels Explanation of the panels Explanation of the panels Explanation of the panels This section lets you control the 24 channels you selected in the Layer section (p. 33). A. SEL buttons Use these buttons to select the channel that you want to control in the CHANNEL EDIT section or in the screen. The [SEL] button of the currently selected channel will light. If all [SEL] buttons of the top panel are extinguished, a channel in a different channel layer is selected. The currently selected channel is also shown in the upper center of the screen. fig.ScrTBChDisp.eps These buttons have no effect for DCA1–DCA8. B. SOLO buttons These buttons turn solo on/off for each channel. The button will light when solo is on. There are two solo modes: LAST mode, in which you can monitor only the channel for which solo was activated most recently, or ADD ON mode, in which you can monitor the mix of all channels for which solo is on. You can switch between these modes in the monitor screen. For details, refer to “Using solo” (p. 156). Explanation of the panels C. Meters ABCD This section lets you select the channel layer that will be assigned to the fader module section. The button of the currently assigned channel layer will be lit. A. USER layer button This assigns the user fader layer to the fader module section. For more about user faders, refer to “Editing the user settings” (p. 176). B. AUX/DCA layer button This assigns CH25–CH48 to the fader module section. D. CH1-24 button This assigns CH1–CH24 to the fader module section. If the user preference AUX/DCA LAYER (p. 178) is set to “16Auxes + 8Matrices,” the AUX/DCA layer button will assign AUX1–AUX16 and MATRIX1– MATRIX8 to the fader module section.

This assigns AUX1–AUX16 and DCA1–DCA8 to the fader module section. C. CH25-48 button 33 34Explanation of the panels s lenape htf on oitanalpxEfig.MainFaderModGuide.eps A. SEL button This button selects the MAIN channel so that it can be controlled from the CHANNEL EDIT section or in the screen. It will light if the MAIN channel is selected. By repeatedly pressing [SEL] you can alternately select the MAIN L or MAIN R channels. B. SOLO button This button turns solo on/off for the MAIN L/R channels. It will light if solo is on. C. MUTE button This button turns mute on/off for the MAIN L/R channels. It will light if mute is on. D. Fader This adjusts the signal level of the MAIN L/R channels. M-400_v15_e.book 34 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 3. Main fader module ABCD 4. CHANNEL EDIT section fig.ChEditSectGuide.eps GABDH I CEF In this section you can operate the main parameters of the currently selected channel. A. CH DISP button fig.ChDispBtn.eps CH DISP This button accesses the CHANNEL DISPLAY screen. It will light red while this screen is displayed. B. TOUCH SELECT button This button turns the Touch Select function on/off. It will light if the Touch Select function is on. The Touch Select function lets you select a channel by touching its fader. C. PREAMP area fig.ChEdtPreamp.eps • GAIN knob This adjusts the preamp gain of CH1–CH48. This adjusts the attenuator of AUX1–AUX16, MATRIX1– MATRIX8 and MAIN L/R. This control is invalid for the following channels. • Input channels to which you have not patched an input port • Input channels to which you’ve patched a port that has no preamp gain, such as an internal port

M-400_v15_e.book 35 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 D. FILTER area fig.ChEdtFilter.eps In this area you can operate the compressor that is provided on CH1–CH48 and the limiter that is provided on AUX1–AUX16 and MAIN L/R. In this area you can operate the filter that is provided for each input channel. • ON button This button turns the filter on/off. It will light if the filter is on. • FREQ knob This adjusts the frequency of the filter. These controls are invalid for the following channels. • AUX1–AUX16 • DISP button This accesses a popup where you can make detailed settings. This will access the COMPRESSOR popup for CH1–CH48, or the LIMITER popup for AUX1–AUX16, MAIN L/R. The button will light red while the popup is shown. • THRESHOLD knob This adjusts the threshold level of the compressor or limiter. These controls are invalid for the following channels. • MATRIX1– MATRIX8 Explanation of the panels Explanation of the panels Explanation of the panels Explanation of the panels Explanation of the panels • MAIN L/R • MATRIX1–MATRIX16 E. GATE area fig.ChEdtGate.eps In this area you can operate the gate/expander that is provided for CH1–CH48. • DISP button This accesses the GATE/EXPANDER popup where you can make detailed settings. The button will light red while the popup is shown. • THRESHOLD knob This adjusts the threshold level of the gate/expander. These controls are invalid for the following channels. • AUX1–AUX16 • MAIN L/R • MATRIX1–MATRIX16 You can turn the gate/expander on or off by holding down [SHIFT] and pressing [DISP]. F. COMP area fig.ChEdtComp.eps Explanation of the panels You can turn the compressor or limiter on or off by holding down [SHIFT] and pressing [DISP]. G. EQUALIZER area Explanation of the panels Explanation of the panels Explanation of the panels Explanation of the panels fig.ChEdtEQ.eps In this area you can operate the four-band EQ that is provided on each channel. • ON button This button turns the EQ on/off. It will light if the EQ is on. • DISP button This accesses the EQUALIZER popup where you can make detailed settings. The button will light red while the popup is shown. These adjust the Q of each band. • FREQ knobs (LO, LO-MID, HI-MID, HI) These adjust the center frequency of each band. • GAIN knobs (LO, LO-MID, HI-MID, HI) These adjust the gain of each band.

• Q knobs (LO-MID, HI-MID) These controls are invalid for the following channels. • MATRIX1– MATRIX8 35 36Explanation of the panels s lenape htf on oitanalpxEH. PAN area fig.ChEdtPan.eps • PAN knob For CH1–CH48, this adjusts the pan. For AUX1–AUX16, MAIN L/R, MATRIX1–MATRIX8, it adjusts the balance. I. AUX SENDS area fig.ChEdtAux.eps In this area you can adjust the send level from CH1–CH48 or the MAIN L/R channel to the AUX buses. • 1–16 buttons These buttons select the AUX bus that will be the target of the SEND LEVEL knob or the faders in SENDS ON FADER mode. • DISP button This button accesses the AUX SENDS popup where you can make detailed settings. It will light red while the popup is shown. If an AUX channel is selected, or if the MTX SENDS indication is shown in the CHANNEL DISPLAY screen for MAIN L/R, this will adjust the send levels to MATRIX1–MATRIX8. If a MATRIX channel is selected, this will adjust the send levels from AUX1–AUX16 to MATRIX. You can turn the corresponding send switch on/off by holding down [SHIFT] and pressing AUX SELECT [1]–[16]. • SEND LEVEL knob This adjusts the send level to the AUX bus selected by the AUX SELECT [1]–[16] buttons. M-400_v15_e.book 36 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 If AUX buses are stereo-linked, selecting the odd-numbered AUX bus will let you adjust the send pan, and selecting the even-numbered AUX bus will let you adjust the send level. • SENDS ON FADER button This button turns SENDS ON FADER mode on/off. It will blink if SENDS ON FADER mode is on. When SENDS ON FADER mode is on, you can use the faders of each channel to adjust the send level to the selected AUX Bus. Press one of the AUX SELECT [1]–[16] buttons to select the AUX bus whose send level you want to adjust. The main fader cannot be used with SENDS ON FADER. SENDS ON FADER can be used only to adjust the send levels from CH1–CH48 to AUX. 5. Display fig.DisplayGuide.eps This area shows mixer parameters, system settings, and meters. You can use the CHANNEL EDIT section, the function button section, and the screen controller section to perform operations in the display. 6. Function button section fig.FunctionSectGuide.eps Use these buttons to operate the function buttons shown at the bottom of the display, and to operate the tabs that switch between display screens. 7. EFFECTS button fig.EffectsBtn.eps This button accesses the EFFECTS screen where you can control the effects, 31-band GEQ, and external insert paths. It will light red while this screen is shown. M-400_v15_e.book 37 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 8. METER button fig.MeterBtn.eps This button accesses the METER screen where you can view the meters. It will light red while this screen is shown. 9. USB MEMORY RECORDER section fig.RecorderSectGuide.eps A B C D A. and buttons Here you can select the song to play, and rewind or fast-forward the playback. • Selecting a song By pressing these buttons, you can jump to the beginning of the preceding or following song. During playback, button takes you back to the beginning of the currently playing song. • Rewinding or fast-forwarding during playback By pressing and holding these buttons while a song is playing, you can rewind or fast-forward. Normal playback will resume when you release the button. These buttons will not function while a song is being recorded. B. button Use this button to start or stop playback, or to start recording. • Playing a song When you press this button while the recorder is stopped, the currently selected song will play. • Stopping a song When you press this button while the song is playing, playback will stop. • Starting recording When you press this button in recording-standby mode, recording will start. • Stopping recording When you press this button while recording a song, recording will stop. C. REC button Use this button to put the recorder in recording-standby mode, or to divide the song currently being recorded. • Recording-standby mode When you press this button while the recorder is stopped, the recorder will enter recording-standby mode. Press [ ] to start recording. • Dividing the song currently being recorded When you press this button while a song is being recorded, Explanation of the panels recording of the song currently being recorded will be completed, and recording of a new song will begin. D. DISP button This button accesses the RECORDER screen where you can make recorder settings and manage the song list. It will light red while this screen is shown. 10. Screen controller section fig.GenCtrlSectGuide.eps A B C D Explanation of the panels E FA. Value dial This adjusts the value of the parameter at which the cursor is located. B. SHIFT button This button has the following two functions. • Some buttons change their function while [SHIFT] is held down. The function obtained while [SHIFT] is held down is printed above the button, enclosed by a line. • You can hold down [SHIFT] to modify the range by which a value will change when you operate the CHANNEL EDIT section’s knob or the value dial, allowing you to adjust the setting in finer detail. You can use the user preference SHIFT LOCK (p. 178) to change the behavior of the SHIFT button. C. HELP button This button accesses the HELP CONTENTS popup. If you hold down [HELP] and press another button, an explanation of that button will appear in the HELP popup. This button will light red while the popup is shown. For more about using HELP, refer to the “Help function” (p. 208). D. Cursor buttons These buttons move the cursor up/down/left/right in the screen. E. EXIT button If you press this button while another screen is shown, you will return to the HOME screen. If you press this button while a popup is shown, the popup will close. F. ENTER button Use this button to turn an on-screen button on/off, or to confirm a change you’ve made to the settings. 37 38Explanation of the panels s lenape htf on oitanalpxEfig.SetupSectGuide.eps A. PATCHBAY button This button accesses the PATCHBAY screen where you can make settings for the input/output patchbay. It will light red while the screen is shown. B. SYSTEM button This button accesses the SYSTEM screen where you can make various system settings. It will light red while the screen is shown. fig.GroupSectGuide.eps A. DCA button This button accesses the DCA GROUP screen where you can control the DCA groups and make settings for them. It will light red while the screen is shown. B. MUTE button This button accesses the MUTE GROUP screen where you can control the mute groups and make settings for them. It will light red while the screen is shown. fig.SceneMemSectGuide.eps A. DISP button This button accesses the SCENE screen where you can manage the scene list and make scene settings. It will light red while the screen is shown. M-400_v15_e.book 38 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 11. SETUP section A B 12. GROUP section A B 13. SCENE MEMORY section ABD C B. PREV, NEXT buttons These buttons move to the preceding or following scene number. The scene number is shown in the upper right of the screen. Simply changing the scene number does not store or recall the scene. C. STORE button Stores the current mixer parameters into the currently selected scene number. D. RECALL button Recalls the mixer parameters from the currently selected scene number. You can’t recall from a scene number in which scene data has not been stored. 14. USER section fig.UserSectGuide.eps A BA. DISP (BUTTON ASSIGN) button This button accesses the USER screen where you can change or edit the user settings. It will light red while the screen is shown. If you hold down [SHIFT] and press this button, the USER BUTTON tab of the USER PREFERENCE popup will appear. This is a convenient way to check the user button settings. B. USER 1–8 buttons These access the function that is assigned to each button. You can make function assignments in the USER PREFERENCE popup. For details, refer to “Editing the user preferences” (p. 177). By holding down [SHIFT] and pressing a USER1–8 button, you can access the functions assigned to user buttons 9–16.

M-400_v15_e.book 39 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 15. TALKBACK/OSC (talkback/oscillator) section fig.TalkbackOscSectGuide.eps A. MIC LEVEL knob This adjusts the preamp gain of the TALKBACK MIC input over a range of -10dBu–50 dBu. B. DISP button This button accesses the TALKBACK/OSCILLATOR screen, where you can make talkback settings and oscillator settings. It will light red while the screen is shown. C. TALKBACK button This button turns talkback on/off. It will blink while talkback is on. 16. MONITOR section fig.MonitorSectGuide.eps A. LEVEL knob This adjusts the monitor output level in a range of -Inf dB – +10.0 dB. This button accesses the MONITOR screen where you can make monitor or solo settings. It will light red while the screen is shown. C. SOLO CLEAR button You can connect USB memory to this connector. Explanation of the panels Explanation of the panels Explanation of the panels Before you disconnect USB memory, make sure that data is not being written to USB memory or being read from it. If you disconnect USB memory while these operations are occurring, you risk damaging the data. ABC The way in which you press [TALKBACK] will affect how it turns on/off. Pressing and immediately releasing the button will alternately turn talkback off or on (latched operation). Pressing and holding the button will cause talkback to remain on only while you continue holding down the button (momentary operation). ABC This button clears (turns off) the solo settings of all channels in a single operation. 17. USB MEMORY connector fig.USBMemoryGuide.eps Explanation of the panels Explanation of the panels Explanation of the panels

Explanation of the panels B. DISP button 39 M-400_v15_e.book 40 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 40Explanation of the panels s lenape htf on oitanalpxERear panel fig.RearPanelGuide.eps 10 9 5478 6 3 11 1122 1314 15 16 17 18 1 CONSOLE INPUT jacks p. 41 2 CONSOLE OUTPUT jacks p. 41 3 REAC ports p. 41 4 LAMP connector p. 42 5 USB connector p. 42 6 MIDI connectors p. 42 7 RS-232C/MIDI select switch p. 42 8 RS-232C connector p. 42 9 DIGITAL OUT jacks p. 42 10 TALKBACK MIC IN jack p. 42 11 STEREO IN jacks p. 43 12 POWER switch p. 43 13 Grounding terminal p. 43 14 AC INPUT connector, power cord clamp p. 43 15 Cord hook p. 43 16 Cooling vent p. 43 17 Theft prevention lock p. 43 18 BATTERY slot p. 43

M-400_v15_e.book 41 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 1. CONSOLE INPUT jacks fig.ConsInJackGuide.eps These are balanced XLR-3-31 female input jacks for inputting analog audio signals from mics or line level equipment. Make connections after first checking the wiring diagrams of other equipment you intend to connect. fig.XLRJackInput.eps 3. REAC ports (A,B,SPLIT/BACKUP) fig.REACPortGuide.eps • REAC A, B ports These are RJ45 connectors for connecting input/output units such as the S-1608, S-0816, or S-4000S via Cat5e Ethernet cables. Explanation of the panels Explanation of the panels Explanation of the panels HOT GND COLD +PHANTOM[+48V/14mA] These connectors support Cat5e Ethernet cables up to 100 meters long. If you need a longer connection, we recommend that you use the optional S-OPT. The default input/output patching between the M-400 and input/output units connected to REAC ports A and B is as follows. These connectors support Cat5e Ethernet cables up to 100 meters long. If you need a longer connection, we recommend that you use the optional S-OPT. The default input/output patching between the M-400 and input/output units connected to REAC ports A and B is as follows. Explanation of the panels Explanation of the panels Explanation of the panels Explanation of the panels By default, the CONSOLE INPUT jacks are patched to CH33– CH40. When connection cables with resistors are used, the volume level of equipment connected to the inputs (CONSOLE INPUT, STEREO IN, TALKBACK MIC IN) may be low. If this happens, use connection cables that do not contain resistors. 2. CONSOLE OUTPUT jacks fig.ConsOutJackGuide.eps These are balanced XLR-3-32 male output jacks for outputting analog audio signals.Make connections after first checking the wiring diagrams of other equipment you intend to connect. fig.XLRJack.eps Input channel Input connector CH1–CH16 REAC A IN1–IN16 CH17–CH32 REAC B IN1–IN16 Output connector Output REAC A OUT1–OUT6 AUX1–AUX6 REAC A OUT7–OUT8 MAIN L/R REAC B OUT1–OUT6 AUX9–AUX14 REAC B OUT7–OUT8 MAIN L/R • SPLIT/BACKUP port This is used as a backup connection for the REAC A port, or for split connection. You can also use it for multitrack recording on a PC in which you’ve installed the REAC driver. For details on backup connections and split connections, refer to “REAC applications” (p. 181). HOT GND COLD The REAC A and B ports and the SPLIT/BACKUP port have REAC indicators that show the REAC communication status. The state of the REAC indicator has the following significance. The REAC A and B ports and the SPLIT/BACKUP port have REAC indicators that show the REAC communication status. The state of the REAC indicator has the following significance. Status Explanation Unlit No connection with a REAC device has been es- By default, AUX1 OUT–AUX6 OUT and MONITOR L/R are patched to the CONSOLE OUT jacks. The CONSOLE INPUT jacks and CONSOLE OUTPUT jacks can also be used as input/output jacks for inserting external effect processors into channels. For details, refer to “Inserting an external effects device” (p. 137). Explanation of the panels tablished. Lit A backup connection or split connection with a REAC device has been established. Blinking Connected normally with a REAC device.

41 42Explanation of the panels s lenape htf on oitanalpxEThis is an XLR-4-31 type connector that supplies power to a commercially available gooseneck lamp. fig.PinLamp.eps fig.USBPortGuide.eps This USB connector can be connected to your PC to control the M- 400 remotely. For more about remote operation, refer to “Remote” (p. 189). fig.MIDIPortsGuide.eps These connectors are for connection with MIDI equipment. An IN connector (for reception) and an OUT/THRU connector (for transmission and “thru”) are provided. You can use the REMOTE popup to switch between the OUT and THRU functions. For details, refer to “Remote settings” (p. 190). fig.SerialSelSWGuide.eps On the M-400 you can use either the MIDI connectors or the RS-232C connector. This switch selects the connector(s) you will use. You must switch off the M-400’s power before changing the position of this switch. M-400_v15_e.book 42 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 4. LAMP connector 5. USB connector 6. MIDI connectors 7. RS-232C/MIDI select switch 8. RS-232C connector fig.RS232CPortGuide.eps You can use this RS-232C connector to remotely control the M-400 from an external device. 9. DIGITAL OUT jacks fig.DigiOutJackGuide.eps These jacks output a consumer format (IEC-60958 compliant) digital audio signal. Two types of jacks are provided: coaxial and optical. The same digital audio signal is output from both jacks. By default, MONITOR L/R is patched to these jacks. 10. TALKBACK MIC IN jack fig.TbInJackGuide.eps This is a balanced XLR-3-31 female input jack for connecting a talkback mic. Make connections after first checking the wiring diagrams of other equipment you intend to connect. fig.XLRJackInput.eps HOT GND COLD +PHANTOM[+48V/14mA]

M-400_v15_e.book 43 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 11. STEREO IN jacks fig.StInJackGuide.eps These are RCA phono jacks for inputting analog audio signals from line level equipment. By default they are patched to CH47 and CH48. 12. POWER switch 14. AC INPUT connector, power cord clamp Connect the included power cord to the AC INPUT connector. Use the power cord clamp to prevent the power cord from being accidentally disconnected. Explanation of the panels Explanation of the panels Explanation of the panels fig.PowerSwGuide.eps This turns the power on/off. For details on attaching the power cord clamp, refer to “Attaching the power cord clamp” (p. 16). Do not connect any power cord to the M-400 other than the included one. Explanation of the panels Explanation of the panels If you need to turn off the power completely, first turn off the POWER switch, then unplug the power cord from the power outlet. Refer to Power Supply (p. 6). 13. Grounding terminal Use this to connect the M-400 to an electrical ground. Do not ground the M-400 to locations such as the following. • Water pipe (doing so may cause electrical shock) • Gas pipes (doing so may cause fire or explosion) • Telephone ground or lightning rod (hazardous if lightning occurs) Depending on the circumstances of a particular setup, you may experience a discomforting sensation, or perceive that the surface feels gritty to the touch when you touch this device, microphones connected to it, or the metal portions of other objects, such as guitars. This is due to an infinitesimal electrical charge, which is absolutely harmless. However, if you are concerned about this, connect the ground terminal (see figure) with an external ground. When the unit is grounded, a slight hum may occur, depending on the particulars of your installation. If you are unsure of the connection method, contact the nearest Roland Service Center, or an authorized Roland distributor, as listed on the “Information” page. Explanation of the panels fig.ACInletGuide.eps You can use this power cord hook to prevent the power cord from being accidentally disconnected. This provides greater security than the power cord clamp. For details on attaching the power cord hook, refer to “Attaching the power cord hook” (p. 16). 16. Cooling vent This cooling vent cools the M-400. When placing the M-400, take care not to block the cooling vent. 17. Theft prevention lock You can use this with a padlock to secure the M-400 from theft. 18. BATTERY slot fig.BatterySlotGuide.eps

15. Power cord hook This slot contains a lithium battery that maintains the M-400’s clock function and preserves the mixer settings. If the battery runs down, you’ll need to replace it. For details on replacing the battery, refer to “About the internal lithium battery” (p. 18). 43 M-400_v15_e.book 44 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 44Explanation of the panels s lenape htf on oitanalpxEFront panel fig.FrontPanelGuide.eps 21 1. PHONES jack You can connect a set of headphones to this jack, and use it to monitor the MONITOR L/R audio signal. 2. PHONES LEVEL knob This adjusts the output level to the headphones connected to the PHONES jack.

M-400_v15_e.book 45 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 Basic operation Basic panel operations Selecting the channel layer fig.LayerBtn.eps Use the buttons of the Layer section to select the channel layer that will be controlled by the fader module section. Each channel layer assigns the following channels to the fader module section. Channel layer Channels USER USER FADER1–USER FADER24 AUX/DCA AUX1–AUX16, DCA1–DCA8 Operations in the CHANNEL EDIT section Here’s how to edit the channel parameters. 1. In the fader module section or main fader module, press a [SEL] Basic operation (or AUX1–AUX16, MATRIX1–MATRIX8) CH25-48 CH25–CH48 CH1-24 CH1–CH24 If the user preference AUX/DCA LAYER (p. 178) is set to “16Auxes + 8Matrices,” the AUX/DCA layer button will assign AUX1–AUX16 and MATRIX1– MATRIX8 to the fader module section. [SEL] button to select the channel that you want to control. 2. In the CHANNEL EDIT section, press [CH DISP]. fig.ChDispBtn.eps CH DISP

fig.SELBtn.eps 3. The CHANNEL DISPLAY screen will appear. Use the controllers of the CHANNEL EDIT section to edit the values. fig.ScrChDisp.eps You can make adjustments in finer increments by holding down [SHIFT] while you operate the CHANNEL EDIT section’s knobs or the value dial. If you want to edit channel parameters that are not shown in the CHANNEL DISPLAY screen, you can press the [DISP] button in each area of the CHANNEL EDIT section to access a popup that lets you make settings in greater detail. If you’ve selected the CHANNEL SELECT item “CHANNEL DISPLAY follows CH SELECT button” in User Preference (p. 177), pressing a [SEL] button will cause the CHANNEL DISPLAY screen of that channel to appear. 45 M-400_v15_e.book 46 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 46Basic operation n oitarepoc isaBAccessing a screen When you press a screen select button that’s lit in green, or a screen select button that has a blue border, the corresponding screen or popup will appear, and the button will light in red. The following illustration shows the name of the screen or popup that appears for each button. fig.DispBtnGuide.eps HELP CONTENTS PATCHBAY USER GATE/EXPANDER EQUALIZER popup screen screen popup popup CHANNEL DISPLAY screen RECORDER SYSTEM screen screen COMPRESSOR AUX SENDS LIMITER popup popup Popups are displayed on top of the screen. You can close the popup by pressing the button that turned red when you accessed that popup. Home screen To return to the Home screen, press the button that turned red when you pressed it to access a screen. (Buttons that access a popup are excepted.) A user setting lets you choose either the CHANNEL DISPLAY screen or the METER screen as the Home screen. For details on how to choose the Home screen, refer to “Editing the user preferences” (p. 177). MUTE MONITOR METER DCA GROUP screen screen GROUP screen screen SCENE screenTALKBACK/ OSCILLATOR screenEFFECTS screen M-400_v15_e.book 47 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 Screen operations About the screen display fig.ScrGuide.eps 1. Top display area fig.ScrTBScrDisp.eps This area is always shown in the upper part of the screen. A. Screen name This shows the name of the screen currently shown in the main display area. B. Channel indication This indicates the currently selected channel’s number, name, and port name. C. Date/time indication This shows the current date and time. D. User setting indication This shows the current user settings. E. Scene indication This shows the number and name of the currently selected scene. A B C D E 1 3 4 Basic operation Basic operation 2 47 48Basic operation n oitarepoc isaB2. MAIN level indication fig.ScrMainMeter.eps This shows the output level of the MAIN L/R channels. 3. Main display area fig.ScrMainArea.eps Most screen operations are performed in this area. The name of the current screen is shown in the screen name indication of the top display area. You can use the cursor and function buttons to perform operations in this area. M-400_v15_e.book 48 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 3. Sub-display area This area shows supplementary information. The following information is shown. • Indication of the currently edited parameter value fig.SubDispPrm.eps When you edit a parameter whose value is not shown in the screen, or use the controllers of the CHANNEL EDIT section to edit a parameter, the value is shown here for a short time. * If you attempt to operate a parameter that has been disabled by a user setting (p. 176), the following indication will appear. • Output mute status This indicates that the outputs have been muted by means of [F6 (MUTE ALL OUT)] in the MUTE GROUP screen (p. 145), or by means of [MUTE ALL OUTPUTS] on the input/output unit. • Oscillator indication fig.SubDispOsc.eps This is shown if the oscillator is on. • Recorder status indication fig.SubDispRcdr.eps While a song is playing or being recorded, this shows the song name and time information. Popup indication These are popups that are shown overlaid on the menu display area. They provide a cursor and function buttons for performing operations in the screen. fig.Popups.eps While a popup is displayed, cursor and function button operations are valid only for the popup.

M-400_v15_e.book 49 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 Function button operations fig.FuncBtnGuide.eps The function buttons are assigned to the main display area of the screen or the popup, and are operated using [F1]–[F8]. There are three types of function buttons, as follows. • Command function buttons fig.FuncBtnCmd.eps These execute commands or access popups. • On/off function buttons fig.FuncBtnOnOff.eps Buttons in the screen are used to turn a function on/off, to execute a command, or to access a screen. To operate a button, move the cursor to the desired button and press [ENTER]. ON/OFF buttons These are used to turn a parameter or function on/off. The button is shown in gray when off, or in color (e.g., red, yellow, or blue) when on. Popup access buttons fig.BtnPopup.eps Button operations Basic operation These turn parameters or functions on/off. The button in the screen is shown in gray when off, or light blue when on. • Display select tabs fig.FuncBtnTab.eps These tabs are used to switch between screens. Cursor operations fig.Cursor.eps The cursor is indicated by a red frame in the main display area or in the popup. Use the up/down/left/right keys to move the cursor. fig.BtnOnOff.eps There are the following two types of select buttons. • Radio buttons fig.BtnRadio.eps These are used to select one of multiple mutually exclusive choices. Only the last-selected button will be selected. fig.BtnSel.eps These are used when it is possible to select more than one of multiple choices. You can select more than one of these items if desired.

These are used to access a related popup. Select buttons • Check buttons ALL/CLR buttons fig.BtnAllClr.eps These buttons assist you in operating check buttons. Pressing the ALL button will select all applicable check buttons. Pressing the CLR button will clear all applicable check buttons. Basic operation 49 50Basic operation n oitarepoc isaBfig.Cursor.eps Knobs in the screen can be operated by the knobs of the CHANNEL EDIT section or by the value dial. To use the value dial, move the cursor to the desired fader. You can make more detailed settings by holding down [SHIFT] while you operate the knobs or the value dial. Purple knobs in the screen cannot be edited from the CHANNEL EDIT section. fig.Fader.eps Faders in the screen can be operated by the corresponding fader controller or by the value dial. To use the value dial, move the cursor to the desired fader. You can make more detailed settings by holding down [SHIFT] while you operate the value dial. fig.List.eps The selected item in a list is shown highlighted in red. Use the up/ down keys or the value dial to select a different item. M-400_v15_e.book 50 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 Knob operations Fader operations List operations Editing a name You’ll use the NAME EDIT popup to edit names. Here we’ll explain operations that are common to the NAME EDIT popup. Operations in the NAME EDIT popup fig.ScrNameEditGuide.eps 1. Name edit field You can edit the name in this field. The buttons and dial will have the following functions in the name edit field. Button/Dial Function Left/right buttons Move the cursor location. Value dial Changes the character at the cursor loca- tion [F1 (INSERT)] Inserts a space at the cursor location. The text at the right of the cursor location will move to the right. [F2 (A/a)] Changes the letter at the cursor location between uppercase and lowercase. If the character is not an English letter, it will be changed to the letter “A.” [F3 (NUM)] Converts the character at the cursor loca- tion to the numeral “0.” [F4 (DELETE)] Deletes the character at the cursor location. The text at the right of the cursor location will move to the left. [F7 (CANCEL)] Cancels any changes and closes the popup. [F8 (OK)] Confirms the changes and closes the pop- up. There are limitations on the number of characters you can use in a name. The maximum number of characters will depend on the screen or popup that uses the NAME EDIT popup. If an INSERT operation causes the name to exceed the maximum number of characters, the excess will be deleted. 1

M-400_v15_e.book 51 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 Library operations Library operations are performed in the LIBRARY popups. LIBRARY popups include the following. Recalling data from a library fig.ScrChLib.eps Type See page CH LIBRARY p. 66 GATE/EXP LIBRARY p. 98 COMP LIBRARY p. 103 LIMITER LIBRARY p. 105 EQ LIBRARY p. 109 FX LIBRARY p. 130 GEQ LIBRARY p. 135 INPUT PATCHBAY LIBRARY p. 117 OUTPUT PATCHBAY LIBRARY p. 119 2. Make sure that the applicable channel/effect indication shows the object that you want to recall. 3. Use [F1 (PRESET)] or [F2 (USER)] to specify whether you want to recall data from the preset library or user library. Basic operation Basic operation Basic operation Basic operation Here we’ll explain operations that are common to these LIBRARY popups. LIBRARY popup operations fig.ScrLibGuide.eps 1. Applicable channel/effect indication This shows the channel or effect to which the library operation will apply. 2. Library data list This lists the library data. The function buttons have the following operations in a LIBRARY popup. [F1 (PRESET)] Displays the recall-only PRESET library. [F2 (USER)] Displays the USER library in which you can store data or recall it. [F4 (RECALL)] Recalls the selected library data and closes the popup. [F5 (STORE)]* Stores the selected library data and closes the popup. [F6 (LOCK)]* Locks the selected USER library data. [F7 (NAME EDIT)]* Accesses a NAME EDIT popup for you to edit the name of the selected user library data. [F8 (CLOSE)] Closes the popup. * Available only for the User library. 1 2 1. Access the LIBRARY popup. 4. Select the desired library data in the library data list. fig.ScrLibRecallConf.eps If “SCENE/LIB RECALL” in the CONFIRMATION section of User Preference (p. 177) is not selected, a confirmation message will not appear in step 4.

5. Press [F4 (RECALL)]. A message will ask you to confirm the library recall operation. 6. Press [F8 (RECALL)] to execute the library recall operation and close the popup. Alternatively, press [F7 (CANCEL)] to cancel the library recall operation. Basic operation 51 52Basic operation n oitarepoc isaBStoring data to a library 1. Access the LIBRARY popup. fig.ScrChLib.eps 2. Verify that the desired channel or effect is shown as the object of the store operation. 3. Press [F2 (USER)] to select the user library. 4. Select the desired number in the library data list. 5. Press [F5 (STORE)]. fig.ScrLibStoreConf.eps A message will ask you to confirm the library store operation. 6. Press [F8 (STORE)] to execute the library store operation and close the popup. Alternatively, press [F7 (CANCEL)] to cancel the library store operation. You can’t overwrite library data that has been locked. Either store the data to a different library location, or defeat the Lock setting before you execute the store operation. If “SCENE/LIB STORE” in the CONFIRMATION section of the User Preference (p. 177) is not selected, a confirmation message will not appear in step 5. M-400_v15_e.book 52 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 Locking or unlocking user library data Data in the user library can be locked to prevent it from being accidentally overwritten. For library data that has been locked, the indication “LOCK” is shown in the “STATUS” column of the list. fig.ScrChLib.eps 1. Press [F2 (USER)] to select the user library. 2. From the library data list, select the desired library data. 3. Press [F6 (LOCK)] to lock or unlock the library data. Editing the name of user library data You can assign a name of up to twelve characters to user library data. Use the NAME EDIT popup to edit the name. fig.ScrChLib_Name.eps 1. Press [F2 (USER)] to select the user library. 2. From the library data list, select the desired library data. You can’t edit library data that has been locked. 3. Press [F7 (NAME EDIT)] to access the NAME EDIT popup. 4. Use the NAME EDIT popup to edit the name. For details on operations in the NAME EDIT popup, refer to “Editing a name” (p. 50). 5. Press [F8 (OK)] to finalize the edited name and close the NAME EDIT popup. Alternatively, press [F7 (CANCEL)] to discard your edits and close the NAME EDIT popup.

M-400_v15_e.book 53 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 Message operations • Confirmation message fig.Confirm.eps This message asks you to confirm an operation. • Caution message fig.Caution.eps This message cautions you that a problem has occurred during operation. • Error message fig.Error.eps This message will appear if a fatal error occurs. • Wait message fig.Wait.eps This message is shown while a time consuming process is being executed. You cannot close this until the process is completed. Basic operation Basic operation 53

Input channel operations M-400_v15_e.book 54 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 54 Input channel operations About the input channels The input channels process the audio signals from the input jacks and internal ports, and send them to the MAIN L/R bus and AUX buses. fig.InBlkDia.eps MAIN AUX SOLO PATCHBAY INPUT LR 1 2 16 LR CH 1-48 PREAMP POST ATT GATE IN GATE OUT COMP OUT PRE EQ PRE FADER POST FADER GR GR INSERT EXT FX INSERT FX MUTE FADER PAN MAIN SW PHASE ATT FILTER GATE/ EXP COMP 4BAND EQ TO GATE KEY-IN SW PRE FADER TO AUX 1, 3...15 TO AUX 2, 4...16 PRE EQ PRE FADER TO MAIRIX 1-8, POST FADER TO OUTPUT PATCHBAY LR 12 16 LR MAIN AUX SOLO • INPUT PATCHBAY This section patches input ports to input channels. • PHASE This reverses the phase of the audio signal. • ATT (Attenuator) This adjusts the input level in the digital domain. • FILTER This is a 12 dB/octave filter that passes or cuts the specified frequency range. • GATE/EXPANDER This is a dynamics processor that can be used as a gate or expander, or for ducking. You can use a maximum of twenty- four units simultaneously. • COMPRESSOR This is a dynamics processor that can be used as a compressor. You can use a maximum of twenty-four units simultaneously. • EXT INSERT (External insert) An external effects processor can be inserted at this point using the rear panel CONSOLE IN1–IN8 and CONSOLE OUT1– OUT8 jacks. TO COMP KEY-IN GATE COMP KEY-IN KEY-IN AUX SEND 1-16 PRE EQ SEND LINK AUX POST FADER PAN PRE EQ SW SEND PRE FADER POST FADER PFL(L) AFL SW SOLO AFL(L) PFL(R) AFL(R) DIRECT OUT POINT • FX INSERT (Effect insert) FX1–FX4 can be inserted at this point. • 4 BAND EQ (Four-band EQ) This is a four-band EQ with LO, LO-MID, HI-MID, and HI frequency bands. • MUTE This mutes the channel. The signal sent to the MAIN L/R bus, the AUX buses and the direct out will be muted. • FADER This adjusts the send level to the MAIN L/R bus. • PAN This adjusts the left/right panning of the audio signal sent to the MAIN L/R bus. • MAIN SW (Main switch) This turns the send to the MAIN L/R bus on/off. It does not affect the send to the AUX buses. • AUX SEND This adjusts the send to the AUX bus. • DIRECT OUT POINT This specifies the position from which the direct out signal is taken. M-400_v15_e.book 55 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 Operations using the CHANNEL EDIT section Most input channel operations can be performed in the CHANNEL EDIT section. Here we will explain input channel operations using the CHANNEL EDIT section. fig.ChEditSection.eps Selecting the channel to edit 1. In the fader module section, press a [SEL] button to select the input channel that you want to edit. fig.SELBtn.eps [SEL] 2. The selected channel is shown in the channel indication at the upper center of the screen. fig.ScrSelectedCh.eps If you’ve pressed [TOUCH SELECT] to turn it on (lit), you can select a channel by touching its fader. Viewing the parameter values The arrangement of parameters and the color of knobs in the CHANNEL EDIT DISPLAY screen is close to that of the CHANNEL EDIT section, making it easy to check the values. 1. In the CHANNEL EDIT section, press [CH DISP]. fig.ChDispBtn.eps CH DISP The CHANNEL DISPLAY screen will appear. fig.ScrChDisp.eps Input channel operations

Even if you don’t access the CHANNEL DISPLAY screen, the value of the currently-operated parameter is shown in the sub display area when you operate an dial in the CHANNEL EDIT section. fig.SubDispPrm.eps Input channel operations 55 56Input channel operations s noitarepol ennahct upnIUse the PREAMP area of the CHANNEL EDIT section to adjust the preamp gain. fig.ChEdtPreamp.eps 1. Use the GAIN dial to adjust the preamp gain. Use the FILTER area of the CHANNEL EDIT section to operate the filter. fig.ChEdtFilter.eps 1. Press [ON] to turn the filter on/off. 2. Use the FREQ dial to adjust the frequency of the filter. Use the GATE area and COMP area of the CHANNEL EDIT section to make adjustments. fig.ChEdtDyn.eps 1. Use the THRESHOLD knob of the GATE area or COMP area to adjust the threshold level. You can make fine adjustments by holding down [SHIFT] while you operate the knob. By pressing [DISP] you can access the GATE/EXPANDER popup or COMPRESSOR popup, where you can make detailed settings for the gate/expander or compressor. For details, refer to “Gate/ expander operations” (p. 93) or “Compressor operations” (p. 99). You can turn the gate/expander or compressor on/off by holding down [SHIFT] and pressing [DISP] in the GATE area or COMP area. M-400_v15_e.book 56 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 Preamp gain adjustments Filter operations Gate/expander and compressor threshold level adjustments Four-band EQ operations Use the EQUALIZER area of the CHANNEL EDIT section to operate the EQ. fig.ChEdtEQ.eps 1. Press [ON] to turn the four-band EQ on/off. 2. Use the GAIN knobs to adjust the gain of each frequency band. 3. Use the FREQ knobs to adjust the center frequency of each band. 4. Use the Q knobs to adjust the Q of the LO-MID and HI-MID bands. You can make fine adjustments by holding down [SHIFT] while you operate the knob. By pressing [DISP] you can access the EQUALIZER popup, where you can make detailed settings for the four-band EQ. For details, refer to “Four-band EQ operations” (p. 107). Adjusting the pan of the audio signal sent to the MAIN L/R bus Use the PAN area of the CHANNEL EDIT section to make these adjustments. fig.ChEdtPan.eps 1. Use the PAN knob to adjust the pan. You can make fine adjustments by holding down [SHIFT] while you operate the knob. M-400_v15_e.book 57 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 Input channel operations Sending the audio signal to the Using AUX buses Input channel operations the top panel faders (SENDS ON FADER) Use the AUX SENDS area of the CHANNEL EDIT section to perform these operations. 1. Press AUX SELECT [1]–[16] to select the send-destination AUX bus. fig.ChEdtAux.eps 2. Press [SENDS ON FADER] so it is blinking. 3. Use the top panel faders to adjust the amount sent from each input channel to the selected AUX bus. fig.FaderAll.eps SENDS ON FADER is a convenient function, but involves the risk of unintended mistakes. Operate the faders with care while [SENDS ON FADER] is blinking. By pressing [DISP] you can access the AUX SENDS popup, where you can make detailed settings for AUX send. For details, refer to “AUX send operations” (p. 111). You can adjust the send level in either of two ways: using the SEND LEVEL knob of the AUX SENDS area, or using the faders of the top panel. Using the SEND LEVEL knob 1. Press AUX SELECT [1]–[16] to select the send-destination AUX bus. 2. Use the SEND LEVEL encoder to adjust the amount sent to the selected AUX bus. You can make fine adjustments by holding down [SHIFT] while you operate SEND LEVEL. You can turn the corresponding send switch on/off by holding down [SHIFT] and pressing AUX SELECT [1]–[16]. 57 58Input channel operations s noitarepol ennahct upnIOperations in the CHANNEL DISPLAY screen The principal parameters of an input channel can be operated in the CHANNEL DISPLAY screen. CHANNEL DISPLAY screen fig.ScrChDispGuide.eps The principal operations for an input channel can be performed in the CHANNEL DISPLAY screen. 1. Preamp fig.ScrChPreamp.eps Here you can make settings for the preamp of the input jack that is patched to the channel. a. +48V button This turns the +48V phantom power on/off. You must turn the phantom power off if you’ve connected equipment that does not require +48V phantom power. Mistakenly supplying phantom power to a dynamic microphone, audio playback device, or any other device that does not require phantom power will cause malfunctions. Carefully read the owner’s manual for your microphone or other device, and make sure of its specifications. Since noise will be produced when you switch the phantom power setting, therefore the output of the channel whose setting you change will be briefly muted. b. PAD button This switches the pad on/off. Turning this on will lower the input sensitivity of the preamp by 20 dB. Since noise will be produced when you switch the pad setting, therefore the output of the channel whose setting you change will be briefly muted. Turn the pad on if the input level is too high even when the preamp gain is set to the minimum position. c. Ø (Phase) button This reverses the phase of the audio signal. Turning this on will reverse the phase of the signal, and turning it off will maintain the normal phase. d. GAIN knob This adjusts the preamp gain in the range of -65 dBu– -10 dBu (if PAD is on, a range of -45 dBu– +10 dBu). e. OL (Overload) indicator This will light red when the output of the preamp exceeds the OVER Lev setting specified in the METER SETUP popup (p. 122). It is felt that it does not change smoothly when it coordinates the preamp gain, but it is not trouble. In addition, some noises come out, but it is not trouble. M-400_v15_e.book 58 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 abc 1 2 3 7 9 10 456 ed For the following channels, the preamp area will show only the Ø (phase) button. • Channels to which no input port is patched • Channels to which a port that has no preamp (such as an internal port) is patched 11128 M-400_v15_e.book 59 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 2. Attenuator fig.ScrChATT.eps ba a. ATT knob This adjusts the input level of the channel in the range of -48.0 dB– +24.0 dB. b. OL (Overload) indicator This will light red when the output of the attenuator exceeds the OVER Lev setting specified in the METER SETUP popup (p. 122). Normally, you should use the preamp gain to adjust the input level of the channel, and leave the attenuator at 0 dB. It is convenient to use the attenuator in the following types of cases. • When you want to avoid overloading the filter • When you’ve patched a port that has no preamp gain, such as an internal port • When you’ve allowed plenty of head margin to avoid overloading the preamp’s AD converter, and want to boost the level at the channel Filter overload can also be avoided by using the filter ATT parameter that is shown in the EQUALIZER popup. 3. Filter fig.ScrChFilt.eps a c b a. FILT button This turns the filter on/off. b. FREQ knob This adjusts the filter frequency in the range of 20 Hz–20.0 kHz. c. OL (Overload) indicator This will light red when the output of the filter exceeds the OVER Lev setting specified in the METER SETUP popup (p. 122). By default, HPF (High Pass Filter) is assigned to the filter, and the FREQ knob will adjust the cutoff frequency. Detailed filter settings are made in the EQUALIZER popup. For details, refer to “Four-band EQ operations” (p. 107). 4. Gate/expander fig.ScrChGate.eps a e cb d a. GATE button This turns the gate/expander on/off. b. THRE (Threshold) knob This adjusts the threshold level of the gate/expander in the range of -80.0 dB–0.0 dB. c. IN meter This shows the input level of the gate/expander. For stereo- linked channels, two meters (L and R) will be shown. d. GR meter This shows the amount of gain reduction for the gate/expander. e. OL (Overload) indicator This will light red when the output of the gate/expander exceeds the OVER Lev setting specified in the METER SETUP popup (p. 122). Up to twenty-four gate/expander units can be turned on. For detailed gate/expander settings, refer to “Gate/expander operations” (p. 93). 5. Compressor fig.ScrChComp.eps a e cb d a. COMP button This turns the compressor on/off. b. THRE (Threshold) knob This adjusts the threshold level of the compressor in the range of -40.0 dB–0.0 dB. c. IN meter This shows the input level of the compressor. For stereo-linked channels, two meters (L and R) will be shown. d. GR meter This shows the amount of gain reduction for the compressor. e. OL (Overload) indicator This will light red when the output of the compressor exceeds the OVER Lev setting specified in the METER SETUP popup (p. 122). Up to twenty-four compressors can be turned on. For detailed compressor settings, refer to “Compressor operations” (p. 99). Input channel operations Input channel operations 59 60Input channel operations s noitarepol ennahct upnI6. Insert indication fig.ScrChIns.eps a. EXT FX If an external effects processor is inserted, this shows the number of the inserted EXT FX. By moving the cursor to EXT FX and pressing [ENTER], you can access the EXT FX 1–4 tab or EXT FX 5–8 tab of the EFFECTS screen. Inserting an external effects processor into a channel is done in the EFFECTS screen. For details, refer to “Inserting an external effects device” (p. 137). b. FX INS If FX1–FX4 are inserted, the number of the inserted FX is shown here. If the number is shown in white, the effect insertion is enabled. If it is shown in gray, effect insertion is bypassed. The FX INS number may have an appended “L” or “R.” This has the following significance. If you move the cursor to FX INS and press [ENTER], the FX 1–4 tab of the EFFECTS screen will appear. Inserting an effect into a channel is done in the EFFECTS screen. For details, refer to “Effect input/output settings” (p. 126). Up to four effects can be inserted into one channel. In this case, they will be inserted in series, in order of the FX number. M-400_v15_e.book 60 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 Indication Explanation Number+L The L side of the FX is inserted. Number+R The R side of the FX is inserted. Number only Both L and R side of the FX are inserted. The return from the FX is mixed and input to the channel. 7. Four-band EQ fig.ScrChEQ.eps ab a. EQ button This turns the four-band EQ on/off. b. Four-band EQ graph This shows the approximate response of the four-band EQ. c. OL (Overload) indicator This will light red when the output of the four-band EQ exceeds the OVER Lev setting specified in the METER SETUP popup (p. 122). d. Q knobs (LO-MID, HI-MID) These adjust the Q of the LO-MID and HI-MID bands in the range of 0.36–16. Higher values will produce a sharper curve. e. LO FREQ knob This adjusts the center frequency of the LOW band in the range of 20 Hz–1.00 kHz. f. FREQ knob (LO-MID, HI-MID) These adjust the center frequency of the LO-MID and HI-MID bands in the range of 20 Hz–20.0 kHz. g. HI FREQ knob This adjusts the center frequency of the HI band in the range of 1.00 kHz–20.0 kHz. h. GAIN knob (LO, LO-MID, HI-MID, HI) These adjust the gain of the LO, LO-MID, HI-MID, and HI bands in the range of -15.0 dB– +15.0 dB. For detailed settings for the four-band EQ, refer to “Four-band EQ operations” (p. 107). 8. Direct out point fig.ScrChDirGuide.eps You can choose one of the following as the position from which the channel’s signal is taken as the direct out signal. PRE EQ Take the pre-EQ signal PRE FADER Take the pre-fader signal POST FADER Take the post-fader signal abde cfgh

M-400_v15_e.book 61 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 8. AUX sends fig.ScrChSends.eps • AUX sends 1–16 Here you can adjust the sends from the channel to the AUX1– AUX16 buses. The AUX sends are organized as follows. fig.ScrChSendField.eps 9. Pan fig.ScrChPan.eps This indicates whether the channel is assigned to a DCA group or a MUTE group. If you move the cursor to DCA GROUP or MUTE GROUP and press [ENTER], the GROUP ASSIGN popup will appear, allowing you to make DCA group or MUTE group assignments. Input channel operations Input channel operations Input channel operations a. AUX number ac b You can also access the GROUP ASSIGN popup by pressing [F5 (GROUP ASSIGN)]. You can also access the GROUP ASSIGN popup by pressing [F5 (GROUP ASSIGN)]. 11. Fader fig.ScrChFader.eps Input channel operations Input channel operations Input channel operations This indicates the AUX channel number. b. AUX name This indicates the AUX channel name. c. Send level bar This adjusts the send level to the AUX bus in the range of -Inf dB– +10.0 dB. The color of the send level bar indicates the send point and the status of the send switch as follows. Send level bar color Status Blue send point is PRE EQ or PRE FADER Green send point is POST FADER Gray Send switch is off • AUX pan slider fig.ScrChSendField2.eps If the AUX send destination is stereo-linked, this lets you adjust the left/right panning of the audio signal in the range of L63– R63. This is shown in the area of the odd-numbered AUX send. For detailed AUX send settings, refer to “AUX send operations” (p. 111). This adjusts the left/right panning of the audio signal sent to the MAIN L/R bus in the range of L63–R63. a. Fader This adjusts the amount sent to the MAIN L/R bus in the range of -Inf dB– +10.0 dB. This turns SOLO on/off for the channel. c. M button This turns MUTE on/off for the channel. d. MAIN button This turns the MAIN send on/off. e. Channel meter aebcd

10. Group fig.ScrChGroup.eps You can make settings in finer increments by operating the value dial while you hold down [SHIFT]. b. S button This indicates the signal level of the channel. For a stereo-linked channel, two meters L and R are shown. The level detection point is according to the setting in the METER screen. For Input channel operations 61 62Input channel operations s noitarepol ennahct upnIdetails, refer to “Editing the meter settings” (p. 122). The function buttons have the following operations. When you press [F8 (Patchbay)] to access the PATCHBAY screen, the PATCHBAY screen will appear with the currently selected channel highlighted. 1. In the fader module section, press [SEL] to select a channel. 2. In the CHANNEL EDIT section, press [CH DISP] to access the CHANNEL DISPLAY screen. fig.ScrChDisp.eps Pressing a different [SEL] while the CHANNEL DISPLAY screen is shown will switch you to the display for that channel. If you’ve selected the “CHANNEL DISPLAY follows CH SELECT” button located in the CHANNEL SELECT area of User Preference (p. 177), pressing a [SEL] will recall the CHANNEL DISPLAY screen for that channel. M-400_v15_e.book 62 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 [F1 (LINK)] Turns channel link on/off. p. 62 [F2 (NAME EDIT)] Accesses the NAME EDIT pop- up, where you can specify the channel name. p. 63 [F3 (COPY)] Accesses the CH COPY popup, where you can copy channel set- tings. p. 65 [F4 (LIBRARY) Accesses the CH LIBRARY pop- up, where you can use the chan- nel library. p. 66 [F5 (GROUP ASSIGN)] Accesses the GROUP ASSIGN popup, where you can assign the channel to DCA groups and MUTE groups. p. 67 [F6 (PEAK CLEAR)] Clears the level meter’s peak hold or over indication. [F8 (Patchbay)] Accesses the PATCHBAY screen. p. 115 Accessing the CHANNEL DISPLAY screen Stereo-linking channels Adjacent odd-numbered and even-numbered channels can be stereo- linked so that their parameters will have the same settings. This is convenient when you’re dealing with stereo sources. 1. Access the CHANNEL DISPLAY screen for the channel that you want to stereo-link. fig.ScrChDisp.eps 2. Press [F1 (LINK)] to turn it on; the channels will be stereo- linked. The parameters of the even-numbered channel will be set to the values of the odd-numbered channel. Stereo-linked parameters The following parameters are linked by stereo-link. • Phase • Attenuator • Filter parameters • Gate/expander parameters other than Key In • Compressor parameters other than Key In • Four-band EQ parameters • Fader parameters • AUX send level, send switch and send point • Direct out point When you enable stereo-link, the gate/expander and compressor will operate in stereo.

M-400_v15_e.book 63 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 Specifying a channel name and color label You can specify a channel name and color label for each input channel. The channel name can be up to six characters, and you can select one of eight colors as the color label. Channel name entry and color label selection are done in the NAME EDIT popup. NAME EDIT popup The function buttons have the following operations. [F1 (Recall Template)] Enters the name selected in the TEM- PLATE list into the name edit field. [F2 (HISTORY)] Successively recalls the channel names that have been entered since power-up, starting with the most recent name. [F3 (INSERT)] Inserts a space at the cursor location. The characters to the right of the cursor location will move to the right. [F4 (A/a)] Changes the character at the cursor lo- cation between uppercase and lower- case. [F5 (NUM)] Changes the character at the cursor lo- Input channel operations Input channel operations 1 2 cation to the numeral “0.” [F6 (DELETE)] Deletes the character at the cursor loca- cation to the numeral “0.” [F6 (DELETE)] Deletes the character at the cursor loca- tion. The characters to the right of the cursor location will move to the left. [F8 (CLOSE)] Closes the popup. tion. The characters to the right of the cursor location will move to the left. [F8 (CLOSE)] Closes the popup. Up to sixteen names will be remembered in HISTORY. If HISTORY becomes full, the oldest name will be deleted. Accessing the NAME EDIT popup Input channel operations Input channel operations Input channel operations Input channel operations fig.ScrChNameEditGuide.eps 1. TEMPLATE Here you can select a name from a list. • CATEGORY list Select the category. • NAME list Select a name from within that category. Choose the CATEGORY first, and then choose a NAME. 2. Name edit field You can edit the name in this field. 3. Color label selection buttons Use these buttons to select a color label for the channel. 3 cation to the numeral “0.” [F6 (DELETE)] Deletes the character at the cursor loca- 1. Access the CHANNEL DISPLAY screen for the desired fig.ScrChNameEdit.eps Input channel operations

channel. fig.ScrChDisp.eps 2. Press [F2 (NAME EDIT)] to access the NAME EDIT popup. Input channel operations 63 64Input channel operations s noitarepol ennahct upnI1. Access the NAME EDIT popup for the desired channel. fig.ScrChNameEdit.eps 2. Move the cursor to the name edit field, and edit the channel name. Use the cursor left/right buttons to move the cursor location. Use the value dial to change the character at the cursor location. 3. Press [F8 (CLOSE)] to close the popup. 1. Access the NAME EDIT popup for the desired channel. fig.ScrChNameEdit.eps 2. Move the cursor to the desired color label select button, and press [ENTER] to make your selection. 3. Press [F8 (CLOSE)] to close the popup. M-400_v15_e.book 64 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 Editing the channel name Choosing a color label 1. Access the NAME EDIT popup for the desired channel. fig.ScrChNameEdit.eps 2. Move the cursor to the CATEGORY list in the TEMPLATE area, and select the category of the name you want to enter. 3. Move the cursor to the NAME list in the TEMPLATE area, and select the name that you want to enter. 4. Press [F1 (Recall Template)]. The selected name will be entered in the name edit field. 5. Move the cursor to the name edit field, and you’ll be able to edit the name that was entered. 6. Press [F8 (CLOSE)] to close the popup. If you enter a name from the template, the name that was previously in the name edit field will be deleted. Using the template to enter a channel name M-400_v15_e.book 65 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 Copying channel settings to another channel Channel settings can be copied to another channel. Channel copying is done in the CH COPY popup. CH COPY popup fig.ScrChCopyGuide.eps 1. Copy-source channel This indicates the copy-source channel. 2. Copy parameter select buttons Here you can select the parameters that will be copied. You can select the following parameters. Patch Input patching Phase Phase ATT Attenuator Filter Filter Gate Gate/expander Comp Compressor EQ Four-band EQ Sends AUX sends Direct Direct out point Fader Fader and mute Pan Pan Group DCA groups and MUTE groups 3. Copy-destination channel select buttons Here you can select the copy-destination channel(s). The function buttons have the following operations. [F1 (CH1-24)] Displays CH1–CH24 as the copy- destination channel select buttons. [F2 (CH25-48)] Displays CH25–CH48 as the copy- destination channel select buttons. [F3 (PASTET to CH 1-24)] [F3 (PASTET to CH 25-48)] Executes the copy. [F8 (CLOSE)] Closes the popup. 1 23 1. Access the CHANNEL DISPLAY screen for the desired copy-source channel. fig.ScrChDisp.eps 2. Press [F3 (COPY)] to access the CH COPY popup. fig.ScrChCopy.eps Accessing the CH COPY popup Input channel operations Input channel operations 65 66Input channel operations s noitarepol ennahct upnI1. Access the CH COPY popup for the desired copy-source channel. fig.ScrChCopy.eps 2. Verify that the copy-source channel is correct. 3. Move the cursor to the desired copy parameter select button, and press [ENTER] to select it. 4. Move the cursor to the desired copy-destination channel select button, and press [ENTER] to select it. You can select more than one channel. 5. Press [F3 (PASTE to CH 1–24)] or [F3 (PASTE to CH 25–48)]. A confirmation message will appear, asking you to confirm the Copy operation. 6. Press [F8 (PASTE)] to execute the Copy. If you press [F7 (CANCEL)], the operation will be cancelled. 7. Press [F8 (CLOSE)] to close the popup. When you execute PASTE, the copy-destination channel select buttons will be cleared. M-400_v15_e.book 66 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 Copying the channel settings Using the channel library You can recall channel settings from the library, or store the settings of the current channel in the library. Channel library operations are performed in the CHANNEL LIBRARY popup. CH LIBRARY popup fig.ScrChLibGuide.eps 1. Target channel This indicates the channel that is the target of the CHANNEL LIBRARY popup. 2. Library data list This is a list of the library data. 3. Recall parameter select buttons Use these to select the parameters that will be recalled. You can select the following parameters. Phase Phase ATT Attenuator Filter Filter Gate Gate/expander Comp Compressor EQ Four-band EQ Sends AUX sends Direct Out Direct out point Fader Fader and mute Pan Pan Noise may occur when you execute a library preview or recall, but this is not a malfunction. 1 2 3

M-400_v15_e.book 67 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 The function buttons have the following operations. [F1 (PRESET)] Displays the recall-only PRESET library. [F2 (USER)] Displays the USER library, which can be re- called or stored. [F3 (PREVIEW)] Previews (auditions) the selected library data. [F4 (RECALL)] Recalls the selected library data. [F5 (STORE)]* Stores the settings of the current channel into the selected library data. [F6 (LOCK)]* Locks or unlocks the selected library data. [F7 (NAME EDIT)]* Accesses the NAME EDIT popup, where you can edit the name of the selected library data. [F8 (CLOSE)] Closes the popup. * Available only for the User library. Accessing the CH LIBRARY popup 1. Access the CHANNEL DISPLAY screen for the desired channel. fig.ScrChDisp.eps 2. Press [F4 (LIBRARY)] to access the CH LIBRARY popup. fig.ScrChLib.eps For details on library operations, refer to “Library operations” (p. 51). Assigning channels to DCA groups and MUTE groups Input channels can be assigned to DCA groups and mute groups. Assignments to DCA groups and mute groups are made in the GROUP ASSIGN popup. GROUP ASSIGN popup fig.ScrChGrpAsgnGuide.eps 1. Target channel 3. MUTE group select buttons Use these to select the MUTE group to which the channel will be assigned. The function buttons have the following operations. 1 2 3 Input channel operations Input channel operations Input channel operations

This indicates the channel that is the target of the GROUP ASSIGN popup. 2. DCA group select buttons Use these to select the DCA group to which the channel will be assigned. [F8 (CLOSE)] Closes the popup. Input channel operations 67 68Input channel operations s noitarepol ennahct upnI1. Access the CHANNEL DISPLAY screen for the desired channel. fig.ScrChDisp.eps 2. Press [F5 (GROUP ASSIGN)] to access the GROUP ASSIGN popup. fig.ScrChGroupAssign.eps M-400_v15_e.book 68 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 Accessing the GROUP ASSIGN popup Assigning a channel to a DCA group 1. Access the GROUP ASSIGN popup for the desired channel. fig.ScrChGroupAssign.eps 2. Verify that the target channel is correct. 3. Move the cursor to the desired DCA group select button, and press [ENTER] to select it. 4. Press [F8 (CLOSE)] to close the popup. For details on DCA groups, refer to “DCA groups” (p. 141). Assigning a channel to a MUTE group 1. Access the GROUP ASSIGN popup for the desired channel. fig.ScrChGroupAssign.eps 2. Verify that the target channel is correct. 3. Move the cursor to the desired MUTE group select button, and press [ENTER] to select it. 4. Press [F8 (CLOSE)] to close the popup. For details on MUTE groups, refer to “Mute groups” (p. 145). M-400_v15_e.book 69 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 AUX channel and MAIN L/R channel operations About AUX channels and the MAIN L/R channels The AUX and MAIN L/R channels process the mixed audio signals from the input channels, and send them to the output ports. fig.OutBlkDia.eps MAIN AUX SOLO LR 1 2 16 LR LR 12 16 LR MAIN AUX SOLO • ATT (Attenuator) This adjusts the input level. • EXT INSERT (External insert) These ports let you use the rear panel CONSOLE IN1–IN8 and CONSOLE OUT1–OUT8 ports to insert external effects processors. • FX INSERT (Effect insert) These ports let you insert FX1–FX4. • 4 BAND EQ (Four-band EQ) This is an EQ with four bands; LO, LO-MID, HI-MID, and HI. • FADER This adjusts the output level. • BALANCE This adjusts the left/right balance for MAIN L/R or for stereo- linked AUX buses. PATCHBAY OUTPUT MAIN L, R POST ATT PRE EQ PRE FADER POST FADER OUTPUT LEVEL INSERT EXT FX INSERT FX ATT 4BAND EQ FADER BAL MUTE INSERT GEQ SW SEND PRE FADER LINK AUX TO AUX 1, 3...7 AUX 1-16 MAIN LIMITER OUT L MAIN OUT R INSERT EXT FX ATT 4BAND EQ AUX SEND 1-16 PRE EQ POST FADER PAN PRE EQ SW SEND PRE FADER POST FADER TO SOLO TO MONITOR SELECT TO REC SELECT MONO TO AUX 2, 4...8 OUT MATRIX SEND 1-8 -6dB MIX PRE EQ PRE FADER POST FADER TO MTX 1, 3...7 TO MTX 2, 4...8 AUX 1-16 OUT TO MAIN L, R PRE EQ PRE FADER POST FADER SW SEND MTX LINK PAN SW SEND SOLO POST ATT PRE EQ PRE FADER POST FADER OUTPUT LEVEL INSERT FX FADER BAL MUTE INSERT GEQ LIMITER MAIN SEND PRE EQ SW SEND PAN PRE FADER POST FADER MATRIX SEND 1-8 SW SEND MTX LINK PAN TO MTX 1, 3...7 SW SEND TO MTX 2, 4...8 TO SOLO L TO SOLO R TO MONITOR SELECT TO TO REC FX SOURCE SELECT SELECT SOLO • MUTE This mutes the output of the channel. The post fader sends to the MAIN L/R bus and AUX buses will also be muted. • GEQ INSERT This port allows you to insert a 31-band GEQ. • LIMITER This limits the output level. • AUX SEND (MAIN L/R only) This adjusts the send to AUX. • MAIN SEND (AUX1–AUX16 only) This adjusts the send to MAIN L/R. • MATRIX SEND Adjust the send to MATRIX1–MATRIX8. 69 AUX channel and MAIN L/R channel operations 70 AUX channel and MAIN L/R channel operations s noitarepol ennahcR /LN IAMd nal ennahcX UAOperations using the CHANNEL EDIT section Selecting the channel to edit [SEL] The CHANNEL DISPLAY screen shows the parameter values that Most operations for the MAIN L/R channels and AUX channels can be performed in the CHANNEL EDIT section. Here we will explain channel operations using the CHANNEL EDIT section. you can operate in the CHANNEL EDIT section. The arrangement of the parameters and the color of the knobs in the CHANNEL DISPLAY screen is similar to the layout of the CHANNEL EDIT section, making it easy for you to check the values. fig.ChEditSection.eps 1. In the CHANNEL EDIT section, press [CH DISP]. fig.ChDispBtn.eps The CHANNEL DISPLAY screen will appear. fig.ScrChAux.eps 1. Use the [SEL] buttons of the fader module section to select the channel that you want to edit. fig.SELBtn.eps The MAIN [SEL] button will alternately select the MAIN L or MAIN R channel each time you press it. Use the PREAMP area of the CHANNEL EDIT section to adjust the attenuator. 2. The selected channel is shown in the channel indication at fig.ChEdtPreamp.eps the upper center of the screen. fig.ScrSelectedAux.eps If you press [TOUCH SELECT] to turn it on (lit), you’ll be able to select a channel by touching its fader. 1. Use the GAIN dial to adjust the attenuator. M-400_v15_e.book 70 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 Viewing the parameter values CH DISP Even if you operate the knobs of the CHANNEL EDIT section without accessing the CHANNEL DISPLAY screen, the value of the currently-operated parameter is shown in the sub-display area. fig.SubDispPrm.eps Attenuator adjustments

M-400_v15_e.book 71 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 Adjusting the limiter threshold level This operation is performed in the COMP area of the CHANNEL EDIT section. fig.ChEdtComp.eps 1. In the COMP area, use the THRESHOLD knob to adjust the threshold level. You can make fine adjustments by holding down [SHIFT] while you operate the knob. By pressing [DISP] you can access the LIMITER popup where you can make detailed settings for the limiter. For details, refer to “Limiter operations” (p. 104). You can turn the limiter on/off by holding down [SHIFT] and pressing [DISP] in the COMP area. Four-band EQ operations You can perform these operations in the EQUALIZER area of the CHANNEL EDIT section. fig.ChEdtEQ.eps 1. Press [ON] to turn the four-band EQ on/off. 2. Use the GAIN knobs to adjust the gain of each band. 3. Use the FREQ knobs to adjust the center frequency of each band. 4. Use the Q knobs to adjust the Q of the LO-MID and HI-MID bands. By pressing [DISP] you can access the EQUALIZER popup where you can make detailed settings for the four-band EQ. For details, refer to “Four-band EQ operations” (p. 107). You can make fine adjustments by holding down [SHIFT] while you operate the knob. AUX channel and MAIN L/R channel operations Adjusting the left/right output balance This operation is performed in the PAN area of the CHANNEL EDIT section. This is valid for the MAIN L/R channels and for stereo-linked AUX channels. fig.ChEdtPan.eps You can make fine adjustments by holding down [SHIFT] while you operate the knob. Sending the audio signal to an AUX bus (MAIN L/R channels) This operation is performed in the AUX SENDS area of the CHANNEL EDIT section. fig.ChEdtAux.eps AUX channel and MAIN L/R channel operations AUX channel and MAIN L/R channel operations AUX channel and MAIN L/R channel operations AUX channel and MAIN L/R channel operations AUX channel and MAIN L/R channel operations AUX channel and MAIN L/R channel operations AUX channel and MAIN L/R channel operations 2. Use the SEND LEVEL knob to adjust the amount of signal sent to the AUX bus. You can make fine adjustments by holding down [SHIFT] while you operate the knob. You can’t use SENDS ON FADER to adjust the send amount from the MAIN L/R channels to an AUX bus. By pressing [DISP] you can access the AUX SENDS popup where you can make detailed AUX send settings. For details, refer to “AUX send operations” (p. 111).

1. Use the PAN knob to adjust the pan. 1. Press AUX SELECT [1]–[16] to select the send-destination AUX bus. 71 M-400_v15_e.book 72 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 72 AUX channel and MAIN L/R channel operations s noitarepol ennahcR /LN IAMd nal ennahcX UASending the audio signal to a MATRIX bus This operation is performed in the AUX SENDS area of the CHANNEL EDIT section. fig.ChEdtAux.eps 1. Press AUX SELECT [1]–[8] to select the send-destination MATRIX bus. 2. Use the SEND LEVEL knob to adjust the amount of signal sent to the MATRIX bus. You can make fine adjustments by holding down [SHIFT] while you operate the knob. You can’t use SENDS ON FADER to adjust the send amount to an MATRIX bus. By pressing [DISP] you can access the MATRIX SENDS popup where you can make detailed AUX send settings. For the MAIN L/R channel, use [F7 ( MTX SENDS)] or [F7 ( AUX SENDS)] to switch the CHANNEL DISPLAY screen between the MTX SENDS display and the AUX SENDS display. The target of operations in the CHANNEL EDIT section’s AUX SENDS area will also follow the CHANNEL DISPLAY screen. For the MAIN L/R channel, operations in the AUX SENDS area are valid only while the CHANNEL DISPLAY screen is shown. M-400_v15_e.book 73 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 Operations in the CHANNEL DISPLAY screen The principal parameters of the MAIN L/R channels and AUX channels can be operated in the CHANNEL DISPLAY screen. CHANNEL DISPLAY screen fig.ScrChMainGuide.eps fig.ScrChAuxGuide.eps 1 4 7 9 1011 23 AUX channel and MAIN L/R channel operations AUX channel and MAIN L/R 58 channel operations 6 73 74 AUX channel and MAIN L/R channel operations s noitarepol ennahcR /LN IAMd nal ennahcX UA1. Attenuator fig.ScrMtxATTGuide.eps a. ATT knob This adjusts the channel’s input level in the range of -48 dB–0 dB (6 dB steps). b. OL (Overload) indicator This will light red when the output of the attenuator exceeds the OVER Lev setting specified in the METER SETUP popup (p. 122). 2. Limiter fig.ScrChLim.eps a. LIM button This turns the limiter on/off. b. THRE (Threshold) knob This adjusts the limiter’s threshold level in the range of -40.0 dB–0.0 dB. c. IN meter This indicates the input level of the limiter. For stereo-linked channels, two meters (L and R) are shown. d. GR meter This indicates the amount of gain reduction produced by the limiter. e. OL (Overload) indicator This will light red when the output of the limiter exceeds the OVER Lev setting specified in the METER SETUP popup (p. 122). For details on limiter settings, refer to “Limiter operations (MAIN L/R, AUX1–AUX16)” (p. 104). 3. Insert indication fig.ScrChInsOut.eps a. EXT FX If an external effects processor is inserted, this shows the EXT FX number that is inserted. By moving the cursor to EXT FX and pressing [ENTER], you can access the EXT FX tab of the EFFECTS screen. Inserting an external effects processor into a channel is done in the EFFECTS screen. For details, refer to “Inserting an external effects device” (p. 137). b. GEQ INS If a GEQ is inserted, this shows the number of the GEQ that is inserted. If the number is shown in white, the inserted GEQ is enabled. If it is shown in gray, the inserted GEQ is bypassed. By moving the cursor to GEQ INS and pressing [ENTER], you can access the GEQ 1-4 tab of the EFFECTS screen. Inserting a GEQ into a channel is done in the EFFECTS screen. For details, refer to “Inserting a 31-band GEQ” (p. 133). c. FX INS If FX1–FX4 is inserted, this shows the number of the inserted FX. If the number is shown in white, the inserted effect is enabled. If it is shown in gray, the inserted effect is bypassed. The character “L” or “R” may be added to the FX INS number. This has the following significance. By moving the cursor to FX INS and pressing [ENTER], you can access the FX 1-4 tab of the EFFECTS screen. Inserting an effect into a channel is done in the EFFECTS screen. For details, refer to “Effect input/output settings” (p. 126). Up to four effects can be inserted in a channel. In this case, they are inserted in series in order of the FX number. M-400_v15_e.book 74 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 ba Normally, you should leave the attenuator set at 0 dB. It is convenient to use the attenuator in situations like the following. • When the input of an output channel is overloaded, and all sends from the input channel must be lowered e a cb d Indication Explanation Number+L The L side of the FX is inserted. Number+R The R side of the FX is inserted. Number only Both L and R sides of the FX are inserted. The return from the FX is mixed and input to the channel. a bc M-400_v15_e.book 75 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 4. Four-band EQ fig.ScrChEQ.eps abde a. EQ button This turns the four-band EQ on/off. b. Four-band EQ graph This shows the approximate response of the four-band EQ. c. OL (Overload) indicator This will light red when the output of the four-band EQ exceeds the OVER Lev setting specified in the METER SETUP popup (p. 122). d. Q knobs (LO-MID, HI-MID) These adjust the Q of the LO-MID and HI-MID bands in the range of 0.36–16. Higher values produce a sharper curve. e. LO FREQ knob This adjusts the center frequency of the LO band in the range of 20 Hz–1.00 kHz. f. FREQ knobs (LO-MID, HI-MID) These adjust the center frequency of the LO-MID and HI-MID bands in the range of 20 Hz–20.0 kHz. g. HI FREQ knob This adjusts the center frequency of the HI band in the range of 1.00 kHz–20.0 kHz. h. GAIN knobs (LO, LO-MID, HI-MID, HI) These adjust the gain of the LO, LO-MID, HI-MID, and HI bands in the range of -15.0 dB–+15.0 dB. For detailed settings for the four-band EQ, refer to “Four-band EQ operations” (p. 107). AUX channel and MAIN L/R channel operations 5. MTX send fig.ScrMtxSends.eps cfgh • MATRIX sends 1–8 These adjust the send from AUX1–AUX16 or MAIN L/R to MATRIX1–MATRIX8. The MATRIX send area is structured as follows. fig.ScrMtxSendField.eps AUX channel and MAIN a. MATRIX number This indicates the MATRIX channel number. b. MATRIX name This indicates the MATRIX channel name. c. Send level bar This adjusts the send level to each MATRIX in the range of -Inf dB–+10.0 dB. The color of the level bar indicates the send point or status of the send switch as follows. L/R channel operations Color of the Status send level bar Blue send point is PRE EQ or PRE FADER Green send point is POST FADER Gray Send switch is off • MATRIX pan slider fig.ScrMtxSendField2.eps If the send-destination is a stereo-linked pair of MATRIX channels, this slider adjusts the left/right position in the range of L63–R63. This is shown for the odd-numbered MATRIX send. For detailed MATRIX send settings, refer to “MATRIX send operations” (p. 113). ac b 75 76 AUX channel and MAIN L/R channel operations s noitarepol ennahcR /LN IAMd nal ennahcX UA6. MATRIX send point fig.ScrMtxSendPoint.eps These select the point from which signal is sent to MATRIX1– MATRIX8. The selected item corresponds to the send point as follows. 7. AUX send (MAIN L/R only) fig.ScrChSends.eps • AUX sends 1–16 These adjust the send from MAIN L/R to AUX1–AUX16. The AUX send area is structured as follows. fig.ScrChSendField.eps a. AUX number This indicates the AUX channel number. b. AUX name This indicates the AUX channel name. c. Send level bar This adjusts the send level to each AUX in the range of -Inf dB– +10.0 dB. The color of the level bar indicates the send point or status of the send switch as follows. M-400_v15_e.book 76 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 PRE EQ Send from the pre-EQ point PRE FD Send from the pre-fader point PST FD Send from the post-fader point Color of the send level bar Status Blue send point is PRE EQ or PRE FADER Green send point is POST FADER Gray Send switch is off ac • AUX pan slider fig.ScrChSendField2.eps If the send-destination is a stereo-linked pair of AUX channels, this slider adjusts the left/right position in the range of L63– R63. This is shown for the odd-numbered AUX send. For detailed AUX send settings, refer to “AUX send operations” (p. 111). 8. TO MAIN (AUX channels only) fig.ScrChMainSend.eps These specify the amount of signal that will be sent from the AUX channel to MAIN L/R, and the send point. a. ON button This turns the send to MAIN L/R on/off. b. PAN knob This adjusts the left/right pan to MAIN L/R in the range of L63–R63. c. LEVEL knob b This adjusts the send level to MAIN L/R in the range of-Inf dB– +10.0 dB. d. MAIN send point These select the point from which the signal is sent to MAIN L/ R.The selected item corresponds to the send point as follows. PRE EQ Send from the pre-EQ point PRE FD Send from the pre-fader point PST FD Send from the post-fader point If this is set to POST FADER, muting the AUX channel will also mute the send to the MAIN L/R channel. If this is set to PRE EQ or PRE FADER, muting the AUX channel will not affect the send to the MAIN L/R channel. abcd M-400_v15_e.book 77 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 9. Balance fig.ScrChBal.eps This adjusts the left/right output balance sent from MAIN L/R or stereo-linked AUX channels in the range of L63–R63. 10. Group fig.ScrChGroup.eps By moving the cursor to DCA GROUP or MUTE GROUP and pressing [ENTER], you can access the GROUP ASSIGN popup where you can make DCA group and MUTE group assignments. You can also access the GROUP ASSIGN popup window by pressing [F5 (GROUP ASSIGN)]. 11. Fader fig.ScrChFaderOut.eps a. Fader This adjusts the output level in the range of -Inf dB–+10.0 dB. b. S button This turns SOLO on/off for the channel. c. M button This turns MUTE on/off for the channel. d. Channel meter This indicates the signal level of the channel. For stereo-linked channels, two meters (L and R) are shown. The point at which the signal level is detected will be as specified in the METER screen. For details, refer to “Editing the meter settings” (p. 122). adbc AUX channel and MAIN L/R channel operations The function buttons have the following operations. [F1 (LINK)]* Turns channel link on/off. p. 78 [F2 (NAME EDIT)] Accesses the NAME EDIT popup where you can specify the channel name. AUX channel and MAIN L/R * AUX channels only If you press [F8 (Patchbay)] to access the PATCHBAY screen, the currently selected channel will be highlighted in the PATCHBAY screen. p. 79 [F3 (COPY)] Accesses the AUX/MAIN p. 81 COPY popup where you can copy channel settings. [F4 (LIBRARY) Accesses the AUX/MAIN LI- BRARY popup where you can use the channel library. channel operations p. 83 [F5 (GROUP ASSIGN)] Accesses the GROUP ASSIGN popup where you can make DCA group and MUTE group assignments. p. 83 [F6 (PEAK CLEAR)] Clears the level meter peak hold or over indication. [F7 (COPY MAIN MIX)] * p. 84 [F7 ( MTX SENDS)] [F7 ( AUX SENDS)] Copies the send amount from each input channel to MAIN L/R. Switches between the MTX SENDS display and the AUX SENDS display. This exists only for the MAIN L/R chan- nel. [F8 (Patchbay)] Accesses the PATCHBAY screen. p. 115 77 78 AUX channel and MAIN L/R channel operations s noitarepol ennahcR /LN IAMd nal ennahcX UAAccessing the CHANNEL DISPLAY screen You can stereo-link adjacent odd-numbered and even-numbered 1. In the fader module section, press [SEL] to select MAIN L/R AUX channels so that their parameters will have the same settings. or an AUX channel. This is convenient when you want stereo output. 1. Access the CHANNEL DISPLAY screen for the AUX channel The MAIN L channel or MAIN R channel will be selected that you want to stereo-link. alternately each time you press MAIN [SEL]. fig.ScrChAux.eps 2. In the CHANNEL EDIT section, press [CH DISP] to access the CHANNEL DISPLAY screen. fig.ScrChAux.eps 2. Press [F1 (LINK)] to turn it on, and the AUX channels will be stereo-linked. The parameters of the even-numbered channel will be set to the By pressing a different [SEL] while the CHANNEL DISPLAY values of the odd-numbered channel. screen is shown, you can switch to the display for that channel. About linked parameters If you’ve selected the “CHANNEL DISPLAY follows CH Stereo-link will link the following parameters. SELECT” button located in the CHANNEL SELECT area of • Attenuator User Preference (p. 177), pressing a [SEL] will recall the • Limiter parameters CHANNEL DISPLAY screen for that channel. • Four-band EQ parameters • Fader parameters • MAIN send level, send switch and send point • MATRIX send level, send switch and send point MAIN L/R is always stereo-linked. When linked, the limiter will operate in stereo. M-400_v15_e.book 78 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 Stereo-linking AUX channels M-400_v15_e.book 79 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 Specifying a channel name and color label You can specify a channel name and color label for each AUX channel and MAIN L/R channel. The channel name can be up to six characters, and you can select one of eight colors as the color label. Channel name entry and color label selection are done in the NAME EDIT popup. NAME EDIT popup fig.ScrChNameEditGuide.eps 1. TEMPLATE Here you can select a name from a list. • CATEGORY list Select the category. • NAME list Select a name from within that category. Choose the CATEGORY first, and then choose a NAME. 2. Name edit field You can edit the name in this field. 1 3 2 AUX channel and MAIN L/R channel operations 3. Color label selection buttons Use these buttons to select a color label for the channel. The function buttons have the following operations. [F1 (Recall Template)] Enters the name selected in the TEM- PLATE list into the name edit field. [F2 (HISTORY)] Successively recalls the channel names that have been entered since power-up, starting with the most recent name. [F3 (INSERT)] Inserts a space at the cursor location. The characters to the right of the cursor location will move to the right. [F4 (A/a)] Changes the character at the cursor lo- cation between uppercase and lower- case. [F5 (NUM)] Changes the character at the cursor lo- cation to the numeral “0.” [F6 (DELETE)] Deletes the character at the cursor loca- tion. The characters to the right of the cursor location will move to the left. [F8 (CLOSE)] Closes the popup. Up to sixteen names will be remembered in HISTORY. AUX channel and MAIN If HISTORY becomes full, the oldest name will be deleted. L/R Accessing the NAME EDIT popup 1. Access the CHANNEL DISPLAY screen for the desired channel. fig.ScrChAux.eps channel operations 2. Press [F2 (NAME EDIT)] to access the NAME EDIT popup. fig.ScrChNameEdit.eps 79 80 AUX channel and MAIN L/R channel operations s noitarepol ennahcR /LN IAMd nal ennahcX UAEditing the channel name 1. Access the NAME EDIT popup for the desired channel. fig.ScrChNameEdit.eps 2. Move the cursor to the name edit field, and edit the channel name. Use the cursor left/right buttons to move the cursor location. Use the value dial to change the character at the cursor location. 3. Press [F8 (CLOSE)] to close the popup. Choosing a color label 1. Access the NAME EDIT popup for the desired channel. fig.ScrChNameEdit.eps 2. Move the cursor to the desired color label select button, and press [ENTER] to make your selection. 3. Press [F8 (CLOSE)] to close the popup. 1. Access the NAME EDIT popup for the desired channel. fig.ScrChNameEdit.eps 2. Move the cursor to the CATEGORY list in the TEMPLATE area, and select the category of the name you want to enter. 3. Move the cursor to the NAME list in the TEMPLATE area, and select the name that you want to enter. 4. Press [F1 (Recall Template)]. The selected name will be entered in the name edit field. 5. Move the cursor to the name edit field, and you’ll be able to edit the name that was entered. 6. Press [F8 (CLOSE)] to close the popup. If you enter a name from the template, the name that was previously in the name edit field will be deleted. M-400_v15_e.book 80 ページ 2008年6月20日 金曜日 午後4時5分 Using the template to enter a channel name


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