ROHDE & SCHWARZ SMW-K551 (01) PDF MANUAL


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PDF Content Summary: R&S®SMW-K551 Generation of Digital "Slow IQ" Signals User Manual 1176956402 (;ÚíÎ2) This document describes the following software options: ● R&S®SMW-K551 1413.9724.xx This manual describes firmware version FW 4.70.026.xx and later of the R&S®SMW200A. © 2019 Rohde & Schwarz GmbH & Co. KG Mühldorfstr. 15, 81671 München, Germany Phone: +49 89 41 29 - 0 Fax: +49 89 41 29 12 164 Email: info@rohde-schwarz.com Internet: http://www.rohde-schwarz.com Subject to change – Data without tolerance limits is not binding. R&S® is a registered trademark of Rohde & Schwarz GmbH & Co. KG. Trade names are trademarks of the owners. 1176.9564.02 | Version 12 | R&S®SMW-K551 The following abbreviations are used throughout this manual: R&S®SMW200A is abbreviated as R&S SMW, R&S®EX-IQ-BOX is abbreviated as R&S EX-IQ-BOX, R&S®DigIConf is abbreviated as R&S DigIConf; the license types 02/03/07/11/13/16/12 are abbre- viated as xx. Contents R&S®SMW-K551 Contents 1 Preface....................................................................................................5 1.1 About this Manual.........................................................................................................5 1.2 Documentation Overview.............................................................................................5 1.2.1 Getting Started Manual................................................................................................... 6 1.2.2 User Manuals and Help...................................................................................................6 1.2.3 Tutorials...........................................................................................................................6 1.2.4 Service Manual............................................................................................................... 6 1.2.5 Instrument Security Procedures......................................................................................6 1.2.6 Basic Safety Instructions.................................................................................................7 1.2.7 Data Sheets and Brochures............................................................................................7 1.2.8 Release Notes and Open Source Acknowledgment (OSA)............................................7 1.2.9 Application Notes, Application Cards, White Papers, etc................................................7 1.3 Conventions Used in the Documentation...................................................................7 1.3.1 Typographical Conventions.............................................................................................7 1.3.2 Conventions for Procedure Descriptions.........................................................................8 1.3.3 Notes on Screenshots.....................................................................................................8 2 Welcome to the R&S SMW-K551 Option..............................................9 2.1 Accessing the Slow IQ Settings.................................................................................. 9 2.2 Scope........................................................................................................................... 10 3 About the Slow IQ Signal Generation.................................................11 3.1 Required Options and Equipment............................................................................. 11 3.2 Principle of Generation of Signals with Reduced Speed........................................ 12 3.3 Transmission Modes...................................................................................................13 3.4 Default Stream Mapping.............................................................................................16 3.4.1 Limitations and Interdependencies with Other Parameters.......................................... 17 3.5 Synchronization Issues..............................................................................................18 4 Slow IQ Related Settings.....................................................................19 5 How To Generate Signals with Reduced Speed for FPGA Tests.....24 6 Remote Control Commands................................................................30 3 User Manual 1176.9564.02 ─ 12 Contents R&S®SMW-K551 7 Further Information..............................................................................31 List of Commands................................................................................32 Index......................................................................................................33 4 User Manual 1176.9564.02 ─ 12 Preface R&S®SMW-K551 Documentation Overview 1 Preface 1.1 About this Manual This User Manual provides all the information specific to the options R&S SMW- K551. All general instrument functions and settings common to all applications and operating modes are described in the main R&S SMW user manual. The main focus in this manual is on the provided settings and the tasks required to generate a signal. The following topics are included: ● Welcome to the Slow IQ option R&S SMW-K551 Introduction to and getting familiar with the option ● About the Slow IQ Signal Generation Background information on basic terms and principles in the context of the signal generation ● Configuration and Settings A concise description of all functions and settings available to configure signal gen- eration with their corresponding remote control command ● How To Generate Signals with Reduced Speed for FPGA Tests The basic procedure to perform signal generation tasks and step-by-step instruc- tions for more complex tasks or alternative methods As well as detailed examples to guide you through typical signal generation sce- narios and allow you to try out the application immediately ● Remote Control Commands Remote commands required to configure and perform signal generation in a remote environment, sorted by tasks (Commands required to set up the instrument or to perform common tasks on the instrument are provided in the main R&S SMW user manual) Programming examples demonstrate the use of many commands and can usually be executed directly for test purposes ● List of remote commands Alphabetical list of all remote commands described in the manual ● Index 1.2 Documentation Overview This section provides an overview of the R&S SMW user documentation. Unless speci- fied otherwise, you find the documents on the R&S SMW product page at: http://www.rohde-schwarz.com/manual/smw200a 5 User Manual 1176.9564.02 ─ 12 Preface R&S®SMW-K551 Documentation Overview 1.2.1 Getting Started Manual Introduces the R&S SMW and describes how to set up and start working with the prod- uct. Includes basic operations, typical measurement examples, and general informa- tion, e.g. safety instructions, etc. A printed version is delivered with the instrument. 1.2.2 User Manuals and Help Separate manuals for the base unit and the software options are provided for down- load: ● Base unit manual Contains the description of all instrument modes and functions. It also provides an introduction to remote control, a complete description of the remote control com- mands with programming examples, and information on maintenance, instrument interfaces and error messages. Includes the contents of the getting started manual. ● Software option manual Contains the description of the specific functions of an option. Basic information on operating the R&S SMW is not included. The contents of the user manuals are available as help in the R&S SMW. The help offers quick, context-sensitive access to the complete information for the base unit and the software options. All user manuals are also available for download or for immediate display on the Inter- net. 1.2.3 Tutorials The R&S SMW provides interactive examples and demonstrations on operating the instrument in form of tutorials. A set of tutorials is available directly on the instrument. 1.2.4 Service Manual Describes the performance test for checking the rated specifications, module replace- ment and repair, firmware update, troubleshooting and fault elimination, and contains mechanical drawings and spare part lists. The service manual is available for registered users on the global Rohde & Schwarz information system (GLORIS, https://gloris.rohde-schwarz.com). 1.2.5 Instrument Security Procedures Deals with security issues when working with the R&S SMW in secure areas. It is avail- able for download on the Internet. 6 User Manual 1176.9564.02 ─ 12 Preface R&S®SMW-K551 Conventions Used in the Documentation 1.2.6 Basic Safety Instructions Contains safety instructions, operating conditions and further important information. The printed document is delivered with the instrument. 1.2.7 Data Sheets and Brochures The data sheet contains the technical specifications of the R&S SMW. It also lists the options and their order numbers and optional accessories. The brochure provides an overview of the instrument and deals with the specific char- acteristics. See http://www.rohde-schwarz.com/brochure-datasheet/smw200a 1.2.8 Release Notes and Open Source Acknowledgment (OSA) The release notes list new features, improvements and known issues of the current firmware version, and describe the firmware installation. The open source acknowledgment document provides verbatim license texts of the used open source software. See http://www.rohde-schwarz.com/firmware/smw200a 1.2.9 Application Notes, Application Cards, White Papers, etc. These documents deal with special applications or background information on particu- lar topics. See http://www.rohde-schwarz.com/application/smw200a and http://www.rohde-schwarz.com/ manual/smw200a 1.3 Conventions Used in the Documentation 1.3.1 Typographical Conventions The following text markers are used throughout this documentation: Convention Description

"Graphical user interface ele- ments" All names of graphical user interface elements on the screen, such as dialog boxes, menus, options, buttons, and softkeys are enclosed by quotation marks.

[Keys] Key and knob names are enclosed by square brackets. 7 User Manual 1176.9564.02 ─ 12 Preface R&S®SMW-K551 Conventions Used in the Documentation Convention Description

Filenames, commands, program code Filenames, commands, coding samples and screen output are distin- guished by their font.

Input Input to be entered by the user is displayed in italics. Links Links that you can click are displayed in blue font. "References" References to other parts of the documentation are enclosed by quota- tion marks. 1.3.2 Conventions for Procedure Descriptions When operating the instrument, several alternative methods may be available to per- form the same task. In this case, the procedure using the touchscreen is described. Any elements that can be activated by touching can also be clicked using an addition- ally connected mouse. The alternative procedure using the keys on the instrument or the on-screen keyboard is only described if it deviates from the standard operating pro- cedures. The term "select" may refer to any of the described methods, i.e. using a finger on the touchscreen, a mouse pointer in the display, or a key on the instrument or on a key- board. 1.3.3 Notes on Screenshots When describing the functions of the product, we use sample screenshots. These screenshots are meant to illustrate as many as possible of the provided functions and possible interdependencies between parameters. The shown values may not represent realistic usage scenarios. The screenshots usually show a fully equipped product, that is: with all options instal- led. Thus, some functions shown in the screenshots may not be available in your par- ticular product configuration. 8 User Manual 1176.9564.02 ─ 12 Welcome to the R&S SMW-K551 Option R&S®SMW-K551 Accessing the Slow IQ Settings 2 Welcome to the R&S SMW-K551 Option The R&S SMW-K551 is a software option that allows you to generate digital signals with reduced speed. These kind of signals are commonly known as "Slow IQ" signals. R&S SMW-K551 key features ● Generation of single stream or multiplexed digital signals with potentially reduced speed (a.k.a. "Slow IQ") ● Generation of digital signals with data rate as required by the DUT and as reques- ted by the processing instrument, e.g. R&S EX-IQ-Box ● Simultaneous output of up to eight digital streams on two digital interfaces This user manual contains a description of the functionality that the application pro- vides, including remote control operation. All functions not discussed in this manual are the same as in the base unit and are described in the R&S SMW user manual. The latest version is available at: http://www.rohde-schwarz.com/manual/SMW200A Installation You can find detailed installation instructions in the delivery of the option or in the R&S SMW service manual. 2.1 Accessing the Slow IQ Settings To open the dialog with the required settings 1. In the task bar R&S SMW, select the "System Configuration > System Configura- tion". A dialog box opens that displays the "Fading/Baseband Configuration" settings. 2. Select "Signal Outputs > Digital Only/Digital Only Multiplexed". 3. Select "Ok". The signal generation is not started immediately. To start signal generation with the default settings, select "State > On". 9 User Manual 1176.9564.02 ─ 12 Welcome to the R&S SMW-K551 Option R&S®SMW-K551 2.2 Scope Tasks (in manual or remote operation) that are also performed in the base unit in the same way are not described here. In particular, it includes: ● Managing settings and data lists, like storing and loading settings, creating and accessing data lists, or accessing files in a particular directory. ● Information on regular trigger, marker and clock signals and filter settings, if appro- priate. ● General instrument configuration, such as checking the system configuration, con- figuring networks and remote operation ● Using the common status registers For a description of such tasks, see the R&S SMW user manual. 10 User Manual 1176.9564.02 ─ 12 Scope About the Slow IQ Signal Generation R&S®SMW-K551 3 About the Slow IQ Signal Generation Testing of systems that do not support real-time signals requires signals with an artifi- cially reduced speed or the so called "slow I/Q" signals. An example of this kind of sys- tem is the FPGA-based hardware emulators. A typical signal generator generates test signals in real time and with sample rate that is several times grater than the sample rate such system can handle. Hence, you have to adjust several signal settings that are often distributed into different dialog boxes. For example, to change the sampling rate of the baseband signal, to enable downsam- pling of the output signal, to calculate and configure fading delay and Doppler shifts. In R&S SMW equipped with option R&S SMW-K551, the generation of the "slow IQ" signals is a straightforward solution. This section describes how to use the dedicated functions to generate and output "slow IQ" digital signals with a sampling rate as required by the device under test (DUT). The signals are generated and upon a request form a connected R&S®EX-IQ-BOX. 3.1 Required Options and Equipment In the following, we assume that the R&S EX-IQ-Box device interface module is con- nected to the R&S SMW. The inter-operation with other devices is not described. The requirement and the limitations listed in Limitations and Interdependencies with Other Parameters apply to any connected further processing device, that supports the slow I/Q mode. Required options The equipment layout for output of digital I/Q signal includes: ● Option standard baseband generator (R&S SMW-B10) per signal path and Option baseband main module, with two I/Q paths (R&S SMW-B13T) ● Two options digital baseband output (R&S SMW-K18) ● Four options fading simulator (R&S SMW-B14) (incl. one digital interface DIG I/Q on each FADER board per installed option) See also Chapter 3.3, "Transmission Modes", on page 13. ● Option MIMO fading (R&S SMW-K74) ● Option slow IQ (R&S SMW-K551) ● Optional, option multiple entitities (R&S SMW-K76) ● Further options may be required For more information, see data sheet. 11 User Manual 1176.9564.02 ─ 12 Required Options and Equipment About the Slow IQ Signal Generation R&S®SMW-K551 Principle of Generation of Signals with Reduced Speed Required additional equipment One digital interface module R&S EX-IQ-Box per digital I/Q interface, each fulfilling the following requirements: ● Must have serial number grater then 102000 to support a 200 MHz digital input sig- nal ● Is controlled by the R&S DigIConf software (Digital Interface Configuration for the R&S EX-IQ-Box), to be installed on an external PC ● Is equipped with a single ended or a differential Breakout Board For more information, see the R&S EX-IQ-Box Operating Manual. Required cables ● Per digital interface module R&S EX-IQ-Box: – One R&S®SMU-Z6 cable for connecting Rohde & Schwarz digital baseband interfaces (i.e. to connect the R&S EX-IQ-Box to the DIG IQ interfaces of the R&S SMW) – USB cable for connecting the external PC to the R&S EX-IQ-Box – Suitable cable for connecting the breakout board of the R&S EX-IQ-Box to the DUT ● LAN cable for connecting the external PC and the R&S SMW to the LAN ● Optional, BNC cable, if a trigger signal is required ● If the test setup requires an external reference frequency is required, additional BNC cables, whereas one of them shorter than 1m and one T adapter (see Chapter 3.5, "Synchronization Issues", on page 18) 3.2 Principle of Generation of Signals with Reduced Speed In the general case, R&S SMW generates the digital streams according to the selected "System Configuration". The digital streams are mapped to the available analog RF and I/Q outputs and to the digital I/Q interfaces. The generated signal can use the maximum supported data rate (see data sheet). When you connect a further process- ing instrument to the digital interfaces of the R&S SMW, you define the sample rate of the generated signal. Dedicated modes for the generation of digital signals R&S SMW equipped with the option R&S SMW-K18 provides two additional signal out- puts modes, the "Digital Only/Digital Only Multiplexed" modes, dedicated for the gener- ation of digital signals. If option Slow I/Q (R&S SMW-K551) is installed, the R&S SMW does not output the digital signals continuously but upon a request from a connected further processing device, usually a R&S EX-IQ-Box. The analog RF and I/Q outputs are disabled; analog RF can only be generated from external I/Q signal. Depending on the further processing device, the R&S SMW can use a reduced data rate. 12 User Manual 1176.9564.02 ─ 12 About the Slow IQ Signal Generation R&S®SMW-K551 See also Chapter 3.3, "Transmission Modes", on page 13. Simplified test setup for testing "slow IQ" signals The Figure 3-1 shows an example of a simple test setup for SISO tests. Figure 3-1: Simplified test setup for SISO tests with "slow IQ" signals DUT = device under test, e.g. a FPGA-based hardware emulator The R&S SMW in this setup generates a real time signal according to one of the digital standards, e.g. an EUTRA/LTE. The digital signal is routed to and output at the digital interface BBMM 1 OUT. The R&S EX-IQ-Box serves as a digital baseband interface between a device under test (DUT) and the R&S SMW. The R&S EX-IQ-Box works as transmitter; it receives the digital I/Q signal from the R&S SMW but also the clock signal of the connected device under test (DUT). The R&S EX-IQ-Box processes the digital signal and outputs it at the user interface (UI) module with the required clock rate. Because this clock rate is lower than the sample rate of the received data, the R&S EX-IQ-Box buffers data samples and monitors its buffer level. At a predefined buffer level, the R&S EX-IQ-Box requests new signal sam- ples form the R&S SMW. Upon this request, the instrument generates the exact num- ber of samples and with the sample rate of the current digital signal. The digital signal at the user interface of the R&S EX-IQ-Box carries information in form of data words. A data word consists of up to 18 data bits (D0 to D17). Both the parallel and serial data formats are supported. The digital data is transmitted with a clock rate, as received from the DUT. Refer to the R&S EX-IQ-Box Operating Manual for detailed information and for a description of the pin assignment on the user interface (UI). 3.3 Transmission Modes The R&S SMW can output the generated digital I/Q signals in two transmission modes, as single steam or as multiplexed signals, see Table 3-1. 13 User Manual 1176.9564.02 ─ 12 Transmission Modes "Multiplexed Transmission Modes Table 3-1: Overview of the main differences between the transmission modes Transmission mode stream transmis- sion" on page 14 The selected transmission mode and system configuration determine the stream map- ping of the digital signals to the output digital I/Q interfaces. If multiplexed signals are used, this mapping is fixed (see Chapter 3.4, "Default Stream Mapping", on page 16). Single stream transmission The generated digital streams are output at the digital I/Q interface, transmitted to the R&S EX-IQ-Box and output at its user interface with the required clock rate. Multiplexed stream transmission If multiplexing is used, the R&S SMW outputs up to four multiplexed streams at one digital I/Q interface (BBMM 1/2 OUT); see Figure 3-2. The multiplexing follows the rules: ● Streams are numbered as stream#0 to stream#3 per digital I/Q output interface. For example, stream A at the BBMM 1 OUT and stream B at the BBMM 2 OUT are both indicated as stream#0 ● Samples belonging to a stream are indicated by a combination of two marker sig- nals UI_GP_0 and UI_GP_4; (on Figure 3-2 data samples are indicated as Dstream#Sample#) ● Samples order can vary, see the third sample on Figure 3-2 ● Signal valid (UI_VALID) indicates valid samples, see Figure 3-3 ● Clock signal D_CLK_UIN is required as a reference for PLL ● Digital I/Q data is output as I and Q signals UI_I_0 ... UI_I_17 and UI_Q_0 ... UI_Q_17. ● Evaluate multiplexed samples one by one (see also Figure 3-3)GUI Setting Number of digital streams Suitable for: See also Single stream "Signal Outputs > Digital Only" ≤ 4 Generating signals with max available bandwidth "Single stream transmission" on page 14 Multiplexed signals "Signal Outputs > Digital Only Mux" ≥ 2 With 2xR&S EX-IQ-Box, simul- taneous testing of up to 8 streams About the Slow IQ Signal Generation R&S®SMW-K551 14 User Manual 1176.9564.02 ─ 12 About the Slow IQ Signal Generation R&S®SMW-K551 Example: Signal at the user interface of the R&S EX-IQ-Box (four multiplexed streams) In the following, we assume: ● An 1xMx8 system configuration, where the four streams B, D, F and H are multi- plexed for the BBMM 2 OUT digital interface ● A 16-bit data word and a parallel data format The Figure 3-2 shows the multiplexed signal at the user interface of the R&S EX-IQ- Box. 15 User Manual 1176.9564.02 ─ 12 Transmission Modes Figure 3-2: Example: Signal at the user interface of the R&S EX-IQ-Box (four multiplexed streams) Stream#0 = Stream B Stream#1 = Stream D Stream#2 = Stream F Stream#3 = Stream H Example: Signal at the user interface of the R&S EX-IQ-Box (one multiplexed stream) In the following, we assume: ● An 1xMx3 system configuration, where the stream B is multiplexed for the BBMM 2 OUT digital interface ● There is no second stream multiplexed on this digital interface ● The samples of stream B are indicated as Stream#0; all other samples are unused and are discarded The Figure 3-3 shows the multiplexed signal at the user interface of the R&S EX-IQ- Box. About the Slow IQ Signal Generation R&S®SMW-K551 16 User Manual 1176.9564.02 ─ 12 Default Stream Mapping Figure 3-3: Example: Signal at the user interface of the R&S EX-IQ-Box (one multiplexed stream) X = unused samples (to be discarded) Stream#0 = Stream B 3.4 Default Stream Mapping The Table 3-2 and Table 3-3 provide information on the following: ● Default stream mapping to the digital interfaces ● Default interface direction ● Possible configurations depending on the selected system configuration and the transmission mode (single or multiplexed streams). See Chapter 3.1, "Required Options and Equipment", on page 11 for an overview of the required options for each transmission type. The following abbreviations are used: ● * depicts two or more multiplexed streams ● M depicts the number of generated basebands; value range 1 to 8 Table 3-2: Single stream ("Signal Outputs > Digital Only"): Possible scenarios and default stream mapping System Configuration BBMM 1 OUT BBMM 2 OUT FADER 3 OUT FADER 4 OUT 1xMx2 Stream A Stream B - - 1xMx3 Stream A Stream B Stream C -

1xMx4 2xMx2 Stream A Stream B Stream C Stream D

About the Slow IQ Signal Generation R&S®SMW-K551 Table 3-3: Multiplexed streams ("Signal Outputs > Digital Only Multiplexed"): Possible scenarios and default stream mapping System Configuration BBMM 1 OUT BBMM 2 OUT 1xMx2 n.a n.a 1xMx3 Stream A*C Stream B

1xMx4 2xMx2 Stream A*C Stream B*D 1xMx8 3xMx2 4xMx2 5x1x1 Stream A*C*E*G Stream B*D*F*H

3.4.1 Limitations and Interdependencies with Other Parameters When you generate digital signals (I/Q streams) as "slow IQ" signals, consider that the following applies: ● The R&S SMW synchronizes the generated baseband to its internal clock signal; external clock signals are not supported. ● The clock rate required by the R&S EX-IQ-Box has to be smaller than the sampling rate of the generated digital signal: ClockRateR&S EX-IQ-Box ≤ SamplingRateStream*#MuxStreams (see also Example "How to find out the max ClockRateR&S EX-IQ-Box for that an addi- tional reference frequency is not required" on page 18.) ● If multiplexed streams are used, the generated baseband signals have limited max- imum baseband bandwidths BW, which also influencesBaseband_max, which also influ- ence the baseband bandwidth-related parameters. The latter applies, for example, for the maximum frequency offset, ARB sample rate, or AWGN. See Table 3-4. Note: The maximum stream bandwidth must not exceed the provided maximum baseband bandwidth: BWStream ≤ BWBaseband_max Table 3-4: Multiplexed streams ("Signal Outputs > Digital Only Multiplexed"): Maximum baseband bandwidth depending on the number of multiplexed streams

#MuxStreams Baseband bandwidth-related parameters, e.g. frequency off- set BWBaseband_max

1, 2 +/- 200 MHz 80 MHz 3, 4 +/- 100 MHz 80 MHz > 4 +/- 50 MHz 40 MHz To utilize the full available stream bandwidth BWStream, use the single stream transmis- sion. Consider that one R&S EX-IQ-Box per streams is required. 17 User Manual 1176.9564.02 ─ 12 Default Stream Mapping About the Slow IQ Signal Generation R&S®SMW-K551 3.5 Synchronization Issues In test setups with more than one instrument, it is essential that all instruments use the same reference clock. While testing DUTs with "slow IQ" signals, the clock signal is usually provided by the DUT. Even in a test setup with several R&S EX-IQ-Box, you only have to distribute the clock signal of the DUT to the R&S EX-IQ-Box and to set the clock rate. Additional ref- erence frequency is not required. See also Figure 5-1. If you, however, generate signals with clock rate that is equal to the sampling rate of the digital standard, you have to provide all instruments with the same reference fre- quency. (See Figure 3-4). 18 User Manual 1176.9564.02 ─ 12 Synchronization Issues Figure 3-4: Simplified test setup for MIMO tests with external reference signal * = not all required connections are shown Example: How to find out the max ClockRateR&S EX-IQ-Box for that an additional ref- erence frequency is not required The clock rate of the R&S EX-IQ-Box is calculated by the formula: ClockRateR&S EX-IQ-Box < SamplingRateStream*#MuxStreams ● Assume that the R&S SMW generates one digital stream with Samplin- gRateStream = 100 MHz. If the DUT requires a signal with Clock Rate < 100 MHz, no additional reference frequency is required. ● If the R&S SMW generates two streams with SamplingRateStream = 100 MHz each, an additional reference frequency is required for Clock Rate = 200 MHz. Slow IQ Related Settings R&S®SMW-K551 4 Slow IQ Related Settings Generation of slow IQ signals is a feature that requires the additional option R&S SMW-K551. To access the "System Configuration" settings 1. In the taskbar R&S SMW, select the "System Configuration > System Configura- tion". The "Fading/Baseband Configuration" settings are displayed. 2. Select "Signal Outputs > Digital Only Multiplexed". 3. Configure, for example, an 1x2x8 MIMO scenario: a) Select "Mode > Advanced" b) Select "Entities = 1", "Basebands = 2" and "Streams = 8" c) Select "BB Source Config > Coupled Sources" 4. Select "Apply". With the selected configuration, the instrument generates digital signals only; the analog outputs are disabled and the "External RF and IQ" tab is not displayed. 5. Select "I/Q Stream Mapper" to observe the mapping of the generated streams to the digital I/Q interfaces. The generated digital streams are mapped to the digital interfaces, as described in Default Stream Mapping; if multiplexed streams are used, the mapping is fixed. 19 User Manual 1176.9564.02 ─ 12 Slow IQ Related Settings R&S®SMW-K551 20 User Manual 1176.9564.02 ─ 12

2 11

1 = Separated routing for RF analog outputs and disabled I/Q outputs 2 = Indication of multiplexed streams, e.g. streams A*C*E*G are routed to the BBMM 1 connector (see Table 3-3) To access the "I/Q Digital" settings 1. In the block diagram, select "I/Q Digital". The block diagram confirms the generation of digital only signals, too. Slow IQ Related Settings R&S®SMW-K551 21 User Manual 1176.9564.02 ─ 12 Note: Multiplexed digital streams that are routed to the same digital output interface BBMM 1 or BBMM 2 have the same signal parameters: ● sampling rate, i.e. the available bandwidth is distributed evenly ● impairments ● parameters describing the digital output signal, i.e. peak level and level values. 2. To configure the level settings of the output streams, select "Signal Output". For step-by-step description on how to use the provided settings, refer to Chapter 5, "How To Generate Signals with Reduced Speed for FPGA Tests", on page 24. System Configuration> Fading/Baseband Configuration Available are the standard settings and the following parameter, dedicated to the "slow IQ" signal generation.

Signal Outputs ← System Configuration> Fading/Baseband Configuration Defines whether an analog and digital or digital only signal is generated. The keyword (HS) indicates that the signal is routed to the HS DIG I/Q connectors. If this keyword is missing, the signal is routed to the DIG I/Q connectors. Baseband gener- ator Mode Signal Out- puts Description Options Description Options R&S SMW-B10 Standard Advanced "Analog&Digi- tal" The instrument generates signals with high data rate. The instrument generates signals with high data rate. Generated streams can be mapped to the analog connectors and to the DIG I/Q interfaces. Generated streams can be mapped to the analog connectors and to the DIG I/Q interfaces. Advanced "Digital Only" Baseband signal can only be output as digital signal at the DIG I/Q interfaces. The baseband signal cannot be routed to the RF and I/Q analog output. Analog signal generation is possible with external analog I/Q signals. Alternatively, you can generate continuous wave sig- nals, analog modulated signals or RF signals in sweep or list mode. R&S SMW- K18 Advanced "Digital Only Multiplexed" R&S SMW can process up to 4 multiplexed streams received over the same connector. With options R&S SMW-B10 and R&S SMW-K551, the R&S SMW can also generate digital signals with reduced speed, depending on the device connected to the digital I/Q interfaces. The multiplexed streams are then mapped to the digital I/Q interfaces BBMM 1/2; the mapping is fixed. R&S SMW- K18 R&S SMW- K18

R&S SMW-B9 Standard "Analog Only" Disables the digital outputs.

"Digital Only (HS)" Works like "Digital Only" in Standard baseband but the base- band signal is output at the HS DIG I/Q interface. R&S SMW- K19 R&S SMW- K19 Advanced "Analog&Digi- tal" Generated streams can be mapped to the analog connectors and to the DIG I/Q interfaces. "Digital Only (HS)" Works like "Digital Only" in Standard baseband but the base- band signal is output at the HS DIG I/Q interface. R&S SMW- K19 R&S SMW- K19

See user manual R&S SMW-K551 Generation of Digital "Slow IQ" Signals. Remote command: :SCONfiguration:OUTPut:MODE on page 30 I/Q Digital Outputs Available are the standard settings and the following parameters, dedicated to the "slow IQ" signal generation. Slow IQ State ← I/Q Digital Outputs Option: R&S SMW-K551 If "Digital Only" or "Digital Only Multiplexed" signals are generated, this parameter shows whether a "Sample Clock Request" is enabled in the connected R&S EX-IQ- Box. All digital outputs must work in the same mode, that is with "Slow IQ = On" or "Slow IQ = Off". You can change the state of any one of the outputs; the state of the other is set automatically. 22 User Manual 1176.9564.02 ─ 12 Slow IQ Related Settings R&S®SMW-K551 Slow IQ Related Settings R&S®SMW-K551 Remote command: [:SOURce]:IQ:OUTPut:DIGital:BBMM<ch>:SLOW:STATe on page 30 Level Channel# (Stream) ← I/Q Digital Outputs Displays the resulting signal level of each multiplexed stream. 23 User Manual 1176.9564.02 ─ 12 How To Generate Signals with Reduced Speed for FPGA Tests R&S®SMW-K551 5 How To Generate Signals with Reduced Speed for FPGA Tests The following is a list of some important settings. Not all required settings are consid- ered. For detailed information on the required steps, refer to the documents listed in Chap- ter 7, "Further Information", on page 31. How To Generate a 1x2x4 MIMO Digital Signal for FPGA Tests with Slow IQ Sig- nals The test setup and the configuration required to generate signals with reduced speed undergoes a group of main steps. The explanation of the configuration principle is based on one particular use case. 1. Connecting the instruments. See "To connect the instruments for "slow IQ" tests" on page 24 2. Configuring the R&S SMW to generate the required signal. See "To configure the R&S SMW" on page 24 3. Configuring the DUT (if required) and determining its clock rate. 4. Configuring the digital interface module R&S EX-IQ-Box. See "To configure the R&S EX-IQ-Box" on page 25 To connect the instruments for "slow IQ" tests Use the example test setup on Figure 3-1 but use four R&S EX-IQ-Box instead. The test setup assumes a ClockRateR&S EX-IQ-Box < SamplingRateStream. 1. Connect the four interface modules R&S EX-IQ-Box to the R&S SMW. Connect the DUT to the four interface modules R&S EX-IQ-Box. 2. Provide all four interface modules R&S EX-IQ-Box with the clock signal of the DUT to ensure a synchronous signal generation. To configure the R&S SMW 1. Select "System Configuration" and: a) enable a 1x2x4 MIMO scenario b) enable "BB Sources > Coupled" c) select "Signal Outputs > Digital Only". 2. Enable the generation of a baseband signal, e.g. : a) select "Baseband > EUTRA/LTE" and enable a signal with "Channel Bandwidth = 20 MHz", e.g. select "General > Test Models > E-TM1_1__20MHz" 24 User Manual 1176.9564.02 ─ 12 How To Generate Signals with Reduced Speed for FPGA Tests R&S®SMW-K551 b) Select "EUTRA/LTE > General > Filter/Clipping ... > Filter". The parameter "Sample Rate Variation = 30.72 MHz" indicates the user sample rate. c) Select "EUTRA/LTE > State > On". 3. Select "I/Q Digital Outputs > General" and for each of the streams configure: a) "Source > User Defined" b) "Value = 30.72 MHz" Each generated stream will be generate with this sample rate. 4. Select "I/Q Digital Outputs > State > On" To configure the R&S EX-IQ-Box We assume that an external PC is connected to the R&S EX-IQ-Box, the R&S DigIConf software is running on this external PC and the R&S EX-IQ-Box is controlled form the software. Several settings of the R&S EX-IQ-Box have to be configured are required by the con- nected DUT. 1. Start the R&S DigIConf software. 2. Select "DIG-IQ-IN > SMW > Hardware Info > Slow I/Q Sample Clock Request > On". 25 User Manual 1176.9564.02 ─ 12 How To Generate Signals with Reduced Speed for FPGA Tests R&S®SMW-K551 26 User Manual 1176.9564.02 ─ 12 In the R&S SMW, the parameter "I/Q Digital Outputs > General > Slow IQ > State > On" confirms that the R&S EX-IQ-Box requests the sample clock automatically. 3. Select "EX-IQ-Box: User Defined > Direction > Transmitter". 4. Select "EX-IQ-Box: User Defined > Protocol" and "EX-IQ-Box: User Defined > Data" and change the default settings, if required. 5. Select "EX-IQ-Box: User Defined > Clock" and configure: ● "Clock Source > User Interface" ● set the value of the parameter "Clock Rate" to the clock required by the DUT, i.e. ClockRateEX-IQ-Box = ClockDUT. E.g. if the DUT requires a 1 MHz clock signal, ClockRateEX-IQ-Box = 1 MHz How To Generate Signals with Reduced Speed for FPGA Tests R&S®SMW-K551 6. Select "EX-IQ-Box: User Defined > State > On". 7. In the R&S DigIConf, select the smart graphic "TR1" to enlarge it. The "Transient Recorder" dialog opens and confirms the expected LTE spectrum. How To Generate a 1x2x8 MIMO Digital Signal for FPGA Tests with Slow IQ Sig- nals Follow the main steps described in "How To Generate a 1x2x4 MIMO Digital Signal for FPGA Tests with Slow IQ Signals" on page 24: 1. Connecting the instruments as shown on Figure 5-1. 27 User Manual 1176.9564.02 ─ 12 How To Generate Signals with Reduced Speed for FPGA Tests R&S®SMW-K551 28 User Manual 1176.9564.02 ─ 12 Figure 5-1: Simplified test setup for 2x8 MIMO tests with "slow IQ" signals Clock = the clock signal of the DUT must be provided to both R&S EX-IQ-Box 2. Configure the R&S SMW to generate the required signal. For example, an LTE signal in a 1x2x8 MIMO configuration and enable "Signal Outputs > Digital Only Multiplexed". 3. If Fading simulation is required: a) select "Fading > General > Virtual RF = 2.14 GHz" b) select "Fading > Standard > LTE-MIMO > ETU 70Hz Medium" c) select "Fading > State > On" 4. Configure the DUT (if required) and sets its clock rate. How To Generate Signals with Reduced Speed for FPGA Tests R&S®SMW-K551 5. Configure the digital interface module R&S EX-IQ-Box as described in "To config- ure the R&S EX-IQ-Box" on page 25. The generated signal is processed in a way, that each of the four multiplexed stream will have a sampling rate of 250 KHz. 29 User Manual 1176.9564.02 ─ 12 Remote Control Commands R&S®SMW-K551 6 Remote Control Commands :SCONfiguration:OUTPut:MODE <Mode> Defines what kind of signal is generated and which output interfaces are enabled. Parameters: <Mode> DIGMux | DIGital | ALL | ANALog | HSDigital | HSALl ALL Output at the analog (RF and I/Q) and the digital DIG I/Q interfa- ces. DIGital | DIGMux Signal is output as single stream or multiplexed digital signal at the DIG I/Q interfaces. ANALog Output at the analog (RF and I/Q) interfaces. HSDigital Output at the interfaces HS DIG I/Q interfaces. HSALl Output at the analog (RF and I/Q) and the digital HS DIG I/Q interfaces. *RST: ALL Example: SCONfiguration:OUTPut:MODE ALL Options: DIGMux requires R&S SMW-K551 DIGital requires R&S SMW-K18/-K19 ANALog|HSDigital|HSALl require R&S SMW-B9 and R&S SMW- K19 Manual operation: See "Signal Outputs" on page 22 [:SOURce]:IQ:OUTPut:DIGital:BBMM<ch>:SLOW:STATe <SlowIqState> Enables/disables slow IQ mode. See user manual R&S SMW-K551 Generation of Digital "Slow IQ" Signals. Parameters: <SlowIqState> 0 | 1 | OFF | ON *RST: 0 Options: R&S SMW-K551 Manual operation: See "Slow IQ State" on page 22 30 User Manual 1176.9564.02 ─ 12 Further Information R&S®SMW-K551 7 Further Information For a comprehensive description of the R&S SMW, R&S EX-IQ-Box and R&S DigIConf software, refer to: ● the R&S SMW user manual ● the R&S EX-IQ-Box - Digital Interface Module & DigIConf Configuration Software Operating Manual ● the EUTRA/LTE Digital Standard for R&S SMW user manual The latest versions are available for download at the product homepage ● http://www.rohde-schwarz.com/product/SMW200A.htmlhttp://www.rohde-schwarz.com/product/EX-IQ-Box.html 31 User Manual 1176.9564.02 ─ 12 List of Commands R&S®SMW-K551 List of Commands :SCONfiguration:OUTPut:MODE.....................................................................................................................30 [:SOURce]:IQ:OUTPut:DIGital:BBMM<ch>:SLOW:STATe.............................................................................. 30 32 User Manual 1176.9564.02 ─ 12

Index AApplication cards .................................................................7 Application notes .................................................................7 BBrochures ............................................................................7 DData sheets ......................................................................... 7 Digital only signals Settings ....................................................................... 22 Documentation overview .....................................................5 GGetting started .....................................................................6 HHelp .....................................................................................6 IInstallation ........................................................................... 9 Instrument help ................................................................... 6 Instrument security procedures ........................................... 6 MMultiplexed digital streams Settings ....................................................................... 22 OOpen source acknowledgment (OSA) .................................7 Output signal Digital only .................................................................. 22 RReduced speed signal a.k.a. Slow IQ ............................................................... 9 Release notes ..................................................................... 7 SSafety instructions ...............................................................7 Service manual ................................................................... 6 Signal outputs Fading and baseband configuration ........................... 22 Slow IQ Definition ....................................................................... 9 see "reduced speed" .....................................................9 Slow IQ signals Settings .......................................................................22 TTutorials ...............................................................................6 UUser manual ........................................................................ 6 WWhite papers ....................................................................... 7

Index R&S®SMW-K551 33 User Manual 1176.9564.02 ─ 12


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