LENOVO THINKPAD X61S (01) PDF MANUAL


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PDF Content Summary: ThinkPad® X60, X60s, X61, and X61s Hardware Maintenance Manual This manual supports: ThinkPad X60 (MT 1706, 1707, 1708, 1709, 2509, and 2510) ThinkPad X60s (MT 1702, 1703, 1704, 1705, 2507, 2508, 2533, and 2534) ThinkPad X61 (MT 7673, 7674, 7675, 7676, 7678, and 7679) ThinkPad X61s (MT 7666, 7667, 7668, 7669, 7670, and 7671) ThinkPad® X60, X60s, X61, and X61s Hardware Maintenance Manual Note Before using this information and the product it supports, be sure to read the general information under “Notices” on page 234. Fifth Edition (February 2008) © Copyright Lenovo 2007, 2008. All rights reserved. LENOVO products, data, computer software, and services have been developed exclusively at private expense and are sold to governmental entities as commercial items as defined by 48 C.F.R. 2.101 with limited and restricted rights to use, reproduction and disclosure. LIMITED AND RESTRICTED RIGHTS NOTICE: If products, data, computer software, or services are delivered pursuant a General Services Administration ″GSA″ contract, use, reproduction, or disclosure is subject to restrictions set forth in Contract No. GS-35F-05925.

Contents About this manual . . . . . . . . . . 1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Important service information . . . . . . . . 3 Strategy for replacing FRUs . . . . . . . . . 3 Strategy for replacing a hard disk drive . . . . 4 Important notice for replacing a system board . . 4 How to use error messages . . . . . . . . 4 Strategy for replacing FRUs for CTO, CMV, and GAV 4 Product definition . . . . . . . . . . . 4 FRU identification for CTO, CMV, and GAV products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Important information about replacing RoHS compliant FRUs . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Diskette compatibility matrix . . . . . . . . . 7 Safety notices: multilingual translations . . . . . 8 Safety information . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 General safety . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Electrical safety . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Safety inspection guide . . . . . . . . . 18 Handling devices that are sensitive to electrostatic discharge . . . . . . . . . . 19 Grounding requirements . . . . . . . . . 19 Laser compliance statement . . . . . . . . . 20 General descriptions. . . . . . . . . 23 Read this first . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 What to do first . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Related service information . . . . . . . . . 25 Service Web site . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Restoring the factory contents by using Product Recovery discs . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Passwords . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Power management . . . . . . . . . . 28 Checkout guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Testing the computer . . . . . . . . . . 31 Detecting system information with PC-Doctor . . 33 Power system checkout . . . . . . . . . 34 ThinkPad X60, X60s, X61, and X61s . . 37 Product overview . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 Status indicators for X60, X60s, X61, and X61s . . 41 FRU tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Fn key combinations . . . . . . . . . . 45 Symptom-to-FRU index . . . . . . . . . . 47 Numeric error codes . . . . . . . . . . 47 Error messages . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 Beep symptoms . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 No-beep symptoms . . . . . . . . . . . 53 LCD-related symptoms . . . . . . . . . 54 Intermittent problems . . . . . . . . . . 55 Undetermined problems . . . . . . . . . 55 FRU replacement notices . . . . . . . . . . 56 Screw notices . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Retaining serial numbers . . . . . . . . . 56 Removing and replacing a FRU. . . . . . . . 59 1010 Battery pack . . . . . . . . . . . 60 1020 Hard disk drive (2.5-inch) and HDD rubber rails . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 1030 DIMM cover . . . . . . . . . . . 63 1040 DIMM . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 1050 Keyboard . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 1060 Upper case . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 1070 Fingerprint reader . . . . . . . . . 72 1080 Hard disk (1.8-inch) . . . . . . . . . 73 1090 Hard disk housing (1.8-inch) . . . . . . 74 1100 Wireless WAN PCI Express Mini card . . . 75 1110 Intel Turbo Memory card . . . . . . . 77 1120 Wireless LAN PCI Express Mini card . . . 78 1130 MDC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 1140 Backup battery . . . . . . . . . . 82 1150 Second Fan . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 1160 Speaker . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84 1170 DC-in and RJ-11 connectors . . . . . . 85 1180 LCD assembly. . . . . . . . . . . 86 1190 Hard disk sub-card . . . . . . . . . 92 1200 System board and lower case assembly with label. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 1210 Fansink . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96 2010 LCD bezel . . . . . . . . . . . . 97 2020 Inverter card . . . . . . . . . . . 100 2030 Bluetooth daughter card . . . . . . . 101 2040 LCD . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102 2050 Wireless WAN retractable antenna . . . 105 2060 Wireless WAN antenna cable (SPWG) . . 106 2070 Wireless LAN antenna cables (SPWG) . . 107 2080 Hinges . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 2090 Wireless LAN antenna cables (TMD) . . . 113 2100 Wireless WAN antenna cable (TMD) . . . 115 2110 LCD panel and LCD cable . . . . . . 117 Locations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119 Front view for ThinkPad X60, X60s, X61, and X61s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119 Rear view for ThinkPad X60, X60s, X61, and X61s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120 Bottom view for ThinkPad X60, X60s, X61, and X61s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121 Rear View for ThinkPad X6 UltraBase . . . . 122 Bottom View for ThinkPad X6 UltraBase . . . 122 Parts list . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123 Overall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123 LCD FRUs . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196 Keyboard. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 216 Recovery discs . . . . . . . . . . . . 218 Miscellaneous parts . . . . . . . . . . 230 AC adapters. . . . . . . . . . . . . 231 Common parts list. . . . . . . . . . . 232 Notices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 234 Trademarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 235

© Copyright Lenovo 2007, 2008 iii iv ThinkPad® X60, X60s, X61, and X61s About this manual This manual contains service and reference information for ThinkPad X60 (MT 1706, 1707, 1708, 1709, 2509, and 2510), ThinkPad X60s (MT 1702, 1703, 1704, 1705, 2507, 2508, 2533, and 2534), ThinkPad X61 (MT 7673, 7674, 7675, 7676, 7678, and 7679), and ThinkPad X61s (MT 7666, 7667, 7668, 7669, 7670, and 7671) product. Use this manual along with the advanced diagnostic tests to troubleshoot problems. The manual is divided into sections as follows: v The common sections provide general information, guidelines, and safety information required in servicing computers. v The product-specific section includes service, reference, and product-specific parts information. Important This manual is intended for trained service personnel who are familiar with ThinkPad products. Use this manual along with the advanced diagnostic tests to troubleshoot problems effectively. Before servicing a ThinkPad product, be sure to review the safety information under “Safety notices: multilingual translations” on page 8, “Safety information” on page 16, and “Laser compliance statement” on page 20. © Copyright Lenovo 2007, 2008 1 2 ThinkPad® X60, X60s, X61, and X61s Introduction Important service information Important BIOS and device driver fixes are customer-installable. The BIOS and device drivers are posted on the customer support site lenovo.com/ support Advise customers to contact the Customer Support Center at 800-426-7378 if they need assistance in obtaining or installing any software fixes, drivers, and BIOS downloads. Customers in Canada should call the Customer Support Center at 800-565-3344 for assistance or download information. Strategy for replacing FRUs Before replacing parts Make sure that all software fixes, drivers, and BIOS downloads are installed before replacing any FRUs listed in this manual. After a system board is replaced, ensure that the latest BIOS is loaded to the system board before completing the service action. To download software fixes, drivers, and BIOS, do as follows: 1. Go to lenovo.com/support 2. Enter the product number of the computer or press Auto-detect button on the screen. 3. Select Downloads and drivers. 4. Follow the directions on the screen and install the necessary software. Use the following strategy to prevent unnecessary expense for replacing and servicing FRUs: v If you are instructed to replace a FRU but the replacement does not correct the problem, reinstall the original FRU before you continue. v Some computers have both a processor board and a system board. If you are instructed to replace either the processor board or the system board, and replacing one of them does not correct the problem, reinstall that board, and then replace the other one. v If an adapter or a device consists of more than one FRU, any of the FRUs may be the cause of the error. Before replacing the adapter or device, remove the FRUs, one by one, to see if the symptoms change. Replace only the FRU that changed the symptoms. © Copyright Lenovo 2007, 2008 3 Important service information Attention: The setup configuration on the computer you are servicing may have been customized. Running Automatic Configuration may alter the settings. Note the current configuration settings (using the View Configuration option); then, when service has been completed, verify that those settings remain in effect. Strategy for replacing a hard disk drive Always try to run a low-level format before replacing a hard disk drive. This will cause all customer data on the hard disk to be lost. Be sure that the customer has a current backup of the data before doing this task. Attention: The drive startup sequence in the computer you are servicing may have been changed. Be extremely careful during write operations such as copying, saving, or formatting. If you select an incorrect drive, data or programs can be overwritten. Important notice for replacing a system board Some components mounted on a system board are very sensitive. Improper handling of a system board can cause damage to those components, and may cause a system malfunction. Attention: When handling a system board: v Do not drop a system board or apply any excessive force to it. v Avoid rough handling of any kind. v Avoid bending a system board and hard pushing to prevent cracking at each BGA (Ball Grid Array) chipset. How to use error messages Use the error codes displayed on the screen to diagnose failures. If more than one error code is displayed, begin the diagnosis with the first error code. Whatever causes the first error code may also cause false error codes. If no error code is displayed, see whether the error symptom is listed in the Symptom-to-FRU Index for the computer you are servicing. Strategy for replacing FRUs for CTO, CMV, and GAV Product definition Dynamic Configure To Order (CTO) This provides the ability for a customer to configure an IBM® or a LenovoTM solution from an eSite, and have this configuration sent to fulfillment, where it is built and shipped directly to the customer. The machine label, Product Entitlement Warehouse (PEW), eSupport, and the HMM will load these products as the 4-digit MT and 3-digit model, where model = “CTO” (Example: 1829-CTO). Custom Model Variant (CMV) This is a unique configuration that has been negotiated between IBM or Lenovo and the customer. A unique 4-digit MT and 3-digit model is provided to the customer to place orders (Example: 1829-W15). A CMV is a special bid offering. Therefore, it is NOT generally announced. v The MTM portion of the machine label is the 4-digit MT and 3-digit model, where model = “CTO” (Example: 1829-CTO). The PRODUCT ID portion of the machine label is the 4-digit MT and 3-digit CMV model (Example: 1829-W15). 4 ThinkPad® X60, X60s, X61, and X61s Important service information v The PEW record is the 4-digit MT and 3-digit model, where model = “CTO” (Example: 1829-CTO). v eSupport will show both the CTO and CMV machine type models (Example: 1829-CTO and 1829-W15 will be found on the eSupport site.) v The HMM will have the 4-digit MT and 3-digit CTO model only (Example: 1829-CTO). Again, CMVs are custom models and are not found in the HMM. General Announce Variant (GAV) This is a standard model (fixed configuration). GAVs are announced and offered to all customers. The MTM portion of the machine label is a 4-digit MT and 3-digit model, where model = a “fixed part number”, not “CTO” (Example: 1829-F1U). Also, PEW, eSupport, and the HMM will list these products under the same fixed model number. FRU identification for CTO, CMV, and GAV products There are three information resources to identify which FRUs are used to support CTO, CMV, and GAV products. These sources are PEW, eSupport, and the HMM. Using PEW v PEW is the primary source for identifying FRU part numbers and FRU descriptions for the key commodities for CTO, CMV and GAV products at a MT - serial number level. An example of key commodities are hard disk drives, system boards, microprocessors, Liquid Crystal Displays (LCDs), and memory. v Remember, all CTO and CMV products are loaded in PEW under the 4-digit MT and 3-digit model, where model = “CTO” (Example: 1829-CTO). GAVs are loaded in PEW under the 4-digit MT and 3-digit model, where model = a “fixed part number”, not “CTO” (Example: 1829-F1U). v PEW can be accessed at the following Web site: w3-3.ibm.com/pc/entitle Customers can also access PEW via www-307.ibm.com/pc/support/site.wss/product.do?template=/warranty/ warranty.vm&sitestyle=lenovo Select Warranty lookup. Input the MT and the Serial number and the list of key commodities will be returned in the PEW record under COMPONENT INFORMATION. v Business Partners using Eclaim will access PEW when performing Entitlement Lookup. Business Partners will enter Loc ID, MT and Serial, and the key commodities will be returned in the Eclaim record under SYSTEM DETAILS. v Authorized IBM Business Partners can access Eclaim at the following Web site: wca.eclaim.com Using eSupport For Key Commodities (Examples - hard disk drive, system board, microprocessor, LCD, and memory) v eSupport can be used to view the list of key commodities built in a particular machine serial (this is the same record found in PEW). v eSupport can be accessed at the following Web site: lenovo.com/ support v To view the key commodities, click on PARTS INFORMATION, then PARTS LOOKUP. Type in the model type and serial number. The key commodities will be returned in the eSupport record under PARTS SHIPPED WITH YOUR SYSTEM. Introduction 5 Important service information For the Remaining FRUs (the complete list of FRUs at the MT Model level) v eSupport can be used to view the complete list of FRUs for a machine type and model. v To view the complete list of FRUs, type in the machine type and model (Example: 1829-CTO) under QUICK PATH. Under “View by Document Type” select PARTS INFORMATION. Under “Filter by Category” select SERVICE PARTS. Under “Parts Information by Date” select SYSTEM SERVICE PARTS. The list of service parts by description, with applicable machine type model and FRU will be displayed. Using the HMM Use the HMM as a back-up to PEW and eSupport to view the complete list of FRUs at the MT Model level. Important information about replacing RoHS compliant FRUs RoHS, The Restriction of Hazardous Substances in Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directive (2002/95/EC) is a European Union legal requirement affecting the global electronics industry. RoHS requirements must be implemented on Lenovo products placed on the market and sold in the European Union after June 2006. Products on the market before June 2006 are not required to have RoHS compliant parts. If the original FRU parts are non compliant, replacement parts can also be non compliant. In all cases if the original FRU parts are RoHS compliant the replacement part must also be RoHS compliant. Note: RoHS and non-RoHS FRU part numbers with the same fit and function are identified with unique FRU part numbers. Lenovo plans to transition to RoHS compliance well before the implementation date and expects its suppliers to be ready to support Lenovo's requirements and schedule in the EU. Products sold in 2005 and 2006, will contain some RoHS compliant FRUs. The following statement pertains to these products and any product Lenovo produces containing RoHS compliant FRUs. RoHS compliant FRUs have unique FRU part numbers. Before or after the RoHS implementation date, failed RoHS compliant parts must always be replaced using RoHS compliant FRUs, so only the FRUs identified as compliant in the system HMM or direct substitutions for those FRUs may be used. Products marketed before June 2006 Products marketed after June 2006

Current or original part Replacement FRU Current or original part Replacement FRU

Non-RoHS Can be Non-RoHS Must be RoHS Must be RoHS Non-RoHS Can be RoHS Non-RoHS Can sub to RoHS RoHS Must be RoHS Note: A direct substitution is a part with a different FRU part number that is automatically shipped by the distribution center at the time of the order. 6 ThinkPad® X60, X60s, X61, and X61s

Diskette compatibility matrix Diskette compatibility matrix

The compatibility of each of the drives with the diskettes for it is as follows:

Diskette drive Diskette capacity Compatibility

3.5-inch 1.0 MB Read and write 2.0 MB Read and write 4.0 MB Not compatible Introduction 7 Safety notices Safety notices: multilingual translations In this manual, safety notices appear in English with a page number reference to the appropriate multilingual, translated safety notice found in this section. The following safety notices are provided in English, French, German, Hebrew, Italian, Japanese, and Spanish. Safety notice 1 Before the computer is powered on after FRU replacement, make sure all screws, springs, and other small parts are in place and are not left loose inside the computer. Verify this by shaking the computer and listening for rattling sounds. Metallic parts or metal flakes can cause electrical shorts. Avant de remettre l’ordinateur sous tension après remplacement d’une unité en clientèle, vérifiez que tous les ressorts, vis et autres pièces sont bien en place et bien fixées. Pour ce faire, secouez l’unité et assurez-vous qu’aucun bruit suspect ne se produit. Des pièces métalliques ou des copeaux de métal pourraient causer un court-circuit. Bevor nach einem FRU-Austausch der Computer wieder angeschlossen wird, muß sichergestellt werden, daß keine Schrauben, Federn oder andere Kleinteile fehlen oder im Gehäuse vergessen wurden. Der Computer muß geschüttelt und auf Klappergeräusche geprüft werden. Metallteile oder-splitter können Kurzschlüsse erzeugen. Prima di accendere l’elaboratore dopo che é stata effettuata la sostituzione di una FRU, accertarsi che tutte le viti, le molle e tutte le altri parti di piccole dimensioni siano nella corretta posizione e non siano sparse all’interno dell’elaboratore. Verificare ciò scuotendo l’elaboratore e prestando attenzione ad eventuali rumori; eventuali parti o pezzetti metallici possono provocare cortocircuiti pericolosi. Antes de encender el sistema despues de sustituir una FRU, compruebe que todos los tornillos, muelles y demás piezas pequeñas se encuentran en su sitio y no se encuentran sueltas dentro del sistema. Compruébelo agitando el sistema y escuchando los posibles ruidos que provocarían. Las piezas metálicas pueden causar cortocircuitos eléctricos. 8 ThinkPad® X60, X60s, X61, and X61s

Safety notice 2 DANGER Safety notices

Some standby batteries contain a small amount of nickel and cadmium. Do not disassemble a standby battery, recharge it, throw it into fire or water, or short-circuit it. Dispose of the battery as required by local ordinances or regulations. Use only the battery in the appropriate parts listing. Use of an incorrect battery can result in ignition or explosion of the battery. Certaines batteries de secours contiennent du nickel et du cadmium. Ne les démontez pas, ne les rechargez pas, ne les exposez ni au feu ni à l’eau. Ne les mettez pas en court-circuit. Pour les mettre au rebut, conformez-vous à la réglementation en vigueur. Lorsque vous remplacez la pile de sauvegarde ou celle de l’horloge temps réel, veillez à n’utiliser que les modèles cités dans la liste de pièces détachées adéquate. Une batterie ou une pile inappropriée risque de prendre feu ou d’exploser. Die Bereitschaftsbatterie, die sich unter dem Diskettenlaufwerk befindet, kann geringe Mengen Nickel und Cadmium enthalten. Sie darf nur durch die Verkaufsstelle oder den IBM Kundendienst ausgetauscht werden. Sie darf nicht zerlegt, wiederaufgeladen, kurzgeschlossen, oder Feuer oder Wasser ausgesetzt werden. Die Batterie kann schwere Verbrennungen oder Verätzungen verursachen. Bei der Entsorgung die örtlichen Bestimmungen für Sondermüll beachten. Beim Ersetzen der Bereitschafts-oder Systembatterie nur Batterien des Typs verwenden, der in der Ersatzteilliste aufgeführt ist. Der Einsatz falscher Batterien kann zu Entzündung oder Explosion führen. Alcune batterie di riserva contengono una piccola quantità di nichel e cadmio. Non smontarle, ricaricarle, gettarle nel fuoco o nell’acqua né cortocircuitarle. Smaltirle secondo la normativa in vigore (DPR 915/82, successive disposizioni e disposizioni locali). Quando si sostituisce la batteria dell’RTC (real time clock) o la batteria di supporto, utilizzare soltanto i tipi inseriti nell’appropriato Catalogo parti. L’impiego di una batteria non adatta potrebbe determinare l’incendio o l’esplosione della batteria stessa. Algunas baterías de reserva contienen una pequeña cantidad de níquel y cadmio. No las desmonte, ni recargue, ni las eche al fuego o al agua ni las cortocircuite. Deséchelas tal como dispone la normativa local. Utilice sólo baterías que se encuentren en la lista de piezas. La utilización de una batería no apropiada puede provocar la ignición o explosión de la misma. Introduction 9 Safety notices Safety notice 3 DANGER The battery pack contains small amounts of nickel. Do not disassemble it, throw it into fire or water, or short-circuit it. Dispose of the battery pack as required by local ordinances or regulations. Use only the battery in the appropriate parts listing when replacing the battery pack. Use of an incorrect battery can result in ignition or explosion of the battery. La batterie contient du nickel. Ne la démontez pas, ne l’exposez ni au feu ni à l’eau. Ne la mettez pas en court-circuit. Pour la mettre au rebut, conformez-vous à la réglementation en vigueur. Lorsque vous remplacez la batterie, veillez à n’utiliser que les modèles cités dans la liste de pièces détachées adéquate. En effet, une batterie inappropriée risque de prendre feu ou d’exploser. Akkus enthalten geringe Mengen von Nickel. Sie dürfen nicht zerlegt, wiederaufgeladen, kurzgeschlossen, oder Feuer oder Wasser ausgesetzt werden. Bei der Entsorgung die örtlichen Bestimmungen für Sondermüll beachten. Beim Ersetzen der Batterie nur Batterien des Typs verwenden, der in der Ersatzteilliste aufgeführt ist. Der Einsatz falscher Batterien kann zu Entzündung oder Explosion führen. La batteria contiene piccole quantità di nichel. Non smontarla, gettarla nel fuoco o nell’acqua né cortocircuitarla. Smaltirla secondo la normativa in vigore (DPR 915/82, successive disposizioni e disposizioni locali). Quando si sostituisce la batteria, utilizzare soltanto i tipi inseriti nell’appropriato Catalogo parti. L’impiego di una batteria non adatta potrebbe determinare l’incendio o l’esplosione della batteria stessa. Las baterías contienen pequeñas cantidades de níquel. No las desmonte, ni recargue, ni las eche al fuego o al agua ni las cortocircuite. Deséchelas tal como dispone la normativa local. Utilice sólo baterías que se encuentren en la lista de piezas al sustituir la batería. La utilización de una batería no apropiada puede provocar la ignición o explosión de la misma. 10 ThinkPad® X60, X60s, X61, and X61s

Safety notice 4 DANGER Safety notices

The lithium battery can cause a fire, an explosion, or a severe burn. Do not recharge it, remove its polarized connector, disassemble it, heat it above 100°C (212°F), incinerate it, or expose its cell contents to water. Dispose of the battery as required by local ordinances or regulations. Use only the battery in the appropriate parts listing. Use of an incorrect battery can result in ignition or explosion of the battery. La pile de sauvegarde contient du lithium. Elle présente des risques d’incendie, d’explosion ou de brûlures graves. Ne la rechargez pas, ne retirez pas son connecteur polarisé et ne la démontez pas. Ne l’exposez pas à une temperature supérieure à 100°C, ne la faites pas brûler et n’en exposez pas le contenu à l’eau. Mettez la pile au rebut conformément à la réglementation en vigueur. Une pile inappropriée risque de prendre feu ou d’exploser. Die Systembatterie ist eine Lithiumbatterie. Sie kann sich entzünden, explodieren oder schwere Verbrennungen hervorrufen. Batterien dieses Typs dürfen nicht aufgeladen, zerlegt, über 100 C erhitzt oder verbrannt werden. Auch darf ihr Inhalt nicht mit Wasser in Verbindung gebracht oder der zur richtigen Polung angebrachte Verbindungsstecker entfernt werden. Bei der Entsorgung die örtlichen Bestimmungen für Sondermüll beachten. Beim Ersetzen der Batterie nur Batterien des Typs verwenden, der in der Ersatzteilliste aufgeführt ist. Der Einsatz falscher Batterien kann zu Entzündung oder Explosion führen. La batteria di supporto e una batteria al litio e puo incendiarsi, esplodere o procurare gravi ustioni. Evitare di ricaricarla, smontarne il connettore polarizzato, smontarla, riscaldarla ad una temperatura superiore ai 100 gradi centigradi, incendiarla o gettarla in acqua. Smaltirla secondo la normativa in vigore (DPR 915/82, successive disposizioni e disposizioni locali). L’impiego di una batteria non adatta potrebbe determinare l’incendio o l’esplosione della batteria stessa. La batería de repuesto es una batería de litio y puede provocar incendios, explosiones o quemaduras graves. No la recargue, ni quite el conector polarizado, ni la desmonte, ni caliente por encima de los 100°C (212°F), ni la incinere ni exponga el contenido de sus celdas al agua. Deséchela tal como dispone la normativa local. Introduction 11 Safety notices Safety notice 5 If the LCD breaks and the fluid from inside the LCD gets into your eyes or on your hands, immediately wash the affected areas with water for at least 15 minutes. Seek medical care if any symptoms from the fluid are present after washing. Si le panneau d’affichage à cristaux liquides se brise et que vous recevez dans les yeux ou sur les mains une partie du fluide, rincez-les abondamment pendant au moins quinze minutes. Consultez un médecin si des symptômes persistent après le lavage. Die Leuchtstoffröhre im LCD-Bildschirm enthält Quecksilber. Bei der Entsorgung die örtlichen Bestimmungen für Sondermüll beachten. Der LCD-Bildschirm besteht aus Glas und kann zerbrechen, wenn er unsachgemäß behandelt wird oder der Computer auf den Boden fällt. Wenn der Bildschirm beschädigt ist und die darin befindliche Flüssigkeit in Kontakt mit Haut und Augen gerät, sollten die betroffenen Stellen mindestens 15 Minuten mit Wasser abgespült und bei Beschwerden anschließend ein Arzt aufgesucht werden. Nel caso che caso l’LCD si dovesse rompere ed il liquido in esso contenuto entrasse in contatto con gli occhi o le mani, lavare immediatamente le parti interessate con acqua corrente per almeno 15 minuti; poi consultare un medico se i sintomi dovessero permanere. Si la LCD se rompe y el fluido de su interior entra en contacto con sus ojos o sus manos, lave inmediatamente las áreas afectadas con agua durante 15 minutos como mínimo. Obtenga atención medica si se presenta algún síntoma del fluido despues de lavarse. 12 ThinkPad® X60, X60s, X61, and X61s

Safety notice 6 DANGER Safety notices

To avoid shock, do not remove the plastic cover that protects the lower part of the inverter card. Afin d’éviter tout risque de choc électrique, ne retirez pas le cache en plastique protégeant la partie inférieure de la carte d’alimentation. Aus Sicherheitsgründen die Kunststoffabdeckung, die den unteren Teil der Spannungswandlerplatine umgibt, nicht entfernen. Per evitare scosse elettriche, non rimuovere la copertura in plastica che avvolge la parte inferiore della scheda invertitore. Para evitar descargas, no quite la cubierta de plástico que rodea la parte baja de la tarjeta invertida. Introduction 13 Safety notices Safety notice 7 DANGER Though the main batteries have low voltage, a shorted or grounded battery can produce enough current to burn personnel or combustible materials. Bien que le voltage des batteries principales soit peu élevé, le court-circuit ou la mise à la masse d’une batterie peut produire suffisamment de courant pour brûler des matériaux combustibles ou causer des brûlures corporelles graves. Obwohl Hauptbatterien eine niedrige Spannung haben, können sie doch bei Kurzschluß oder Erdung genug Strom abgeben, um brennbare Materialien zu entzünden oder Verletzungen bei Personen hervorzurufen. Sebbene le batterie di alimentazione siano a basso voltaggio, una batteria in corto circuito o a massa può fornire corrente sufficiente da bruciare materiali combustibili o provocare ustioni ai tecnici di manutenzione. Aunque las baterías principales tienen un voltaje bajo, una batería cortocircuitada o con contacto a tierra puede producir la corriente suficiente como para quemar material combustible o provocar quemaduras en el personal. 14 ThinkPad® X60, X60s, X61, and X61s

Safety notice 8 DANGER Safety notices

Before removing any FRU, power off the computer, unplug all power cords from electrical outlets, remove the battery pack, and then disconnect any interconnecting cables. Avant de retirer une unité remplaçable en clientèle, mettez le système hors tension, débranchez tous les cordons d’alimentation des socles de prise de courant, retirez la batterie et déconnectez tous les cordons d’interface. Die Stromzufuhr muß abgeschaltet, alle Stromkabel aus der Steckdose gezogen, der Akku entfernt und alle Verbindungskabel abgenommen sein, bevor eine FRU entfernt wird. Prima di rimuovere qualsiasi FRU, spegnere il sistema, scollegare dalle prese elettriche tutti i cavi di alimentazione, rimuovere la batteria e poi scollegare i cavi di interconnessione. Antes de quitar una FRU, apague el sistema, desenchufe todos los cables de las tomas de corriente eléctrica, quite la batería y, a continuación, desconecte cualquier cable de conexión entre dispositivos. Introduction 15 Safety information Safety information The following section presents safety information with which you need to be familiar before you service a ThinkPad computer. General safety Follow these rules to ensure general safety: v Observe good housekeeping in the area of the machines during and after maintenance. v When lifting any heavy object: 1. Make sure that you can stand safely without slipping. 2. Distribute the weight of the object equally between your feet. 3. Use a slow lifting force. Never move suddenly or twist when you attempt to lift. 4. Lift by standing or by pushing up with your leg muscles; this action removes the strain from the muscles in your back. Do not attempt to lift any object that weighs more than 16 kg (35 lb) or that you think is too heavy for you. v Do not perform any action that causes hazards to the customer, or that makes the equipment unsafe. v Before you start the machine, make sure that other service representatives and the customer’s personnel are not in a hazardous position. v Place removed covers and other parts in a safe place, away from all personnel, while you are servicing the machine. v Keep your toolcase away from walk areas so that other people will not trip over it. v Do not wear loose clothing that can be trapped in the moving parts of a machine. Make sure that your sleeves are fastened or rolled up above your elbows. If your hair is long, fasten it. v Insert the ends of your necktie or scarf inside clothing or fasten it with a nonconductive clip, about 8 centimeters (3 inches) from the end. v Do not wear jewelry, chains, metal-frame eyeglasses, or metal fasteners for your clothing. Attention: Metal objects are good electrical conductors. v Wear safety glasses when you are hammering, drilling, soldering, cutting wire, attaching springs, using solvents, or working in any other conditions that might be hazardous to your eyes. v After service, reinstall all safety shields, guards, labels, and ground wires. Replace any safety device that is worn or defective. v Reinstall all covers correctly before returning the machine to the customer. v Fan louvers on the machine help to prevent overheating of internal components. Do not obstruct fan louvers or cover them with labels or stickers. Electrical safety Observe the following rules when working on electrical equipment. 16 ThinkPad® X60, X60s, X61, and X61s Safety information Important Use only approved tools and test equipment. Some hand tools have handles covered with a soft material that does not insulate you when working with live electrical currents. Many customers have, near their equipment, rubber floor mats that contain small conductive fibers to decrease electrostatic discharges. Do not use this type of mat to protect yourself from electrical shock. v Find the room emergency power-off (EPO) switch, disconnecting switch, or electrical outlet. If an electrical accident occurs, you can then operate the switch or unplug the power cord quickly. v Do not work alone under hazardous conditions or near equipment that has hazardous voltages. v Disconnect all power before: – Performing a mechanical inspection – Working near power supplies – Removing or installing Field Replaceable Units (FRUs) v Before you start to work on the machine, unplug the power cord. If you cannot unplug it, ask the customer to power-off the wall box that supplies power to the machine, and to lock the wall box in the off position. v If you need to work on a machine that has exposed electrical circuits, observe the following precautions: – Ensure that another person, familiar with the power-off controls, is near you. Attention: Another person must be there to switch off the power, if necessary. – Use only one hand when working with powered-on electrical equipment; keep the other hand in your pocket or behind your back. Attention: An electrical shock can occur only when there is a complete circuit. By observing the above rule, you may prevent a current from passing through your body. – When using testers, set the controls correctly and use the approved probe leads and accessories for that tester. – Stand on suitable rubber mats (obtained locally, if necessary) to insulate you from grounds such as metal floor strips and machine frames. Observe the special safety precautions when you work with very high voltages; Instructions for these precautions are in the safety sections of maintenance information. Use extreme care when measuring high voltages. v Regularly inspect and maintain your electrical hand tools for safe operational condition. v Do not use worn or broken tools and testers. v Never assume that power has been disconnected from a circuit. First, check that it has been powered off. v Always look carefully for possible hazards in your work area. Examples of these hazards are moist floors, nongrounded power extension cables, power surges, and missing safety grounds. v Do not touch live electrical circuits with the reflective surface of a plastic dental mirror. The surface is conductive; such touching can cause personal injury and machine damage. Introduction 17 Safety information v Do not service the following parts with the power on when they are removed from their normal operating places in a machine: – Power supply units – Pumps – Blowers and fans – Motor generators and similar units. (This practice ensures correct grounding of the units.) v If an electrical accident occurs: – Use caution; do not become a victim yourself. – Switch off power. – Send another person to get medical aid. Safety inspection guide The purpose of this inspection guide is to assist you in identifying potentially unsafe conditions. As each machine was designed and built, required safety items were installed to protect users and service personnel from injury. This guide addresses only those items. You should use good judgment to identify potential safety hazards due to attachment of non-ThinkPad features or options not covered by this inspection guide. If any unsafe conditions are present, you must determine how serious the apparent hazard could be and whether you can continue without first correcting the problem. Consider these conditions and the safety hazards they present: v Electrical hazards, especially primary power (primary voltage on the frame can cause serious or fatal electrical shock) v Explosive hazards, such as a damaged CRT face or a bulging capacitor v Mechanical hazards, such as loose or missing hardware To determine whether there are any potentially unsafe conditions, use the following checklist at the beginning of every service task. Begin the checks with the power off, and the power cord disconnected. Checklist: 1. Check exterior covers for damage (loose, broken, or sharp edges). 2. Power off the computer. Disconnect the power cord. 3. Check the power cord for: a. A third-wire ground connector in good condition. Use a meter to measure third-wire ground continuity for 0.1 ohm or less between the external ground pin and the frame ground. b. The power cord should be the type specified in the parts list. c. Insulation must not be frayed or worn. 4. Check for cracked or bulging batteries. 5. Remove the cover. 6. Check for any obvious non-ThinkPad alterations. Use good judgment as to the safety of any non-ThinkPad alterations. 7. Check inside the unit for any obvious unsafe conditions, such as metal filings, contamination, water or other liquids, or signs of fire or smoke damage. 8. Check for worn, frayed, or pinched cables. 18 ThinkPad® X60, X60s, X61, and X61s Safety information 9. Check that the power-supply cover fasteners (screws or rivets) have not been removed or tampered with. Handling devices that are sensitive to electrostatic discharge Any computer part containing transistors or integrated circuits (ICs) should be considered sensitive to electrostatic discharge (ESD.) ESD damage can occur when there is a difference in charge between objects. Protect against ESD damage by equalizing the charge so that the machine, the part, the work mat, and the person handling the part are all at the same charge. Notes 1. Use product-specific ESD procedures when they exceed the requirements noted here. 2. Make sure that the ESD protective devices you use have been certified (ISO 9000) as fully effective. When handling ESD-sensitive parts: v Keep the parts in protective packages until they are inserted into the product. v Avoid contact with other people while handling the part. v Wear a grounded wrist strap against your skin to eliminate static on your body. v Prevent the part from touching your clothing. Most clothing is insulative and retains a charge even when you are wearing a wrist strap. v Use the black side of a grounded work mat to provide a static-free work surface. The mat is especially useful when handling ESD-sensitive devices. v Select a grounding system, such as those listed below, to provide protection that meets the specific service requirement. Note The use of a grounding system to guard against ESD damage is desirable but not necessary. – Attach the ESD ground clip to any frame ground, ground braid, or green-wire ground. – When working on a double-insulated or battery-operated system, use an ESD common ground or reference point. You can use coax or connector-outside shells on these systems. – Use the round ground prong of the ac plug on ac-operated computers. Grounding requirements Electrical grounding of the computer is required for operator safety and correct system function. Proper grounding of the electrical outlet can be verified by a certified electrician. Introduction 19 Laser compliance statement Laser compliance statement Some models of ThinkPad computer are equipped from the factory with an optical storage device such as a CD-ROM drive or a DVD-ROM drive. Such devices are also sold separately as options. If one of these drives is installed, it is certified in the U.S. to conform to the requirements of the Department of Health and Human Services 21 Code of Federal Regulations (DHHS 21 CFR) Subchapter J for Class 1 laser products. Elsewhere, the drive is certified to conform to the requirements of the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) 825 and CENELEC EN 60 825 for Class 1 laser products. If a CD-ROM drive, a DVD-ROM drive, or another laser device is installed, note the following: CAUTION: Use of controls or adjustments or performance of procedures other than those specified herein might result in hazardous radiation exposure. O uso de controles, ajustes ou desempenho de procedimentos diferentes daqueles aqui especificados pode resultar em perigosa exposição à radiação. Pour éviter tout risque d’exposition au rayon laser, respectez les consignes de réglage et d’utilisation des commandes, ainsi que les procédures décrites. Werden Steuer- und Einstellelemente anders als hier festgesetzt verwendet, kann gefährliche Laserstrahlung auftreten. L’utilizzo di controlli, regolazioni o l’esecuzione di procedure diverse da quelle specificate possono provocare l’esposizione a. El uso de controles o ajustes o la ejecución de procedimientos distintos de los aquí especificados puede provocar la exposición a radiaciones peligrosas. Opening the CD-ROM drive, the DVD-ROM drive, or any other optical storage device could result in exposure to hazardous laser radiation. There are no serviceable parts inside those drives. Do not open. 20 ThinkPad® X60, X60s, X61, and X61s Laser compliance statement A CD-ROM drive, a DVD-ROM drive, or any other storage device installed may contain an embedded Class 3A or Class 3B laser diode. Note the following: DANGER Emits visible and invisible laser radiation when open. Do not stare into the beam, do not view directly with optical instruments, and avoid direct exposure to the beam. Radiação por raio laser ao abrir. Não olhe fixo no feixe de luz, não olhe diretamente por meio de instrumentos óticos e evite exposição direta com o feixe de luz. Rayonnement laser si carter ouvert. Évitez de fixer le faisceau, de le regarder directement avec des instruments optiques, ou de vous exposer au rayon. Laserstrahlung bei geöffnetem Gerät. Nicht direkt oder über optische Instrumente in den Laserstrahl sehen und den Strahlungsbereich meiden. Kinyitáskor lézersugár ! Ne nézzen bele se szabad szemmel, se optikai eszközökkel. Kerülje a sugárnyalábbal való érintkezést ! Aprendo l’unità vengono emesse radiazioni laser. Non fissare il fascio, non guardarlo direttamente con strumenti ottici e evitare l’esposizione diretta al fascio. Radiación láser al abrir. No mire fijamente ni examine con instrumental óptico el haz de luz. Evite la exposición directa al haz. Introduction 21

Laser compliance statement 22 ThinkPad® X60, X60s, X61, and X61s

General descriptions The descriptions in this chapter apply to any ThinkPad model that has the PC-Doctor® for DOS diagnostics program. Some descriptions might not apply to your particular computer. Read this first Before you go to the checkout guide, be sure to read this section. Important notes v Only certified trained personnel should service the computer. v Before replacing any FRU, read the entire page on removing and replacing FRUs. v When you replace FRUs, use new nylon-coated screws. v Be extremely careful during such write operations as copying, saving, or formatting. Drives in the computer that you are servicing sequence might have been altered. If you select an incorrect drive, data or programs might be overwritten. v Replace a FRU only with another FRU of the correct model. When you replace a FRU, make sure that the model of the machine and the FRU part number are correct by referring to the FRU parts list. v A FRU should not be replaced because of a single, unreproducible failure. Single failures can occur for a variety of reasons that have nothing to do with a hardware defect, such as cosmic radiation, electrostatic discharge, or software errors. Consider replacing a FRU only when a problem recurs. If you suspect that a FRU is defective, clear the error log and run the test again. If the error does not recur, do not replace the FRU. v Be careful not to replace a nondefective FRU. What to do first When you do return a FRU, you must include the following information in the parts exchange form or parts return form that you attach to it: __ 1. Name and phone number of servicer __ 2. Date of service __ 3. Date on which the machine failed __ 4. Date of purchase __ 5. Failure symptoms, error codes appearing on the display, and beep symptoms __ 6. Procedure index and page number in which the failing FRU was detected __ 7. Failing FRU name and part number __ 8. Machine type, model number, and serial number __ 9. Customer’s name and address Note for warranty: During the warranty period, the customer may be responsible for repair costs if the computer damage was caused by misuse, accident, modification, unsuitable physical or operating environment, or improper maintenance by the customer. © Copyright Lenovo 2007, 2008 23 Read this first Following is a list of some common items that are not covered under warranty and some symptoms that might indicate that the system was subjected to stress beyond normal use. Before checking problems with the computer, determine whether the damage is covered under the warranty by referring to the following list: The following are not covered under warranty: v LCD panel cracked from the application of excessive force or from being dropped v Scratched (cosmetic) parts v Distortion, deformation, or discoloration of the cosmetic parts v Plastic parts, latches, pins, or connectors that have been cracked or broken by excessive force v Damage caused by liquid spilled into the system v Damage caused by the improper insertion of a PC Card or the installation of an incompatible card v Improper disc insertion or use of an optical drive v Diskette drive damage caused by pressure on the diskette drive cover, foreign material in the drive, or the insertion of a diskette with multiple labels v Damaged or bent diskette eject button v Fuses blown by attachment of a nonsupported device v Forgotten computer password (making the computer unusable) v Sticky keys caused by spilling a liquid onto the keyboard v Use of an incorrect ac adapter on laptop products The following symptoms might indicate damage caused by nonwarranted activities: v Missing parts might be a symptom of unauthorized service or modification. v If the spindle of a hard disk drive becomes noisy, it may have been subjected to excessive force, or dropped. 24 ThinkPad® X60, X60s, X61, and X61s

Related service information Related service information

This section provides information about the following: v “Service Web site” v “Restoring the factory contents by using Product Recovery discs” v “Passwords” on page 26 v “Power management” on page 28 Service Web site When the latest maintenance diskette and the system program service diskette become available, they will be posted on lenovo.com/spm Restoring the factory contents by using Product Recovery discs When the hard disk drive is replaced because of a failure, no Product Recovery program is on the new hard disk. In this case, you must use the recovery discs for the computer. Order the recovery discs and the hard disk drive at the same time so that you can recover the new hard disk drive with the pre-installed software when they arrive. For information on which discs to order, see “Recovery discs” on page 218. To install the factory contents by using Product Recovery discs, do the following: Note Recovery takes several hours. The length of time depends on the method you use. If you use recovery discs, recovery takes at least five hours. 1. Insert the Rescue and Recovery™ Disk1 of 1 into the optical drive, then restart the computer. This will take several minutes. 2. When the “Welcome to Rescue and Recovery” screen is displayed, press Continue. In the Rescue and Recovery menu, select Restore Your System. A message giving a warning that USB devices used in recovery must be connected when the computer is turned on appears. Click OK. 3. “Restore Your System” window appears. Select Restore my hard drive to the original factory state, and click Next. A warning appears, click Yes. Then next menu appears. Select I do not want to save any files and click Next. Following menu appears with a warning, select Next. A warning appears not to power down the computer during the recovery process. Click OK. One more warning appears saying that recovery is intended only for unrecoverable system problems. Click OK. 4. The Terms and Conditions window appears, select I accept these terms and conditions and press OK. Previous menus may remain on the screen, but the Predesktop installer begins copying files. When this completes, the computer will restart and a window will ask you to insert a Product Recovery Supplemental Disk, if you have one. Press No. 5. You will then be prompted to insert Product Recovery Disk 1 into the optical drive. Insert the Product Recovery Disk 1 into the optical drive, and press OK. In similar fashion, you will be prompted to insert the remaining recovery discs until all the files are copied. 6. After all the files are copied, the computer will restart and return to the “Welcome to Rescue and Recovery” screen where a window “Recovering your system, this may take several minutes” appears and .IMZ files are processed. General descriptions 25 Related service information A total progress bar allows you to audit this process, which will take about 8 minutes. The final recovery disc may be safely removed during this time, but may also be left in the optical drive since it is not bootable. 7. You will then be prompted to restart the computer. Select Yes. A warning window appears, giving you one last chance to stop the restart, but disappears automatically after about 5 seconds. File processing continues in DOS full screen mode for about two minutes and the computer restarts to the Windows® desktop. No user intervention is required (and should be avoided) after this point. 8. Windows setup continues on the desktop and DOS window for IBM system setup, with progress measured by a Factory Preinstallation window on the right side of the screen. The processes are updating installed softwares. A warning that antivirus software is not installed appears repeatedly in the system tray, but this should be ignored. The entire process at desktop takes about 25 minutes. 9. Then the computer restarts, does some more DOS full screen processing, and restarts again to a Windows desktop where factory preinstallation continues for about 12 more minutes, another restart to a DOS screen and then back to the Windows splash screen and back to the desktop for more preinstallation. This lasts about 10 more minutes and the computer restarts to do NTFS conversion and then restarts to the OOBE (Out of Box Experience) environment. Passwords As many as three passwords may be needed for any ThinkPad computer: the power-on password (POP), the hard-disk password (HDP), and the supervisor password (SVP). If any of these passwords has been set, a prompt for it appears on the screen whenever the computer is turned on. The computer does not start until the password is entered. Exception: If only an SVP is installed, the password prompt does not appear when the operating system is booted. Power-on password: A power-on password (POP) protects the system from being powered on by an unauthorized person. The password must be entered before an operating system can be booted. Hard-disk password: There are two hard-disk passwords (HDPs): v User HDP—for the user v Master HDP—for the system administrator, who can use it to get access to the hard disk even if the user has changed the user HDP Note: There are two modes for the HDP: User only and Master + User. The Master + User mode requires two HDPs; the system administrator enters both in the same operation. The system administrator then provides the user HDP to the system user. 26 ThinkPad® X60, X60s, X61, and X61s Related service information Attention: If the user HDP has been forgotten, check whether a master HDP has been set. If it has, it can be used for access to the hard disk drive. If no master HDP is available, neither Lenovo nor Lenovo authorized servicers provide any services to reset either the user or the master HDP, or to recover data from the hard disk drive. The hard disk drive can be replaced for a scheduled fee. Supervisor password: A supervisor password (SVP) protects the system information stored in the BIOS Setup Utility. The user must enter the SVP in order to get access to the BIOS Setup Utility and change the system configuration. Attention: If the SVP has been forgotten and cannot be made available to the servicer, there is no service procedure to reset the password. The system board must be replaced for a scheduled fee. How to remove the power-on password To remove a POP that you have forgotten, do the following: (A) If no SVP has been set: 1. Turn off the computer. 2. Remove the battery pack. For how to remove the battery pack, see “1010 Battery pack” on page 60. 3. Remove the backup battery. For how to remove the backup battery, see “1140 Backup battery” on page 82. 4. Turn on the computer and wait until the POST ends. After the POST ends, the password prompt does not appear. The POP has been removed. 5. Reinstall the backup battery and the battery pack. (B) If an SVP has been set and is known by the servicer: 1. Turn on the computer; then, while the “To interrupt normal startup, press the blue ThinkVantage button” message is displayed at the lower-left of the screen, press the ThinkVantage® button. The Rescue and Recovery screen opens. For models supporting the Passphrase function, press F1 while the POP icon is appearing on the screen; then enter the POP. For the other models, enter the POP. Note: To check whether the ThinkPad computer supports the Passphrase function, enter the BIOS Setup Utility and go to Security --> Password. If the Using Passphrase item is displayed in the menu, this function is available on the ThinkPad computer. 2. Click Access BIOS. The system Restart Required window is displayed. 3. Click Yes. The computer restarts, and the BIOS Setup Utility screen opens. 4. Select Security, using the cursor directional keys to move down the menu. 5. Select Password. 6. Select Power-On Password. 7. Type the current SVP in the Enter Current Password field. then leave the Enter New Password field blank, and press Enter twice. 8. In the Changes have been saved window, press Enter. 9. Press F10; then, in the Setup confirmation window, select Yes . General descriptions 27 Related service information How to remove the hard-disk password Attention: If User only mode is selected and the user HDP has been forgotten and cannot be made available to the servicer, neither Lenovo nor Lenovo authorized servicers provide any services to reset the user HDPs or to recover data from the hard disk drive. The hard disk drive can be replaced for a scheduled fee. To remove a user HDP that has been forgotten, when the SVP and the master HDP are known, do the following: 1. Turn on the computer; then, while the “To interrupt normal startup, press the blue ThinkVantage button” message is displayed at the lower-left of the screen, press the ThinkVantage button. The Rescue and Recovery screen opens. For models supporting the Passphrase function, press F1 while HDP icon is appearing on the screen; then enter the master HDP. For the other models, enter the master HDP. Note: To check whether the ThinkPad computer supports the Passphrase function, enter the BIOS Setup Utility and go to Security --> Password. If Using Passphrase item is displayed in the menu, this function is available on the ThinkPad computer. 2. Click Access BIOS. The system Restart Required window is displayed. 3. Click Yes. The computer restarts, and the BIOS Setup Utility screen opens. 4. Select Security, using the cursor directional keys to move down the menu. 5. Select Password. 6. Select Hard-disk x password, where x is the letter of the hard disk drive. A pop-up window opens. 7. Select Master HDP. 8. Type the current master HDP in the Enter Current Password field. then leave the Enter New Password field blank, and press Enter twice. 9. Press F10. 10. Select Yes in the Setup Configuration window. Both user HDP and master HDP will have been removed. Power management To reduce power consumption, the computer has three power management modes: screen blank, standby, and hibernation. Screen blank mode Screen blank mode has three variants, as follows: 1. If you press Fn+F3, or if the time set on the “LCD off timer” in the BIOS Setup Utility expires, v The LCD backlight turns off. v The hard disk drive motor stops. v The speaker is muted. 2. If you are using the Advanced Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI) operating system and you press Fn+F3, v The LCD backlight turns off. v The hard disk drive motor stops. 3. If the time set on the “Turn off monitor” timer in the operating system expires, v The LCD backlight turns off. To end screen blank mode and resume normal operation, press any key. 28 ThinkPad® X60, X60s, X61, and X61s

Standby mode Related service information

When the computer enters standby mode, the following events occur in addition to what occurs in screen blank mode: v The LCD is powered off. v The hard disk drive is powered off. v The CPU stops. To enter standby mode, press Fn+F4. Note: If you are using the ACPI operating system, you can change the action of Fn+F4. In certain circumstances, the computer goes into standby mode automatically: v If a “suspend time” has been set on the timer, and the user does not do any operation with the keyboard, the TrackPoint®, the hard disk, the parallel connector, or the diskette drive within that time. v If the battery indicator blinks orange, indicating that the battery power is low. (Alternatively, if Hibernate when battery becomes low has been selected in the “Power Management Properties” window, the computer goes into hibernation mode.) To cause the computer to return from standby mode and resume operation, do one of the following: v Press the Fn key. v Open the LCD cover. v Turn on the power switch. Also, in either of the following events, the computer automatically returns from standby mode and resumes operation: v The ring indicator (RI) is signaled by a serial device or a PC Card device. (Windows 2000 does not support the ring indicator (RI) resume by PC Card device.) v The time set on the resume timer elapses. Note: The computer does not accept any input immediately after it enters standby mode. Wait a few seconds before taking any action to reenter operation mode. Hibernation mode In hibernation mode, the following occurs: v The system status, RAM, VRAM, and setup data are stored on the hard disk. v The system is powered off. Note: If the computer enters the hibernation mode while it is docked to the docking station, do not undock it before resuming normal operation. If you do undock it and then try to resume normal operation, you will get an error message, and you will have to restart the system. To cause the computer to enter hibernation mode, do any of the following: v Press the Fn+F12 keys. v If you are using the ACPI operating system and have defined one of the following actions as the event that causes the system to go into hibernation mode, perform that action. – Closing the lid. – Pressing the power button. General descriptions 29 Related service information – Pressing Fn+F4 keys. Also, the computer goes into hibernation mode automatically in either of the following conditions: v If a “hibernation time” has been set on the timer, and if the user does not do any operation with the keyboard, the TrackPoint, the hard disk drive, the parallel connector, or the diskette drive within that time. v If the timer conditions are satisfied in suspend mode. When the power is turned on, the computer returns from hibernation mode and resumes operation. The hibernation file in the boot record on the hard disk drive is read, and system status is restored from the hard disk drive. 30 ThinkPad® X60, X60s, X61, and X61s

Checkout guide Checkout guide

Use the following procedures as a guide in identifying and correcting problems with the ThinkPad computer. Note: The diagnostic tests are intended to test only ThinkPad products. The use of non-ThinkPad products, prototype cards, or modified options can lead to false indications of errors and invalid system responses. 1. Identify the failing symptoms in as much detail as possible. 2. Verify the symptoms. Try to re-create the failure by running the diagnostic test or by repeating the operation. Testing the computer The ThinkPad computer has a test program called PC-Doctor® for DOS (hereafter called PC-Doctor). You can detect errors by running the diagnostics test included in PC-Doctor. This section is an overview of the procedure. For details that depend on model-unique functions, refer to “Product overview” on page 38. For some possible configurations of the computer, PC-Doctor might not run correctly. To avoid this problem, you need to initialize the computer setup by use of the BIOS Setup Utility before you run PC-Doctor. On the BIOS Setup Utility screen, press F9, Enter, F10, and then Enter. Note: When you initialize the computer configuration, some devices are disabled, such as the serial port. If you test one of these devices, you will need to enable it by using PS2.EXE. PC-Doctor cannot be used to test a device that is in the docking station, even if the computer supports the docking station. To test a USB device, connect it to the USB connector of the computer. To test the Ultrabay™ device, install it in the Ultrabay Slim slot of the computer. General descriptions 31 Checkout guide Creating the PC-Doctor diagnostics diskette In X60, the PC-Doctor disk can be created by using the ThinkVantage Rescue and Recovery. To create the PC-Doctor disk from the , do as follows: 1. Enter the ThinkVantage Rescue and Recovery application by pressing the blue ThinkVantage button during POST. 2. When the ThinkVantage Rescue and Recovery application finishes loading, double-click the “Create diagnostic diskettes” icon. 3. It will take about 15 seconds to authenticate the digital signature, and then the ThinkPad computer will reboot into PC-DOS. 4. A batch file will automatically start up to prompt the user through creating the boot diskettes. The user will be informed how many diskettes will be needed. a. The user will be prompted to insert each diskette in sequence. b. Typically, the user only needs to press the Enter key for the proper floppy drive to format and create the diskette. c. Each diskette will be erased and formatted with the PC-Doctor for DOS boot image. 5. Once all the diskettes have been created, the ThinkPad computer will reboot. The user is asked to remove all diskettes from the drive, or to insert the first diskette created if it is desired to run the diagnostics. To run the test, do as follows: Note: In the following procedure, you can select an item not only with the arrow keys, but also with the TrackPoint. Instead of pressing Enter, click the left button. 1. Insert the PC-Doctor disk into the diskette drive; then power on the computer. If the computer cannot be powered on, go to “Power system checkout” on page 34, and check the power sources. If an error code appears, go to “Symptom-to-FRU index” on page 47. On the first screen, select the model and press Enter. Follow the instructions on the screen. 2. The main panel of PC-Doctor appears. 3. Select Diagnostics with the arrow keys, and press Enter. A pull-down menu appears. (Its exact form depends on the model.) Note: PC-Doctor menu does not mean the formal support device list. Some unsupported device names may appear in the PC-Doctor menu. The options on the test menu are as follows: 32 ThinkPad® X60, X60s, X61, and X61s Checkout guide Diagnostics Interactive Tests

v Run Normal Test v Run Quick Test v CPU/Coprocessor v Systemboard v Video Adapter v Serial Ports v Parallel Ports v Fixed Disks v Diskette Drives v Other Devices v ThinkPad Devices v Communication v Wireless LAN v Memory Test – Full v Memory Test – Quick Notes: v Keyboard v Video v Internal Speaker v Mouse v Diskette v System Load v Optical Drive Test v Intel Wireless Radio

v In the Keyboard test in Interactive Tests, the Fn key should be held down for at least 2 seconds; otherwise, it cannot be sensed. v Video Adapter test supports only the LCD display on the ThinkPad computer. If you have an external monitor attached to your computer, detach it before running PC-Doctor for DOS. v To test Digital Signature Chip, the chip must be enabled. v To test Serial Ports or Parallel Ports, the ThinkPad computer must be attached to the ThinkPad X6 UltraBase™. Diagnostics Interactive Tests Hardware Info Utility Quit F1=Help Run Normal Test Run Quick Test CPU/Coprocessor Systemboard Video Adapter Serial Ports Parallel Ports Fixed Disks Diskette Drives Other Devices ZIP Drive Communication Memory Test - Full Memory Test - Quick PC-DOCTOR 2.0 Copyright 2001 PC-Doctor, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Use the cursor keys and ESC to move in menus. Press ENTER to select. 4. Run the applicable function test. 5. Follow the instructions on the screen. If there is a problem, PC-Doctor shows messages describing it. 6. To exit the test, select Quit — Exit Diag. To cancel the test, press Esc. Note: After executing PC-Doctor, check the system time/date and reset them if needed. Detecting system information with PC-Doctor PC-Doctor can detect the following system information: Hardware Info v System Configuration v Memory Contents v Physical Disk Drives v Logical Disk Drives v VGA Information v IDE Drive Info v PCI Information General descriptions 33 Checkout guide v PNPISA Info v SMBIOS Info v VESA LCD Info v Hardware Events Log Utility v Run External Tests v Surface Scan Hard Disk v Benchmark System v DOS Shell v Tech Support Form v Battery Rundown v View Test Log v Print Log v Save Log v Full Erase Hard Drive v Quick Erase Hard Drive PC-Doctor for Windows This product is designed to help you troubleshoot and resolve problems related to your computer. Select one of the categories listed below to display symptoms and solutions: v CHECK SYSTEM HEALTH v SYSTEM AND DEVICE TESTS v LENOVO TROUBLESHOOTING v CENTER v SYSTEM REPORTS v UPDATES AND SUPPORT Power system checkout To verify a symptom, do the following: 1. Power off the computer. 2. Remove the battery pack. 3. Connect the ac adapter. 4. Check that power is supplied when you power on the computer. 5. Power off the computer. 6. Disconnect the ac adapter and install the charged battery pack. 7. Check that the battery pack supplies power when you power on the computer. If you suspect a power problem, see the appropriate one of the following power supply checkouts: v “Checking the ac adapter” v “Checking operational charging” on page 35 v “Checking the battery pack” on page 35 v “Checking the backup battery” on page 36 Checking the ac adapter You are here because the computer fails only when the ac adapter is used: v If the power problem occurs only when the port replicator is used, replace the port replicator. v If the power-on indicator does not turn on, check the power cord of the ac adapter for correct continuity and installation. v If the computer does not charge during operation, go to ″Checking operational charging.″ To check the ac adapter, do the following: 34 ThinkPad® X60, X60s, X61, and X61s Checkout guide 1. Unplug the ac adapter cable from the computer. 2. Measure the output voltage at the plug of the ac adapter cable. See the following figure: Pin Voltage (V dc) 1 Ground 2 +19.5 to +21.0 1 2 3. If the voltage is not correct, replace the ac adapter. 4. If the voltage is acceptable, do the following: v Replace the system board. v If the problem persists, go to “Product overview” on page 38. Note: Noise from the ac adapter does not always indicate a defect. Checking operational charging To check whether the battery charges properly during operation, use a discharged battery pack or a battery pack that has less than 50% of the total power remaining when installed in the computer. Perform operational charging. If the battery status indicator or icon does not turn on, remove the battery pack and let it return to room temperature. Reinstall the battery pack. If the charge indicator or icon still does not turn on, replace the battery pack. If the charge indicator still does not turn on, replace the system board. Then reinstall the battery pack. If it is still not charged, go to the next section. Checking the battery pack Battery charging does not start until the Power Meter shows that less than 95% of the total power remains; under this condition the battery pack can charge to 100% of its capacity. This protects the battery pack from being overcharged or from having a shortened life. To check the status of your battery, move your cursor to the Power Meter icon in the icon tray of the Windows taskbar and wait for a moment (but do not click), and the percentage of battery power remaining is displayed. To get detailed information about the battery, double-click the Power Meter icon. Note: If the battery pack becomes hot, it may not be able to charge. Remove it from the computer and leave it at room temperature for a while. After it cools down, reinstall and recharge it. To check the battery pack, do the following: 1. Power off the computer. 2. Remove the battery pack and measure the voltage between battery terminals 1 (+) and 5 (−). See the following figure: General descriptions 35

Checkout guide 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Terminal Voltage (V dc) 2 + 0 to + 14.4 6 Ground (−)

3. If the voltage is less than +14.4 V dc, the battery pack has been discharged. Note: Recharging will take at least 3 hours, even if the indicator does not turn on. If the voltage is still less than +14.4 V dc after recharging, replace the battery. 4. If the voltage is more than +14.4 V dc, measure the resistance between battery terminals 4 and 5. The resistance must be 4 to 30 K . If the resistance is not correct, replace the battery pack. If the resistance is correct, replace the system board. Checking the backup battery Do the following: 1. Power off the computer, and unplug the ac adapter from it. 2. Turn the computer upside down. 3. Remove the battery pack (see “1010 Battery pack” on page 60). 4. Remove the backup battery (see “1140 Backup battery” on page 82). 5. Measure the voltage of the backup battery. See the following figure. Red (+) Wire Voltage (V dc) Red +2.5 to +3.2

Black (-) Black Ground

v If the voltage is correct, replace the system board. v If the voltage is not correct, replace the backup battery. v If the backup battery discharges quickly after replacement, replace the system board. 36 ThinkPad® X60, X60s, X61, and X61s ThinkPad X60, X60s, X61, and X61s

Product overview . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 Status indicators for X60, X60s, X61, and X61s . . 41 FRU tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Fn key combinations . . . . . . . . . . 45 Symptom-to-FRU index . . . . . . . . . . 47 Numeric error codes . . . . . . . . . . 47 Error messages . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 Beep symptoms . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 No-beep symptoms . . . . . . . . . . . 53 LCD-related symptoms . . . . . . . . . 54 Intermittent problems . . . . . . . . . . 55 Undetermined problems . . . . . . . . . 55 FRU replacement notices . . . . . . . . . . 56 Screw notices . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Retaining serial numbers . . . . . . . . . 56 Restoring the serial number of the system unit 57 Retaining the UUID . . . . . . . . . 57 Reading or writing the ECA information . . 57 Removing and replacing a FRU. . . . . . . . 59 1010 Battery pack . . . . . . . . . . . 60 1020 Hard disk drive (2.5-inch) and HDD rubber rails . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 1030 DIMM cover . . . . . . . . . . . 63 1040 DIMM . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 1050 Keyboard . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 1060 Upper case . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 1070 Fingerprint reader . . . . . . . . . 72 1080 Hard disk (1.8-inch) . . . . . . . . . 73 1090 Hard disk housing (1.8-inch) . . . . . . 74 1100 Wireless WAN PCI Express Mini card . . . 75 1110 Intel Turbo Memory card . . . . . . . 77 1120 Wireless LAN PCI Express Mini card . . . 78 1130 MDC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 1140 Backup battery . . . . . . . . . . 82 1150 Second Fan . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 1160 Speaker . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84 1170 DC-in and RJ-11 connectors . . . . . . 85 1180 LCD assembly. . . . . . . . . . . 86 1190 Hard disk sub-card . . . . . . . . . 92 1200 System board and lower case assembly with label. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 1210 Fansink . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96 2010 LCD bezel . . . . . . . . . . . . 97 2020 Inverter card . . . . . . . . . . . 100 2030 Bluetooth daughter card . . . . . . . 101 2040 LCD . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102 2050 Wireless WAN retractable antenna . . . 105 2060 Wireless WAN antenna cable (SPWG) . . 106 2070 Wireless LAN antenna cables (SPWG) . . 107 2080 Hinges . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 2090 Wireless LAN antenna cables (TMD) . . . 113 2100 Wireless WAN antenna cable (TMD) . . . 115 2110 LCD panel and LCD cable . . . . . . 117 Locations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119 Front view for ThinkPad X60, X60s, X61, and X61s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119 Rear view for ThinkPad X60, X60s, X61, and X61s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120 Bottom view for ThinkPad X60, X60s, X61, and X61s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121 Rear View for ThinkPad X6 UltraBase . . . . 122 Bottom View for ThinkPad X6 UltraBase . . . 122 Parts list . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123 Overall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123 LCD FRUs . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196 12.1-in. XGA TFT . . . . . . . . . . 196 Keyboard. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 216 Recovery discs . . . . . . . . . . . . 218 For Windows XP Professional SP2 CDs . . . 218 For Windows XP Home Edition CDs . . . 223 For Windows Vista Business (32 bit) DVDs 224 For Windows Vista Business (64 bit) DVDs 227 For Windows Vista Home Basic (32 bit) DVDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228 For Windows Vista Ultimate (32 bit) DVDs 229 Miscellaneous parts . . . . . . . . . . 230 AC adapters. . . . . . . . . . . . . 231 Common parts list. . . . . . . . . . . 232 Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 232 Power cords . . . . . . . . . . . . 232 Notices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 234 Trademarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 235

© Copyright Lenovo 2007, 2008 37 Product overview Product overview This section presents the following product-unique information: v “Specifications” v “Status indicators for X60, X60s, X61, and X61s” on page 41 v “FRU tests” on page 43 v “Fn key combinations” on page 45 Specifications Feature Description Processor v Intel® Core™ 2 Duo processor T8300, Standard Voltage (2.40 GHz, 800 MHz FSB, 3 MB L2 cache) v Intel Core 2 Duo processor T8100, Standard Voltage (2.10 GHz, 800 MHz FSB, 3 MB L2 cache) v Intel Core 2 Duo processor T7500, Standard Voltage (2.20 GHz, 800 MHz FSB, 4 MB L2 cache) v Intel Core 2 Duo processor T7300, Standard Voltage (2.00 GHz, 800 MHz FSB, 4 MB L2 cache) v Intel Core 2 Duo processor T7250, Standard Voltage (2.00 GHz, 800 MHz FSB, 2 MB L2 cache) v Intel Core 2 Duo processor T7100, Standard Voltage (1.80 GHz, 800 MHz FSB, 2 MB L2 cache) v Intel Core 2 Duo processor T7200, Standard Voltage (2.00 GHz, 667 MHz FSB, 4 MB L2 cache) v Intel Core 2 Duo processor T5600, Standard Voltage (1.83 GHz, 667 MHz FSB, 2 MB L2 cache) v Intel Core 2 Duo processor T5500, Standard Voltage (1.66 GHz, 667 MHz FSB, 2 MB L2 cache) v Intel Core Duo processor T2500, Standard Voltage (2.00 GHz, 667 MHz FSB, 2 MB L2 cache) v Intel Core Duo processor T2400, Standard Voltage (1.83 GHz, 667 MHz FSB, 2 MB L2 cache) v Intel Core Duo processor T2300, Standard Voltage (1.66 GHz, 667 MHz FSB, 2 MB L2 cache) v Intel Core Duo processor T2300E, Standard Voltage (1.66 GHz, 667 MHz FSB, 2 MB L2 cache) v Intel Core Solo processor T1300, Standard Voltage (1.66 GHz, 667 MHz FSB, 2 MB L2 cache) v Intel Core 2 Duo processor L7700, Low Voltage (1.80 GHz, 800 MHz FSB, 4 MB L2 cache) v Intel Core 2 Duo processor L7500, Low Voltage (1.60 GHz, 800 MHz FSB, 4 MB L2 cache) v Intel Core 2 Duo processor L7300, Low Voltage (1.40 GHz, 800 MHz FSB, 4 MB L2 cache) v Intel Core 2 Duo processor L7400, Low Voltage (1.50 GHz, 667 MHz FSB, 4 MB L2 cache) (continued) 38 ThinkPad® X60, X60s, X61, and X61s Product overview Feature Description Processor (continued) v Intel Core Duo processor L2400, Low Voltage (1.66 GHz, 667 MHz FSB, 2 MB L2 cache) v Intel Core Duo processor L2300, Low Voltage (1.50 GHz, 667 MHz FSB, 2 MB L2 cache) v Intel Core Solo processor U1400, Ultra Low Voltage (1.20 GHz, 533 MHz FSB, 2 MB L2 cache) v Intel Core Solo processor U1300, Ultra Low Voltage (1.06 GHz, 533 MHz FSB, 2 MB L2 cache)

Memory (standard and optional) v 256-MB DDR2-667 SDRAM SO-DIMM (PC2-5300) card v 512-MB DDR2-667 SDRAM SO-DIMM (PC2-5300) card v 1-GB DDR2-667 SDRAM SO-DIMM (PC2-5300) card v 2-GB DDR2-667 SDRAM SO-DIMM (PC2-5300) card v 2-GB DDR2-533 SDRAM SO-DIMM (PC2-4200) card

Bus architecture v HUB link v PCI bus v LPC bus Video v Graphics chip: Intel 945GM v Total video memory: UMA, 128MB max CMOS RAM v 242 bytes Hard disk drive v 30.0 GB, 1.8-inch, PATA interface v 40.0 GB, 1.8-inch, PATA interface v 60.0 GB, 1.8-inch, PATA interface v 40.0 GB, 2.5-inch, SATA interface v 60.0 GB, 2.5-inch, SATA interface v 80.0 GB, 2.5-inch, SATA interface v 100.0 GB, 2.5-inch, SATA interface v 120.0 GB, 2.5-inch, SATA interface v 160.0 GB, 2.5-inch, SATA interface v 200.0 GB, 2.5-inch, SATA interface Display v 12.1-inch, 16M colors, super wide viewing angle XGA (1024 ⋅ 768 resolution) TFT color LCD I/O port (system) v External monitor connector v RJ11 connector v RJ45 connector v Stereo headphone jack v Monaural microphone jack v Universal serial bus (USB) connector × 3 v PCMCIA CardBus v Infrared port Note: The infrared port is not available on the ThinkPad X61 and X61s computer. v Docking connector v DC-in v IEEE 1394 connector v Bluetooth antenna (Bluetooth models only) (continued) ThinkPad X60, X60s, X61, and X61s 39 Product overview Feature Description

I/O port (ThinkPad X6 UltraBase) v External monitor connector v RJ11 connector v RJ45 connector v Parallel connector v Serial connector v Universal serial bus (USB) connector × 4 v DC-in v Stereo speakers v Monaural microphone jack v Stereo headphone jack

Internal modem v 56.6 Kbps Audio v Internal monaural speaker v Software control volume Infrared transfer v IrDA 1.1 Note: The infrared port is not available on the ThinkPad X61 and X61s computer. PCI Express Mini Card v 802.11a/b/g (Wireless LAN) v 802.11b/g (Wireless LAN) v Wireless WAN v 802.11n (Wireless LAN) PC card v One Type-II SD card v With I/O support Ultrabay device UltraBay Slim (supported by ThinkPad X6 UltraBase)

Modem daughter card (MDC) v ThinkPad Modem (MDC-1.5)

AC adapter v 65-watt type Diskette drive (external) v USB diskette drive Battery pack (main) v 1 parallel of 4 series of cells (1P4S) Li-Ion battery pack (2.0 AH) (Prismatic) v 1 parallel of 4 series of cells (1P4S) Li-Ion battery pack (2.6 AH) (Standard) v 2 parallel of 4 series of cells (2P4S) Li-Ion battery pack (5.2 AH) (Hybrid) Note: The prismatic battery is only for ThinkPad X60s and X61s computer. The standard and hybrid batteries require a spacer when used with ThinkPad X60s and X61s computer.

Preinstalled operating system 40 ThinkPad® X60, X60s, X61, and X61s v Windows XP Professional v Windows XP Home Edition v Windows Vista™ Business (32 bit) v Windows Vista Business (64 bit) v Windows Vista Home Basic (32 bit) v Windows Vista Ultimate (32 bit)

Product overview Status indicators for X60, X60s, X61, and X61s The system status indicators show the status of the computer, as follows: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8 9 10 ThinkPad X60, X60s, X61, and X61s 41

Product overview Indicator Meaning

1 Wireless LAN status 2 Bluetooth status R 3 Wireless WAN status Green: Wireless is operational and radio on state. This indicator is on when the data is transmitted. Green: The Bluetooth is operational. This indicator is on when the Bluetooth is on and not in suspend mode. Green: Wireless is operational and radio on state. This indicator is on when the data is transmitted.

4 Num lock Green: The numeric keypad on the keyboard is enabled. To enable or disable the keypad, press and hold the Shift key, and press the NumLk (ScrLk) key. 5 Caps lock Green: Caps Lock mode is enabled. To enable or disable Caps Lock mode, press the Caps Lock key. 6 Drive in use Green: Data is being read from or written to the hard disk drive, or the drive in the Ultrabay device. When this indicator is on, do not put the computer into standby mode or turn off the computer. Note: Do not move the system while the Green drive in use light is on. Sudden physical shock could cause drive errors. 7 Power on Green: The computer is on and ready to use. This indicator stays lit whenever the computer is on and is not in standby mode. 8 Battery status Green: The battery is in use and has enough power. The ac adapter has charged the battery completely. Blinking green: The battery is being charged, but still has enough power to operate. (At regular intervals, the indicator light turns off briefly.) Orange: The battery is being charged, but the battery power is still low. Blinking orange: The battery needs to be charged. When the indicator starts blinking orange, the computer beeps three times.

9 AC power status Green: The ac adapter is connected and the computer is operating on ac power. If a battery is installed in the computer, it is charged when this indicator is green.

10 Standby status Green: The computer is in standby mode. Blinking green: The computer is entering standby mode or hibernation mode, or is resuming normal operation. 42 ThinkPad® X60, X60s, X61, and X61s Product overview FRU tests The following table shows the test for each FRU. FRU Applicable test System board 1. Diagnostics --> CPU/Coprocessor 2. Diagnostics --> Systemboard 3. If the docking station or the port replicator is attached to the ThinkPad computer, undock it. Place the computer on a horizontal surface, and run Diagnostics --> ThinkPad Devices --> HDD Active Protection Test. Note: Do not apply any physical shock to the computer while the test is running. Power Diagnostics --> ThinkPad Devices --> AC Adapter, Battery 1 (Battery 2) LCD unit 1. Diagnostics --> Video Adapter 2. Interactive Tests --> Video Modem, MDC1.5 1. Make sure the modem is set up correctly. 2. Replace the modem jack and the modem card in turn, and run the following test in Diagnostics --> Communication: a. Conexant Smart Modem Interrupt b. Conexant Smart Modem Dialtone Audio Enter the BIOS Setup Utility and change Serial ATA (SATA) setting to Compatibility, and run Diagnostics --> Other Devices --> Analog Devices HDA CODEC Test Speaker Interactive Tests --> Internal Speaker Note: (For X61/X61s only) Once Modem/Audio test is done, if no sound is heard in this test, turn the computer off and on. Then, run this test again. PC Card slot Diagnostics --> Systemboard --> PCMCIA Keyboard 1. Diagnostics --> Systemboard --> Keyboard 2. Interactive Tests --> Keyboard

TrackPoint or pointing device (continued) If the TrackPoint does not work, check the configuration as specified in the BIOS Setup Utility. If the TrackPoint is disabled, select Enable to enable it. After you use the TrackPoint, the pointer may drift on the screen for a short time. This drift can occur when a slight, steady pressure is applied to the TrackPointing Stick. This symptom is not a hardware problem. If the pointer stops after a short time, no service action is necessary. If enabling the TrackPoint does not correct the problem, continue with the following: v Interactive Tests --> Mouse ThinkPad X60, X60s, X61, and X61s 43

Product overview FRU Applicable test Hard disk drive Enter the BIOS Setup Utility and change Serial ATA (SATA) setting to Compatibility, then run Diagnostics --> Fixed Disks Diskette drive 1. Diagnostics --> Diskette Drives 2. Interactive Tests --> Diskette

CD-ROM or DVD drive 1. Diagnostics --> Other Devices --> Optical Drive 2. Interactive Tests --> Optical Drive Test

Memory 1. If two DIMMs are installed, remove one of them and run Diagnostics --> Memory Test - Quick. 2. If the problem does not recur, return the DIMM to its place, remove the other one, and run the test again. 3. If the test does not detect the error, run Diagnostics --> Memory Test - Full. Note: The maximum supported memory size is 3GB. Fan 1. Turn on the computer and check the air turbulence at the louver near the power switch. 2. Run Diagnostics --> ThinkPad Devices --> Fan. 44 ThinkPad® X60, X60s, X61, and X61s

Fn key combinations Product overview

The following table shows the function of each combination of Fn with a function key. Key combination Description Fn+F1 Reserved. Fn+F2 Reserved. Fn+F3 Standby mode Turn off the LCD display, leaving the screen blank. Hard disk drive spindown while CPU still works. To turn the LCD display on again, press any key or the TrackPoint stick. Fn+F4 Sleep mode This function causes the system to enter a low power sleep state. The unit may remain in the Sleep state for an extended time. For ACPI systems the OS will determine which state the system will enter by user setting on the control panel. Fn+F5 Wireless radio on/off switching Enable or disable the built-in wireless networking features (the IEEE 802.11 standard and wireless WAN if available), and the Bluetooth features. If this combination of keys are pressed, a list of wireless features is displayed in the Wireless Radio Control window. The user can quickly change the power state of each feature in the list. Fn+F6 Reserved. Fn+F7 Switch a display output location v External monitor (CRT display) v Computer display and external monitor (LCD + CRT display) v Computer display (LCD) Note: For any operating system other than Windows 2000 or Windows XP, no additional procedure is needed; just press Fn+F7. Note: 1. This function does not work when different desktop images are displayed on the computer display and the external monitor (the Extend desktop function). 2. This function does not work while a DVD movie or a video clip is playing. 3. For Windows 2000 or Windows XP, a hotkey application might take over the switching function. (continued) ThinkPad X60, X60s, X61, and X61s 45 Product overview Key combination Description Fn+F8 Mouse Property Opens the window for setting up mouse properties. Tabs for the following choices are displayed: v Buttons: User can make decisions on button configuration, double-click speed, and click lock function. v Pointers: User is able to customize pointer’s graphic appearance. v Pointer Options: User can select pointer’s motion and visibility. v Hardware: User is able to view the hardware device property of the mouse. v TrackPoint: User is able to select and set TrackPoint Stick speed, Scrolling or Magnifying Glass function. Note: This function is supported only in Windows XP and Windows 2000. Fn+F9 Issue device ejection Opens the ThinkPad EasyEject Utility screen. Buttons for the following choices are displayed: v Run EasyEject Actions: User can select, stop, and remove external devices connected to the ThinkPad computer. v Configure EasyEject Actions: User can open the ThinkPad EasyEject Utility main window. v Fn+F9 Settings: User can configure the settings for the Fn+F9 function. Note: This function is supported only in Windows XP and Windows 2000. Fn+F10 Reserved. Fn+F11 Reserved. Fn+F12 Hibernation Turn hibernation mode on. To return to normal operation, press the power button for less than four seconds. Note: To use Fn+F12 for hibernation in Windows XP and Windows 2000, the PM device driver must have been installed on the computer. Fn+Home LCD brightness up The LCD becomes brighter. Fn+End LCD brightness down The LCD becomes less bright. Fn+Spacebar FullScreen magnifier Enable the FullScreen Magnifier function. 46 ThinkPad® X60, X60s, X61, and X61s

Symptom-to-FRU index Symptom-to-FRU index

The symptom-to-FRU index in this section lists symptoms and errors and their possible causes. The most likely cause is listed first, in boldface type. Note: Do the FRU replacement or other actions in the sequence shown in the column headed “FRU or action, in sequence.” If replacing a FRU does not solve the problem, put the original part back in the computer. Do not replace a nondefective FRU. This index can also help you determine, during regular servicing, what FRUs are likely to need to be replaced next. A numeric error is displayed for each error detected in POST or system operation. In the displays, n can be any number. If no numeric code is displayed, check the narrative descriptions of symptoms. If the symptom is not described there, go to “Intermittent problems” on page 55. Note For a device not supported by diagnostic codes in the ThinkPad notebook computers, see the manual for that device. Numeric error codes Symptom or error FRU or action, in sequence

0175 Bad CRC1, stop POST task—The EEPROM checksum is not correct. 0176 System Security—The system has been tampered with. 0177 Bad SVP data, stop POST task—The checksum of the supervisor password in the EEPROM is not correct. 0182 Bad CRC2. Enter BIOS Setup and load Setup defaults.—The checksum of the CRS2 setting in the EEPROM is not correct. 0185 Bad startup sequence settings. Enter BIOS Setup and load Setup defaults. 0187 EAIA data access error—The access to EEPROM is failed. 0188 Invalid RFID Serialization Information Area. 0189 Invalid RFID configuration information area—The EEPROM checksum is not correct. System board. 1. Run BIOS Setup Utility, and save the current setting by pressing F10. 2. System board. System board. 1. Run BIOS Setup Utility. Press F9, and Enter to load the default setting. Then save the current setting by pressing F10. 2. System board. 1. Run BIOS Setup Utility. Press F9, and Enter to load the default setting. Then save the current setting by pressing F10. System board. System board. System board. ThinkPad X60, X60s, X61, and X61s 47

Symptom-to-FRU index Symptom or error FRU or action, in sequence

0190 Critical low-battery error 0191 System Security—Invalid Remote Change requested. 0192 System Security— Embedded Security hardware tamper detected. 0199 System Security— Security password retry count exceeded. 01C8 Two or more modem devices are found. Remove all but one of them. Press <Esc> to continue. 01C9 More than one Ethernet devices are found. Remove one of them. Press <Esc> to continue. 01CA More than one Wireless LAN devices are found. Remove one of them. 0200 Hard disk error—The hard disk is not working. 021x Keyboard error. 0220 Monitor type error—Monitor type does not match the one specified in CMOS. 0230 Shadow RAM error—Shadow RAM fails at offset nnnn. 0231 System RAM error—System RAM fails at offset nnnn. 0232 Extended RAM error— Extended RAM fails at offset nnnn. 0250 System battery error—System battery is dead. 0251 System CMOS checksum bad— Default configuration used. 48 ThinkPad® X60, X60s, X61, and X61s 1. Charge the battery pack. 2. Battery pack. 1. Run BIOS Setup Utility, and then save current setting by pressing F10. 2. System board. System board. 1. Run BIOS Setup Utility, and then save the current setting by pressing F10. 2. System board. 1. Remove either a Mini-PCI Card or a modem daughter card. Otherwise, press Esc to ignore the warning message. 2. System board. 1. Remove the Ethernet device that you installed; or press Esc to ignore the warning message. 2. System board. 1. Remove the wireless LAN device that you installed. 2. System board. 1. Reseat the hard disk drive. 2. Load Setup Defaults in BIOS Setup Utility. 3. Hard disk drive. 4. System board. Run interactive tests of the keyboard and the auxiliary input device. Load Setup Defaults in BIOS Setup Utility. System board. 1. DIMM. 2. System board. 1. DIMM. 2. System board. 1. Charge the backup battery for more than 8 hours by connecting the ac adapter. 2. Replace the backup battery and run BIOS Setup Utility to reset the time and date. 1. Charge the backup battery for more than 8 hours by connecting the ac adapter. 2. Replace the backup battery and run BIOS Setup Utility to reset the time and date.

Symptom-to-FRU index Symptom or error FRU or action, in sequence

0252 Password checksum bad—The password is cleared. 0260 System timer error. 0270 Real-time clock error. 0271 Date and time error—Neither the date nor the time is set in the computer. 0280 Previous boot incomplete— Default configuration used. 02B2 Incorrect drive A type. 02F0 CPU ID:xx Failed. 02F4 EISA CMOS not writable. 02F5 DMA test failed. 02F6 Software NMI failed 02F7 Fail-safe timer NMI failed 1801 Attached docking station is not supported 1802 Unauthorized network card is plugged in—Turn off and remove the miniPCI network card. 1803 Unauthorized daughter card is plugged in—Turn off and remove the daughter card. 1804 Unauthorized WAN card is plugged in—Power off and remove the WAN card. Reset the password by running BIOS Setup Utility. 1. Charge the backup battery for more than 8 hours by connecting the ac adapter. 2. Replace the backup battery and run BIOS Setup Utility to reset the time and date. 3. System board. 1. Charge the backup battery for more than 8 hours by connecting the ac adapter. 2. Replace the backup battery and run BIOS Setup Utility to reset the time and date. 3. System board. Run BIOS Setup Utility to reset the time and date. 1. Load “Setup Default” in BIOS Setup Utility. 2. DIMM. 3. System board. 1. Diskette drive. 2. External FDD cable. 3. I/O card. 1. CPU. 2. System board. 1. Load Setup Defaults in BIOS Setup Utility. 2. Replace the backup battery. 3. System board. 1. DIMM. 2. System board. 1. DIMM. 2. System board. 1. DIMM. 2. System board. Shut down the computer and remove it from the docking station. 1. Remove Mini PCI network card. 2. System board. 1. Remove the daughter card that you installed. 2. System board. 1. Remove the WAN card that you installed. 2. System board. ThinkPad X60, X60s, X61, and X61s 49

Symptom-to-FRU index Symptom or error FRU or action, in sequence

1805 Unauthorized Wireless USB card is plugged in—Power off and remove the Wireless USB card. 1810 Hard disk partition layout error. 1820 More than one external fingerprint reader is attached. Power off and remove all but the reader that you set up within your main operating system. 1830 Invalid memory configuration—Power off and install a memory module to Slot-0 or the lower slot. 2000 Hard Drive Active Protection sensor diagnostics failed. Press <Esc> to continue. Press <F1> to enter SETUP 50 ThinkPad® X60, X60s, X61, and X61s 1. Remove the Wireless USB card that you installed. 2. System board. 1. If the Access Predesktop Area has been previously disabled, then go to the BIOS Setup Utility by pressing F1 to open the BIOS Setup Utility. Select Security --> Predesktop Area --> Access Predesktop Area. Set this item to Disabled. Save and exit. 2. If the Access Predesktop Area has not been previously disabled, press Enter to load Access Predesktop Area. Then run RECOVER TO FACTORY CONTENTS in Access Predesktop Area. 3. If item 2 failed, press F3 in the Welcome screen in RECOVER TO FACTORY CONTENTS. Run FDISK, and then delete all partitions. Run RECOVER TO FACTORY CONTENTS in Access Predesktop Area again. 4. If item 3 failed, select CD-ROM boot in Startup in Access Predesktop Area. Boot from the Recovery CD and perform full recovery from it. 5. If item 4 failed, replace the hard disk drive. Remove all but the reader that you set up for the authentication. Install DIMM in Slot-0, but not in Slot-1. Note: For the construction of the DIMM slot, see“1040 DIMM” on page 64. 1. Undock docking station or port replicator if it is attached to the ThinkPad computer, and place the computer on a horizontal surface. Do not apply any physical shock to the computer. 2. Run Diagnostics --> ThinkPad Devices --> HDD Active Protection Test.

Symptom-to-FRU index Symptom or error FRU or action, in sequence

2010 Warning: Your internal hard disk drive (HDD) may not function correctly on this system. Ensure that your HDD is supported on this system and that the latest HDD firmware is installed. 2100 Initialization error on HDD0 (Main hard disk drive) 2102 Initialization error on HDD1 (Ultrabay hard disk drive) 2110 Read error on HDD0 (Main hard disk drive) 2112 Read error on HDD1 (Ultrabay hard disk drive) Error messages Inform the following information to the customer: If in the primary bay the customer is using a non-IBM or non-Lenovo hard disk drive (HDD), or an old generation IBM HDD which is not supported by this system, with the risk in mind, the customer can still use it by pressing ESC. If in the primary drive bay the customer is using a supported IBM/Lenovo HDD with an old firmware, the customer needs to update its firmware to the latest. The latest version is available at lenovo.com/support 1. Reseat the hard disk drive. 2. Main hard disk drive. 3. System board. 1. Reseat the hard disk drive. 2. Ultrabay hard disk drive. 3. System board. 1. Reseat the hard disk drive. 2. Main hard disk drive. 3. System board. 1. Reseat the hard disk drive. 2. Ultrabay hard disk drive. 3. System board.

Symptom or error FRU or action, in sequence Device address conflict. 1. Load “Setup Defaults” in the BIOS Setup Utility. 2. Backup battery. 3. System board. Allocation error for device. 1. Load “Setup Defaults” in the BIOS Setup Utility. 2. Backup battery. 3. System board. Failing bits: nnnn. 1. DIMM. 2. System board. Invalid system configuration data. 1. DIMM. 2. System board. I/O device IRQ conflict. 1. Load “Setup Defaults” in the BIOS Setup Utility. 2. Backup battery. 3. System board. Hibernation error. 1. Restore the system configuration to what it was before the computer entered hibernation mode. 2. If memory size has been changed, re-create the hibernation file. ThinkPad X60, X60s, X61, and X61s 51 Symptom-to-FRU index Symptom or error FRU or action, in sequence Fan error. 1. Fan. 2. Thermal grease. 3. System board. Thermal sensing error. System board. Cannot boot from any device. Check the status of device which you want to boot from. Device not found. 1. The device you want to boot from. 2. System board. Device Error. 1. The device you want to boot from. 2. System board. No valid operating system. 1. Check that the operating system has no failure and is installed correctly. 2. Reinstall the operation system. Excluded from boot order. v Enter the BIOS Setup Utility and add the device in boot order. 52 ThinkPad® X60, X60s, X61, and X61s

Beep symptoms Symptom-to-FRU index

Symptom or error FRU or action, in sequence

One beep and a blank, unreadable, or flashing LCD. One long and two short beeps, and a blank or unreadable LCD. 1. Reseat the LCD connector. 2. LCD assembly. 3. External CRT. 4. System board. 1. System board. 2. LCD assembly. 3. DIMM.

Two short beeps with error codes. POST error. See “Numeric error codes” on page 47. Two short beeps and a blank screen. 1. System board. 2. DIMM.

Three short beeps, pause, three more short beeps, and one short beep. One short beep, pause, three short beeps, pause, three more short beeps, and one short beep. 1. DIMM. 2. System board

Only the cursor appears. Reinstall the operating system.

Four cycles of four short beeps and a blank screen. System board (security chip)

Five short beeps and a blank screen. System board No-beep symptoms Symptom or error FRU or action, in sequence

No beep, power-on indicator on, LCD blank, and no POST. No beep, power-on indicator on, and LCD 1. Make sure that every connector is connected tightly and correctly. 2. DIMM. 3. System board.

blank during POST.1. Reseat DIMM. 2. System board. The power-on password prompt appears. A power-on password or a supervisor password is set. Type the password and press Enter. The hard-disk password prompt appears. A hard-disk password is set. Type the password and press Enter. ThinkPad X60, X60s, X61, and X61s 53 Symptom-to-FRU index LCD-related symptoms Important: The TFT LCD for the notebook computer contains many thin-film transistors (TFTs). The presence of a small number of dots that are missing, discolored, or always lighted is characteristic of TFT LCD technology, but excessive pixel problems can cause viewing concerns. The LCD should be replaced if the number of missing, discolored, or lighted dots in any background is as follows: Minimum quantity of defective pixels required for LCD replacement on June 2006 or later manufactured ThinkPad LCD resolution Bright dots Dark dots Bright and dark dots XGA, WXGA 5 6 6

WXGA+, SXGA+, WSXGA+ UXGA, WUXGA, QXGA Notes: 5 8 10 5 13 13

1. Lenovo will not provide replacement if the LCD is within specification as we cannot guarantee that any replacement LCD will have zero pixel defects. 2. A bright dot means a pixel is always on (white or color.) 3. A dark dot means a pixel is always off (black color.) 4. One pixel consists of R, G, B sub-pixels. Symptom or error FRU or action, in sequence

No beep, power-on indicator on, and a blank LCD during POST. v LCD backlight not working. v LCD too dark. v LCD brightness cannot be adjusted. v LCD contrast cannot be adjusted. v LCD screen unreadable. v Characters missing pixels. v Screen abnormal. v Wrong color displayed. Horizontal or vertical lines displayed on LCD. 54 ThinkPad® X60, X60s, X61, and X61s System board. 1. Reseat the LCD connectors. 2. LCD assembly. 3. System board. 1. See important note for “LCD-related symptoms.” 2. Reseat all LCD connectors. 3. LCD assembly. 4. System board. LCD assembly.

Intermittent problems Symptom-to-FRU index

Intermittent system hang problems can be due to a variety of causes that have nothing to do with a hardware defect, such as cosmic radiation, electrostatic discharge, or software errors. FRU replacement should be considered only when a problem recurs. When analyzing an intermittent problem, do the following: 1. Run the diagnostic test for the system board in loop mode at least 10 times. 2. If no error is detected, do not replace any FRUs. 3. If any error is detected, replace the FRU shown by the FRU code. Rerun the test to verify that no more errors exist. Undetermined problems If the diagnostic tests did not identify the adapter or device that has failed, if wrong devices are installed, or if the system simply is not operating, follow these procedures to isolate the failing FRU (do not isolate FRUs that have no defects). Verify that all attached devices are supported by the computer. Verify that the power supply being used at the time of the failure is operating correctly. (See “Power system checkout” on page 34.) 1. Turn off the computer. 2. Visually check each FRU for damage. Replace any damaged FRU. 3. Remove or disconnect all of the following devices: a. Non-ThinkPad devices b. Devices attached to the port replicator c. Printer, mouse, and other external devices d. Battery pack e. Hard disk drive f. External diskette drive or optical drive g. DIMM h. Optical disk or diskette in the internal drive i. PC Cards 4. Turn on the computer. 5. Determine whether the problem has been solved. 6. If the problem does not recur, reconnect the removed devices one at a time until you find the failing FRU. 7. If the problem remains, replace the following FRUs one at a time (do not replace a nondefective FRU): a. System board b. LCD assembly ThinkPad X60, X60s, X61, and X61s 55 FRU replacement notices FRU replacement notices This section contains notices related to removing and replacing parts. Read this section carefully before replacing any FRU. Screw notices Loose screws can cause a reliability problem. In the ThinkPad computer, this problem is addressed with special nylon-coated screws that have the following characteristics: v They maintain tight connections. v They do not easily come loose, even with shock or vibration. v They are harder to tighten. v Each one should be used only once. Do the following when you service this machine: v Keep the screw kit (for the P/N, see “Miscellaneous parts” on page 230) in your tool bag. v Always use new screws. v Use a torque screwdriver if you have one. Tighten screws as follows: v Plastic to plastic Turn an additional 90 degrees after the screw head touches the surface of the plastic part: 90 degrees more (Cross-section) v Logic card to plastic Turn an additional 180 degrees after the screw head touches the surface of the logic card: 180 degrees more (Cross-section) v Torque driver If you have a torque driver, refer to the “Torque” column for each step. v Make sure that you use the correct screw. If you have a torque screwdriver, tighten all screws firmly to the torque shown in the table. Never use a screw that you removed. Use a new one. Make sure that all of the screws are tightened firmly. v Ensure torque screwdrivers are calibrated correctly following country specifications. Retaining serial numbers This section includes the following descriptions: v “Restoring the serial number of the system unit” on page 57 56 ThinkPad® X60, X60s, X61, and X61s

v “Retaining the UUID” v “Reading or writing the ECA information” FRU replacement notices

Restoring the serial number of the system unit When the computer was manufactured, the EEPROM on the system board was loaded with the serial numbers of the system and all major components. These numbers need to remain the same throughout the life of the computer. If you replace the system board, you must restore the serial number of the system unit to its original value. Before replacing the system board, save the original serial number by doing the following: 1. Install the ThinkPad Hardware Maintenance Diskette Version 1.73 or later, and restart the computer. 2. From the main menu, select 1. Set System Identification. 3. Select 2. Read S/N data from EEPROM. The serial number of each device in your computer is displayed; the serial number of the system unit is listed as follows: v 20: Serial number Write down that number. Note: The serial number of the system unit is also written on the label attached to the bottom of the computer. After you have replaced the system board, restore the serial number by doing the following: 1. Install the ThinkPad Hardware Maintenance Diskette Version 1.73 or later and restart the computer. 2. From the main menu, select 1. Set System Identification. 3. Select 1. Add S/N data from EEPROM. Follow the instructions on the screen. Retaining the UUID The Universally Unique Identifier (UUID) is a 128-bit number uniquely assigned to your computer at production and stored in the EEPROM of your system board. The algorithm that generates the number is designed to provide unique IDs until the year A.D. 3400. No two computers in the world have the same number. When you replace the system board, you must set the UUID on the new system board as follows: 1. Install the ThinkPad Hardware Maintenance Diskette Version 1.73 or later, and restart the computer. 2. From the main menu, select 4. Assign UUID. A new UUID is created and written. If a valid UUID already exists, it is not overwritten. Reading or writing the ECA information Information on Engineering Change Announcements (ECA) are stored in the EEPROM of the system board. The electronic storage of this information simplifies the procedure to check if the ECA has been previously applied to a machine. The machine does not need to be disassembled to check for the ECA application. ThinkPad X60, X60s, X61, and X61s 57 FRU replacement notices To check what ECAs have been previously applied to the machine, use the ECA Information Read/Write function on the ThinkPad Hardware Maintenance Diskette Version 1.73 or later. 1. Insert the ThinkPad Hardware Maintenance Diskette Version 1.73 or later, and restart the computer. 2. From the main menu, select 6. Set ECA Information. 3. To read ECA information, select 2. Read ECA/rework number from EEPROM and follow the instruction. 4. To read box build date, select 5. Read box build date from EEPROM, and follow the instruction on the screen. After an ECA has been applied to the machine, the EEPROM must be updated to reflect the ECA's application. Use the ThinkPad Hardware Maintenance Diskette Version 1.73 or later to update the EEPROM. Note: Only the ECA number is stored in the EEPROM. The machine type of the ECA is assumed be the same as the machine type of the machine that had the ECA applied to it. 1. Insert the ThinkPad Hardware Maintenance Diskette Version 1.73 or later, and restart the computer. 2. From the main menu, select 6. Set ECA Information. 3. To write ECA information, select 1. Write ECA/rework number from EEPROM, and follow the instruction. 4. To write box build date, select 4. Write box build date from EEPROM, and follow the instruction on the screen. If the system board is being replaced, try to read the ECA information from the old system board and transfer the information to the new system. If the system board is inoperable, this will not be possible. 58 ThinkPad® X60, X60s, X61, and X61s

Removing and replacing a FRU Removing and replacing a FRU

This section presents directions and drawings for use in removing and replacing a FRU. Be sure to observe the following general rules: 1. Do not try to service any computer unless you have been trained and certified. An untrained person runs the risk of damaging parts. 2. Before replacing any FRU, review “FRU replacement notices” on page 56. 3. Begin by removing any FRUs that have to be removed before the failing FRU. Any such FRUs are listed at the top of the page. Remove them in the order in which they are listed. 4. Follow the correct sequence in the steps for removing the FRU, as given in the drawings by the numbers in square callouts. 5. When turning a screw to replace a FRU, turn it in the direction as given by the arrow in the drawing. 6. When removing the FRU, move it in the direction as given by the arrow in the drawing. 7. To put the new FRU in place, reverse the removal procedure and follow any notes that pertain to replacement. For information about connecting and arranging internal cables, see “Locations” on page 119. 8. When replacing a FRU, use the correct screw as shown in the procedures. DANGER Before removing any FRU, turn off the computer, unplug all power cords from electrical outlets, remove the battery pack, and then disconnect any interconnecting cables. Attention: After replacing a FRU, do not turn on the computer until you have made sure that all screws, springs, and other small parts are in place and none are loose inside the computer. Verify this by shaking the computer gently and listening for rattling sounds. Metallic parts or metal flakes can cause electrical short circuits. Attention: The system board is sensitive to, and can be damaged by, electrostatic discharge. Before touching it, establish personal grounding by touching a ground point with one hand or by using an electrostatic discharge (ESD) strap (P/N 6405959). ThinkPad X60, X60s, X61, and X61s 59 Removing and replacing a FRU 1010 Battery pack DANGER Use only the battery specified in the parts list for your computer. Any other battery could ignite or explode. 1 2 3 60 ThinkPad® X60, X60s, X61, and X61s Removing and replacing a FRU 1020 Hard disk drive (2.5-inch) and HDD rubber rails Note: This procedure is only for models with a 2.5-inch hard disk drive. Attention v Do not drop or apply any shock to the hard disk drive. The hard disk drive is sensitive to physical shock. Incorrect handling can cause damage and permanent loss of data. v Before removing the drive, have the user make a backup copy of all the information on the drive if possible. v Never remove the drive while the system is operating or is in suspend mode. For access, remove following FRU: v “1010 Battery pack” on page 60 2 1 Step Screw (quantity) Color Torque 1 M3 × 3 mm, wafer-head, nylon-coated (1) Black 0.196 Nm (2 kgfcm) 3 ThinkPad X60, X60s, X61, and X61s 61 Removing and replacing a FRU 4 4 When installing: Make sure that the hard disk is connected firmly. 62 ThinkPad® X60, X60s, X61, and X61s

1030 DIMM cover For access, remove following FRU: v “1010 Battery pack” on page 60 Removing and replacing a FRU

Note: Loosen the screws 1 , but do not remove them. 1 1 2 Step Screw (quantity) Color Torque 1 M2 × 3 mm, wafer-head, nylon-coated (2) Black 0.157 Nm (1.6 kgfcm) ThinkPad X60, X60s, X61, and X61s 63 Removing and replacing a FRU 1040 DIMM For access, remove following FRUs, in order: v “1010 Battery pack” on page 60 v “1030 DIMM cover” on page 63 b a 1 2 1 Note: If only one DIMM is used on the computer you are servicing, the card must be installed in SLOT-0 ( a ), but not in SLOT-1 ( b ). 64 ThinkPad® X60, X60s, X61, and X61s

1050 Keyboard For access, remove following FRU: v “1010 Battery pack” on page 60 Removing and replacing a FRU

Remove 4 screws with keyboard icon to remove keyboard. Note: Place the system on a hard flat table when you remove or reinstall the screws. When reinstalling the screw 1a , use a manual screwdriver. Do not secure this screw too tightly. 1 1a 1 1 Step Icon Screw (quantity) Color Torque

1 1a M2 × 6 mm, wafer-head, nylon-coated (4) (continued) Black 0.196 Nm (2 kgfcm) ThinkPad X60, X60s, X61, and X61s 65

Removing and replacing a FRU Gently push the keyboard forward, as shown in step 2 . Then lift up the keyboard slightly, as shown in step 3 . 2 3 3 3 Detach the keyboard connector 4 to remove the keyboard 5 . 4 5 66 ThinkPad® X60, X60s, X61, and X61s

When installing: Follow the steps below. 1. Attach the connector. Removing and replacing a FRU

2. Make sure that the keyboard edges are under the frame. Then press the keys to latch the keyboard firmly in place. ThinkPad X60, X60s, X61, and X61s 67 Removing and replacing a FRU 3. To make sure that the front side of the keyboard is housed firmly, gently press the keys with your thumbs and try to slide the keyboard toward you. 4. Secure the keyboard by tightening the screws from the bottom side of the computer. 68 ThinkPad® X60, X60s, X61, and X61s

1060 Upper case For access, remove following FRUs, in order: v “1010 Battery pack” on page 60 v “1050 Keyboard” on page 65 1 1 1 1 Removing and replacing a FRU 1 1

Step Screw (quantity) Color Torque 1 M2 × 6 mm, wafer-head, nylon-coated (6) Black 0.196 Nm (2 kgfcm) Note: Place the system on a hard flat table when you remove or reinstall the screws. ThinkPad X60, X60s, X61, and X61s 69 Removing and replacing a FRU Note: For models with a fingerprint reader, detach the fingerprint cable 2 . For ThinkPad X60 and X60s computers: 2 For ThinkPad X61 and X61s computers: 2 (continued) 70 ThinkPad® X60, X60s, X61, and X61s

Note: Open the LCD at least 150 degrees. Removing and replacing a FRU

Press down and gently lift upper case up, as shown in steps 3 and 4 , to remove upper case. 3

4 3

When installing: Follow the steps below to make sure that the upper case is installed firmly. 1 2 ThinkPad X60, X60s, X61, and X61s 71 Removing and replacing a FRU 1070 Fingerprint reader Note: This procedure is only for models with a fingerprint reader. For access, remove following FRUs, in order: v “1010 Battery pack” on page 60 v “1050 Keyboard” on page 65 v “1060 Upper case” on page 69 For ThinkPad X60 and X60s computers: 4 1 2 2 3 For ThinkPad X61 and X61s computers: 4

1 2 3 1

Step Screw (quantity) Color Torque 2 M2 × 3.5 mm, wafer-head, nylon-coated (2) Silver 0.196 Nm (2 kgfcm) Note: For ThinkPad X61 and X61s computers with wireless WAN, copper and aluminum shielding are present on the upper case and the fingerprint reader cable. 72 ThinkPad® X60, X60s, X61, and X61s

1080 Hard disk (1.8-inch) Removing and replacing a FRU

Note: This procedure is only for models with a 1.8-inch hard disk drive. Attention v Do not drop or apply any shock to the hard disk drive. The hard disk drive is sensitive to physical shock. Incorrect handling can cause damage and permanent loss of data. v Before removing the drive, have the user make a backup copy of all the information on the drive if possible. v Never remove the drive while the system is operating or is in suspend mode. For access, remove following FRUs, in order: v “1010 Battery pack” on page 60 v “1050 Keyboard” on page 65 v “1060 Upper case” on page 69 1 2 ThinkPad X60, X60s, X61, and X61s 73 Removing and replacing a FRU 1090 Hard disk housing (1.8-inch) Note: This procedure is only for models with a 1.8-inch hard disk drive. For access, remove following FRUs, in order: v “1010 Battery pack” on page 60 v “1050 Keyboard” on page 65 v “1060 Upper case” on page 69 v “1080 Hard disk (1.8-inch)” on page 73 1 2 Step Screw (quantity) Color Torque 1 M2 × 3.5 mm, wafer-head, nylon-coated (2) Silver 0.196 Nm (2 kgfcm) 74 ThinkPad® X60, X60s, X61, and X61s


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