KYORITSU KEW 6016 (01) PDF MANUAL


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PDF Content Summary: INSTRUCTION MANUAL MULTI-FUNCTION TESTER KEW 6016

CONTENTS 1. Safe Testing ............................................................................................................. 1 2. Instruments Layout .................................................................................................. 3 3. Accessories ............................................................................................................. 5 4. Features .................................................................................................................. 6 5. Specification ............................................................................................................ 8 5.1 Measurement Specification .............................................................................. 8 5.2 Operating error ............................................................................................... 11 5.3 General Specification ..................................................................................... 13 5.4 Applied standards ........................................................................................... 14 5.5 List of Display Message ................................................................................. 15 6. Configuration ......................................................................................................... 16 7. Continuity(resistance) tests ................................................................................... 17 7.1 Test procedure ............................................................................................... 17 7.2 2Њ Buzzer ..................................................................................................... 19 8. Insulation tests ...................................................................................................... 20 8.1.1 The nature of insulation resistance ............................................................. 20 8.1.2 Capacitive current ....................................................................................... 20 8.1.3 Conduction current ...................................................................................... 21 8.1.4 Surface leakage current .............................................................................. 21 8.1.5 Total leakage current ................................................................................... 21 8.2 Damage to voltage sensitive equipment ........................................................ 22 8.3 Preparation for measurement ........................................................................ 23 8.4 Insulation resistance measurement ............................................................... 23 9. LOOP/PSC/PFC test ............................................................................................. 26 9.1 Principles of measurement of fault loop impedance and PFC ....................... 26 9.2 Principles of measurement of line impedance and PSC ................................ 31 9.3 Operating instructions for LOOP and PSC/PFC ............................................ 32 9.3.1 Initial Checks ............................................................................................... 32 9.3.2 Measurement of LOOP and PSC/PFC ........................................................ 34 10. RCD tests .............................................................................................................. 37 10.1 Principles of RCD Measurement .................................................................. 37 10.2 Principles of Uc Measurement ..................................................................... 39 10.3 Operating Instructions for RCD .................................................................... 39 10.3.1 Initial Checks ............................................................................................. 39 10.3.2 RCD Measurement ................................................................................... 41 21 Cn12 3

11. Earth tests ............................................................................................................. 43 11.1 Principles of Earth Measurement ................................................................. 43 11.2 Earth resistance Measurement .................................................................... 43 12. Phase Rotation tests ............................................................................................. 45 13. Volts ....................................................................................................................... 46 14. Touch Pad ............................................................................................................. 46 15. Back Light ............................................................................................................. 46 16. Memory Function .................................................................................................. 47 16.1 How to save the data ................................................................................... 47 16.2 Recall the saved data ................................................................................... 49 16.3 Delete the saved data .................................................................................. 50 16.4 Transfer the stored data to PC ..................................................................... 52 17. General ................................................................................................................. 53 18. Battery replacement .............................................................................................. 54 19. Fuse replacement ................................................................................................. 54 20. Servicing ............................................................................................................... 55 21. Case and strap assembly ...................................................................................... 56 The KEW6016 incorporates Anti Trip Technology (ATT) which electronically bypasses RCDs when performing loop impedance tests. This saves time and money by not having to take the RCD out of the circuit during testing and is a safer procedure to follow. With the ATT function enabled , a test of 15mA or less is applied between line & earth. It enables loop impedance measurements without tripping RCDs rated at 30mA and above. Please read this instruction manual carefully before using this equipment. 1. SAFE TESTING Electricity is dangerous and can cause injury and death. Always treat it with the greatest of respect and care. If you are not quite sure how to proceed, stop and take advice from a qualified person. 1 This instrument must only be used by a competent and trained person and operated in strict accordance with the instructions. KYORITSU will not accept liability for any damage or injury caused by misuse or non-compliance with the instructions or with the safety procedures. 2 It is essential to read and to understand the safety rules contained in these instructions. They must always be observed when using the instrument. 3 This instrument is designed to work in distribution systems where the line to earth has a maximum voltage of 300V 50/60Hz and for some ranges where line to line has a maximum voltage of 500V 50/60Hz. Be sure to use it within this rated voltage. For use in the continuity testing and insulation testing modes this instrument must be used ONLY on circuits which are de-energized. 4 When conducting tests do not touch any exposed metalwork associated with the installation. Such metalwork may become live for the duration of the test. 5 Never open the instrument case (except for fuse and battery replacement and in this case disconnect all leads first) because dangerous voltages are present. Only fully trained and competent electrical engineers should open the case. If a fault develops, return the instrument to your distributor for inspection and repair. 6 If the overheat symbol appears in the display disconnect the instrument from the mains supply and allow to cool down. 7 If abnormal conditions of any sort are noted (such as a faulty display, unexpected readings, broken case, cracked test leads, etc) do not use the tester and return it to your distributor for repair. 8 For safety reasons only use accessories (test leads, probes, fuses, cases, etc) designed to be used with this instrument and recommended by KYORITSU. The use of other accessories is prohibited as they are unlikely to have the correct safety features. 9 When testing, always be sure to keep your fingers behind the finger guards on the test leads. 10 During testing it is possible that there may be a momentary degradation of the reading due to the presence of excessive transients or discharges on the electrical system under test. Should this be observed, the test must be repeated to obtain a correct reading. If in doubt, contact your distributor. 1 11 Do not operate the function selector while the instrument is connected to a circuit. If, for example, the instrument has just completed a continuity test and an insulation test is to follow, disconnect the test leads from the circuit before moving the selector switch. 12 Do not rotate rotary switch when test button is depressed. If the function switch is inadvertently moved to a new function when the test button is depressed or in lock- down position the test in progress will be halted. 13 Always check the test lead resistance before carrying out tests. This ensures the leads are ok before taking measurements. The resistance of leads and/or crocodile clips may be significant when measuring low resistances. If crocodile clips can be avoided for low resistance measurements, this will reduce the error due to lead accessories 14 When carrying out Insulation Resistance tests, always release the test button and wait for charged capacitances to totally discharge before removing the test leads from the test circuit. 2

2. INSTRUMENT LAYOUT (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) Name Operation (6) (7)

(1) Back Light Button Switches on/off the Backlight of the Display(LCD) (2) Test Button Starts measurements. (press and rotate for lock down feature) (3) Touch Pad Checks the electrical potential at the PE terminal (4) Power Switch Power Switch (5) Function Switch Function setting (F1 ~ F4) (6) Display (LCD) Dot Matrix LCD 160(W)X240(H) (7) Insulation resistance LED Alerts that the test voltage is being output (8) Rotary Switch Selects measurement functions. (9) MEM (ESC) Button Activates Memory Function, or ESC Key (8) (9) Fig.1 3 Input Terminal Function Terminal (1) (4) Fig.2 (1) (2) (3) Terminal Names for : INSULATION, CONTINUITY LOOP, PFC/PSC, RCD, VOLTS L : Line PE : Protective Earth N : Neutral (for LOOP,PSC/PFC, RCD) (2) Terminal PHASE ROTATION Name for L1 : Line1 L2 : Line2 L3 : Line3 (3) Terminal EARTH Name for H(C) : Terminal for auxiliary earth spike (current) E : Terminal for the earth under test S(P) : Terminal for auxiliary earth spike (potential) (4) Optical Adapter Communication port for Model8212USB 4 3. Accessories 1.Main Test Lead (Model7218A) 2.Remote Test Lead (Model 7196A) 3.Distribution Board fused test lead (Model7188A) (Fuse: 10A/600V fast acting ceramic) 4. Earth Tests Lead(Model7228A) and Auxiliary Earth Spikes 5.Test Lead Carry pouchŋŋŋx1 6.Carrying Bagŋŋŋx1 7.Instruction Manualŋŋŋx1 8.Shoulder Strapŋŋŋx1 9.Buckleŋŋŋx2 10.Batteryŋŋŋx8 11.Model8212USB with PC Software ʠKEW Reportʡ. Red(Line) Green(Protective Earth) Blue(Neutral) Fig.3 Fig.4Blue(Neutral or L3) Fig.5 Fig.6 Red(Line or L1) Green(Protective Earth or L2) Red H(C) 20m Green E 5m Yellow S(P)10m Auxiliary Earth Spikes x2 5 Fig.7 Fig.8 Model8212 USB 4. FEATURES The KEW6016 Multi-Function tester performs eight functions in one instrument. 1 Continuity tester 2 Insulation resistance tester 3 Loop impedance tester 4 Prospective short circuit current tester 5 RCD tester 6 Voltage tester 7 Phase rotation tester 8 Earth tester Continuity function has the following features: Live circuit warning ʠLive Circuitʡ warning on the display. Fuse Protection Continuity Function has a fuse protection function to prevent a fuse blow at live working. With this function, a fuse rarely blow while measuring continuity on live conductors. Continuity Null Allows automatic subtraction of test lead resistance from continuity measurements. Continuity 2Њ Buzzer Buzzer sounds at 2Њ or less at Continuity function. (Switchable on or off) Insulation function has the following features: Live circuit warning ʠLive Circuitʡ warning on the display. Auto discharge Electric charges stored in capacitive circuits are discharged automatically after testing by releasing the test button. Insulation Resistance LED LED lights up while making measurements at Insulation function and alerts that test voltage is being output. 6 Loop impedance, PSC/PFC and RCD testing functions have the following features: Wiring check Three Wiring symbols indicate if the wiring of the circuit under test is correct. Over temperature protection Detects overheating of the internal resistor (used for LOOP and PSC/PFC tests) and of the current control MOS FET (used for RCD tests) displaying a warning symbol and automatically halting further measurements. Phase angle selector The test can be selected from either the positive (0° ) or from the negative (180° ) half cycle of voltage. This selector is used in the RCD mode to obtain the maximum trip time of an RCD for the test selected. UL value selector Select UL (limit of contact voltage) 25V or 50V. Where Uc (contact voltage) exceeds UL value at RCD testing, ʠUc > ULʡ will be displayed without starting the measurement. ALL testing functions have the following Touch Pad Gives an alert, when touching the Touch Pad, while the PE terminal is connected to Line by mistake. Memory Function Save the measured data in the internal memory. The data can be edited on a PC by using Communication Adapter Model8212USB and PC Software ʠKEW Reportʡ. Auto power off Automatically switches the instrument off after a period of approximately 10 minutes. The Auto power off mode can only be cancelled by switching the instrument on again. 7 5. Specification 5.1 Measurement Specification Continuity Open Circuit Voltage (DC) Short Circuit Current Range Accuracy 5V±20%(*1) Greater than 200mA 20/200/2000Њ 0~0.19Њ ±0.1Њ Auto-Ranging 0.2~2000Њ ±(2%rdg+8dgt) 2Њ Buzzer : Buzzer sounds when measured resistance is 2Њ or less. 2Њ Buzzer Accuracy : 2Њ±0.4Њ (*1) Voltages are output when measurement resistance is under 2100 ohm. Insulation Resistance Open Circuit Voltage (DC) Rated Current Range Accuracy 250V+25% -0% 1mA or greater @ 250kЊ 0~19.99MЊ: ±(2%rdg+6dgt) 20~200MЊ: ±(5%rdg+6dgt) 500V+25% -0% 1mA or greater @ 500kЊ 20/200MЊ Auto-Ranging 20/200/2000MЊ Auto-Ranging 0~199.9MЊ: ±(2%rdg+6dgt) 1000V+20% -0% 1mA or greater @ 1MЊ 20/200/2000MЊ 200~2000MЊ: Auto-Ranging ±(5%rdg+6dgt) Loop Impedance Function Voltage Rated Nominal Test Current at 0Њ External Loop: Magnitude/Duration(*2) Range Accuracy L-PE 100~260V 50/60Hz 20Њ: 6A/20ms 200Њ: 2A/20ms 2000Њ: 15mA/500ms 20/200/2000Њ Auto-Ranging ±(3%rdg+4dgt) *3 ±(3%rdg+8dgt) *4 L-PE (ATT) 100~260V 50/60Hz L-N: 6A/60ms N-PE: 10mA/approx. 20/200/2000Њ 5s Auto-Ranging (L-N < 20Њ) ±(3%rdg+6dgt) *3 ±(3%rdg+8dgt) *4 L-N / L-L 50/60Hz L-N:100~300V L-L:300~500V 20Њ: 6A/20ms 20Њ ±(3%rdg+4dgt) *3 ±(3%rdg+8dgt) *4 *2: at 230V *3: 230V+10%-15% *4: voltages except for *3 8 PSC (L-N/L-L) / PFC (L-PE) Function Voltage Rated Nominal Test Current at 0Њ External Loop: Magnitude/Duration(*5) Range Accuracy PSC 100~500V 50/60Hz 6A/20ms 2000A/20kA Auto-Ranging PSC/PFC accuracy is PFC 100~260V 50/60Hz 6A/20ms 2A/20ms 15mA/500ms derived from measured loop impedance specification and PFC (ATT) measured voltage specification 100~260V L-N: 6A/60ms 50/60Hz N-PE: 10mA/approx. 5s *5: at 230V RCD Function Rated Voltage Accuracy Trip Current AC Type A Type Trip Time X1/2 230V+10%-15% 50/60Hz -8%~-2% -10%~0% X1 X5 +2%~+8% +2%~+8% 0%~+10% 0%~+10% ±(1%rdg+3dgt) Ramp(‿) ±4% ± 10% Auto Depending on the accuracy at each function. Measurement sequence: X1/2 0°ɣX1/2 180°ɣX1 0°ɣX1 180°ɣX5 0°ɣX5 180° Measurements with x5 are not carried out for RCDs with nominal current of 100mA or more. RCD(Uc)Function Rated Voltage Range Test Current Accuracy UC 230V+10%-15% 50/60Hz 100.0V ʽ 1/2I᷎n (max150mA) +5% ~ +15%rdg ±8dgt 9 RCD Trip Current Duration Function Type RCD Trip Current Duration 10 30 100 300 500 1000 Trip Current Duration (ms) G AC 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 X1/2 S A 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 n.a AC 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 n.a A 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 n.a X1 G AC A 550 550 550 550 550 550 550 550 550 550 550 n.a S AC A 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 n.a 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 n.a X5 G AC A 410 410 410 n.a n.a n.a 410 410 410 n.a n.a n.a S AC A 410 410 410 n.a n.a n.a 410 410 410 n.a n.a n.a Ramp (‿) G AC Goes up by 10% from 20% to 110% 300ms×10 times n.a A n.a S AC Goes up by 10% from 20% to 110% 500ms×10 times n.a A n.a Earth Measuring Frequency Range Accuracy 825Hz 20/200/2000Њ Auto-Ranging 20Њ range : ±(3%rdg+0.1Њ) 200/2000Њ range : ±(3%rdg+3dgt) (Auxiliary earth resistance 100±5%) PHASE ROTATION Rated Voltage Remarks 50-500V 50/60Hz Correct phase sequence: are displayed ʠ1.2.3ʡ and mark Reversed phase sequence: are displayed ʠ3.2.1ʡ and mark Volts Function Rated voltage Measuring Range Accuracy Volts 25~500V 45~65Hz 25~500V ±(2%rdg+4dgt) Frequency 25~500V 45~65Hz 45~65Hz ±(0.5%rdg+2dgt) 10 Possible number of tests with fresh batteries. Continuity :Approx. 2000 times min. at load 1Њ Insulation Resistance :Approx. 1000 times min. at load 1MЊ (1000V) LOOP/PFC/PSC :Approx. 1000 times min. (ATT) RCD :Approx. 2000 times min. (G-AC X1 30mA) EARTH :Approx. 1000 times min. at load 10Њ VOLT/PHASE ROTATION :Approx. 50H Reference Conditions Ambient temperature 23±5ˆ Relative humidity 45% to 75% Nominal system voltage and frequency 230V, 50Hz Altitude Less than 2000m 5.2 Operating error Continuity (EN61557-4) Operating range compliant with EN61557-4 operating error Maximum percentage operating error 0.20~1999MЊ ±30% The influencing variations used for calculating the operating error are denoted as follows; Temperature : 0 ˆ and 35 ˆ Supply voltage : 8V to 13.8V Insulation Resistance(EN61557-2) Volt Operating range compliant with EN61557-2 operating error Maximum percentage operating error 250V 0.25~199.9MЊ 500V 0.50~1999MЊ ±30% 1000V 1.00~1999MЊ The influencing variations used for calculating the operating error are denoted as follows; Temperature : 0 ˆ and 35 ˆ Supply voltage : 8V to 13.8V 11 Loop Impedance(EN61557-3) Volt Operating range compliant with EN61557-3 operating error Maximum percentage operating error L-PE 0.50~1999Њ L-N 0.50~19.99Њ ±30% The influencing variations used for calculating the operating error are denoted as follows; Temperature : 0 ˆ and 35 ˆ Phase angle : At a phase angle 0° to 18° System frequency : 49.5Hz to 50.5Hz System voltage : 230V+10%-15% Supply voltage : 8V to 13.8V Harmonics : 5% of 3rd harmonic at 0° phase angle 5% of 5th harmonic at 180° phase angle 5% of 7th harmonic at 0° phase angle D.C quantity : 0.5% of the nominal voltage RCD(EN61557-6) Function Operating error of trip current X1/2 -10%~0% X1, X5 0%~+10% Ramp -10%~+10% The influencing variations used for calculating the operating error are denoted as follows Temperature : 0 ˆ and 35 ˆ Earth electrode Resistance (shall not exceed below) : I϶n (mA) Earth electrode resistance (Њ max.) UL50V UL25V 10 2000 2000 30 600 600 100 200 200 300 130 65 500 80 40 1000 40 20 Table.1 System voltage: 230V+10%-15% Supply voltage : 8V to 13.8V 12 Earth Resistance (EN61557-5) Operating range compliant with EN61557-5 operating error Maximum percentage operating error 5.00~1999Њ ±30% The influencing variations used for calculating the operating error are denoted as follows; Temperature : 0 ˆ and 35 ˆ Series interference voltage : 3V Resistance of the probes and auxiliary earth electrode resistance : 100 x RA, 50kЊ or less Supply voltage : 8V to 13.8V 5.3 General specification Instrument dimensions 235 X 136 X 114mm Instrument weight:- 1350g (including batteries.) Reference conditions Specifications are based on the following conditions except where otherwise stated:- 1. Ambient temperature: 23±5° C: 2. Relative humidity 45% to 75% 3. Position: horizontal 4. AC power source 230V, 50Hz 5. DC power source: 12.0 V, ripple content 1% or less 6. Altitude up to 2000m, Indoor use Battery type Eight LR6 or R6 batteries. Operating temperature and humidity. 0 to +40ˆ , relative humidity 80% or less, no condensation Storage temperature and humidity -20 to +60 ˆ , relative humidity 75% or less, no condensation. Display Dot Matrix LCD 160(W) X 240(H) pixels. Overload protection The continuity test circuit is protected by a 0.5A/600V fast acting (HRC) ceramic fuse mounted in the battery compartment, where a spare fuse is also stored. The insulation resistance test circuit is protected by a resistor against 1000 V AC for 10 seconds. 13 5.4 Applied standards Instrument operating Standard IEC/EN61557-1,2,3,4,5,6,7,10 Safety standard IEC/EN 61010-1, 61010-2-030, CATIII (300V) -Instrument IEC/EN 61010-031 CATII (250V)-Test Lead Model7218A CATIII (600V)-Test Lead Model7188A CATIII (1000V)-Test Lead Model7196A CATIII (300V)-Test Lead Model7228A Protection degree IEC 60529 IP40 EMC EN 61326-1 EN 55022/24 RoHS EN 50581 This manual and product may use the following symbols adopted from International Safety Standards; CAT.III Measurement category ʠCAT IIIʡ applies to; Primary electrical circuits of the equipment connected directly to the distribution panel, and feeders from the distribution panel to outlets.  Equipment protected throughout by DOUBLE INSULATION or REINFORCED INSULATION;  Caution (refer to accompanying documents)  Caution, risk of electric shock Protection against wrong connection is up to 500V  Earth Ground 14 5.5 List of Display Message ʡ symbol disappears. Measuring Measurements in progress Live Circuit Live circuit warning (Continuity / Insulation Function) PE Hi V Caution : Presence of 100V or more at PE terminal, appears when touching the Touch Pad L-N >20Њ Alert : Presence of 20Њ or more between Line - Neutral at ATT measurement Noise Caution : Presence of noise in the circuit under test during ATT measurement. ATT function should be disabled to continue measurements. N - PE Hi V Caution: Presence of high voltage between NEUTRAL - EARTH during ATT measurement. ATT function should be disabled to continue measurements. Uc > UL Caution : Uc at RCD measurement is exceeding the preset UL value (25 or 50V). no Error message : When on the RCD function, RCD tripped before measuring RCD trip time. Selected I϶n value may not be correct. When on the LOOP, PSC/PFC function, supply may have been interrupted. OK Appears when all results passed during the RCD Auto Test function. × NO Appears when any results failed during the RCD Auto Test function. RH Hi, RS Hi Appears when a Probe resistance of H terminal (RH) or of S terminal (RS) at Earth measurement is exceeded the measurable range. No 3-phase system Appears to indicate wrong connection at Phase Rotation check. Low battery warning Temperature monitor for internal resistance, available at Loop, PSC/PFC & RCD function. Further measurements are suspended until the ʠ Wiring check for LOOP, PSC/PFC function 15 6. Configuration Setting for following three parameters ˔ UL valueŋŋŋŋŋŋŋŋSelects a UL value for RCD function ˔ Touch PadŋŋŋŋŋŋEnables / disables Touch Pad function ˔ Back Lightŋŋŋŋŋŋ Selects Backlight ON / OFF. When ON is selected, the Backlight automatically turns on at powering on the instrument. ˔ LanguageŋŋŋŋŋŋSelect and change the languages to be displayed. Setting method 1. Press the Config Button 2. Then, Configuration (F4) when powering on Screen (Fig.10) is KEW6016. (Fig.9) displayed. Configuration KEW6016 UL : 50V MULTI FUNCTION Touch Pad : ON TESTER Back Light : OFF Config Language : (EN) Push Fig.9 Fig.10 3. Press the F1 – F4 Button to change following setting. Parameter Selection Initial value EN: English F1 UL value 25V, 50V 50V F2 Touch Pad ON, OFF ON FR: French IT : Italian ES: Spanish F3 Back Light ON, OFF OFF RU: Russian F4 Language EN, FR, PL, IT, ES, RU, TR EN PL: Polish TR: Turkish 4. Press the ESC Button ( ) when setting change is completed, and return to the normal screen. 16 7. CONTINUITY (RESISTANCE) TESTS  WARNING Ensure that circuits to be tested are not live. Disconnect the instrument from the circuit under test before operating the function switch. To select the low resistance range select ʞCONTINUITYʟ. 7.1 Test Procedure The object of continuity testing is to measure only the resistance of the parts of the wiring system under test. This measurement should not include the resistance of any test leads used. The resistance of the test leads needs to be subtracted from any continuity measurement. The KEW6016 is provided with a continuity null feature which allows automatic compensation for any test lead resistance. You should only use the test leads supplied with the instrument. Operation of Function Switch F1 Switches on / off NULL function Ω F2 Switches on / off 2Њ buzzer NULL OFF ON F3 N/A F4 N/A Fig.11 Proceed as follows:- 1 Select the continuity test by rotating the Rotary switch. 2 Insert the Test Leads to the L and PE terminal on KEW6016 respectively as shown in Fig.12. L terminal Red cord of Model7188A, or Red Green Fig.12 Model7196A Remote Test Lead PE terminal Green cord of Model7188A 3 Connect the ends of the test leads firmly together (see Fig.13) and press and lock down the test button. The value of the lead resistance will be displayed. 17 4 Operate the Continuity Null (F1) button, this will null out the lead resistance and the indicated reading should go to zero. 5 Release the test button. Press the test button and ensure the display reads zero before proceeding. While using the Continuity null function, ʠNULL ʡ is displayed on the LCD as indicated in Fig.13. The null value will be stored even if the instrument is powered off. This memorized null value can be cancelled by disconnecting the test leads and pushing the Continuity Null button (F1) with the test button pressed or locked. When this is cancelled you will know because NULL OFF is displayed on the LCD. CAUTION - before taking any measurements always check the leads have been zeroed. 6 Connect the test leads to the circuit whose resistance is required (see Fig.14 for a typical connection arrangement), having first made sure that the circuit is not live. Note that ʠLive Circuitʡ warning will be displayed on the LCD if the circuit is live - but check first anyway! 7 Press the test button and read the circuit resistance from the display. The reading will have the test lead resistance already subtracted if the Continuity null function has been used. 8 Note that if the circuit resistance is greater than 20Њ the instrument will autorange to the 200Њ, if it is greater than 200Њ it will autorange to the 2000Њ range. Note: If the reading is greater than 2000Њ the overange symbol ʞ>ʟ will remain displayed.  WARNING The results of measurements can be adversely affected by impedances of additional operating circuits connected in parallel or by transient currents. Ω Measuring NULL ON NULL ON Measuring Ω Fig.13 18 ) 7.2 2Њ Buzzer ( function Use F2 Button to enable / disable the 2Њ Buzzer. The buzzer sounds when measured resistance is 2Њ or less while this function is enabled. The buzzer does not sound if it is disabled. PE PE MAIN EQUIPOTENTIAL BONDING WATER GAS NULL ON Ω Fig.14 Example of continuity test for main equipotential bonding. 19 8. INSULATION TESTS  WARNING Ensure that circuits to be tested are not live. Disconnect the instrument from the circuit under test before operating the function switch. To select the insulation resistance range select ʞINSULATIONʟ. 8.1.1 The nature of insulation resistance Live conductors are separated from each other and from earth metal by insulation, which has a resistance which is high enough to ensure that the current between conductors and to earth is kept at an acceptably low level. Ideally insulation resistance is infinite and no current should be able to flow through it. In practice, there will normally be a current between live conductors and to earth, and this is known as leakage current. This current is made up of three components, which are:- 1. capacitive current 2. conduction current, and 3. surface leakage current. 8.1.2 Capacitive Current The insulation between conductors which have a potential difference between them behaves as the dielectric of a capacitor, the conductors acting as the capacitor plates. When a direct voltage is applied to the conductors, a charging current will flow to the system which will die away to zero (usually in less than a second) when the effective capacitor becomes charged. This charge must be removed from the system at the end of the test, a function which is automatically performed by the KEW6016. If an alternating voltage is applied between the conductors, the system continuously charges and discharges as the applied voltage alternates, so that there is a continuous alternating leakage current flowing to the system. 20 Fig.15 8.1.3 Conduction Current Since the insulation resistance is not infinite, a small leakage current flows through the insulation between conductors. Since Ohm's Law applies, the leakage current can be calculated from 8.1.4 Surface Leakage Current Where insulation is removed, for the connection of conductors and so on, current will flow across the surfaces of the insulation between the bare conductors. The amount of leakage current depends on the condition of the surfaces of the insulation between the conductors. If the surfaces are clean and dry, the value of the leakage current will be very small. Where the surfaces are wet and/or dirty, the surface leakage current may be significant. If it becomes large enough, it may constitute a flashover between the conductors. Whether this happens depends on the condition of the insulation surfaces and on the applied voltage; this is why insulation tests are carried out at higher voltages than those normally applying to the circuit concerned. 8.1.5 Total Leakage Current The total leakage current is the sum of the capacitive, conduction and surface leakage current described above. Each of the currents, and hence the total leakage current, is affected by factors such as ambient temperature, conductor temperature, humidity and the applied voltage. 21 Fig.17 Fig.16 If the circuit has alternating voltage applied, the capacitive current (8.1.2) will always be present and can never be eliminated. This is why a direct voltage is used for insulation resistance measurement, the leakage current in this case quickly falling to zero so that it has no effect on the measurement. A high voltage is used because this will often break down poor insulation and cause flashover due to surface leakage (see 8.1.4), thus showing up potential faults which would not be present at lower levels. The insulation tester measures the applied voltage level and the leakage current through the insulation. These values are internally calculated to give the insulation resistance using the expression:- As the capacitance of the system charges up, so the charging current falls to zero and a steady insulation resistance reading indicates that the capacitance of the system is fully charged. The system is charged to the full test voltage, and will be dangerous if left with this charge. The KEW6016 provides an automatic path for discharging current as soon as the test button is released to ensure that the circuit under test is safely discharged. If the wiring system is wet and/or dirty, the surface leakage component of the leakage current will be high, resulting in low insulation resistance reading. In the case of a very large electrical installation, all the individual circuit insulation resistances are effectively in parallel and the overall resistance reading will be low. The greater the number of circuits connected in parallel the lower will be the overall insulation resistance. 8.2 Damage to Voltage-Sensitive Equipment An increasing number of electronic-based items of equipment are being connected to electrical installations. The solid state circuits in such equipment are likely to be damaged by the application of the levels of voltage used to test insulation resistance. To prevent such damage, it is important that voltage-sensitive equipment is disconnected from the installation before the test is carried out and reconnected again immediately afterwards. The devices which may need to be disconnected before the test include:- ˔ Electronic fluorescent starter switches ˔ Passive infra-red detectors (PIRs) ˔ Dimmer switches ˔ Touch switches ˔ Delay timers ˔ Power controllers ˔ Emergency lighting units ˔ Electronic RCDs ˔ Computers and printers ˔ Electronic point-of-sale terminals (cash registers) ˔ Any other device which includes electronic components. 22 8.3 Preparation for measurement Before testing, always check the following:- 1 The ʞlow batteryʟ Indication is not displayed 2 There is no visually obvious damage to the tester or to the test leads 3 Test the continuity of the test leads by switching to continuity test and shorting out the lead ends. A high reading will indicate that there is a faulty lead or that the fuse is blown. 4 Make sure the circuit to be tested is not live. ʠLive Circuitʡ warning is displayed if the instrument is connected to a live circuit but test the circuit as well! Operation of Function Switch F1 N/A F2 N/A F3 N/A F4 Voltage setting Fig.18 8.4 Insulation resistance measurement The KEW6016 has three selectable test voltages of 250V, 500V and 1000V DC. 1 Select INSULATION function with the Rotary switch. 2. Press the VOLT Switch (F4) and select desirable voltage range. 3. Insert the Test Leads to the L and PE terminal on KEW6016 respectively as shown in Fig.19. L terminal Red cord of Model7188A, or Model7196A Remote Test Lead PE terminal Green cord of Model7188A Fig.19 23 4 Attach the test leads to the circuit or the appliance under test (see Figs 20 & 21) MΩ 1000V Fig.20 Example of Insulation resistance test on 4 wire-3 phase system. 5 If the ʠLive Circuitʡ warning is displayed on the LCD and/or the buzzer sounds, do not press the test button but disconnect the instrument from the circuit. Make the circuit dead before proceeding. MΩ 1000V Fig.21 6 Press the test button, the display will show the insulation resistance of the circuit or the appliance to which the instrument is connected. 7 Note that if the circuit resistance is greater than 20MЊ, the instrument will autorange to the 200MЊ range. If it is greater than 200MЊ at the 500V or 1000V range, it will autorange to the 2000MЊ range. 8 When testing is complete release the test button before disconnecting the test leads from the circuit or from the appliance. This will ensure that the charge built up by the circuit or the appliance during insulation test is dissipated in the discharge circuit. In the discharging process, ʠLive Circuitʡ warning will be displayed on the LCD and the live circuit warning buzzer will sound. 24  WARNING ˔ Never touch the circuit, test lead tips or the appliance under test during insulation testing because high voltages exist.  CAUTION ˔ Never turn the Rotary switch while the test button is depressed as this may damage the instrument. ˔ Always release the test button first after testing before removing the test leads from the circuit. This is to ensure that charges stored in the circuit capacitance have been totally discharged. Note: If the reading measured greater than 2000MЊ (200MЊ at 250V) the over range reading ʞ>ʟ will be displayed. 25 9. LOOP/ PSC/PFC 9.1 Principles of measurement of fault loop impedance and PFC If an electrical installation is protected by over-current protective devices including circuit breakers or fuses, the earth loop impedance should be measured. In the event of a fault the earth fault loop impedance should be low enough (and the prospective fault current high enough) to allow automatic disconnection of the electrical supply by the circuit protection device within a prescribed time interval. Every circuit must be tested to ensure that the earth fault loop impedance value does not exceed that specified or appropriate for the over-current protective device installed in the circuit. The KEW6016 takes a current from the supply and measures the difference between the unloaded and loaded supply voltages. From this difference it is possible to calculate the loop resistance. TT System For a TT system the earth fault loop impedance is the sum of the following impedances; ˔ Impedance of the power transformer secondary winding. ˔ Impedance of the phase conductor resistance from the power transformer to the location of the fault. ˔ The impedance of the protective conductor from the fault location to the earth system. ˔ Resistance of the local earth system (R). ˔ Resistance of the power transformer earth system (Ro). The figure below shows (dotted line) the Fault loop impedance for TT systems. Fig.22 26 According to the International Standard IEC 60364, for TT systems the characteristics of the protective device and the circuit resistance shall fulfill the following requirements: Ra x Ia ≤ 50V Where: Ra is the sum of the resistances in Њ of the local earth system and the protective conductor for the exposed conductive parts. 50 is the maximum safety touch voltage limit (it can be 25V in particular cases like construction sites, agricultural premises, etc.). Ia is the current causing the automatic disconnection of the protective device within the maximum disconnecting times required by IEC 60364-41: - 200 ms for final circuits not exceeding 32A (at 230 / 400V AC) - 1000 ms for distribution circuits and circuits over 32A (at 230 / 400V AC) The compliance with the above rules shall be verified by: 1) Measurement of the resistance Ra of the local earth system by Loop tester or Earth tester. 2) Verification of the characteristics and/or the effectiveness of the RCD associated protective device. Generally in TT systems, RCDs shall be used as protective device and in this case, Ia is the rated residual operating current I ̊n. For instance in a TT system protected by a RCD the max Ra values are: Rated residual operating current I ̊n 30 100 300 500 1000 (mA) RA (with touch voltage of 50V) 1667 500 167 100 50 (Њ) RA (with touch voltage of 25V) 833 250 83 50 25 (Њ) Shown below is a practical example of verification of the protection by RCD in a TT system according to the international Standard IEC 60364. 27 Ω L - PE 230V 50.0Hz ATT:ON L-PEL-N ! Fig.23 For this example the max permissible value is 1667 Њ (RCD =30mA and contact voltage limit of 50 V). The instruments reads 12.74 Њ, thus the condition RA ≤ 50/Ia is respected. However, considering that the RCD is essential for protection, it must be tested (Please refer to RCD TESTS section). TN System For TN systems the earth fault loop impedance is the sum of the following impedances. ˔ Impedance of the power transformer secondary winding. ˔ Impedance of the phase conductor from the power transformer to the location of the fault. ˔ Impedance of the protective conductor from the fault location to the power transformer. The figure below shows (dotted line) the Fault loop impedance for TN systems. Fig.24 28 According to the International Standard IEC 60364, for TN system the characteristics of the protective device and the circuit impedance shall fulfill the following requirement: Zs x Ia ≤ Uo Where: Zs is the Fault loop impedance in ohm. Uo is the nominal voltage between phase to earth (typically 230V AC for both single phase and three phase circuits). Ia is the current causing the automatic disconnection of the protective device within the maximum disconnecting times required by IEC 60364-41 that are: - 400 ms for final circuits not exceeding 32A (at 230 / 400V AC) - 5 s for distribution circuits and circuits over 32A (at 230 / 400V AC) The compliance with the above rules shall be verified by: 1) Measurement of the fault loop impedance Zs by Loop tester. 2) Verification of the characteristics and/or the effectiveness of the associated protective device. This verification shall be made: - for circuit-breakers and fuses, by visual inspection (i.e. short time or instantaneous tripping setting for circuit-breakers, current rating and type for fuses); - for RCDs, by visual inspection and test using RCD testers recommending that the disconnecting times mentioned above are met (Please see RCD TEST section). For instance in a TN system with nominal mains voltage Uo = 230 V protected by General purpose gG fuses or MCBs (Miniature Current Breakers) required by IEC 898 / EN 60898, the Ia and max Zs values could be: 29 Protection by gG fuses with Uo of 230V Protection by MCBs with Uo of 230V (Disconnection time 0.4 and 5s) Rating (A) Disconnection time 5s Disconnection time 0.4s Characteristic B Characteristic C Characteristic D Ia (A) Zs (Њ) Ia (A) Zs (Њ) Ia (A) Zs (Њ) Ia (A) Zs (Њ) Ia (A) Zs (Њ) 6 17 13.5 38 8.52 30 7.67 60 3.83 120 1.92 10 31 7.42 45 5.11 50 4.6 100 2.3 200 1.15 16 55 4.18 85 2.7 80 2.87 160 1.44 320 0.72 20 79 2.91 130 1.77 100 2.3 200 1.15 400 0.57 25 100 2.3 160 1.44 125 1.84 250 0.92 500 0.46 32 125 1.84 221 1.04 160 1.44 320 0.72 640 0.36 40 170 1.35 -- -- 200 1.15 400 0.57 800 0.29 50 221 1.04 -- -- 250 0.92 500 0.46 1000 0.23 63 280 0.82 -- -- 315 0.73 630 0.36 1260 0.18 80 403 0.57 -- -- 100 548 0.42 -- -- The most complete loop testers or Multifunction testers also have the Prospective Fault current measurement. In this case, Prospective Fault current measured with instruments must be higher than the tabulated Ia of the protective device concerned. Below is a practical example of verification of the protection by MCB in a TN system according to the international Standard IEC 60364. Ω L-PE 50.0Hz 230V ATT:ON L-PE L-N! Fig.25 30 Max value of Zs for this example is 1.44 Њ (MCB 16A, characteristic C), the instrument reads 1.14 Њ (or 202 A on Fault current range) it means that the condition Zs x Ia ≤ Uo is respected. In fact the Zs of 1.14 Њ is less than 1.44 Њ (or the Fault current of 202 A is more than Ia of 160A). In other words, in case of fault between phase and earth, the wall socket tested in this example is protected because the MCB will trip within the disconnection time required. 9.2 Principles of the measurement of line impedance and PSC The method for measuring Line – neutral impedance and line-line impedance is exactly the same as for earth fault loop impedance measurement with the exception that the measurement is carried out between line and neutral or line and line. Prospective short circuit or fault current at any point within an electrical installation is the current that would flow in the circuit if no circuit protection operated and a complete (very low impedance) short circuit occurred. The value of this fault current is determined by the supply voltage and the impedance of the path taken by the fault current. Measurement of prospective short circuit current can be used to check that the protective devices within the system will operate within safety limits and in accordance with the safe design of the installation. The breaking current capacity of any installed protective device should be always higher than the prospective short circuit current. A

PSC L-N 230V 50.0Hz L-PE L-N!

Fig.26 31 9.3. Operating instructions for LOOP and PSC/PFC 9.3.1 Initial Checks: to be carried out before any testing 1. Preparation Always inspect your test instrument and lead accessories for abnormality or damage: If abnormal conditions exist DO NOT PROCEED WITH TESTING. Have the instrument checked by your distributor. Operation of Function Switch LOOP Ω L-PE 230V F1 Switches measurement mode: L-PE or L-N/L-L ATT : ON 50.0Hz F2 ATT setting (on or off) L-PE L-NF3 N/A ! F4 N/A Fig.27 PSC/PFC F1 Switches measurement mode: PFC or PSC PFC F2 ATT setting (on or off) F3 N/A F4 N/A (1) Operate the Power button and turn on the instrument. Turn the Function switch and set it to either the LOOP or PSC/PFC position. (2) Insert the Test Lead into the instrument. (Fig.29) A L-PE 230V ATT:ON 50.0Hz L-PE L-N! Fig.28 Fig.29 32 (3) Press the MODE switch(F1) and select L-N to measure Loop(L-N/L-L) or PSC or select L-PE to measure earth loop impedance or PFC. Display changes automatically as follows depending on the applied voltages while LOOP(L-N/L-L) or PSC is selected. Fig.30 (4) Pressing the ATT switch (F2) disables ATT mode. Then ʠATT OFFʡ is displayed on the LCD. ˔ ATT(Anti Trip Technology) is to measure LOOP resistances without tripping the RCDs rated at 30mA or more. ʠATT ONʡ is displayed while it is activated. 2. Wiring Check After the connection, ensure that the symbols for Wiring check on the LCD are in the status indicated in Fig.29 before pressing the test button. If the status of the symbols for Wiring check differ from Fig.29 or symbol is indicated on the LCD, DO NOT PROCEED AS THERE IS INCORRECT WIRING. The cause of the fault must be investigated and rectified. 3. Voltage Measurement When the instrument is first connected to the system, it will display the line-earth voltage (MODE L-PE) or line-neutral voltage (MODE L-N/L-L) which is updated every 1s. If this voltage is not normal or as expected, DO NOT PROCEED. 33 9.3.2 Measurement of LOOP and PSC/PFC a. Measurement at Mains Socket Outlet Connect the mains test lead to the instrument. Insert the moulded plug of mains test lead into the socket to be tested. (see Fig.31) Press MODE Switch (F1) and select L-N or PSC to measure between Line – Neutral, or L-PE or PFC to measure between Line-PE. Carry out the initial checks Press the test button. A beep will sound as the test is conducted and the value of loop impedance will be displayed. b. Measurement at the distribution board Connect the distribution board lead Model7188A to the instrument. Measurement of Line – Earth Loop Impedance and PFC Press the Mode Switch (F1) and select L-PE or PFC. Connect the green PE lead of the Model7188A to the earth, the blue N lead to the neutral of the distribution board and the brown L lead to one ʞlineʟ of the distribution board. (See Fig.32) Measurement of Line – Neutral Loop Impedance and PSC Press the Mode Switch (F1) and select L-N/L-L or PSC. Connect the blue N lead of the Model7188A to the neutral of the distribution board, the brown L lead to one line of the distribution board. (See Fig.33) Carry out the initial checks Press the test button. A beep will sound as the test is conducted and the value of loop impedance will be displayed. When disconnecting from the distribution board, it is good practice to disconnect the line first. c. Measurement between LINE-LINE Connect the distribution board lead Model7188A to the instrument. Press the Mode Switch(F1) and select L-N/L-L or PSC. Connect the blue N lead of the Model7188A to the line of the distribution board, the brown L lead to another line of the distribution board. (See Fig.34) Carry out the initial checks Press the test button. A beep will sound as the test is conducted and the value of loop impedance will be displayed.
If the display shows '>' then this usually means the value measured exceeds the range. ˔ ATT mode enables a measurement without tripping the RCDs with the rated residual current of 30mA or more. 34
Measurement in ATT mode requires longer time than that is required for the other measurements (approx. 7 sec). When measuring a circuit with a large electrical noise, the 'Noise' Message is displayed on the LCD and the measurement time will be extended to 20 sec. If the 'NOISE' symbol is displayed on the LCD, it is recommended to disable the ATT mode and take a measurement (RCDs may trip). ˔ If an impedance of 20Њ or more is measured between L-N during measurements with ATT enabled, ʠL-N>20Њʡis displayed on the LCD and no measurement can be made. In this case, disable the ATT function and make measurement. When a large contact voltage exists in the circuit under test,ʠN-PE HiVʡis displayed on the LCD and no measurement can be made. In this case, disable the ATT function and make measurement. Be aware that if the ATT mode is disabled, RCDs may trip. ˔ Measured result may be influenced depending on the phase angle of the distribution system when making measurement near a transformer and the result may lower than the actual impedance value. Errors in measured result are as follows.

System Phase Difference Error (approx.)

10° -1.5% 20° -6% 30° -13%
ATT mode is automatically enabled after one measurement when making a measurement with ATT mode disabled. Ω L-PE 230V 50.0Hz ATT:ON L-PE L-N! Fig.31 Connection for using Outlet 35 PE Ω L-PE 230V 50.0Hz ATT:ON L-PE L-N! Fig.32 Connection for distribution PSC A L-N 230V 50.0Hz L-PE L-N! Fig.33 Connection for Line – Neutral measurement A PSC L-L 400V 50.0Hz L-PE L-N! Fig.34 Connection for Line – Line measurement 36 10. RCD TESTS 10.1 Principles of RCD Measurement The RCD tester is connected between phase and protective conductor on the load side of the RCD after disconnecting the load. A precisely measured current for a carefully timed period is drawn from the phase and returns via the earth, thus tripping the device. The instrument measures and displays the exact time taken for the circuit to be opened. An RCD is a switching device designed for breaking currents when the residual current attains a specific value. It works on the basis of the current difference between phase currents flowing to different loads and returning current flowing through the neutral conductor (for a single-phase installation). In the case where the current difference is higher than the RCD tripping current, the device will trip and disconnect the supply from the load. There are two parameters for RCDs; the first due to the shape of the residual current wave form (types AC and A) and the second due to the tripping time (types G and S). ˔ RCD type AC will trip when presented with residual sinusoidal alternating currents whether applied suddenly or slowly rising. This type is the most frequently used on electrical installations. ˔ RCD type A will trip when presented with residual sinusoidal alternating currents (similar to type AC) and residual pulsating direct currents (DC) whether suddenly applied or slowly rising. This type of RCD is not commonly used at present, however, it is increasing in popularity and is required by the local regulations in some countries. Making measurement with setting uses pulsating direct currents for test. ˔ RCD type G. In this case G stands for general type (without tripping time delay) and is for general use and applications. ˔ RCD type S where S stands for selective type (with tripping time delay).This type of RCD is specifically designed for installations where the time delay characteristic is required. Given that when the protective device is an RCD, Ia is typically 5 times the rated residual operating current I ̊n, then the RCD must be tested recommending the tripping time, measured by RCD testers or Multifunction testers, shall be lower than the maximum disconnecting times required in IEC 60364-41 (see also LOOP/PSC/PFC section) that are:

TT system (at 230V / 400V AC) 200 ms for final circuits not exceeding 32A 1000 ms for distribution circuits and circuits over 32A TN system (at 230V / 400V AC) 400 ms for final circuits not exceeding 32A 5 s for distribution circuits and circuits over 32A 37

However it is also good practice to consider even more stringent trip time limits, by following the standard values of trip times at I ̊n defined by IEC 61009 (EN 61009) and IEC 61008 (EN 61008). These trip time limits are listed in the table below for I϶n and 5I ̊n: Type of RCD I϶n 5I϶n General(G) 300ms max allowed value 40ms max allowed value Selective(S) 500ms max allowed value 150ms max allowed value 130ms min allowed value 50ms min allowed value Examples of instrument connections Practical example of 3-phase + neutral RCD test in a TT system. ms ×1 L-PE 230V 30 mA 50.0Hz UL50V L-PE L-NPHASE : 0° ! Fig.35 Practical example of single phase RCD test in a TN system. ×1 ms 30 mA L-PE 230V UL50V PHASE : 0° 50.0Hz L-PE L-N! Fig.36 38

Practical example of RCD test with distribution leads. PE ms

×1 30 mA L-PE UL50V 230V 50.0Hz

10.2 Principles of Uc Measurement Ground being imperfect in the Fig35, when R exists, when a fault current flows to R, electric potential occurs. There is a possibility the person contacting in this imperfect ground, it calls the voltage, which it occurs in the human body of this time, called Uc. When with the Uc Test letting flow I϶N to the RCD, the Uc is calculated. Uc voltage is calculated based on the Rated Residual Current (I ̊N) with the impedance measured. 10.3 Operating Instructions for RCD 10.3.1 Initial Checks: to be carried out before any testing; 1. Preparation Always inspect your test instrument and lead accessories for abnormality or damage: If abnormal conditions exist DO NOT PROCEED WITH TESTING. Have the instrument checked by your distributor. Operation of Function Switch F1 Measurement mode setting

(X1/2, X1, X5, Ramp, Auto, Uc) F2 I϶n setting F3 RCD Type setting ( , , , ) F4 PHASE setting (0° ,180° ) ×1 / 2 ms 30 mA L-PE L-PE UL50V PHASE : 0° 230V 50.0Hz 230V 50.0Hz L-PE L-N! L-PE L-N! PHASE : 0° L-PE L-N!

Fig.37 Fig.38 39 1. Operate the Power button and turn on the instrument. Turn the rotary switch and select the RCD function. 2. Press the MODE switch(F1) and select any desirable measurement mode. X1/2 For testing RCD's to verify that they are not too sensitive. X1 For measuring the trip time. X5 For testing at I϶n X5 RAMP(‿) For measuring the tripping level in mA. AUTO For automatic measurement in following sequence: X1/2(0° ), X1/2(180° ), X1(0° ),X1 (180° ), X5(0° ), X5(180° ) Uc For measuring Uc 3. Press the I϶n switch (F2) to set Rated Tripping Current (I϶n) to the rated trip current of the RCD. 4. Press (F3) to select the RCD type. Refer to "10.1 Principles of RCD measurement" for the details of RCD type. (*6) 5. Press (F4) to select phase at which the test current should start. (*7) (*6),(*7) except for Uc measurement *UL value change As a UL value, 25V or 50V is selectable. Refer to ʡ6. Configurationʡ in this manual and select either of them. 2. Wiring Check 1. Insert the Test Lead into the instrument. (Fig.39) L PE N Fig.39 2. Connect the test leads to the circuit to be tested. (Fig.35, 36, 37) 3. After the connection, ensure that the symbols for Wiring check on the LCD are in the status indicated in Fig.39 before pressing the test button. If the status of the symbols for Wiring check differ from Fig.39 or symbol is indicated on the LCD, DO NOT PROCEED AS THERE IS INCORRECT WIRING. The cause of the fault must be investigated and rectified. 40 3. Voltage Measurement When the instrument is first connected to the system, it will display the line-earth voltage which is updated every 1s. If this voltage is not normal or as expected, DO NOT PROCEED. NOTE: This is a single phase (230V AC) instrument and under no circumstances should it be connected to 2- phases or a voltage exceeding 230VAC+10%. If the input voltage is greater than 260V the display will indicate '>260V' and RCD measurements can not be made even if the Test button is pressed. 10.3.2 RCD Measurement a) Single Tests 1. Press the Test button Operating time of RCD is displayed on LCD. (At Ramp test, operating current value of RCD will be displayed. Uc values are displayed at Uc Function.) ˔ ×1/2...................The Breaker should not trip. ˔ ×1......................The Breaker should trip. ˔ ×5......................The Breaker should trip. ˔ Auto Ramp(‿)..The Breaker should trip. The tripping current should be displayed. ˔ Uc......................Uc values are displayed. 2. Press the 0° /180° switch to change the phase and repeat step (1). 3. Change the phase again and repeat step (1). b) Auto Test Measurements are automatically performed under the Auto Test function in the following sequence: X1/2(0° ), X1/2(180° ), X1(0° ),X1 (180° ), X5(0° ), X5(180° ). 1. Press F1 to select Auto 2. Press F2 & F3 to select I϶n & RCD type 3. Press the Test button. The KEW6016 will automatically conduct the sequence as above. When the RCD trips each time reset it. 4. Return to the tester and the results will be displayed
Be sure to return the tested RCD to the original condition after the test. ˔ When the Uc voltage rises to UL value or greater, the measurement is automatically suspended and "Uc > UL" is displayed on the LCD. ˔ If " I϶n" setting is greater than the rated residual current of the RCD, the RCD will trip and "no" may be displayed on LCD. ˔ If a voltage exists between the protective conductor and earth, it may influence the measurements. ˔ If a voltage exists between neutral and earth, it may influence the measurements, 41 therefore, the connection between neutral point of the distribution system and earth should be checked before testing. ˔ If leakage currents flow in the circuit following the RCD, it may influence the measurements. ˔ The potential fields of other earthing installations may influence the measurement. ˔ Special conditions of RCDs of a particular design, for example S- type, should be taken into consideration. ˔ The earth electrode resistance of a measuring circuit with a probe shall not exceed table1. ˔ Equipment following the RCD, e.g. capacitors or rotating machinery, may cause a significant lengthening of the measured trip time. 42 11. EARTH TESTS 11.1 Principles of Earth Measurement This Earth function is to test power distribution lines, in-house wiring system, electrical appliances etc. This instrument makes earth resistance measurement with fall-of-potential method, which is a method to obtain earth resistance value Rx by applying AC constant current I between the measurement object E (earth electrode) and H(C) (current electrode), and finding out the potential difference V between E and S(P) (potential electrode). Rx = V / I

11.2 Earth resistance Measurement Fig.40

 WARNING ˔ The instrument will produce a maximum voltage of about 50V between terminals E-H(C) in earth resistance function. Take enough caution to avoid electric shock hazard.  CAUTION ˔ When measuring earth resistance, do not apply voltage between measuring terminals. ˔ Do not use MODEL7228A for measuring electrical potentials that exceed 33V rms, 46V peak or DC 70V. 1.Select Earth function with the Rotary Switch 2.Insert the Test Leads (MODEL7228A) into the instrument. (Fig.41) 3.Test Lead connection Stick the auxiliary earth spikes S(P) and H(C) into the ground deeply. They should be aligned at an interval of 5-10m from the earthed equipment under test. Connect the green wire to the earthed equipment under test, the yellow wire to the auxiliary earth spike S(P) and the red wire to the auxiliary earth spike H(C) from terminals E, S(P) and H(C) of the instrument in order.

Red Green Yellow Fig.41 43

Note : ˔ Make sure to stick the auxiliary earth spikes in the moist part of the soil. Give enough water where the spikes have to be stuck into the dry, stony or sandy part of the earth so that it may become moist. ˔ In case of concrete, lay the auxiliary earth spike down and water it, or put a wet dust cloth etc. on the spike when making measurement. E

S(P) H(C) Ω Fig.42

4.Press the test button, the display will show the earth resistance of the circuit.
If measurement is made with the probes twisted or in touch with each other, the reading of the instrument may be affected by induction. When connecting the probes, make sure that they are separated. ˔ If earth resistance of auxiliary earth spikes is too large, it may result in inaccurate measurement. Make sure to stick the auxiliary earth spike and H(C) into the moist part of the earth carefully, and ensure sufficient connections between the respective connections. High auxiliary earth resistance may exist if ʠRS Hiʡ or ʠRH Hiʡ is displayed during measurements. ˔ Great errors may included in the measured earth resistance when earth voltage of 10V or more exist. In this case, power off the devices which is using earth resistance under test to reduce the earth voltages. 44 12. PHASE ROTATION TESTS 1. Operate the Power button and turn on the instrument. Turn the rotary switch and select the PHASE ROTAION function. 2. Insert the Test Leads into the instrument. (Fig.43) Fig.43 3. Connect each test leads to a circuit. (Fig.44)

L3 L2 L1 Fig.44 4. Results are displayed as follows.

Correct phase sequence Reversed phase sequence 54.giF 64.giF ˔ When a message ʠNo 3-phase systemʡ or ʠ---ʡ is displayed, the circuit may not be a 3-phase system or a wrong connection may have been made. Check the circuit and the connection. ˔ Presence of Harmonics in measurement voltages, such as an inverter power supply, may influence the measured results. 45 13. VOLTS 1. Operate the Power button and turn on the instrument. Turn the rotary switch and select the VOLTS function. 2. Insert the Test Leads into the instrument. (Fig.47) Fig.47 3. Voltage value and frequency will be displayed on the LCD when applying AC voltage. Note : A message ʠDC Vʡ may be displayed when measuring AC voltages with frequencies out of the range 45Hz - 65Hz. 14. TOUCH PAD 1. The touch pad measures the potential between the operator and the tester's PE terminal. A message ʠPE HiVʡ is displayed on the LCD with the audible buzzer if a potential difference of 100V or more is present between the operator and the PE terminal at touching the Touch pad. 2. Touch Pad function can be enabled and disabled (ON / OFF); refer to ʡ6. Configurationʡ in this manual and select ON or OFF. In case that OFF is selected, a warning for ʠPE HiVʡ does not appear and the buzzer does not sound. * Initial value: ON Note : A message ʠPE HI Vʡ may be displayed when testing inverters or measuring voltages containing high frequencies even if a user isn't touching with the Touch Pad. 15. BACK LIGHT Pressing the Back Light Button selects Backlight ON / OFF. Backlight automatically turns off in 60 sec after it turns on. Backlight at powering on the instrument can be set either ON or OFF. Refer to ʠ6. Configurationʡ in this manual how to select ON / OFF. 46 16. MEMORY FUNCTION Measured result at each function can be saved in the memory of the instrument. (MAX : 1000) 16.1 How to save the data Save the result according to following sequence. (1) Measured result.

(2) Press to enter into MEMORY MODE. (3) Press to enter into SAVE MODE. ALL DELETE Fig.48-2 Fig.48-2 (4) Make setting for following items. 1. CIRCUIT No 2. BOARD No 3. SITE No 4. DATA No Fig.48-3 OK SAVE MODE DATA No.001 UP DOWN CIRCUIT: 01 CIRCUIT: 01 SELECT SELECT BOARD: 01SITE: 01 BOARD: 01SITE: 01 BOARD: 01SITE: 01 BOARD: 01SITE: 01 Press the SELECT Button to choose the parameter to change. CIRCUIT No ɣ BOARD No ɣ SITE No ɣ DATA No Use the UP or DOWN Button and change settings. Keep the UP/DOWN Key pressed down to alter the number quickly. 47 MΩ 18.52 250V Fig.48-1 MEMORY MODE ESC:MEM BUTTON SAVE RECALL DELETE

). (5) Press OK( (Confirmed) (6) Press SAVE( ). (Confirmed) (7) ʠSAVINGʡ is displayed for about 2 sec on the LCD, and then returns to the start screen. Saving completes. Returns to Normal mode once data save completes. (Measurement mode) 48 SAVE MODE DATA No.001 SAVE BACK Saving 250V 18.52 MΩ Normal mode INSULATION 18.52MΩ 250VCIRCUIT : 01 BOARD : 01 SITE : 01 Fig.48-4 Fig.48-5 Fig.48-6

16.2 Recall the saved data Save data can be displayed on LCD according to following sequence. (1) Press to enter into MEMORY MODE. (2) Press to enter into RECALL MODE. (3) Press Up( )and select Data No. Keep the UP/DOWN Key pressed down until a buzzer sounds to skip the number containing no data and display the next data. )or DOWN( 49 MΩ 250V MEMORY MODE ESC:MEM BUTTON SAVERECALL DELETE ALL DELETE RECALL MODE DATA No. 000 UPINSULATION 18.52MΩ DOWN 250V CIRCUIT : 01 BOARD : 01 BACK SITE : 01 Fig.49-1 Fig.49-2 Fig.49-3

16.3 Delete the saved data Save data can be deleted according to following sequence. (1) Press to enter into MEMORY MODE. (2) Press to enter into DELETE MODE (3) Press Up( ) or DOWN( ) and select Data No. (4) Press DELETE ( ). (Confirmed) Fig.50-1 Fig.50-2 Fig.50-3 MEMORY MODE ESC:MEM BUTTON SAVE RECALL DELETE ALL DELETE DELETE ALL DELETE DELETE MODE Delete All? DATA No. 000 ESC:MEM BUTTON UPINSULATION 18.52MΩ DOWN 250VBACK CIRCUIT : 01 BOARD : 01 ALL DELETE SITE : 01 DELETE BACK Fig.50-4 250V 50 MΩ (2) Press to enter into ALL DELETE MODE (3) Press ALL DELETE ( ). (Confirmed)

DELETE MODE DATA No.001? DELETEINSULATION 18.52MΩ 250VSITE : 01 All Deleting CIRCUIT : 01 BACK Fig.50-5 BOARD : 01 Fig.50-6 (5) Press DELETE ( ). (Confirmed) Fig.50-7 Fig.50-8 (6) Returns to Normal mode when selected data deleted. (Measurement mode) Fig.50-9 ALL DELETE DELETE MΩ 250V MΩ Deleting 51 250V (4) Returns to Normal mode when selected data is deleted. (Measurement mode)

16.4 Transfer the stored data to PC The stored data can be transferred to PC via Optical Adapter Model8212USB (Optional Accessory).
How to transfer the data: (1) Connect Model8212USB to the USB Port of a PC.(Special driver for Model8212USB should be installed. See the instruction manual for Model8212USB for further details.)

(2) Insert Model8212USB into the KEW6016 as shown in Fig 52. Test Leads should be removed from the KEW6016 at this time. (3) Power on the KEW6016. (Any function is OK.) MΩ 250V Fig.52

(4) Start special software "KEW Report" on your PC and set the communication port. Then click "Down load" command, and the data in the KEW6016 will be transferred to your PC. Please refer to the instruction manual of Model8212USB and HELP of KEW Report for further details. Note: Use "KEW Report" with version 2.00 or more. The latest "KEW Report" can be downloaded from KYORITSU's web site. kew-ltd.co.jp/en/ Fig.51 52 17. GENERAL 17.1 If the symbol ( )appears, this means that the test resistor is too hot and the automatic cut out circuits have operated. Allow the instrument to cool down before proceeding. The overheat circuits protect the test resistor against heat damage. 17.2 The test button may be turned clockwise to lock it down. In this auto mode, when using distribution board lead Model7188A, tests are conducted by simply disconnecting and reconnecting the red phase prod of the Model7188A avoiding the need to physically press the test button i.e. 'hands free'. 17.3 When the display shows the low battery indication, ( ), disconnect the test leads from the instrument. Remove the battery cover and the batteries. 53 18. BATTERY REPLACEMENT When the display shows the low battery indication , , disconnect the test leads from the instrument. Remove the battery cover and the batteries. Replace with eight (8) new 1.5V AA batteries, taking care to observe correct polarity. Replace the battery cover. 19. FUSE REPLACEMENT The continuity test circuit is protected by a 600V 0.5A HRC ceramic type fuse situated in the battery compartment, together with a spare. If the instrument fails to operate in the continuity test mode, first disconnect the test leads from the instrument. Next remove the battery cover, take out the fuse and test its continuity with another continuity tester. If it has failed, replace it with a spare, before refitting the battery cover. Do not forget to obtain a new fuse and place it in the spare position. If the instrument will not operate in the loop impedance, PSC/PFC and RCD modes, it may be that the protective fuses fitted on the printed circuit board have blown. If you suspect that the fuses have failed, return the instrument to your distributor for service - do not attempt to replace the fuses yourself. Screw Spare Fuse Fuse Fig.53 54 20. SERVICING If this tester should fail to operate correctly, return it to your distributor stating the exact nature of the fault. Before returning the instrument ensure that:- 1.The leads have been checked for continuity and signs of damage. 2.The continuity mode fuse (situated in the battery compartment) has been checked. 3.The batteries are in good condition. Please remember to give all the information possible concerning the nature of the fault, as this will mean that the instrument will be serviced and returned to you more quickly. 55 21. CASE AND STRAP ASSEMBLY Correct assembly is shown in Fig 54, 55 and 56. By hanging the instrument round the neck, both hands will be left free for testing. 1. Attach the Buckle to the KEW6016 as shown in Fig.54. Match the hole of the Buckle and the protrusion at the side face of KEW6016, and slide it upwards. Fig.54 2. How to install the Strap belt Pass the strap belt down through the buckle from the top, and up. Fig.55 3. How to fasten the Strap belt Pass the strap through the buckle, adjust the strap for length and secure.

Fig.56 56 DISTRIBUTOR Kyoritsu reserves the rights to change specifications or designs described in this manual without notice and without obligations. INSTRMUKEW 3-16 92-1959D


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