HONDA MARINE BF50D (01) PDF MANUAL


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PDF Content Summary: Includes US and Canadian Models

The engine exhaust from this product contains chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or other reproductive harm. Keep this Owner’s Manual handy, so you can refer to it at any time. This Owner’s Manual is considered a permanent part of the outboard motor and should remain with the outboard motor if resold. - 2011 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. All Rights Reserved The information and specifications included in this publication were in effect at the time of approval for printing. Honda Motor Co., Ltd. reserves the right, however, to discontinue or change specifications or design at any time without notice and without incurring any obligation whatever. No part of this publication may be reproduced without written permission.

INTRODUCTION Congratulations on your selection of We suggest you read the warranty

a Honda outboard motor. We are certain you will be pleased with your purchase of one of the finest outboard motors on the market. We want to help you get the best results from your new outboard motor and to operate it safely. This manual contains information on how to do that; please read it carefully. As you read this manual you will find information preceded by a symbol. That information is intended to help you avoid damage to your outboard motor, other property, or the environment. policy to fully understand its coverage and your responsibilities of ownership. When your outboard motor needs scheduled maintenance, keep in mind that your Honda Marine dealer is specially trained in servicing Honda outboard motors. Your Honda Marine dealer is dedicated to your satisfaction and will be pleased to answer your questions and concerns. Best Wishes, Honda Motor Co., Ltd.

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INTRODUCTION A FEW WORDS ABOUT SAFETY You will find important safety information in a variety of forms, including:

Safety Labels - Your safety and the safety of others on the outboard motor.

are very important. And using this Safety Messages - preceded by a safety alert symbol and one of

outboard motor safely is an important responsibility. To help you make informed decisions about safety, we have provided operating procedures and other information on labels and in this manual. This information alerts you to potential hazards that could hurt you or others. Of course, it is not practical or possible to warn you about all the three signal words, DANGER, WARNING, or CAUTION. These signal words mean: You WILL be KILLED or SERIOUSLY HURT if you don’t follow instructions. You CAN be KILLED or SERIOUSLY HURT if you don’t follow instructions. You CAN be HURT if you don’t follow instructions.

hazards associated with operating or maintaining an outboard motor. You Safety Headings - such as IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION. must use your own good judgment. Safety Section - such as OUTBOARD MOTOR SAFETY.

Instructions - how to use this outboard motor correctly and safely. -

This entire book is filled with important safety information please read it carefully. 2

OUTBOARD MOTOR SAFETY . 7 ................................... IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION . 7 ................ SAFETY LABEL LOCATIONS . 9 ................................ CONTROLS AND FEATURES . 13 .................................. CONTROL AND FEATURE IDENTIFICATION CODES . 13 ................................ COMPONENT AND CONTROL LOCATIONS . 14 .... CONTROLS . 20 .............................................................. LH and LHT Types (tiller handle) Ignition Switch . 20 ...................................................... Emergency Stop Switch Clip and Emergency Stop Switch . 20 ....................................................... Throttle Grip . 21 .......................................................... Throttle Friction Adjuster . 22 ..................................... Gearshift Lever . 22 ..................................................... Steering Friction Adjuster . 22 ..................................... Transom Angle Adjusting Rod . 23 ............................. Tilt Lever . 23 ............................................................... LRT and XRT Types (remote control/ side-mount control type) [standard equipment (LRTC type)], [optional equipment (LRTA and XRTA types)] . 24 ................................................ Ignition Switch . 24 ...................................................... Emergency Stop Switch Clip and Emergency Stop Switch . 25 ....................................................... CONTENTS Gearshift/Throttle Control Lever........................... 26 Fast Idle Lever........................................................ 27 LHT, LRT and XRT Types (power trim/tilt) Power Trim/Tilt Switch ......................................... 28 Power Tilt Switch (engine pan) ............................. 28 Manual Relief Valve .............................................. 29 Common Controls...................................................... 30 Tilt Lock Lever ...................................................... 30 Engine Cover Latches............................................ 30 Trim Tab................................................................. 30 INSTRUMENTS........................................................ 31 Trim Meter [standard equipment (Canadian types)], [optional equipment (LRTA and XRTA types)].......................................... 31 Tachometer [standard equipment (Canadian types)], [optional equipment (LRTA and XRTA types)].......................................... 31 Digital Tachometer [optional equipment (LRT and XRT types)]................................................. 31 Digital Speedometer [optional equipment (LRT and XRT types)]................................................. 32 Fuel Gauge [standard equipment (Canadian types)], [optional equipment (American types)] .......................................... 32

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CONTENTS INDICATORS............................................................ 33 Alternator (ACG) Indicator.................................... 33 Malfunction Indicator ............................................ 33 Oil Pressure Indicator............................................. 34 Overheat Indicator.................................................. 35 Cooling System Indicator ...................................... 35 OTHER FEATURES................................................. 36 Overrev Limiter...................................................... 36 Portable Fuel Tank [standard equipment (Canadian types)], [optional equipment (American types)] . 36 ........ Fuel Filler Cap Vent Knob..................................... 37 Fuel Priming Bulb.................................................. 37 NMEA Interface Coupler....................................... 37 Anodes.................................................................... 38 BEFORE OPERATION................................................. 39 ARE YOU READY TO GET UNDER WAY? . 39 ........ IS YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR READY TO GO?............................................... 39 Tiller Handle Height/Angle Adjustment (LH and LHT Types)......................................... 41 OPERATION ................................................................. 42 SAFE OPERATING PRECAUTIONS ..................... 42 BREAK-IN PROCEDURE........................................ 42 TRANSOM ANGLE ADJUSTMENT (LH Type) . 43 ... PORTABLE FUEL TANK [standard equipment (Canadian types)], [optional equipment (American types)] . 44 ............ FUEL HOSE CONNECTIONS................................. 44 FUEL PRIMING........................................................ 45 INFREQUENT OR OCCASIONAL USE . 46 ............... STARTING THE ENGINE....................................... 46 LH and LHT Types (tiller handle)......................... 46 LRT and XRT Types (remote control) Side-Mount Control Type.................................. 49 EMERGENCY STARTING...................................... 52 STOPPING THE ENGINE........................................ 55 Emergency Engine Stopping ................................. 55 Normal Engine Stopping........................................ 56 GEARSHIFT AND THROTTLE OPERATION............................... 58 LH and LHT Types (tiller handle)......................... 58 LRT and XRT Types (remote control) . 59 ................. STEERING ................................................................ 60 LH and LHT Types (tiller handle)......................... 60 Steering Friction Adjuster...................................... 60 LRT and XRT Types (remote control) . 60 .................

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CRUISING . 61 ................................................................ TRIM TAB . 63 ................................................................ SHALLOW WATER OPERATION......................... 63 MOORING, BEACHING, LAUNCHING . 65 ............... SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR . 67 .............. THE IMPORTANCE OF MAINTENANCE . 67 ........... MAINTENANCE SAFETY...................................... 68 SPARE SWITCH CLIP AND EMERGENCY STARTER ROPE................................................... 69 TOOL KIT and OWNER’S MANUAL . 69 ................... MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE ................................ 70 TRIM TAB ADJUSTMENT ..................................... 72 MANUAL RELIEF VALVE..................................... 73 ENGINE COVER REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION .............................................. 73 Engine Oil Level Check......................................... 74 Engine Oil Change ................................................. 75 Engine Oil Recommendations............................... 77 Spark Plug Service ................................................. 77 Lubrication Points.................................................. 79 REFUELING.............................................................. 80 FUEL RECOMMENDATIONS................................ 82 CONTENTS Fuel Filter/Water Separator Inspection and Service................................................................ 83 Portable Fuel Tank and Tank Filter Cleaning [standard equipment (Canadian types)], [optional equipment (American types)] . 86 ........ Anode Replacement ............................................... 87 Propeller Replacement ........................................... 88 CLEANING AND FLUSHING..................................... 90 Cleaning and Flushing ........................................... 90 STORAGE ..................................................................... 93 Fuel......................................................................... 93 Engine Oil .............................................................. 96 HOISTING THE OUTBOARD MOTOR . 96 ................ STORAGE PRECAUTIONS .................................... 96 REMOVAL FROM STORAGE................................ 97 TRANSPORTING ......................................................... 98 WITH OUTBOARD MOTOR INSTALLED ON BOAT.............................................................. 98 WITH OUTBOARD MOTOR REMOVED FROM BOAT ........................................................ 98

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CONTENTS TAKING CARE OF UNEXPECTED PROBLEMS . 99 .......................................................... ENGINE WILL NOT START . 99 .................................. HARD STARTING OR STALLS AFTER STARTING . 102 ......................................................... ENGINE OVERHEATS . 103 ......................................... FUSES . 104 ..................................................................... Electric Starter Will Not Operate . 104 ........................ Battery Will Not Charge . 104 ..................................... Fuse Replacment . 105 ................................................. OIL PRESSURE INDICATOR GOES OFF AND ENGINE SPEED IS LIMITED ........................... 106 OVERHEAT INDICATOR COMES ON AND ENGINE SPEED IS LIMITED ........................... 107 SUBMERGED OUTBOARD MOTOR . 109 ................. TECHNICAL INFORMATION.................................. 111 Serial Number Locations ......................................... 111 Battery ...................................................................... 112 Emission Control System Information . 112 ................... Star Label ................................................................. 115 Specifications........................................................... 117 CONSUMER INFORMATION .................................. 120 Honda publications .................................................. 120 Customer Service Information................................. 120 Warranty Statements................................................ 123 Distributor’s Limited Warranty ............................... 123 Emission Control System Warranty......................... 128 Distributor’s Warranty ............................................. 132 INDEX.......................................................................... 135

6 OUTBOARD MOTOR SAFETY IMPORTANT SAFETY

INFORMATIONOperator Responsibility It is the operator’s responsibility to Attach the emergency stop switch lanyard securely to the operator.

The Honda BF40D/BF50D outboard motors are designed for use with boats that have a suitable manufacturer’s power recommendation. Other uses can result in injury to the operator or damage to the outboard motor and other property. Most injuries or property damage can be prevented if you follow all instructions in this manual and on the outboard motor. The most common hazards are discussed in this chapter, along with the best way to protect yourself and others. provide the necessary safeguards to protect people and property. Know how to stop the engine quickly in case of emergency. Understand the use of all controls. Stop the engine immediately if anyone falls overboard, and do not run the engine while the boat is near anyone in the water. Always stop the engine if you must leave the controls for any reason. Always wear a PFD (Personal Flotation Device) while on the boat. Familiarize yourself with all laws and regulations relating to boating and the use of outboard motors. Be sure that anyone who operates the outboard motor receives proper instruction. Be sure the outboard motor is properly mounted on the boat. Do not remove the engine cover while the engine is running.

7 OUTBOARD MOTOR SAFETY Refuel With Care Carbon Monoxide Hazard

Gasoline is extremely flammable, and gasoline vapor can explode. Refuel outdoors, in a well ventilated area, with the engine stopped. Never smoke near gasoline, and keep other flames and sparks away. Refuel carefully to avoid spilling fuel. Avoid overfilling the fuel tank. After refueling, tighten the filler cap securely. If any fuel is spilled, make sure the area is dry before starting the engine. Exhaust contains poisonous carbon monoxide, a colorless, odorless gas. Breathing carbon monoxide can cause loss of consciousness and may lead to death. If you run the engine in an area that is confined, or even partly enclosed, the air you breathe could contain a dangerous amount of exhaust gas. Never run your outboard inside a garage or other enclosure.

8

SAFETY LABEL LOCATIONS US, Puerto Rico, and US Virgin Islands Types OUTBOARD MOTOR SAFETY READ OWNER’S MANUAL EMERGENCY ENGINE STARTING * (LHA type) These labels come with the outboard motor.

The label shown here contains important safety information. Please read it carefully. This label is considered a permanent part of your outboard motor. If the label comes off or becomes hard to read, contact an authorized Honda Marine dealer for a replacement. 9

OUTBOARD MOTOR SAFETY SAFETY LABEL LOCATIONS Canadian Types READ OWNER’S MANUAL * READ OWNER’S MANUAL EMERGENCY ENGINE STARTING These labels come with the outboard motor.

The label shown here contains important safety information. Please read it carefully. This label is considered a permanent part of your outboard motor. If the label comes off or becomes hard to read, contact an authorized Honda Marine dealer for a replacement. 10

PORTABLE FUEL TANK [standard equipment (Canadian types)] [optional equipment (American types)] FUEL CAUTION OUTBOARD MOTOR SAFETY

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OUTBOARD MOTOR SAFETY Canadian Types Gasoline is harmful or fatal if swallowed. Keep the fuel tank out of reach of Be careful not to spill any fuel while refueling. Spilled fuel or fuel vapor may ignite. If any fuel is spilled, make sure that the area is dry before starting the

Honda outboard motor is engine.

designed to give safe and dependable service if operated according to instructions. Read and understand the Owner’s Manual before operating the outboard motor. Failure to do so could result in personal injury or equipment damage. 12 children. Gasoline is extremely flammable and is explosive under certain conditions. Refuel in a well-ventilated area with the engine stopped. Do not smoke or allow flames or sparks where the engine is refueled or where gasoline is stored. Do not overfill the fuel tank. After refueling make sure that the fuel tank cap is closed properly and securely.

CONTROL AND FEATURE IDENTIFICATION CODES CONTROLS AND FEATURES

Model Type Shaft Length Tiller Handle Remote Control Gas Assist Tilt Power Trim/Tilt BF40D LHA LRTA LRTC L X BF50D LHTC LRTA LRTC XRTA

Tachometer Trim Meter * * * * * *

* : Optional equipment

Refer to this chart for an explanation of the Type Codes used in this manual to identify control and feature applications. TYPE CODE (Example) LRTA Destination: A=American, C=Canadian T=Power Trim/Tilt None=Gas Assist Tilt H=Tiller Handle R=Remote Control L=20.5 in (521 mm) (Long Shaft) X=24.5 in (622 mm) (Extra Long Shaft) 13 CONTROLS AND FEATURES COMPONENT AND CONTROL LOCATIONS LH and LHT Types

(tiller handle) ENGINE COVER LATCH (front) SPARK PLUG (inside the cover) ENGINE COVER ENGINE COVER LATCH (rear) ENGINE OIL FILLER CAP POWER TRIM/ TILT SWITCH (LHT type only) TILLER HANDLE FUEL LINE CONNECTOR STERN BRACKET TRANSOM ANGLE ADJUSTING ROD ANODE METAL POWER TILT SWITCH (LHT type only) IDLE PORT ANODE METAL (each side) TRIM TAB OIL LEVEL DIPSTICK COOLING SYSTEM INDICATOR ENGINE OIL DRAIN BOLT COVER TILT LOCK LEVER TILT LEVER (LH type only) MANUAL RELIEF VALVE (LHT type only) GEAR OIL CHECK SCREW WASH SCREW EXHAUST PORT/ WATER OUTLET PORT PROPELLER ANTIVENTILATION PLATE COOLING WATER INTAKE PORT

GEAR OIL DRAIN/FILL SCREW [standard equipment (Canadian types)] [optional equipment (American types)]

14 CONTROLS AND FEATURES INDICATORS (Oil pressure, Overheat, Alternator, Malfunction)

EMERGENCY STOP EMERGENCY STOP SWITCH GEARSHIFT LEVER THROTTLE FRICTION ADJUSTER

SWITCH LANYARD THROTTLE GRIP

IGNITION SWITCH EMERGENCY STOP SWITCH CLIP STEERING FRICTION ADJUSTER POWER TRIM/TILT SWITCH (LHT type only)

IGNITION SWITCH KEY 15

CONTROLS AND FEATURES LRT and XRT Types (remote control) SPARK PLUG (inside the cover) ENGINE OIL FILLER CAP ENGINE COVER LATCH (front) ENGINE COVER ENGINE COVER LATCH (rear) OIL LEVEL

FUEL LINE CONNECTOR STERN BRACKET ANODE METAL POWER TILT SWITCH IDLE PORT ANODE METAL (each side) TRIM TAB DIPSTICK COOLING SYSTEM INDICATOR ENGINE OIL DRAIN BOLT COVER TILT LOCK LEVER MANUAL RELIEF VALVE GEAR OIL CHECK SCREW WASH SCREW EXHAUST PORT/ WATER OUTLET PORT PROPELLER ANTIVENTILATION PLATE COOLING WATER INTAKE PORT

GEAR OIL DRAIN/FILL SCREW [standard equipment (Canadian types)] [optional equipment (American types)]

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Remote Control Box Side-Mount Control Type CONTROLS AND FEATURES

[standard equipment (LRTC type)] [optional equipment (LRTA and XRTA types)] ,

GEARSHIFT/THROTTLE CONTROL LEVER POWER TRIM/TILT SWITCH SPARE EMERGENCY STOP SWITCH CLIP BUZZER (inside) CONTROL LEVER FRICTION ADJUSTER EMERGENCY STOP NEUTRAL RELEASE LEVER INDICATORS (Oil pressure, Overheat, Alternator, Malfunction) FAST IDLE LEVER IGNITION SWITCH IGNITION SWITCH KEY EMERGENCY STOP SWITCH

SWITCH LANYARDEMERGENCY STOP SWITCH CLIP 17

CONTROLS AND FEATURES Portable Fuel Tank [standard equipment (Canadian types)] [optional equipment (American types)] FUEL GAUGE VENT KNOB FUEL FILLER CAP FUEL HOSE (standard equipment) FUEL HOSE CONNECTOR (female) PORTABLE FUEL TANK PRIMING BULB

18 CONTROLS AND FEATURES Trim Meter Tachometer Digital Speedometer

[standard equipment (Canadian types)] [optional equipment (LRTA and XRTA types)] [standard equipment (Canadian types)] [optional equipment (LRTA and XRTA types)] [optional equipment (LRT and XRT types)] Digital Tachometer [optional equipment (LRT and XRT types)]

19 CONTROLS AND FEATURES

CONTROLS LH and LHT Types (tiller handle) Ignition Switch ON START OFF Turning the ignition switch key to the START position operates the starter motor. The key automatically returns to the ON position when released from the START position. The engine will not start unless the gearshift lever is in the N (neutral) position (p. ) and the emergency 46 stop switch clip is in the emergency stop switch. Turning the ignition switch to the OFF position stops the engine. Emergency Stop Switch Clip and Emergency Stop Switch EMERGENCY STOP SWITCH

IGNITION SWITCH EMERGENCY STOP SWITCH LANYARD EMERGENCY STOP SWITCH CLIP

KEY IGNITION SWITCH The ignition switch controls the ignition system and the starter motor. EMERGENCY STOP SWITCH CLIP EMERGENCY STOP SWITCH LANYARD

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The emergency stop switch clip must be inserted in the emergency stop switch in order for the engine to start and run. The emergency stop switch lanyard must be attached securely to the operator or to the operator’s PFD (Personal Flotation Device). When used as described, the emergency stop switch and emergency stop switch lanyard system stops the engine if the operator falls away from the controls. A spare switch clip is provided in the tool bag (p. ). 69 CONTROLS AND FEATURES Throttle Grip The throttle grip controls engine speed. The throttle index mark shows throttle position and is helpful for setting the throttle correctly when starting (p. ). 47 INCREASE THROTTLE GRIP THROTTLE INDEX MARK

21 CONTROLS AND FEATURES Throttle Friction Adjuster Steering Friction Adjuster Gearshif t Lever

THROTTLE FRICTION N (neutral) F(forward) STEERING FRICTION ADJUSTER ADJUSTER R (reverse) FIX RELEASE TO INCREASE FRICTION TO DECREASE FRICTION

THROTTLE GRIP GEARSHIFT LEVER (LOCK) (FREE )

The throttle friction adjuster adjusts resistance to throttle grip rotation. Turn the adjuster clockwise to increase friction for holding a throttle setting while cruising. Turn the adjuster counterclockwise to decrease friction for easy throttle grip rotation. The gearshift lever is used to select F (forward), N (neutral), or R (reverse) gears. The engine can be started with the gearshift lever in the N (neutral) position only. The steering friction adjuster adjusts steering resistance. Less friction allows the outboard motor to turn more easily. More friction helps to hold a steady course while cruising or to prevent the outboard motor from swinging while trailering the boat.

22 CONTROLS AND FEATURES Transom Angle Adjusting Rod Tilt Lever (LH type) (LH type)The transom angle adjusting rod

STERN BRACKET TURN UP PUSH limits the tilt angle of the outboard motor when fully lowered. Proper adjustment prevents the outboard motor from being trimmed too low (p. ). 61 There are five transom angle adjustment positions. Four are controlled by the adjusting rod and the fifth is controlled by the stern bracket. In order to use the fifth LOCK (RUN) FREE (TILT) TILT LEVER

TRANSOM ANGLE ADJUSTING ROD (storage position) position, remove the adjusting rod and store it in the storage location, then lower the outboard motor down Moving the tilt lever to the FREE (TILT) position allows the outboard

TO CHANGE TO LOCK UNLOCKED POSITION LOCKED POSITION to the stern bracket stop position. motor to be tilted and moving the tilt lever to the LOCK (RUN) position locks the outboard motor in the desired position. Use the tilt lever to temporarily tilt the outboard motor when the boat is operating in shallow water, or mooring in shallow water. The tilt lever must be in the LOCK (RUN) position before operating the outboard motor or the outboard motor could tilt up when operating in

TRANSOM ANGLE ADJUSTING ROD reverse.

23 CONTROLS AND FEATURES

LRT and XRT Types (remote control/side-mount control type) Ignition Switch Turning the ignition switch key to the START position operates the starter motor. The key automatically returns

[standard equipment (LRTC type)] [optional equipment (LRTA and XRTA types)] For panel-mount or top-mount OFF ON START to the ON position when released from the START position. The ignition switch can be used to start the engine only when the control lever is in the N (neutral) position (p. remote control information, refer to IGNITION 49 ) and the emergency stop switch

the instructions provided with the remote control equipment. SWITCH EMERGENCY STOP SWITCH SWITCH CLIP The ignition switch controls the ignition system and the starter motor. clip is in the emergency stop switch. Turning the ignition switch to the OFF position stops the engine.

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Emergency Stop Switch Clip and CONTROLS AND FEATURES

Emergency Stop SwitchThe emergency stop switch clip must be inserted in the emergency stop switch in order for the engine to start

EMERGENCY STOP SWITCH and run. The emergency stop switch lanyard must be attached to the operator’s PFD (Personal Flotation Device) or to the operator securely. When used as described, the emergency stop switch clip and emergency stop switch lanyard system stops the engine if the operator falls away from the controls. SPARE SWITCH CLIP EMERGENCY STOP SWITCH CLIP EMERGENCY STOP SWITCH CLIP EMERGENCY STOP SWITCH LANYARD EMERGENCY STOP SWITCH LANYARD A spare switch clip is stored in a slot in the control housing.

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CONTROLS AND FEATURES Gearshif t/Throttle Control Lever GEARSHIFT/THROTTLE CONTROL LEVER N (NEUTRAL) 30° 30° F (FORWARD) R (REVERSE) SHIFT SHIFT MINIMUM MINIMUM THROTTLE OPENING

NEUTRAL RELEASE LEVER The gearshift/throttle control lever controls engine speed and selects F (forward), N (neutral), or R (reverse) gears. THROTTLE OPENING MAXIMUM GEARSHIFT/THROTTLE CONTROL LEVER Moving the control lever 30° from N (neutral) selects the gear, and further movement increases engine speed. The control lever automatically locks itself in the N (neutral) position. To move the lever out of the N (neutral) position, you must squeeze the neutral release lever on the underside of the lever handle. MAXIMUM A friction adjuster near the base of the control lever adjusts the operating resistance of the control lever. Refer to p. .59 Less friction allows easier control lever movement. More friction helps to hold a steady throttle setting while cruising.

26 CONTROLS AND FEATURES Fast Idle Lever N (neutral) MAXIMUM FAST IDLE START (LOWEST POSITION) FAST IDLE LEVER

Use the fast idle lever to accelerate engine warm-up after starting the engine. Do not use the fast idle lever when starting the engine. See page for engine warm-up 51 instructions. The fast idle lever allows you to increase the idle speed only when the control lever is in the N (neutral) position. Place the fast idle lever in its START (fully lowered) position to cancel the fast idle and return the control lever to normal operation.

27 CONTROLS AND FEATURES

LHT, LRT and XRT Types (power trim/tilt) Power Trim/Tilt Switch LHT Type TILLER HANDLE Press UP to trim or tilt the outboard motor up. Press DN to trim or tilt the outboard motor down. POWER TRIM/TILT SWITCH LRT and XRT Types CONTROL LEVER Press UP to trim or tilt the outboard motor up. Press DN to trim or tilt the outboard motor down. POWER TRIM/TILT SWITCH The power trim/tilt switch is located on the control lever. It is a rocker switch with UP and DN (down) positions for changing the angle of the outboard motor. You can use the power trim/tilt switch anytime whether the boat is underway, stopped, or the ignition switch is in the OFF position. It is necessary for the ignition switch to be in the ON position for the trim meter to indicate the outboard motor angle. Trim the outboard motor to obtain the best performance and stability (p. ). 61 Tilt the outboard motor for shallow water operation, beaching, launching, or mooring. Power Tilt Switch (engine pan) POWER TILT SWITCH The power tilt switch is located on the engine pan. It is a rocker switch with UP and DN (down) positions for changing the angle of the outboard motor. The power tilt switch will operate without turning the ignition switch ON. This switch is used with the engine stopped to raise the outboard motor for mooring, trailering, or maintenance.

28 CONTROLS AND FEATURES Manual Relief Valve The outboard motor can be tilted manually after opening the manual

RIGHT STERN BRACKET relief valve. This allows the outboard motor to be tilted up or down when no battery is connected. Check that nobody is under the outboard motor before opening the manual relief valve. If the manual relief valve is loosened (turned counterclockwise) when the outboard motor is tilted up, the outboard motor

POWER (To fix) MANUAL RELIEF VALVE MANUAL (To release) will suddenly tilt down.

29 CONTROLS AND FEATURES

Common Controls Tilt Lock Lever TILT LOCK LEVER Engine Cover Latches Trim Tab TRIM TAB BOLT (front)

FREE LOCK ENGINE COVER LATCH UNLATCH FIX TRIM TAB PROPELLER

The tilt lock lever is used to support the outboard motor in the fully-raised position. When the boat is to be moored for a long time, tilt the outboard motor up as far as it will go. Then move the tilt lock lever to the LOCK position, and gently lower the outboard motor until the lever contacts the stern bracket. (rear) FIX ENGINE COVER LATCH UNLATCH The trim tab compensates for ‘‘torque steer,’’ which is a reaction of the outboard motor to propeller rotation. If uncompensated, torque steer would make the outboard motor tend to turn to one side. When the trim tab is correctly adjusted (p. ), steering effort is 72 equal in either direction.

The engine cover latches fasten the engine cover to the outboard motor. 30 CONTROLS AND FEATURES INSTRUMENTS Tachometer Digital Tachometer [standard equipment (Canadian Trim Meter[optional equipment (LRT and

XRT types)] [standard equipment (Canadian types)] [optional equipment (LRTA and

types)] [optional equipment (LRTA and XRTA types)] The trim meter indicates the relative trim angle of the outboard motor. Refer to the trim meter when using the power trim/tilt switch to achieve XRTA types)] The tachometer shows engine speed in revolutions per minute. Refer to the tachometer when using the throttle and power trim/tilt controls to achieve the best Digital Tachometer includes the following functions. Tachometer Hour Meter Trim Meter Oil Pressure Indicator Overheat Indicator ACG Indicator

the best performance from the boat. Malfunction Indicator performance from the boat. Refer to the Operation Guide included with the Digital Tachometer for operation information. 31 CONTROLS AND FEATURES Digital Speedometer Fuel Gauge XRT types)][standard equipment (Canadian

[optional equipment (LRT and Digital Speedometer includes the following functions. Speedometer Fuel Level Meter Voltmeter Tripmeter Fuel Integration Meter Fuel Economy Meter Fuel Flow Meter Refer to the Operation Guide included with the Digital Speedometer for operation information. types)] [optional equipment (American types)] FUEL GAUGE A fuel gauge is built into the fuel tank connector of the portable fuel tank.

32 CONTROLS AND FEATURES INDICATORS Alternator (ACG) Indicator Malfunction Indicator

The indicator lights come on and the buzzer sounds when you turn the ignition switch ON, allowing you to see that they are working. If an indicator does not light during this test, it cannot alert you if that system develops a problem. Have your Honda Marine dealer check for burned-out bulbs or other problems. Under normal conditions, the following occur when the ignition switch is turned ON: LH and LHT Types (RED) ACG INDICATOR (internal buzzer) LRT and XRT Types LH and LHT Types (RED) MALFUNCTION INDICATOR (internal buzzer)

The ACG, Malfunction, Oil 1. Pressure, and Overheat indicators light. The buzzer will beep twice. 2. The Malfunction, Oil Pressure, 3. and Overheat indicators will go out after the second beep. The ACG indicator will go out 4. after the engine starts. The Oil Pressure indicator will 5. (side-mount control) BUZZER ACG INDICATOR (RED) LRT and XRT Types (side-mount control) MALFUNCTION INDICATOR (RED)

light again after the engine starts and will stay lit to indicate the oil pressure is normal. The ACG indicator turns on and the buzzer sounds in one-second intervals when the charging system is faulty. BUZZER

33 CONTROLS AND FEATURES

When the engine control system detects an engine control system malfunction, the malfunction indicator turns on and the buzzer sounds at one-second intervals. Oil Pressure Indicator LH and LHT Types (GREEN) When the oil pressure indicator is lit, oil pressure is OK. If oil pressure becomes low, the indicator will go off, and the engine protection system will limit engine

speed. Refer to TAKING CARE OF

OIL PRESSURE INDICATOR (internal buzzer) LRT and XRT Types (side-mount control) OIL PRESSURE INDICATOR (GREEN) BUZZER UNEXPECTED PROBLEMS, on p. . 106 All models are equipped with a buzzer that sounds continuously when the oil pressure indicator goes off. Low oil pressure indicates that the engine oil level is low or that there is a problem with the engine lubrication system.

34 CONTROLS AND FEATURES Overheat Indicator Cooling System Indicator When the alert triggers, the overheat

LH and LHT Types (RED) indicator comes on and the buzzer sounds a steady tone as the engine speed is reduced to 1,800 rpm. If the condition persists for another 20 seconds, the engine shuts off. Refer

to TAKING CARE OF

OVERHEAT UNEXPECTED PROBLEMS p. . 107 , on

INDICATOR (internal buzzer) LRT and XRT Types (side-mount control) OVERHEAT INDICATOR (RED) All models are equipped with a buzzer that sounds continuously when the red light comes on. Engine overheating may be the result of clogged water intakes. COOLING SYSTEM INDICATOR Water should flow from the cooling system indicator while the engine is running. This shows that water is circulating through the cooling system. If water stops flowing while the engine is running, it indicates a cooling system problem, such as clogged water intakes, which will cause engine overheating. Refer to TAKING CARE OF UNEXPECTED BUZZER PROBLEMS , on p. . 108

35 CONTROLS AND FEATURES OTHER FEATURES[standard equipment (Canadian

The cooling system indicator discharge port can also become plugged. Overrev Limiter The engine is equipped with an overrev limiter to prevent the possibility of mechanical damage from excessive engine speed. The overrev limiter may be activated during operation, limiting engine speed, if the outboard motor is trimmed or tilted up excessively, or when propeller ventilation occurs during a sharp turn. If the overrev limiter is activated, check the trim angle of the outboard motor. Check to see if the correct propeller is installed. Portable Fuel Tank types)] [optional equipment (American types)] The portable fuel tank has a capacity of US gal ( L) and has a fuel 6.6 25 gauge built into the fuel tank connector.

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Fuel Filler Cap Vent Knob CONTROLS AND FEATURES Fuel Priming Bulb NMEA Interface Coupler NMEA2000 based information on

VENT KNOB OPEN CLOSE FUEL FILLER CAP UP OUTLET END (outboard motor side) PRIMING BULB INLET END (fuel tank side) engine speed, fuel consumption, and various warnings can be read by connecting to the outboard motor with the interface cable (optional equipment). Contact your dealer for more information. The fuel filler cap is provided with a vent knob to seal the portable fuel tank for carrying it to and from the boat. Open the vent by turning the vent knob counterclockwise all the way before starting the engine. A priming bulb is built into the fuel hose that connects the fuel tank to the outboard motor. Before starting the engine, hold the priming bulb up in the direction of the arrow; then squeeze the priming bulb until it feels firm. This will ensure that fuel is supplied to the engine (p. ). 45 NMEA INTERFACE COUPLER

37 CONTROLS AND FEATURES Anodes ANODE (stern bracket) ANODE (each side) The anodes are made of a sacrificial material that helps to protect the outboard motor from corrosion. There are two anodes on the gear case, one on the stern bracket and two small anodes in the water passages of the engine block. 38

ARE YOU READY TO GET UNDERWAY?Safety Always wear a PFD (Personal BEFORE OPERATION Improperly maintaining

Your safety is your responsibility. A little time spent in preparation will significantly reduce your risk of injury. Knowledge Read and understand this manual. Know what the controls do and how to operate them. Familiarize yourself with the outboard motor and its operation before you get underway. Know what to do in case of an emergency. Familiarize yourself with all laws and regulations relating to boating and the use of outboard motors. Flotation Device) while on the boat. Attach the emergency stop switch clip securely to the operator or to the operator’s PFD (Personal Flotation Device). IS YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR READY TO GO? For your safety, and to maximize the service life of your equipment, it is very important to take a few moments before you operate the outboard motor to check its condition. Be sure to take care of any problem you find, or have your authorized Honda Marine dealer correct it, before you operate the outboard motor. this outboard motor or failing to correct a problem before operation can cause a malfunction in which you could be seriously hurt or killed. Always perform a pre operation inspection before each operation, and correct any problem. Before beginning your pre-operation checks, be sure the ignition switch is in the OFF position.

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BEFORE OPERATION Safety Inspection Look around the outboard motor for signs of oil or gasoline leaks. If you are using the portable fuel tank (standard or optional equipment), make sure it is in good condition and properly secured in the boat (p. ). 44 Check that the fuel hose is undamaged and properly connected. Wipe up any spills before starting the engine. Check the stern bracket to be sure the outboard motor is securely installed. Check that all controls are operating properly. Replace any damaged parts. Check that all fasteners are in place and securely tightened. Check the emergency stop switch for proper operation (p. , ). 2520 Start the engine. Make sure the engine stops by pulling the emergency stop switch clip from the emergency stop switch (p. ). 55 Maintenance Inspection Check the engine oil level (p. ). 74 Running the engine with a low oil level can cause engine damage. Check to be sure the propeller is undamaged and the castle nut is secured with the cotter pin (p. ). 88 Check that the anodes are securely attached to the stern bracket and the gear case (p. ) and are not 87 excessively worn. The anodes help protect the outboard motor from corrosion. Make sure a tool kit and the emergency starter rope are onboard (p. ). Replace any 69 missing items. Check the fuel level in the fuel tank (p. ). 80 Check that the battery fluid is between the upper and lower levels, and the battery leads are connected securely. Check the fuel filter for water contamination (p. ). 83

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Tiller Handle Height/Angle Adjustment (LH and LHT types) HANDLE ANGLE: 7° HANDLE ANGLE: 21° HANDLE ANGLE: 13° The tiller handle height and angle can be adjusted to three positions by changing the installation direction of the height adjustment block. Select a suitable height and angle for the operator and secure the block. Install the height adjustment block so that the selected angle of the tiller handle is in this position. × 8 28 mm FLANGE BOLT HEIGHT ADJUSTMENT BLOCK BEFORE OPERATION 13.2 in (336 mm) HANDLE ANGLE: 13° 15.7 in (399 mm) HANDLE ANGLE: 21° Raise the tiller handle and remove 1. × the 8 28 mm flange bolt and the height adjustment block. Pull down the tiller handle. 2. Determine the height adjustment block installation direction and × secure the block with the 8 28 mm flange bolt. 10.8 in (275 mm) HANDLE ANGLE: 7° HEIGHT Reference point

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OPERATION PRECAUTIONSBREAK-IN PROCEDURE SAFE OPERATING Break-in period: 10 hours To safely realize the full potential of Next 60 minutes: Run the engine up to a maximum of 4,000 to 5,000 rpm, which is about 50% to 80% of maximum throttle

this outboard motor, you need a complete understanding of its operation and a certain amount of practice with its controls. Before operating the outboard motor for the first time, please review the IMPORTANT SAFETY Proper break-in operation allows the moving parts to wear in smoothly for best performance and long service life. Avoid continuous operation at a steady speed. First 15 minutes: Run the engine at trolling speed. Use opening. Operating at maximum ~ 4,000 5,000 rpm should be limited to 50% of the 60 minutes. 30-second full-throttle bursts are OK, but do not operate the engine continuously at full throttle. For boats that plane easily, bring the

INFORMATION on page and the 7 the minimum throttle opening boat up on plane, and then reduce the chapter titled BEFORE OPERATION. necessary to operate the boat at a safe trolling speed. throttle opening to the recommended rpm range.

For your safety, do not start or run the engine in a confined or partly Next 45 minutes: Next 8 hours:

enclosed area. Your engine’s exhaust contains poisonous carbon monoxide, a colorless, odorless gas that can collect rapidly. Breathing carbon monoxide can cause loss of consciousness and may lead to death. Run the engine up to a maximum of 2,000 to 3,000 rpm, which is about 10% to 30% of maximum throttle opening. Operating at maximum ~ 2,000 3,000 rpm should be limited to 50% of the 45 minutes. Do not run the engine at full throttle for more than 5 minutes at a time.

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TRANSOM ANGLE ADJUSTMENT (LH Type) STERN BRACKET TURN UP PUSH TRANSOM ANGLE ADJUSTING ROD TRANSOM ANGLE ADJUSTING ROD The transom angle adjusting rod limits the tilt angle of the outboard motor when fully lowered. Proper adjustment prevents the outboard motor from being trimmed too low (p. ). 61 To adjust, first tilt the outboard motor so it is not resting on the rod. Push the rod in and turn the end of the rod up, so the latch will fall into line with the rod. Remove the rod and reinsert it in the desired position. OPERATION Do not allow water to enter the idle exhaust port or the engine can be damaged.

TO CHANGE UNLOCKED Push the rod in and turn the end of

POSITION IDLE EXHAUST PORT the rod down, so the latch will fall to the locked position. Then release the rod. TO LOCK LOCKED POSITION 43 OPERATION PORTABLE FUEL TANK FUEL HOSE CONNECTIONS

[standard equipment (Canadian types)] [optional equipment (American types)] Secure the portable fuel tank in the boat so that it won’t move around and become damaged. Turn the portable fuel tank vent knob counterclockwise to the open position.

PORTABLE FUEL TANK FUEL HOSE (standard equipment) Place the portable fuel tank in a well ventilated location, away from direct sunlight, to reduce the possibility of a gasoline vapor explosion. To ensure that the outboard motor will be able to draw fuel from the tank, place the tank within 6 feet (2 m) of the outboard motor and not more than 3 feet (1 m) below the fuel connector on the outboard motor. Gasoline is highly flammable and explosive. You can be burned or seriously injured when handling fuel. Stop the engine and keep heat, sparks, and flame away. Handle fuel only outdoors. Wipe up spills immediately. FUEL HOSE CONNECTOR (fuel tank side) FUEL HOSE CONNECTOR (outboard motor side)

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Connect the fuel hose to the tank and the outboard motor, as shown. Be sure both connectors snap securely into place. Always disconnect the fuel hose when storing or transporting the outboard motor. FUEL PRIMING If you are using a portable fuel tank, turn the portable fuel tank vent knob counterclockwise to the open position. UP OUTLET END (outboard motor side) PRIMING BULB INLET END (fuel tank side) Hold the priming bulb up in the direction of the arrow; then squeeze the priming bulb several times until it feels firm, indicating that fuel has reached the engine. Check to be sure there are no fuel leaks before starting the engine. OPERATION Do not touch the priming bulb with the engine running or when tilting up the outboard motor. The vapor separator could overflow. Gasoline is highly flammable and explosive. You can be burned or seriously injured when handling fuel. Stop the engine and keep heat, sparks, and flame away. Handle fuel only outdoors. Wipe up spills immediately.

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OPERATION INFREQUENT OR STARTING THE ENGINE 1. OCCASIONAL USE Control Page If your outboard motor will be used Side-Mount Control Type . 49 .......... Put the emergency stop switch clip in the emergency stop switch, and attach the emergency stop switch lanyard securely to the operator or

on an infrequent or intermittent basis, please refer to the fuel section of the STORAGE chapter (p. ) for 93 additional information regarding fuel deterioration. LH and LHT Types (tiller handle) EMERGENCY STOP SWITCH EMERGENCY STOP SWITCH CLIP EMERGENCY STOP SWITCH LANYARD to the operator’s PFD (Personal Flotation Device). The engine will not start or run unless the emergency stop switch clip is in the emergency stop switch. The emergency stop switch clip and emergency stop switch lanyard system is a safety device that will stop the engine if you fall away from the controls while operating the boat. Always attach the emergency stop switch lanyard securely to the operator or to the operator’s PFD before starting the engine.

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N (neutral) GEARSHIFT LEVER START POSITION POINTER OPERATION ON START OFF Check the position of the gearshift 2. THROTTLE GRIP Align the engine start symbol IGNITION SWITCH KEY Turn the ignition switch key to the lever. It must be in the N (neutral) position for starting. The engine will not start if the gearshift lever is in the F (forward) or R (reverse) position. 3. 4. ‘‘ ’’ on the tiller handle with the pointer ‘‘ ’’ on the throttle grip. 5. ON position; the buzzer will sound twice. Turn the ignition switch key to the START position and hold it there until the engine starts. When the engine starts, release the key, allowing it to return to the ON position.

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OPERATION If the engine fails to start within 5 6. seconds, release the key and wait at least 10 seconds before operating the starter again. Using the electric starter f or more than 5 seconds at a time will overheat the starter motor and can damage it. Turning the ignition switch key to the START position while the engine is running can damage the starter motor and f lywheel. Also, as the engine warms up, the throttle grip can be turned to the SLOW position without stalling. Before getting underway, allow the engine to warm-up sufficiently to ensure good performance. Above 41°F (5°C), warm-up the engine for at least 3 minutes. Below 41°F (5°C), warm-up the engine for at least 5 minutes at 2,000 rpm. If the engine is not properly warmed up bef ore raising the engine speed, the buzzer and overheat indicator may activate and the engine speed will be automatically reduced. The cooling system may f reeze in areas where the temperature reaches 32°F (0°C) or below. Cruising at high speed without warming the engine up may cause engine damage. During the warm-up period, check the oil pressure indicator (p. ), 34 overheat indicator (p. ), and 35 cooling system indicator (p. ). 35 If the indicators show any abnormal condition, immediately stop the engine and determine the cause of the problem. Refer to TAKING CARE OF

UNEXPECTED PROBLEMS - p. . on

106 108

48 OPERATION LRT and XRT Types (remote control)The engine will not start or run unless the emergency stop switch

Side-Mount Control Type [standard equipment (LRTC type)] [optional equipment (LRTA and XRTA types)] EMERGENCY STOP SWITCH clip is in the emergency stop switch. The emergency stop switch clip and emergency stop switch lanyard system is a safety device that will stop the engine if you fall away from the controls while operating the boat. Always attach the emergency stop switch lanyard securely to the operator or to the operator’s PFD before starting the engine. N (neutral) CONTROL LEVER

2. EMERGENCY STOP SWITCH CLIP EMERGENCY STOP SWITCH LANYARD Set the control lever in the N (neutral) position. The engine will not start if the F (forward) or R (reverse) gears are

Put the emergency stop switch clip 1. in the emergency stop switch, and securely to the operator or to the operator’s PFD (Personal Flotation Device). engaged.

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OPERATION OFFONSTART FAST IDLE RANGE START (fully lowered) FAST IDLE LEVER IGNITION SWITCH KEY If the engine fails to start within 5 seconds, release the key and wait at least 10 seconds before operating the starter again. Using the electric starter f or more than 5 seconds at a time will overheat the starter motor and can damage it. Turning the ignition switch key to the START position while the engine is running can damage the

Leave the fast idle lever in the 3. 4. START (fully lowered) position. The fast idle lever cannot be raised Turn the ignition switch key to the ON position; the buzzer will sound twice. starter motor and f lywheel.

unless the control lever is in the N 5. (neutral) position. The control lever cannot be moved away from the N (neutral) position unless the fast idle lever is lowered. Turn the ignition switch key to the START position and hold it there until the engine starts. When the engine starts, release the key, allowing it to return to the ON position.

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MAXIMUM FAST IDLE FAST IDLE RANGE If the engine is not properly warmed up bef ore raising the engine speed, the buzzer and overheat indicator may activate and the engine speed will be automatically reduced. The cooling system may f reeze in areas where the temperature OPERATION During the warm-up period, check the oil pressure indicator (p. ), 34 overheat indicator (p. ), and 35 cooling system indicator (p. ). 35 If the indicators show any abnormal condition, immediately stop the engine and determine the cause of the problem. Refer to TAKING CARE OF

reaches 32°F (0°C) or below. Cruising at high speed without warming the engine up may cause UNEXPECTED PROBLEMS - p. . 106 108 on

engine damage. 7. Before getting underway, allow 6. the engine to warm-up sufficiently to ensure good performance. Above 41°F (5°C), warm-up the engine for at least 3 minutes. Below 41°F (5°C), warm-up the engine for at least 5 minutes at 2,000 rpm. Raise the fast idle lever to achieve approximately 2,000 rpm. If the fast idle lever was used to warm-up the engine, gradually lower the lever as the engine warms up. When the fast idle lever is fully lowered, the control lever can be moved away from the N (neutral) position.

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OPERATION EMERGENCY STARTING If the battery is discharged or the starter motor is inoperative, you can start the engine manually using the × 6 25 mm BOLTS (rear) Release Remove the band

emergency starter rope supplied with the outboard motor. (front) UNLOCK the harness. clamp. CLAMP BRACKET ALTERNATOR COVER ×

ENGINE COVER LATCH Remove the four 6 25 mm bolts 3. and clamp bracket, release the harness from the clamper, then remove the alternator cover.

1. UNLOCK Turn the ignition switch key to the 57 4. OFF position (p. ). Install the clamp bracket with the 6

× 2. Unlatch the engine cover latches 25 mm bolt.

ENGINE COVER LATCH and remove the engine cover. NOTE: Take care not to lose the bolts.

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Set the controls the same as for 5. - normal starting (p. , 46 47 OPERATION If necessary, rewind the rope and pull again. If the engine does not - 49 50 ). start after several attempts, refer to Direction to pull TAKING CARE OF

Turn the ignition switch key to the UNEXPECTED PROBLEMS on p.

ON position. - 99 101.

7. 6. KNOT ALTERNATOR PULLEY EMERGENCY STARTER ROPE Set the alternator pulley so the EMERGENCY STARTER ROPE Pull the emergency starter rope slowly until resistance is felt, then pull briskly. Keep away from moving parts while pulling the rope. Exposed moving parts can cause injury. Do not operate the outboard motor without the engine cover. Use extreme care when installing the engine cover.

cutouts are on the right and left sides of the alternator pulley as shown. Hook the knot at the end of the starter rope (accessory) against a cutout in the alternator pulley, and wind the starter rope one and half turns counterclockwise along the groove in the alternator pulley. 53 OPERATION

If the fast idle control(s) was used 8. to start the engine, return the control(s) to the normal operating position as the engine warms up. During the warm-up period, check the oil pressure indicator (p. ), 34 overheat indicator (p. ), and 35 cooling system indicator (p. ). 35 Leave the alternator cover off, but 9. install the engine cover (p. ) 73 and lock it in place by latching the engine cover latches. 10. 11. If it was necessary to remove the emergency stop switch lanyard from you to perform the emergency starting procedure, be sure the lanyard is attached securely to operator before operating the outboard motor. Have your closest authorized Honda Marine dealer check your electrical system and correct the problem so that you can use the electric starter.

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STOPPING THE ENGINE Emergency Engine Stopping LH and LHT Types (tiller handle) EMERGENCY STOP SWITCH PULL EMERGENCY STOP SWITCH CLIP EMERGENCY STOP SWITCH LANYARD LRT and XRT Types (remote control) EMERGENCY STOP SWITCH PULL EMERGENCY STOP SWITCH CLIP EMERGENCY STOP SWITCH LANYARD OPERATION To stop the engine in an emergency, pull the emergency stop switch clip out of the emergency stop switch by pulling the emergency stop switch lanyard. We suggest that you stop the engine this way occasionally to verify that the emergency stop switch is operating properly. Turn the ignition switch key to the OFF position after verifying the emergency stop switch operation.

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OPERATION Normal Engine Stopping LH and LHT Types (tiller handle) THROTTLE GRIP SLOW LRT and XRT Types (remote control) Side-Mount Control Type N (neutral) CONTROL LEVER After cruising at full throttle, cool down the engine by idling for a few minutes before stopping the engine.

N (neutral) 1. GEARSHIFT LEVER Move the throttle grip to the slowest speed and the gearshift lever or control lever to the N (neutral) position.

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LH and LHT Types 2. (tiller handle) OFF 3. IGNITION SWITCH KEY LRT and XRT Types (remote control) OFF IGNITION SWITCH KEY OPERATION Turn the ignition switch key to the OFF position to stop the engine. In the event that the engine does not stop when the ignition switch key is turned to the OFF position, pull the emergency stop switch clip out of the emergency stop switch by pulling the emergency stop switch lanyard (p. ). 55 When the boat is not in use, remove and store the ignition switch key and the emergency stop switch clip and lanyard. If you are using a portable fuel tank, disconnect the fuel hose if you will be storing or transporting the outboard motor.

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OPERATION GEARSHIFT AND THROTTLE OPERATION LH and LHT Types (tiller handle) POINTER THROTTLE GRIP SLOW FAST To shift gears, turn the throttle grip to the SLOW position; then move the gearshift lever to select the F (forward), N (neutral), or R (reverse) gears. The engine can be started with the gearshift lever in the N (neutral) position only. The throttle grip can be turned to the FAST position only when the gearshift lever is in the F (forward) position. THROTTLE FRICTION ADJUSTER THROTTLE GRIP FIX RELEASE Use the throttle friction adjuster to help hold a constant throttle setting F (forward) GEARSHIFT LEVER N(neutral) R(reverse) while cruising. Turn the adjuster clockwise to increase throttle grip friction for holding a constant speed. Turn the adjuster counterclockwise to decrease friction for easy grip rotation.

58 OPERATION LRT and XRT Types (remote control)To shift gears, move the control lever to select the F (forward), N (neutral), or R (reverse) gear.

CONTROL LEVER The control lever cannot be moved from the N (neutral) position unless the neutral release lever is squeezed. Moving the control lever beyond the gear selection range increases engine speed. CONTROL LEVER FRICTION TO INCREASE FRICTION TO DECREASE FRICTION

N (neutral) NEUTRAL ADJUSTER RELEASE LEVER Adjust the control lever friction adjuster so the control lever will hold a constant throttle setting while cruising.

F (forward)R (reverse) 59

OPERATION STEERING LH and LHT Types (tiller handle) RIGHT TURN LEFT TURN Steering Friction Adjuster STEERING FRICTION ADJUSTERFRICTION PLATE LRT and XRT Types (remote control) Steer the boat in the same manner as an automobile.

TO INCREASE FRICTION (LOCK) TO DECREASE FRICTION (FREE)

Move the tiller handle to the left.Move the tiller handle to the right. Steer by moving the tiller handle opposite the direction you want the boat to turn. Use the steering friction adjuster to help hold a steady course while cruising. Move the adjuster to the LOCK direction to increase steering friction for holding a steady course. Move the adjuster to the FREE direction to decrease friction for easy turning. Do not apply grease or oil on the f riction plate. Grease or oil will reduce the f riction of the adjuster.

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CRUISING Engine Speed For best fuel economy, limit the throttle opening to 80%. Use the throttle friction control (p. , ) If engine speed becomes unstable at high speed due to activation of the overrev limiter, reduce speed and check the trim angle of the outboard motor. Trim OPERATION antiventilation plate is level with the water surface. When cruising into a high wind, trim the outboard motor down slightly to level the boat and improve stability. With a tail wind, trim the outboard

58 59

to help you hold a steady speed. For rough water conditions or large waves, slow down to prevent the motor up slightly. LH TypeLHT, LRT and XRT Types Install the outboard motor at the best

propeller from rising out of the water. The engine is equipped with an overrev limiter to prevent the possibility of mechanical damage from excessive engine speed. If, for example, the outboard motor is tilted excessively or propeller ventilation occurs during a sharp turn, the engine may overrev, activating the overrev limiter. trim angle for stable cruising and maximum power. Trim angle too large: Causes boat to ‘‘squat.’’ Trim angle too small: Causes boat to ‘‘bow steer.’’ It is necessary to trim the angle of the outboard motor to compensate for changes in boat load, weight distribution, water conditions, or propeller selection. Under normal conditions, the boat will perform best when the Use the power trim/tilt switch to trim the outboard motor for the best performance and stability. You can use the power trim/tilt switch at any time, whether the boat is underway or stopped. Press the UP or DN (down) side of the switch to adjust the angle of the outboard motor. Refer to the trim meter (p. ) for an 31 indication of whether the outboard motor is trimmed high or low.

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OPERATION It is necessary to trim the angle of the outboard motor to compensate for changes in boat load, weight distribution, water conditions, or propeller selection. LHT Type Press UP to trim or OUTBOARD MOTOR TRIMMED TOO LOW OUTBOARD MOTOR TRIMMED TOO HIGH

Under normal conditions, the boat will perform best when the antiventilation plate is level with the water surface. When cruising into a high wind, trim tilt the outboard motor up. Press DN to trim or tilt the outboard motor down. OUTBOARD MOTOR TRIMMED CORRECTLY BOW TOO LOW DUE TO the outboard motor down slightly to level the boat and improve stability. With a tail wind, trim the outboard motor up slightly. Excessive trim/tilt angle during operation can cause propeller POWER TRIM/TILT SWITCH 1.2. LRT and XRT Types POWER TRIM/TILT SWITCH Press UP to trim or tilt the outboard LOAD IN THE FRONT OUTBOARD MOTOR TRIMMED TOO LOW ventilation, overheating, and water motor up. BOW TOO HIGH DUE TO

pump damage. This type of damage 1.2. LOAD IN THE REAR

is not covered by the Distributor’s Press DN to trim or OUTBOARD MOTOR TRIMMED

Limited Warranty (p. ). 123 tilt the outboard motor down. CONTROL LEVER TOO HIGH

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TRIM TAB Refer to TRIM TAB ADJUSTMENT LH Type OPERATION

If steering effort is not equal in both directions, adjust the trim tab to compensate for ‘‘torque steer,’’ which is the reaction of the outboard motor to propeller rotation. TRIM TAB BOLT TRIM TAB PROPELLER on p. . 72 SHALLOW WATER OPERATION LHT, LRT and XRT Types When operating in shallow water, use the power trim/tilt switch (p. ) to 62 tilt the outboard motor so that the propeller and gear case won’t hit the bottom. Proceed at low speed, and monitor water flow from the cooling system indicator (p. ) to be sure the 35 outboard motor is not tilted so high that the water intakes are out of the When operating in shallow water, tilt the outboard motor, using the tilt lever, so the propeller and gear case won’t hit the bottom. 63° 12° 16° TILT ANGLE Adjust the trim tab with the engine stopped. Loosen the trim tab bolt above the trim tab, turn the trim tab, and then tighten the bolt securely. water. - An excessive trim/tilt angle during operation can cause propeller 4° TRIM ANGLE 0°(VERTICAL LINE) When the trim tab is correctly ventilation, overheating, and water pump damage. This type of damage (when transom angle is 12°)

adjusted, steering effort will be equal is not covered by the Distributor’s in both directions. Limited Warranty (p. ). 123

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OPERATION ENGINE COVER GRIP FREE (TILT) LOCK (RUN) TILT LEVER To tilt the outboard motor, move the tilt lever to the FREE (TILT) position, then raise the outboard motor to the While the outboard motor is tilted, proceed at a low speed, and do not operate the outboard motor in reverse. The outboard motor will rise suddenly if operated in reverse. Monitor water flow from the cooling system indicator (p. ) to be sure 35 the outboard motor is not tilted so high that the water intake is out of the water. An excessive tilt angle during operation can cause propeller ventilation, overheating, and water pump damage. This type of damage To return the outboard motor to the normal operating position, move the tilt lever to the LOCK (RUN) position. You may need to raise the outboard motor slightly to disengage the tilt mechanism, and then slowly lower the outboard motor.

desired position by pulling on the is not covered by the Distributor’s engine cover grip. Do not use the tiller handle as a lever to raise the outboard motor. Applying excessive f orce to the tiller handle can damage it. Limited Warranty (p. ). 123

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MOORING, BEACHING, LAUNCHING Before tilting up, leave the outboard motor in the running position for one minute after stopping the engine to drain the water from inside the engine. Stop the engine and disconnect the fuel hose from the outboard motor before tilting the outboard motor. outboard motor until the lever contacts the stern bracket. If more clearance is needed to swing the tilt lock lever into the LOCK position, rock the outboard motor forward slightly by pulling on the engine cover grip. To lower the outboard motor, tilt up, move the tilt lock lever to the FREE position, and then lower the outboard motor to the desired position. OPERATION TILT LOCK LEVER (lock position) FREE LOCK

LH Type STERN BRACKET Use the tilt lever to raise and lower the outboard motor as described on

p. . 64 LHT, LRT and XRT Types To raise the outboard motor out of the water while the engine is stopped and the boat is moored, or for maximum clearance when beaching or launching, use the power tilt switch on the engine pan to tilt the outboard motor up as far as it will go. Move the tilt lock lever to the LOCK position, and then gently lower the POWER TILT SWITCH (LHT, LRT and XRT Types) Do not attempt to use the power tilt switch to tilt the outboard motor down while the tilt lock lever is in the LOCK position. Damage to the power tilt system may occur.

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OPERATION MANUAL RELIEF VALVE Check that nobody is under the outboard motor before opening the manual relief valve. If the manual relief valve is loosened (turned counterclockwise) when the outboard motor is tilted up, the outboard motor will suddenly tilt down. POWER (To fix)MANUAL (To release) RIGHT STERN BRACKET Be sure the valve is closed before operating the outboard motor. If the valve is not closed, the outboard motor will tilt up when operated in reverse.

The outboard motor can also be tilted manually after opening the manual relief valve. This feature enables the outboard motor to be tilted up or down when no battery is connected. For manual tilting, use a flat blade screwdriver to turn the valve counterclockwise 2 and a half turns. Close the valve firmly after positioning the engine. 66 SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR

THE IMPORTANCE OF MAINTENANCE Proper maintenance is essential for safe, economical, and trouble-free operation. It will also help reduce air pollution. Improperly maintaining this outboard motor or failure to correct a problem before operation can cause a malfunction in which you could be seriously hurt or killed. Always follow the inspection and maintenance recommendations and schedules in this Owner’s Manual. To help you properly care for your outboard motor, the following pages include a maintenance schedule, routine inspection procedures, and simple maintenance procedures using basic hand tools. Other service tasks that are more difficult or require special tools are best handled by professionals and are normally performed by a Honda technician or other qualified mechanic. The maintenance schedule applies to normal operating conditions. If you operate your outboard motor under unusual conditions, consult an authorized Honda Marine dealer for recommendations applicable to your individual needs and use. Remember that your authorized Honda Marine dealer knows your outboard motor best and is fully equipped to maintain and repair it. To ensure the best quality and reliability, use only new, Honda Genuine parts or their equivalents for repair and replacement. Maintenance, replacement, or repair of the emission control devices and systems may be performed by any marine engine repair establishment or individual, using parts that are ‘‘certified’’ to EPA standards. 67

SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR MAINTENANCE SAFETY Safety Precautions Read the instructions before you begin, and make sure you have the

Some of the most important safety precautions follow. However, we cannot warn you of every conceivable hazard that can arise in performing maintenance. Only you Make sure the engine is off before you begin any maintenance or repairs. This will eliminate several potential hazards: tools and skills required. To reduce the possibility of fire or explosion, be careful when working around gasoline. Use only

can decide whether or not you should perform a given task. Failure to properly follow maintenance instructions - - Carbon monoxide poisoning from engine exhaust. Do not start or run the engine in a confined or partly enclosed area. Burns from hot parts. a nonflammable solvent, not gasoline, to clean parts. Keep cigarettes, sparks, and flames away from all fuel-related parts. Wear gloves when handling the propeller to protect your hands

and precautions can cause you to be seriously hurt or killed. Always follow the procedures and precautions in the Owner’s Manual. 68 Let the engine and exhaust from sharp edges. system cool before touching. - Injury from moving parts. Do not run the engine unless instructed to do so.

SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR SPARE SWITCH CLIP (LH TOOL KIT and OWNER’S MANUAL and LHT Types) AND EMERGENCY STARTER ROPE ×

10 12 mm WRENCH OIL CHECK SCREWDRIVER × PLIERS

SPARE SWITCH CLIP (LH and LHT Types) EMERGENCY STARTER ROPE PHILLIPS/FLAT SCREWDRIVER SCREWDRIVER HANDLE 18 19 mm SOCKET WRENCH 8 mm WRENCH FUSE PULLER TOOL BAGOWNER’S MANUAL

Always carry the spare switch clip and the emergency starter rope onboard. The spare clip may either be stored in the tool bag or in an easily accessible location on the boat along with the emergency starter rope. The owner’s manual and tool kit can be used to perform simple maintenance procedures and emergency repairs. Keep these items on the boat so that they will always be available if you need them. If your tool kit needs replacement, it is not available as a kit and each item must be ordered individually.

69 SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE Follow the MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE table and service your outboard motor accordingly. Please note, a claim for warranty coverage will not be denied simply because the maintenance schedule for your outboard motor was not followed. However, any part(s) that fails specifically due to lack of maintenance, or improperly performed maintenance, Distributor’s Limited Warranty would not be covered under the .

REGULAR SERVICE PERIOD (3)

Perform at every indicated month or operating hour interval, whichever comes first. ITEM Each use After use First month or 20 hrs. Every 6 months or 100 hrs. Every year or 200 hrs. Every 2 years or 400 hrs. Refer to page

Engine oil Check level Change ○ ○ ○ 74 75

Gear case oil Engine oil filter Timing belt Throttle linkage Idle speed Valve clearance Change Replace Check-adjust Check-adjust Check-adjust Check-adjust ○ ○ ○ (2) (2) (2) ○ ○ ○ (2) (2) (2) ○ ○ ○ (2) (2) (2)

Spark plug Propeller and cotter pin Anode metal (Outside engine) Anode metal (Inside engine) Check-adjust/Replace Check Check Check ○ ○ ○ (2) ○ 77 78 - 88 87

Lubrication Fuel tank and tank filter Grease Clean ○ (1) ○ (1) ○ 79 86

Thermostat Check ○ (2)

Lubricate more frequently when used in salt water. (1) These items should be serviced by your servicing dealer, unless you have the proper tools and are mechanically proficient. Refer to the (2) Honda shop manual for service procedures. For professional commercial use, log hours of operation to determine proper maintenance intervals. (3) 70

REGULAR SERVICE PERIOD SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR (3)

Perform at every indicated month or operating hour interval, whichever comes first. Each use After use ITEM First month or 20 hrs. Every 6 months or 100 hrs. Every year or 200 hrs. Every 2 years or 400 hrs. Refer to page

Fuel filter Check (5) ○ 83 86

(Low pressure side) Replace ○ - ○

Fuel filter (High pressure side) Fuel line Check Replace Check ○ ○ (7) (2) ○ (2)

Battery and cable connection Replace Check level-tightness Every 2 years (If necessary) (2) (8) ○

Bolts and nuts Crankcase breather tube Cooling water passages Check-tightness Check Clean ○ ○ ○ (4) (2) (2) ○ (2)

Water pump Emergency stop switch Engine oil leak Each operation part Engine condition (6) Power Trim/Tilt Shift Cable Check Check Check Check Check Check Check-adjust ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ (2) (2) (2) 40

Lubricate more frequently when used in salt water. (1) These items should be serviced by your servicing dealer, unless you have the proper tools and are mechanically proficient. Refer to the (2) Honda shop manual for service procedures. For professional commercial use, log hours of operation to determine proper maintenance intervals. (3) When operating in salt water, turbid or muddy water, the engine should be flushed with clean water after each use. (4) Check for water and/or contamination. (5) Upon starting, check for unusual engine sounds and cooling water flowing freely from the check hole. (6) Check the fuel line for leaks, cracks or damage. If it is leaking, cracked or damaged, take it to your servicing dealer for replacement before (7) using your outboard. Check the fuel line for leaks, cracks, or damage. Replace the fuel line if there are signs of leaks, cracks or damage. (8) 71

SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR TRIM TAB ADJUSTMENT The trim tab compensates for ‘‘torque steer,’’ which is a reaction of the outboard motor to propeller rotation. LEFT RIGHT

If uncompensated, torque steer would make the outboard motor tend to turn to one side. When the trim tab is correctly adjusted, steering effort is equal in either direction. If steering effort is unequal, loosen the trim tab bolt and adjust the angle of the trim tab. Retighten the trim tab TRIM TAB LEFT TRIM TAB BOLT TRIM TAB RIGHT TRIM TAB BOLT

bolt securely. If less effort is required to make left turns, move the back of the trim tab left. If less effort is required to make right turns, move the back of the trim tab right. Adjust the trim tab in small increments, and retest steering effort with the boat evenly loaded and running at cruising speed.

72 SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR

MANUAL RELIEF VALVE LHT, LRT and XRT Types MANUAL RELIEF VALVE MANUAL (To release) Check that nobody is under the outboard motor before opening the manual relief valve. If the manual relief valve is loosened (turned counterclockwise) when the outboard motor is tilted up, the outboard motor will suddenly tilt down. Be sure the valve is closed before operating the outboard motor. If the valve is not closed, the outboard motor will tilt up when operated in (rear) ENGINE COVER LATCH UNLATCH FIX

RIGHT STERN BRACKET POWER (To fix) reverse. ENGINE COVER REMOVAL The engine cover latches fasten the

The outboard motor can be tilted manually after opening the manual relief valve. This feature enables the outboard motor to be tilted up or down when no battery is connected. For manual tilting, use a flat blade screwdriver to turn the valve counterclockwise 2 and a half turns. Close the valve firmly after positioning the engine. AND INSTALLATION (front) ENGINE COVER LATCH UNLATCH FIX engine cover to the outboard motor. To remove the engine cover, unlatch both front and rear latches, then lift the engine cover off the outboard motor. To install the engine cover, place the cover on the outboard motor, then latch both front and rear latches securely.

73 SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR

Engine Oil Level Check Check the engine oil level with the engine stopped and the outboard motor in the vertical position. OIL FILLER CAP Running the engine with a low oil level can cause engine damage.

Unlatch and remove the engine 1. 73 cover (p. ). Remove the oil level dipstick and 2. wipe it clean. 4. UPPER LIMIT LOWER LIMIT OIL LEVEL DIPSTICK Insert the dipstick all the way in, 3. then remove it and check the oil level shown on the dipstick. 5. 6. If the oil level is low, remove the oil filler cap, and add oil to reach the upper limit mark shown on the dipstick. Use the oil recommended on p. . 77 Install the oil filler cap and tighten it securely. Install and lock the engine cover.

74

Engine Oil Change An engine oil evacuation device may be used to remove the engine oil. Drain the used oil while the engine is warm. Warm oil drains quickly and completely. SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR DRAIN BOLT COVER

Unlatch and remove the engine 1. cover (p. ). Remove the oil 73 filler cap (p. ). 74 DRAIN BOLT COVER SCREW Loosen the drain bolt cover screw 2. 3. using a flat blade screwdriver and remove the drain bolt cover. DRAIN BOLT COVER (oil drain guide) Place the drain bolt cover as shown to use it as an oil drain guide. Place a suitable container under the guide.

75

SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR 7. SEALING WASHER Improper disposal of engine oil can be harmf ul to the environment. If you change your own oil, please dispose of the used oil properly. Put it in a sealed container, and take it to a recycling center. Do not discard it in a trash bin, dump it on the ground, With the outboard motor in a vertical position, fill to the upper limit mark on the dipstick (p. ) 74 with the recommended oil. Engine oil refill capacity: Without oil filter change: 2.1 US qt (2.0 L) With oil filter change:

ENGINE OIL DRAIN BOLT or pour it down a drain. 8. 2.2 US qt (2.1 L) Install the oil filler cap and tighten it securely.

Remove the engine oil drain bolt 9. 4. and sealing washer. Allow the used oil to drain 5. completely, then install a new sealing washer on the engine oil drain bolt, and tighten it securely. Reinstall the drain bolt cover. 6. Install and lock the engine cover.

76 SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR Engine Oil Recommendations Spark Plug Service SPARK PLUG WRENCH

Oil is a major factor affecting performance and service life. Use 4-stroke detergent oil. RECOMMENDED SPARK PLUGS: DR7EB (NGK) X22ESR-UB (DENSO) Incorrect spark plugs can cause engine damage.

2. SAE 5W-30 is recommended for general use. Honda recommends that you use API service category SG, SH or SJ oil. The SAE oil viscosity and service category are in the API label on the oil container. Unlatch and remove the engine cover (p. ). 73 SPARK PLUG CAPS 2. 3. Disconnect the spark plug caps from the spark plugs. Remove the spark plugs with a spark plug wrench.

77

SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR 6. SIDE ELECTRODE New plug Plug needing Install the spark plugs carefully, by hand, to avoid cross-threading.

replacement Inspect the spark plugs. Replace 4. 5. them if the electrodes are worn, or if the insulators are cracked or chipped. - 0.024 0.028 in - (0.6 0.7 mm) 7. SEALING WASHER INSULATOR Measure the spark plug electrode gap with a wire-type feeler gauge. Correct the gap, if necessary, by carefully bending the side electrode. The gap should be: 0.024 0.028 in (0.6 0.7 mm) - - 8. 9. SPARK PLUG After each spark plug seats, tighten with a spark plug wrench to compress the sealing washer. If reinstalling used spark plugs, - tighten 1/8 1/4 turn after the spark plugs seat. If installing new spark plugs, tighten 1/2 turn after the spark plugs seat. Loose spark plugs can overheat and damage the engine. Overtightening the spark plugs can damage the threads in the cylinder head. Attach the spark plug caps. Install and lock the engine cover.

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