ECHO CS-590 (02) PDF MANUAL


Post questions, comments, reviews or page errors in the comment box below.

Your File is Ready … Download PDF

CLICK HERE TO DOWNLOAD ECHO CS-590 (02) PDF MANUAL


PDF Content Summary: Operator’s Manual CS-590 Chain Saw The engine exhaust from this product contains chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or other reproductive harm. Read and understand all provided literature before use. Failure to do so could result in serious injury. Note: This product complies with CAN ICES-2/NMB-2. X7503264706 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated TABLE OF CONTENTS CS-590 TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction................................................................................................................. 3 Servicing Information.................................................................................................. 3 Parts/Serial Number........................................................................................... 3 Service ............................................................................................................... 4 ECHO Consumer Product Support .................................................................... 4 Product Registration........................................................................................... 4 Additional Literature ........................................................................................... 4 Packing List................................................................................................................ 5 Safety ......................................................................................................................... 5 Rules For Safe Operation .................................................................................. 5 Correct Use Of Chain Brake .............................................................................. 7 Rules For Safe Operation ................................................................................ 10 Correct Use Of Chain Brake ............................................................................ 12 Personal Condition and Safety Equipment ...................................................... 18 International Symbols....................................................................................... 22 Manual Safety Symbols and Important Information ......................................... 24 Emission Control . (Exhaust & Evaporative) ............................................................ 25 CARB And EPA Emissions Control Information ............................................... 25 Description ............................................................................................................... 26 Preparation For Use......................................................................................... 28 Operation.................................................................................................................. 31 Fuel .................................................................................................................. 31 Chain Lubricant ................................................................................................ 35 Starting Cold Engine ........................................................................................ 36 Starting Warm Engine ...................................................................................... 38 Running............................................................................................................ 39 Stopping ........................................................................................................... 39 Checking Chain Tension .................................................................................. 40 Chain Lubrication Test...................................................................................... 40 Cutting Instructions .......................................................................................... 40 Chain And Guide Bar Combination .................................................................. 46 Kick GuardTM ................................................................................................... 46 Guide Bar ......................................................................................................... 46 Saw Chain........................................................................................................ 47 Maintenance............................................................................................................. 47 Skill Levels ....................................................................................................... 48 Maintenance Intervals ...................................................................................... 48 Carburetor Adjustment ..................................................................................... 50 Air Filter............................................................................................................ 51 Spark Plug........................................................................................................ 51 Check Fuel System .......................................................................................... 52 Fuel Filter ......................................................................................................... 52 Oil Filter............................................................................................................ 53 Automatic Oiler................................................................................................. 53 Guide Bar ......................................................................................................... 54 Sprocket ........................................................................................................... 54 Cooling System Cleaning................................................................................. 54 Spark Arrestor Muffler ...................................................................................... 55 Spark Arrestor Screen...................................................................................... 55 Setting The Saw Chain .................................................................................... 56 Troubleshooting........................................................................................................ 59 Storage..................................................................................................................... 60 Storage After Use............................................................................................. 60 Specifications ........................................................................................................... 61 Product Registration................................................................................................. 62 2 X7503264706 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated CS-590 INTRODUCTION INTRODUCTION Specifications, descriptions and illustrative material in this literature are as accurate as known at the time of publication, but are subject to change without notice. Illustrations may include optional equipment and accessories, and may not include all standard equipment. Read and understand all provided literature. Literature contains specifications and information for safety, operation, maintenance, storage, and assembly specific to this product. Scan QR codes for more information. For additional literature, including safety manuals where applicable, or questions regarding terms used in this manual, visit: echo-usa.com/manuals OR shindaiwa-usa.com/manuals SERVICING INFORMATION Parts/Serial Number Genuine ECHO Parts and Assemblies for your ECHO products are available only from an Authorized ECHO Dealer. When you do need to buy parts always have the Model Number and Serial Number of the unit with you. For future reference write them in the space provided below. Model No. _______________ Serial No. _______________ X7503264706 3 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated SERVICING INFORMATION CS-590 Service Service of this product during the warranty period must be performed by an Authorized ECHO Service Dealer. For the name and address of the Authorized ECHO Service Dealer nearest you, ask your retailer or call: 1-800-432-ECHO (3246). Dealer information is also available on our Web Site echo-usa.com. When presenting your unit for Warranty service/ repairs, proof of purchase is required. ECHO Consumer Product Support If you require assistance or have questions concerning the application, operation, or maintenance of this product, call the ECHO Consumer Product Support Department at 1-800-432-ECHO (3246) from 8:00 am to 5:00 pm (Central Standard Time) Monday through Friday. Before calling, please know the model and serial number of your unit. Product Registration Register your ECHO equipment on-line at echo-usa.com or by filling out the product registration sheet included in this manual. Registering your product confirms warranty coverage and provides a direct link to ECHO if we find it necessary to contact you. Additional Literature In addition to finding information online, information is available from your Authorized ECHO Service Dealer, or by contacting ECHO Incorporated 400 Oakwood Road, Lake Zurich, IL 60047 1-800-432-ECHO (3246). 4 X7503264706 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated CS-590 PACKING LIST PACKING LIST The ECHO product you purchased has been factory pre-assembled for your convenience. Due to packaging restrictions, some assembly may be necessary. After opening the carton, check for damage. Immediately notify your retailer or ECHO Dealer of damaged or missing parts. Use the contents list to check for missing parts. 1 Power Head 1 Operator's Manual 1 Warranty Statement 1 Guide Bar 1 Saw Chain SAFETY Rules For Safe Operation Kickback Safety Precautions for Chain Saw Users KICKBACK may occur when the nose or tip of the guide bar touches an object, or when the wood closes in and pinches the saw chain in the cut.

Tip contact in some cases may cause a lightning fast reverse REACTION, kicking the guide bar up and back towards the operator. Pinching the saw chain along the top of the guide bar may push the guide bar rapidly back towards the operator. Either of these reactions may cause you to lose control of the saw which could result in serious personal injury. Rotational kickback

X7503264706 5 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated SAFETY CS-590

The optional Kick GuardTM device is not installed on the guide bar when you purchase your chain saw. The optional Kick GuardTM can be used in a majority of cutting operations, and is especially recommended for beginners, homeowners, or chain saw novices. Most cutting operations can be accomplished with the optional Kick GuardTM in place. Rotational kickback Chain moving downward at impact

Do not rely exclusively upon the safety devices built into your saw. As a chain saw user, you should take several steps to keep your cutting jobs free from accident or injury. 1. With a basic understanding of kickback, you can reduce or

eliminate the element of surprise. Sudden surprise contributes to accidents. 2. Keep a good firm grip on the saw with both hands, the right hand on the rear handle, and the left hand on the front handle, when the engine is running. Use a firm Kickback Danger Zone

grip with thumbs and fingers encircling the chain saw handles. A firm grip will help you reduce kickback and maintain control of the saw. Don’t let go.

3. Make sure that the area in which you are cutting is free from obstructions. Do not let the nose of the guide bar contact a log, branch, or any other obstruction which could be hit while you are operating the saw. 4. Cut at high engine speeds. 5. Do not overreach or cut above shoulder height. Linear kickback Kickback Pinch

6. Follow manufacturer’s sharpening and maintenance instructions for the saw chain. 7. Only use replacement bars and chains specified by the manufacturer or the equivalent. 6 X7503264706 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated CS-590 SAFETY Correct Use Of Chain Brake Chain Brake Operation • Set the lever in the unlocked position before starting to cut.

• If the brake is tripped by kickback reaction, the chain will stop immediately. Release the throttle to avoid possible damage to the engine or clutch. • Do not attempt to operate the engine with the brake locked. Testing The Brake • Start the engine on a solid level surface and run at a fast idle until warm. • Hold the saw firmly by the handles and accelerate the engine to a fast idle. • Slowly operate the chain brake Unlocked Locked

lever while holding the saw firmly on the ground. When the brake lever trips, the chain should stop. Immediately release the throttle trigger. Do not allow the saw to tip forward in order to avoid damage to the chain. If the chain does not stop immediately, return the saw to your authorized dealer for repair. Note: • For practice, while cutting a small tree, push the lever forward to lock the brake. • Confirm that the brake works properly before each use. • If the chain brake is clogged with wood chips, function of the brake may deteriorate. Always keep the device clean. • Do not increase engine RPM while the chain brake is locked. Do not use a bar and chain combination other than those specified in this manual. X7503264706 7 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated SAFETY CS-590 For your own safety, do not remove the chain brake system. The installation of a chain brake may be mandatory by law or as stipulated by insurance regulations in your area of operation. You should inquire through local government offices, your employer or your local dealer to ensure that your chain saw conforms to the required safety standard. Chain brakes have been designed and tested to comply with international safety standards as follows: USA: ANSI Standard B175.1 Safety Requirement for chain saws Canada: CSA Standard Z62.1, Z62.3 ANSI Standard B175.1 and CSA Z62.1.3 stipulate that the brake shall stop the chain 0.12 seconds at an engine speed of

13,500 r/min. It is the responsibility of the owner/ operator to ensure that the brake is serviced, adjusted and tested strictly in accordance with the instructions as detailed here in order to ensure that the brake performance is maintained in compliance with the Standards B175.1 and CSA Z62.1.3 Automatic Chain Brake 35 cm (14 in.)

Kickback produced from the tip of the guide bar will trip the automatic chain brake. To make sure that the automatic chain brake operates properly, follow these steps: 1. Stop the engine. 2. Hold the saw with the guide bar approximately 35 cm (14 inches) above a wooden surface. Right hand should hold the rear handle, and left hand should hold the front handle. 8 X7503264706 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated CS-590 SAFETY 3. Release the front handle and drop the end of the guide bar against the wooden surface. 4. The impact should lock the chain brake. When checking the operation of the automatic chain brake, use a soft surface substance like wood to absorb the impact so the chain is not damaged. Other Safety Precautions 1. Do not operate a chain saw with one hand! Serious injury to the operator, helpers, bystanders, or any combination of these persons may result from one-handed operation. A chain saw is intended for two handed use. 2. Do not operate a chain saw when you are fatigued. 3. Use safety footwear, snug-fitting clothing and protective gloves. Wear eye, hearing, and head protection devices. 4. Use caution when handling fuel. Move the chain saw at least 3 m (10 feet) from the fueling point before starting the engine. 5. Do not allow other persons to be near the chain saw when starting or cutting with the chain saw. Keep bystanders and animals out of the work area. 6. Do not start cutting until you have a clear work area, secure footing, and a planned retreat path from the falling tree. 7. Keep all parts of your body away from the saw chain when the engine is running. 8. Before you start the engine, make sure that the saw chain is not contacting anything. 9. Carry the chain saw with the engine stopped, the guide bar and saw chain to the rear, and the muffler away from your body. 10. Do not operate a chain saw that is damaged, improperly adjusted, or not completely and securely assembled. Be sure that the saw chain stops moving when the throttle control trigger is released. 11. Shut off the engine before setting the chainsaw down. 12. Use extreme caution when cutting small size brush and saplings because slender material may catch the saw chain and be whipped toward you or pull you off balance. 13. When cutting a limb that is under tension, be alert for spring-back so that you will not be struck when the tension in the wood fibers is released. 14. Keep the handles dry, clean, and free of oil or fuel mixture. X7503264706 9 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated SAFETY CS-590 15. Operate the chainsaw only in well ventilated areas. 16. Do not operate a chainsaw in a tree unless you have been specifically trained to do so. 17. All chain saw service, other than items listed in the Operator’s manual maintenance instructions, should be performed by competent service personnel. (For example, if improper tools are used to remove the flywheel or if an improper tool is used to hold the flywheel in order to remove the clutch, structural damage to the flywheel could occur and could subsequently cause the flywheel to burst.) 18. When transporting your chain saw, use the appropriate guide bar scabbard. 19. A spark arrestor muffler approved to SAE Standard J335 is standard on this chain saw to reduce the possibility of forest fires. Do not operate the chain saw with a loose or defective muffler. Do not remove the spark arrestor screen. 20. When using a chainsaw a fire extinguisher should be available. 21. When felling, keep at least 2 tree lengths between yourself and your fellow workers. 22. Follow instructions in your operator’s manual for starting the chain saw. 23. Never adjust the guide bar or saw chain with the engine operating. 24. When boring with the chainsaw, the initial cut should be introduced with the lower part of the nose (tip) until the hole is sufficiently large so as to introduce the entire nose (tip) of the guide bar. This technique should reduce the danger of kickback. 25. Allow your chainsaw to cool before refueling, and do not smoke while refueling. Rules For Safe Operation Kickback Safety Precautions for Chain Saw Users KICKBACK may occur when the nose or tip of the guide bar touches an object, or when the wood closes in and pinches the saw chain in the cut. 10 X7503264706 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated CS-590 SAFETY

Tip contact in some cases may cause a lightning fast reverse REACTION, kicking the guide bar up and back towards the operator. Pinching the saw chain along the top of the guide bar may push the guide bar rapidly back towards the operator. Either of these reactions may cause you to lose control of the saw which could result in serious personal injury. The optional Kick GuardTM device is not installed on the guide bar when you purchase your chain saw. The optional Kick GuardTM can be used in a majority of cutting operations, and is especially recommended for beginners, homeowners, or chain saw novices. Most cutting operations can be accomplished with the optional Kick GuardTM in place. Rotational kickback Rotational kickback Chain moving downward at impact

Do not rely exclusively upon the safety devices built into your saw. As a chain saw user, you should take several steps to keep your cutting jobs free from accident or injury. 1. With a basic understanding of kickback, you can reduce or

eliminate the element of surprise. Sudden surprise contributes to accidents. 2. Keep a good firm grip on the saw with both hands, the right hand on the rear handle, and the left hand on the front handle, when the engine is running. Use a firm Kickback Danger Zone

grip with thumbs and fingers encircling the chain saw handles. A firm grip will help you reduce kickback and maintain control of the saw. Don’t let go.

3. Make sure that the area in which you are cutting is free from obstructions. Do not let the nose of the guide bar contact a log, branch, or any other obstruction which could be hit while you are operating the saw. 4. Cut at high engine speeds. Linear kickback Kickback Pinch

X7503264706 11 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated SAFETY CS-590 5. Do not overreach or cut above shoulder height. 6. Follow manufacturer’s sharpening and maintenance instructions for the saw chain. 7. Only use replacement bars and chains specified by the manufacturer or the equivalent. Correct Use Of Chain Brake Chain Brake Operation • Set the lever in the unlocked position before starting to cut.

• If the brake is tripped by kickback reaction, the chain will stop immediately. Release the throttle to avoid possible damage to the engine or clutch. • Do not attempt to operate the engine with the brake locked. Testing The Brake • Start the engine on a solid level surface and run at a fast idle until warm. • Hold the saw firmly by the handles and accelerate the engine to a fast idle. • Slowly operate the chain brake Unlocked Locked

lever while holding the saw firmly on the ground. When the brake lever trips, the chain should stop. Immediately release the throttle trigger. Do not allow the saw to tip forward in order to avoid damage to the chain. If the chain does not stop immediately, return the saw to your authorized dealer for repair. Note: • For practice, while cutting a small tree, push the lever forward to lock the brake. 12 X7503264706 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated CS-590 SAFETY • Confirm that the brake works properly before each use. • If the chain brake is clogged with wood chips, function of the brake may deteriorate. Always keep the device clean. • Do not increase engine RPM while the chain brake is locked. Do not use a bar and chain combination other than those specified in this manual. For your own safety, do not remove the chain brake system. The installation of a chain brake may be mandatory by law or as stipulated by insurance regulations in your area of operation. You should inquire through local government offices, your employer or your local dealer to ensure that your chain saw conforms to the required safety standard. Chain brakes have been designed and tested to comply with international safety standards as follows: USA: ANSI Standard B175.1 Safety Requirement for chain saws Canada: CSA Standard Z62.1, Z62.3 ANSI Standard B175.1 and CSA Z62.1.3 stipulate that the brake shall stop the chain 0.12 seconds at an engine speed of

13,500 r/min. It is the responsibility of the owner/ operator to ensure that the brake is serviced, adjusted and tested strictly in accordance with the instructions as detailed here in order to ensure that the brake performance is maintained in compliance with the Standards B175.1 and CSA Z62.1.3 35 cm (14 in.)

X7503264706 13 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated SAFETY CS-590 Automatic Chain Brake Kickback produced from the tip of the guide bar will trip the automatic chain brake. To make sure that the automatic chain brake operates properly, follow these steps: 1. Stop the engine. 2. Hold the saw with the guide bar approximately 35 cm (14 inches) above a wooden surface. Right hand should hold the rear handle, and left hand should hold the front handle. 3. Release the front handle and drop the end of the guide bar against the wooden surface. 4. The impact should lock the chain brake. When checking the operation of the automatic chain brake, use a soft surface substance like wood to absorb the impact so the chain is not damaged. Other Safety Precautions 1. Do not operate a chain saw with one hand! Serious injury to the operator, helpers, bystanders, or any combination of these persons may result from one-handed operation. A chain saw is intended for two handed use. 2. Do not operate a chain saw when you are fatigued. 3. Use safety footwear, snug-fitting clothing and protective gloves. Wear eye, hearing, and head protection devices. 4. Use caution when handling fuel. Move the chain saw at least 3 m (10 feet) from the fueling point before starting the engine. 5. Do not allow other persons to be near the chain saw when starting or cutting with the chain saw. Keep bystanders and animals out of the work area. 6. Do not start cutting until you have a clear work area, secure footing, and a planned retreat path from the falling tree. 7. Keep all parts of your body away from the saw chain when the engine is running. 8. Before you start the engine, make sure that the saw chain is not contacting anything. 9. Carry the chain saw with the engine stopped, the guide bar and saw chain to the rear, and the muffler away from your body. 14 X7503264706 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated CS-590 SAFETY 10. Do not operate a chain saw that is damaged, improperly adjusted, or not completely and securely assembled. Be sure that the saw chain stops moving when the throttle control trigger is released. 11. Shut off the engine before setting the chainsaw down. 12. Use extreme caution when cutting small size brush and saplings because slender material may catch the saw chain and be whipped toward you or pull you off balance. 13. When cutting a limb that is under tension, be alert for spring-back so that you will not be struck when the tension in the wood fibers is released. 14. Keep the handles dry, clean, and free of oil or fuel mixture. 15. Operate the chainsaw only in well ventilated areas. 16. Do not operate a chainsaw in a tree unless you have been specifically trained to do so. 17. All chain saw service, other than items listed in the Operator’s manual maintenance instructions, should be performed by competent service personnel. (For example, if improper tools are used to remove the flywheel or if an improper tool is used to hold the flywheel in order to remove the clutch, structural damage to the flywheel could occur and could subsequently cause the flywheel to burst.) 18. When transporting your chain saw, use the appropriate guide bar scabbard. 19. A spark arrestor muffler approved to SAE Standard J335 is standard on this chain saw to reduce the possibility of forest fires. Do not operate the chain saw with a loose or defective muffler. Do not remove the spark arrestor screen. 20. When using a chainsaw a fire extinguisher should be available. 21. When felling, keep at least 2 tree lengths between yourself and your fellow workers. 22. Follow instructions in your operator’s manual for starting the chain saw. 23. Never adjust the guide bar or saw chain with the engine operating. 24. When boring with the chainsaw, the initial cut should be introduced with the lower part of the nose (tip) until the hole is sufficiently large so as to introduce the entire nose (tip) of the guide bar. This technique should reduce the danger of kickback. 25. Allow your chainsaw to cool before refueling, and do not smoke while refueling. X7503264706 15 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated SAFETY CS-590 Chain saws shall be used in accordance with the operating instructions and safety precautions listed in the operator's manual(s). It shall be the responsibility of the owner to see that such instructions and precautions are given to every operator who uses the saw. ◆ During operation, the muffler or catalytic muffler and surrounding cover become hot. ◆ Never suspend the saw on a lanyard with the engine running. ◆ Always use the saw from the right-hand side of your body – NEVER from the left side. ◆ Always wear proper safety clothing to protect your lower body from sharp saw chain and hot muffler. ◆ Always keep exhaust area clear of flammable debris during transportation or when storing, otherwise serious property damage or personal injury may result. Moving parts can amputate fingers or cause severe injuries. Keep hands, clothing and loose objects away from all openings. ◆ ALWAYS stop engine, disconnect spark plug, and make sure all moving parts have come to a complete stop before removing obstructions, clearing debris, or servicing unit. ◆ DO NOT start or operate unit unless all guards and protective covers are properly assembled to unit. ◆ NEVER reach into any opening while the engine is running. Moving parts may not be visible through openings. Using improper replacement components or removing safety devices may result in serious or fatal injury. Unit includes safety devices that reduce the likelihood of kickback: 16 X7503264706 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated CS-590 SAFETY ◆ Chain brake - brake actuated by kickback energy, not manual activation. ◆ Reduced-kickback guide bar - reduced nose radius guide bar. ◆ Front hand guard - a structural barrier between the front handle of a chain saw and the guide bar. Periodically Check fuel system (fuel lines, vent, grommet, fuel tank, and fuel cap) for leaks especially if the unit is dropped. If damage or leaks are found, do not use unit, otherwise serious personal injury or property damage may occur. Have unit repaired by an authorized servicing dealer before using. X7503264706 17 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated SAFETY CS-590 Personal Condition and Safety Equipment Cancer and Reproductive Harm P65Warnings.ca.gov The muffler or catalytic muffler and surrounding cover may become extremely hot. Always keep clear of exhaust and muffler area, otherwise serious personal injury might occur. Users of this product risk injury to themselves and others if the unit is used improperly and/or safety precautions are not followed. Proper clothing and safety gear must be worn when operating unit. Physical Condition Your judgment and physical dexterity may not be good: • If you are tired or sick • If you are taking medication • If you have taken alcohol or drugs Operate unit only if you are physically and mentally well. Eye Protection ◆ Eye protection that meets ANSI Z87.1 or CE requirements must be worn whenever you operate the unit. ◆ For additional safety, a full-face shield can be worn over safety glasses or goggles to provide protection from sharp branches or flying debris. 18 X7503264706 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated CS-590 SAFETY Hand Protection Wear sturdy, no-slip, rubber work gloves to improve your grip on the handles. Gloves also provide protection against cuts and scratches, cold environments, and reduce the transmission of machine vibration to your hands. Hearing/Ear Protection ECHO recommends wearing personal protective equipment whenever unit is used. Breathing Protection Operators who are sensitive to dust or other common airborne allergens may need to wear a dust mask to prevent inhaling these materials while operating unit. Dust masks can provide protection against dust, plant debris, and other plant matter such as pollen. Make sure the mask does not impair your vision, and replace the mask as needed to prevent air restrictions. Proper Clothing Wear snug-fitting, durable clothing: • Pants should have long legs, shirts should have long sleeves. • DO NOT WEAR SHORTS. • DO NOT WEAR TIES, SCARVES, JEWELRY, or clothing with loose or hanging items that could become entangled in moving parts or surrounding growth. • Keep clothing buttoned or zipped, and keep shirt tails tucked in. • Wear sturdy work shoes with nonskid rubber soles. • DO NOT WEAR OPEN TOED SHOES. • DO NOT OPERATE UNIT WITH BARE FEET. Keep long hair away from engine and air intake. Retain hair with cap or net. Heavy protective clothing can increase operator fatigue, which may lead to heat stroke. Schedule heavy work for early morning or late afternoon hours when temperatures are cooler. X7503264706 19 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated SAFETY CS-590 The components of this machine generate an electromagnetic field during operation, which can interfere with some pacemakers. To reduce the risk of serious or fatal injury, persons with pacemakers should consult with their physician and the pacemaker manufacturer before operating this machine. In the absence of such information, ECHO does not recommend the use of this machine by anyone who has a pacemaker. Extended Operation / Extreme Conditions Prolonged exposure to cold and/or vibration can result in injury. Read and follow all safety and operation instructions to minimize risk of injury. Failure to follow instructions can result in painful wrist/hand/arm injuries. It is believed that a condition called Raynaud’s Phenomenon, which affects the fingers of certain individuals, may be brought about by exposure to vibration and cold. Exposure to vibration and cold may cause tingling and burning sensations, followed by loss of color and numbness in the fingers. The following precautions are strongly recommended, because the minimum exposure, which might trigger the ailment, is unknown. • Keep your body warm, especially the head, neck, feet, ankles, hands, and wrists. • Maintain good blood circulation by performing vigorous arm exercises during frequent work breaks, and also by not smoking. • Limit the hours of operation. Try to fill each day with jobs where operating the unit or other hand-held power equipment is not required. • If you experience discomfort, redness, and swelling of the fingers followed by whitening and loss of feeling, consult your physician before further exposing yourself to cold and vibration. 20 X7503264706 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated CS-590 SAFETY Repetitive Stress Injuries (RSI) It is believed that overusing the muscles and tendons of the fingers, hands, arms, and shoulders may cause soreness, swelling, numbness, weakness, and extreme pain in those areas. Certain repetitive hand activities may put you at a high risk for developing a Repetitive Stress Injury (RSI). An extreme RSI condition is Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS), which could occur when your wrist swells and squeezes a vital nerve that runs through the area. Some believe that prolonged exposure to vibration may contribute to CTS. CTS can cause severe pain for months or even years. To reduce the risk of RSI/CTS, do the following: • Avoid using your wrist in a bent, extended, or twisted position. Instead try to maintain a straight wrist position. Also, when grasping, use your whole hand, not just the thumb and index finger. • Take periodic breaks to minimize repetition and rest your hands. • Reduce the speed and force with which you do the repetitive movement. • Do exercises to strengthen the hand and arm muscles. • Immediately stop using all power equipment and consult a doctor if you feel tingling, numbness, or pain in the fingers, hands, wrists, or arms. The sooner RSI/CTS is diagnosed, the more likely permanent nerve and muscle damage can be prevented. All over head electrical conductors and communications wires can have electricity flow with high voltages. This unit is not insulated against electrical current. Never touch wires directly or indirectly, otherwise serious injury or death can result. X7503264706 21 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated SAFETY CS-590 Do not operate this product indoors or in inadequately ventilated areas. Engine exhaust contains poisonous emissions and can cause serious injury or death. International Symbols Symbol Description Symbol Description

WARNING! Read and follow all safety precautions in the instruction manual. Failure to follow instructions could result in serious personal injury. Wear Eye, Ear and Head Protection Tip contact may cause the guide bar to move suddenly upward and backward, which may cause serious injury Contact of the guide bar tip with any object should be avoided Both of the operator’s hands must be used to operate the chain saw H TL Carburetor Adjustment - High Speed Mixture Carburetor Adjustment - Idle Speed Carburetor Adjustment - Low Speed Mixture Measured maximum kickback value, without brake, for approved bar and chain combinations. Fuel and Oil Mixture

Hot Surface Chain Oil Fill 22 X7503264706 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated CS-590 SAFETY Symbol Description Symbol Description Chain Brake Operation Chain Oiler Adjustment Choke Control “COLD START” Position (Choke Closed) Purge Pump Choke Control “RUN” Position (Choke Open) STOP

De-Compression Device STOP STOP / Momentary STOP Switch

Note: Not all symbols will appear on your unit. X7503264706 23 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated SAFETY CS-590 Manual Safety Symbols and Important Information Throughout this manual and on the product itself, you will find safety alerts and helpful, informational messages preceded by symbols or key words. The following is an explanation of those symbols and key words and what they mean to you. The safety alert symbol accompanied by the word “DANGER” calls attention to an act or condition which WILL lead to serious personal injury or death if not avoided. The safety alert symbol accompanied by the word “WARNING” calls attention to an act or condition which CAN lead to serious personal injury or death if not avoided. The safety alert symbol accompanied by the word “CAUTION” calls attention to an act or condition which might lead to minor or moderate personal injury if not avoided. The enclosed message provides information necessary for the protection of the unit. Note: This enclosed message provides tips for use, care and maintenance of the unit. CIRCLE AND SLASH SYMBOL This symbol means the specific action shown is prohibited. Ignoring these prohibitions can result in serious or fatal injury. 24 X7503264706 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated CS-590 EMISSION CONTROL EMISSION CONTROL (EXHAUST & EVAPORATIVE) CARB And EPA Emissions Control Information The emission control system for the engine is EM (engine modification) and, if the second to last character of the Engine Family on the Emission Control Information label (sample below) is “B”, “C”, “K”, or “T”, the emission control system is EM and TWC (3- way catalyst). The fuel tank/fuel line emission control system is EVAP (evaporative emissions). Evaporative emissions for California models are only applicable to fuel tanks and fuel feed lines. An Emission Control Label is located on the engine. (This is an EXAMPLE ONLY, information on label varies by engine FAMILY). Product Emission Durability (Emission Compliance Period) The 50 or 300 hour emission compliance period is the time span selected by the manufacturer certifying the engine emissions output meets applicable emissions regulations, provided that approved maintenance procedures are followed as listed in the Maintenance Section of this manual. X7503264706 25 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated DESCRIPTION CS-590 DESCRIPTION Locate the safety decal(s) on your unit. Make sure the decal(s) is legible and that you understand and follow the instructions on it. If a decal cannot be read, a new one can be ordered from your ECHO dealer. Safety label is for example only. Your label my appear slightly different. 3 2 1 4 5 6

13 12 14 15 16 9 10 11 7 8

CKA wob wb cs 20D0AS3870 72LPX70CQ 51.9 34.8 29.5 X505009490 24 23 17 18 21 20 19 22

26 X7503264706 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated CS-590 DESCRIPTION 1. Rear Handle - For The Right Hand 2. Choke Control Knob 3. Chain Brake Lever / Front Hand Guard 4. Spark Arrestor Muffler Or Spark Arrestor Muffler With Catalyst 5. Spiked Bumper 6. Guide Bar 7. Saw Chain 8. Kick GuardTM (Optional) 9. Chain Catcher 10. Sprocket Guard Nuts 11. Chain Tension Adjuster 12. Chain Break / Sprocket Guard 13. Rear Hand Guard 14. Support Handle (for Left Hand) 15. Decompression Device 16. Air Cleaner Cover 17. Air Cleaner Cover Knob 18. Throttle Trigger Lockout 19. Throttle Trigger 20. Stop Switch 21. Fuel Tank Cap 22. Starter Handle 23. Cylinder Cover 24. Oil Tank Cap CHAIN SAW TERMS 1. FAST IDLE -Throttle setting that causes engine to operate at a faster speed for easier starting. 2. THROTTLE LATCH - Device that sets idle speed to fast idle when choke control is operated. 3. CHAIN BRAKE - Stops the saw chain. 4. DRIVE SPROCKET - Drives saw chain. 5. CLUTCH - Turns drive sprocket when engine rpm is fast enough to provide the power needed for cutting. X7503264706 27 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated DESCRIPTION CS-590 Preparation For Use Saw chain is sharp! Always wear gloves when handling assembly, otherwise serious personal injury may result. Note: The machine may be delivered with guide bar, and saw chain separated. Install guide bar, optional Kick GuardTM, and saw chain as follows. Instructions to Install Optional Kick GuardTM to Bar

Tools Needed: Two 11 mm (7/16 in.) Wrenches. 1. Install bolt (A) in rear hole (B) of Kick GuardTM and through front hole (C) in guide bar. 2. IMPORTANT: Dimple (D) in Kick GuardTM must engage recess (E) in guide bar. 3. Securely tighten nut (F) and bolt (A). Optional Kick GuardTM D B E C F A

Guide Bar and Saw Chain Installation / Removal 1. Remove air filter cover and disconnect spark plug lead. 2. Unlock chain brake (A). 3. Remove sprocket guard nuts (B) and remove sprocket guard (C). A C B

28 X7503264706 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated CS-590 DESCRIPTION

4. Remove guide bar (D) and saw chain (E) as necessary. Note: See “Maintenance” section for guide bar, sprocket, and saw chain maintenance procedures. 5. Mount guide bar (D) on studs (F) and slide toward clutch drum sprocket (G) to make saw chain (E) installation easier. Install saw chain around clutch drum sprocket and guide bar as shown, with cutters on top of guide bar facing forward. 6. Install sprocket guard (C) over guide bar studs (F). Make sure chain tension adjuster pin fits into the guide bar adjuster hole (H), brake band is positioned around clutch drum (F). Tighten sprocket guard nuts (B) finger tight. C B G F H ED

7. Adjust saw chain tension, as instructed in “Adjustment, Chain Tension”. Improper sprocket guard assembly can result in serious injury, and will cause severe saw damage if unit is started. Never start or operate saw if brake band is not in place on clutch drum. Always check chain brake operation after replacing sprocket guard. Do not use saw if chain brake does not function properly. X7503264706 29 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated DESCRIPTION CS-590 Adjusting Chain Tension Always loosen sprocket guard nuts before turning the chain tension adjuster, otherwise the sprocket guard and tensioner will be damaged. 1. Remove air cleaner cover and disconnect spark plug lead. 2. Loosen sprocket guard nuts. 3. Hold the bar nose up, and turn the adjuster toward (+) until chain contacts underside of the bar. 4. Tighten nuts with the bar nose held up. 5. Pull the chain around the bar by hand. Loosen the adjustment if you feel tight spots. 30 X7503264706 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated CS-590 OPERATION Tighten guide bar nuts to 20-23 N•m (200 to 230 kgf•cm, 175-200 in•lbf). DO NOT over-tighten nuts. Damage to saw may result. 6. Assemble components in reverse order. 7. Keep chain properly tensioned at all times. Note: All chains require frequent adjustments. Winter Operation The Air Shutter is used to prevent carburetor trouble in winter. 1. Remove the air cleaner cover (A). 2. Pull the air shutter (B) to COLD

[ ] position. OPERATION Fuel A B

Diesel fuels and alternative fuels, such as E-15 (15% ethanol), E-85 (85% ethanol) or any fuels not meeting ECHO requirements are NOT approved for use in ECHO 2-stroke gasoline engines. Use of diesel or alternative fuels can cause performance problems, loss of power, overheating, fuel vapor lock, and unintended machine operation, including, but not limited to, improper clutch engagement. Diesel or alternative fuels can also cause premature deterioration of fuel lines, gaskets, carburetors and other engine components. X7503264706 31 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated OPERATION CS-590 Fuel Requirements Gasoline - Use fresh (purchased within the last 30 days from the pump) 89 Octane [R+M/2] (mid grade or higher) gasoline known to be good quality. Gasoline may contain up to 10% Ethanol (grain alcohol) or 15% MTBE (methyl tertiary-butyl ether). Gasoline containing methanol (wood alcohol) is NOT approved. Use of ECHO branded fuel is recommended to extend engine life in all air-cooled 2-stroke and 2/4-stroke hybrid engines. Two Stroke Oil - A two-stroke engine oil, such as ECHO branded 2-stroke oils, meeting ISO-L-EGD (ISO/CD 13738) and J.A.S.O. FD Standards must be used. ECHO branded 2-stroke oils meet these standards. Engine problems due to inadequate lubrication caused by failure to use an ISO-L EGD (ISO/CD 13738) and J.A.S.O. M345-FD certified oil will void the two stroke engine warranty. 2-Stroke engine oil contains petroleum distillates and other additives that may be harmful if swallowed. Heated oil can release vapors that can cause flash fire, or ignite with explosive force. Read and follow the oil manufacturer’s instructions, and observe all safety warnings and precautions for handling flammable liquids. For more detailed safety and first aid information, visit echo-usa.com for a copy of the Material Safety Data Sheet. ◆ KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN. ◆ If swallowed, do not induce vomiting. CALL PHYSICIAN OR A POISON CONTROL CENTER IMMEDIATELY. ◆ WEAR SAFETY GLASSES when mixing or handling. ◆ AVOID repeated or prolonged skin contact. ◆ AVOID inhaling oil mists or vapors. ECHO branded 2-stroke oils may be mixed at 50:1 ratio for application in all ECHO engines sold in the past regardless of ratio specified in those manuals. 32 X7503264706 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated CS-590 OPERATION Handling Fuel Fuel is VERY flammable. Use extreme care when mixing, storing or handling, or serious personal injury will result. ◆ Use an approved fuel container. Mark fuel containers as containing 2-stroke mixture fuel. ◆ DO NOT smoke near fuel. ◆ DO NOT allow flames or sparks near fuel. ◆ Fuel tanks/cans may be under pressure. Always loosen fuel caps slowly allowing pressure to equalize. ◆ NEVER refuel a unit when the engine is HOT or RUNNING! ◆ DO NOT fill fuel tanks indoors. ALWAYS fill fuel tanks outdoors over bare ground. ◆ DO NOT overfill fuel tank. Wipe up spills immediately. ◆ Securely tighten fuel tank cap and close fuel container after refueling. ◆ Inspect for fuel leakage. If fuel leakage is found, do not start or operate unit until leakage is repaired. ◆ Move at least 3 m (10 ft.) from refueling location before starting the engine. Gasoline vapor is heavier than air, and can travel along the ground to nearby sources of ignition such as electrical motors, pilot lights, and hot or running engines. Vapors ignited by an ignition source can flash back to the fuel container, resulting in an explosion, fire, serious or fatal injuries, and extensive property damage. X7503264706 33 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated OPERATION CS-590 Mixing Instructions Stored fuel ages. Do not mix more fuel than you expect to use in 30 days, 90 days when a fuel stabilizer is added.

1. Fill an approved fuel container with half of the required amount of gasoline. 2. Add the proper amount of 2-stroke oil to gasoline. 3. Close container and shake to mix oil with gasoline. 4. Add remaining gasoline, close fuel container, and remix. Fuel to Oil Mix – 50:1 Ratio US Metric Gas Oil Gas Oil gal. fl.oz. L cc 1 2.6 5 100 2 5.2 10 200 5 13 25 500

Spilled fuel is a leading cause of hydrocarbon emissions. Some locations may require the use of automatic fuel shut-off containers to reduce fuel spillage. Storage - Fuel storage laws vary by locality. Contact your local government for the laws affecting your area. As a precaution, store fuel in an approved, airtight container. Store in a well-ventilated, unoccupied building, away from sparks and flames. • Empty the fuel tank prior to storing the unit. Return unused fuel to an approved fuel storage container. Stored two-stroke fuel can separate. ALWAYS shake fuel container thoroughly before each use. Used oil and gasoline, and soiled towels are hazardous waste materials. Disposal laws vary by locality. 34 X7503264706 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated CS-590 OPERATION Chain Lubricant Proper lubrication of the chain while in operation reduces friction between the chain and the guide bar to a minimum and assures a longer service life. Note: Cap indication - Fuel/oil tanks are indicated by the following illustrations: • Use bar and chain oil of high quality for this purpose. • Do not use used or reclaimed oil to avoid various oiler problems. • Use high quality bar and chain oil. • Use bar and chain oil of the following grades:

• SAE No. 30....in summer Fuel tank cap Oil tank cap

• SAE No. 10....in winter or when cutting resinous trees. • When refueling, also refill chain oil. Moving parts can amputate fingers or cause severe injuries. Keep hands, clothing and loose objects away from all openings. Always stop engine, disconnect spark plug, and make sure all moving parts have come to a complete stop before removing obstructions, clearing debris, or servicing unit. Engine exhaust IS HOT, and contains Carbon Monoxide (CO), a poison gas. Breathing CO can cause unconsciousness, serious injury, or death. Exhaust can cause serious burns. ALWAYS position unit so that exhaust is directed away from your face and body. X7503264706 35 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated OPERATION CS-590 Operation of this equipment may create sparks that can start fires around dry vegetation. This unit is equipped with a spark arrestor to prevent discharge of hot particles from the engine. Metal cutters can also create sparks if the cutter strikes rocks, metal, or other hard objects. Contact local fire authorities for laws or regulations regarding fire prevention requirements. Starting Cold Engine Make sure the bar and chain are free from any obstruction when starting the chain saw. 1. Move chain brake lever (A) fully FORWARD to LOCK chain brake before starting.

2. Fill the fuel tank with fuel mixture. Do not over fill. 3. Fill the chain oil tank with lubricant. Do not over fill. 4. Move stop switch (B) to RUN position. 5. Press the decompression device. 6. Pull choke control knob (C) all the way out (CLOSED choke position). A B C

36 X7503264706 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated CS-590 OPERATION ◆ After choke control knob is pulled and then knob is returned to original position, throttle remains slightly open (fast idle latch condition). ◆ The chain will attempt to move when engine is started with fast idle throttle latch engaged. ◆ Do not start engine before chain brake is locked. 7. Securely hold the chain saw and pull starter handle (D) several D times until first starting sound. Note: Do not pull starter rope out to the maximum possible position. Do not allow starter handle to snap back against the casing. If engine does not start after 5 pulls, repeat instructions. 8. Push choke control knob (C) all the way IN (OPEN choke position). 9. Press the decompression device and pull starter handle again to start the engine. 10. When engine starts, immediately squeeze and release throttle trigger for disengaging throttle latch and returning engine to idle, and pull front hand guard towards the operator immediately (chain brake unlocked position). ◆ After starting the engine, immediately squeeze and then release throttle trigger to release fast idle throttle latch, otherwise severe brake damage may occur. ◆ Never use fast idle throttle latch for cutting. ◆ Use the fast idle throttle latch only in starting. Note: Do not increase engine speed while chain brake (A) is locked. Severe brake damage will result. X7503264706 37 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated OPERATION CS-590 Starting Warm Engine Make sure the bar and chain are free from any obstruction when starting the chain saw. 1. Move chain brake lever (A) fully forward to lock chain brake before starting.

2. Confirm there is fuel and chain oil in the tanks. 3. Move stop switch (B) to UP position. 4. Press the decompression device. 5. Securely hold the chain saw as shown and pull starter handle (D). 6. After starting the engine, pull front hand guard towards the operator immediately (chain brake unlocked position). Note: If engine does not start after 5 pulls, use cold start procedure. Note: Do not increase engine speed while chain brake (A) is locked. Severe brake damage will result. A B D

38 X7503264706 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated CS-590 OPERATION Running The saw chain should not move at idle, otherwise serious personal injury may result. Note: If saw chain moves adjust carburetor according to “Carburetor Adjustment” instructions in this manual, or see your dealer. 1. After engine starts, allow it to return to idle and warm up before using. 2. Move chain brake lever (A) fully REARWARD to UNLOCK chain A brake. 3. Squeeze throttle trigger lock and throttle trigger gradually to increase engine speed. 4. The chain starts running when the engine reaches approximately 4000 rpm. 5. Confirm proper acceleration and lubrication of chain and bar. 6. Do not run the engine at high speed unnecessarily. 7. Be sure that saw chain stops moving when throttle trigger is released. Stopping 1. Release throttle trigger and move stop switch (B) DOWN to “STOP” position. Note: If engine does not stop, B pull choke control knob out fully to stop engine. X7503264706 39 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated OPERATION CS-590 Note: Return the unit to your authorized dealer to check and repair stop switch before starting the engine again. Checking Chain Tension Chain tension should be checked frequently during work and corrected as necessary. Do not operate with a loose chain. Chain Lubrication Test Hold the chain just above a dry surface and open the throttle to half speed for 30 seconds. A thin line of “thrown” oil should be seen on the dry surface. Cutting Instructions General ◆ This chain saw is designed for cutting wood. Do not cut metal, plastic or any non-wood material. ◆ Wear suitable hearing protection such as earmuffs or earplugs to protect against objectionable or uncomfortable loud noises. 40 X7503264706 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated CS-590 OPERATION

◆ Do not let the tip of the bar touch anything while the engine is running. At cutting speed the chain is moving at a high rate of speed. Should the tip contact a limb or log while the chain is moving, the tip will be pushed upward with considerable force. This is known as kickback. Avoid it! Kickback

In all circumstances the operation of the chain saw is a one-man job. It is difficult at times to take care for your own safety, so don’t assume the responsibility for a helper as well. After you have learned the basic techniques of using the saw, your best aid will be your own good common sense. The accepted way to hold the saw is to stand to the left of the saw with your left hand on the front handle and your right hand on the rear handle so you can operate the throttle trigger with your right index finger. Before attempting to fell a tree, cut some small logs or limbs. Become thoroughly familiar with the controls and the responses of the saw. Start the engine, see that it is running properly. Squeeze the trigger to open the throttle wide open and start the cut. If the chain is properly sharpened, the cutting should be relatively effortless. It is not necessary to press down hard to make the saw cut. Pushing the saw too hard will slow the engine and cutting will actually be more difficult. X7503264706 41 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated OPERATION CS-590 Sap from palm trees may corrode metal parts unless proper saw maintenance is performed. Make sure to clean metal parts from palm sap immediately after use. • Remove sprocket cover. Clean wood chips and sawdust from cover and engine crankcase. • Never use metal tools for cleaning which can scratch the metal paint and allow corrosion to develop. • Clean sap accumulation from metal parts with cloth and warm water with soap. • Rinse with clean water and dry metal surfaces. • Apply a light coating of engine or bar and chain oil to metal parts after they are cleaned. • Install and properly tension guide bar and chain. Run engine for one minute alternating engine speed between full throttle for 5 seconds and idle for 5 seconds to coat metal parts with additional protective chain oil. ◆ Do not run a chainsaw not under cutting load at wide open throttle longer than 5 seconds or engine damage can occur. ◆ Keep chain properly tensioned during operation to prevent the chain from jumping out of the guide bar rail slot and damaging metal engine parts. Felling The Tree A falling tree can seriously damage anything it may hit - a car, a house, a fence, a power line, or another tree. There are ways to make a tree fall where you want it, so first decide where that is! 42 X7503264706 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated CS-590 OPERATION

Before cutting, clear the area around the tree. You will need good footing while working and you should be able to work the saw without hitting any obstacles. Next, select a path of retreat. When the tree begins to fall you should retreat away from the direction of fall at a 3 m (10 feet) Retreat Direction 45° of fall 45°

45-degree angle and at least 3 m (10 feet) from the trunk to avoid the trunk kicking back over the stump. Begin the cut on the side to which the tree is to fall. Cut a notch about 1/3 of the way into the tree. The position of this notch is important since the Retreat Direction of fall 5 cm (2 in.) Not this way Hinge tree will try to fall “into” the notch. The felling cut is made on the side opposite the notch and at a level about 5 cm (2 in.) above the bottom of the notch. Do not try to cut through to the notch with the felling cut. The remaining wood between the notch cut and felling cut First cut Notch Second cut Felling cut 5 cm (2 in.)

about 5 cm (2 in.) will act as a hinge when the tree falls, guiding it in the desired One-third tree diameter

direction. When the tree starts to fall, kill the engine, place the saw on the ground and make your retreat quickly. To fell big trees with a diameter exceeding twice the bar length, start 3 the notching cuts from one side and draw the saw through to the other 1 side of the notch. Start the back cut on one side of the tree, pivoting the saw through to form the desired 2 hinge on that side. Then remove the saw for the second cut. Insert the saw in the first cut, very carefully so as not to cause kickback. The final cut is made by drawing the saw forward in the cut to reach the hinge. X7503264706 43 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated OPERATION CS-590

Limbing Limbing a fallen tree is much the same as bucking. Never stand on the tree that you are limbing. When limbing, caution is the word. Be careful of the tip touching other limbs. Always use both hands. Don’t cut with the saw overhead or aligned vertically with your body. If the saw should kickback, you may not have enough control to prevent possible injury. Bucking Bucking is the sawing of a log or fallen tree into smaller pieces. There are a few basic rules which apply to all bucking operations. • Keep both hands on the handles at all times. • Support logs if possible. • When cutting on a slope or hillside, always stand uphill. Finish cut First cut Uphill Position Support

44 X7503264706 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated CS-590 OPERATION Keep in mind that the wood is heavy and that it will bend and pinch the saw if improperly supported. The trunk will weaken at the point where you make the cut unless the tree is lying on perfectly flat ground or supported as shown. If you make the cut with the tree on the ground, don’t let the saw’s chain dig into the earth; it is harmful for the saw, and you stand a good chance of being struck by flying debris. To cut the trunk, use the bucking and two-cut sequence shown. The first cut should be no deeper than one-third the trunk diameter. X7503264706 45 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated OPERATION CS-590 Chain And Guide Bar Combination The following combinations are recommended for model CS-590. Guide Bar Saw Chain

Length mm (in.) ECHO Part No.Pitch mm (in.) Type Links Low-kickback

406 (16) 16D0PS3860 9.53 (3/8) 72LPX60CQ 60 457 (18) 18D0AS3864 18D0PS3866 9.53 (3/8) 72LPX64CQ 72LPX66CQ64 66 508 (20) 20D0AS3870 20D0PS3870 9.53 (3/8) 72LPX70CQ 70 84 610 (24) 24D0AS3884 24D0PS3881 9.53 (3/8) 72LPX84CQ 81 72LPX81CQ 686 (27) 27D0PS3893 9.53 (3/8) 72LPX93CQ 93 Use of replacement saw chain and/or guide bar other than that specified, or operation without the optional Kick GuardTM in place, may cause severe kickback resulting in serious injury. Chain and guide bar gauge size must be identical. Use Bar/Chain combinations shown in table above. Kick GuardTM (Optional) To purchase an optional Kick GuardTM contact your ECHO dealer. For the name of the ECHO dealer nearest you, Call: 1-800-432-ECHO (3246) or on the web at echo-usa.com Guide Bar (Low-kickback) Replacement guide bars. The following guide bars may be considered to have equivalent kickback energy. • Sprocket nose guide bars of the same length and nose radius, same pitch and having the same number of teeth. 46 X7503264706 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated CS-590 MAINTENANCE • Hard nose guide bars of the same length and nose radius as a sprocket nose bar. Saw Chain (Low-kickback) Only use saw chain designated as, “LOW-KICKBACK,” that meets ANSI B175.1 or CSA Z62.1, .3 Standard when tested on the representative sample of chain saws below 3.8 C.I.D., and ECHO guide bar specified. MAINTENANCE Moving parts can amputate fingers or cause severe injuries. Keep hands, clothing and loose objects away from all openings. Always stop engine, disconnect spark plug, and make sure all moving parts have come to a complete stop before removing obstructions, clearing debris, or servicing unit. Allow unit to cool before performing service. Wear gloves to protect hands from sharp edges and hot surfaces. Operating a poorly maintained unit can result in serious injuries to operator or bystanders. Always follow all maintenance instructions as written, otherwise serious personal injury can result. Your unit is designed to provide many hours of trouble free service. Regular scheduled maintenance will help your unit achieve that goal. If you are unsure or are not equipped with the necessary tools, we recommend that you take your unit to a Servicing Dealer for maintenance. To help you decide whether you want to DO-IT-YOURSELF or have the Dealer do it, each maintenance task has been graded. If the task is not listed, see your Dealer for repairs. X7503264706 47 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated MAINTENANCE CS-590 The use of emission control components other than those specifically designed for this unit is a violation of federal law. Skill Levels Level 1 = Easy to do. Common tools may be required. Level 2 = Moderate difficulty. Some specialized tools may be required. Level 3 = See your dealer. Click HERE or go to echo-usa.com/products/maintenance-kit or HERE shindaiwa-usa.com/you-can.aspx For information about maintenance kits. Maintenance Intervals Units equipped with a Momentary STOP Switch automatically return to RUN position. Engine can start unintentionally. Always remove spark plug lead from spark plug before assembling or performing maintenance procedures, otherwise serious personal injury can result. REQ’D

COMPONENT / SYSTEM MAINTENANCE PROCEDURE Daily or Before Use SKILL LEVEL

Air Filter Inspect / Clean * 1 Automatic Oiler Inspect / Adjust 1 Oil Filter Inspect 1 Fuel System Inspect 1 Guide Bar & Sprocket Nose Inspect / Clean * 1 Saw Chain Inspect / Sharpen / Replace / Ten sioning * 2 Sprocket Inspect / Replace * 2 48 X7503264706 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated CS-590 MAINTENANCE

COMPONENT / SYSTEM MAINTENANCE PROCEDURE REQ’D SKILL LEVEL

Cooling System Inspect / Clean 2 Recoil Starter Rope Inspect / Clean * 1 Screws / Nuts / Bolts Inspect / Tighten / Replace * 1 Every Refuel Fuel System Inspect 1 Guide Bar & Sprocket Nose Inspect 1 3 Months Air Filter Replace * 1 Oil Filter Inspect / Replace * 1 Fuel Filter Inspect * 1 Fuel Cap Gasket Inspect * 1 Spark Plug Inspect / Clean / Replace * 1 Muffler Spark Arrestor Inspect/Clean/Replace * 2 Cylinder Exhaust Port Inspect / Clean / De-carbon 2 Yearly Fuel Filter Inspect / Replace * 1 Fuel Cap Gasket Replace * 1 IMPORTANT NOTE - Time intervals shown are maximum. Actual use and your experience will determine the frequency of required maintenance. MAINTENANCE PROCEDURE NOTES: * Replacement is recommended based on the finding of damage or wear during inspection. X7503264706 49 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated MAINTENANCE CS-590

Carburetor Adjustment Every unit is run at the factory and the carburetor is set in compliance with Emission Regulations. In addition, the carburetor is equipped with “H” (High Speed) and (“L” (Low Speed) needle adjustment limiters that prevent settings outside acceptable limits. Engine Break-In New engines must be operated a minimum duration of two tanks of fuel break-in before carburetor H L T

adjustments can be made. During the break-in period your engine performance will increase and exhaust emissions will stabilize. Idle speed can be adjusted as required. High Altitude Operation This engine has been factory adjusted to maintain satisfactory starting and durability performance up to 1,100 feet above sea level (ASL) (96.0 kPa). To maintain proper engine operation above 1,100 feet ASL the carburetor might need to be adjusted by an authorized service dealer. If the engine is adjusted for operation above 1,100 feet ASL, the carburetor must be re-adjusted when operating the engine below 1,100 feet ASL, otherwise severe engine damage can result. 1. Before adjusting carburetor clean or replace air filter and muffler “Spark Arrestor Screen”. 2. Make sure the bar and chain are properly adjusted. 3. Start engine and run several minutes to bring to operating temperature. Flash choke twice during warm-up to clear any air from the fuel system. 4. Stop engine. Turn “H” High Speed needle counterclockwise (CCW) to stop. Turn “L” Low Speed needle midway between full clockwise (CW) stop and CCW stop. 5. Idle Speed Adjustment: • Start engine, turn Idle Speed Adjustment Screw “T” CW until the saw chain begins to move, then turn screw out CCW until the saw chain stops moving. Turn screw out, CCW, an additional 1/4 turn. 50 X7503264706 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated CS-590 MAINTENANCE When carburetor adjustment is completed, the saw chain should not move at idle, otherwise serious personal injury can result. 6. Accelerate to full throttle for 2 - 3 seconds to clear any excess fuel in the engine, then return to idle. Accelerate engine to full throttle to check for smooth transition from idle to high speed. If engine hesitates turn “L” needle CCW 1/8 turn and repeat acceleration. Continue adjustment until smooth acceleration results. 7. Check idle speed and reset if necessary as described in item 5. If a tachometer is available idle speed should be set to value listed on specifications page. When starting, idling adjustment speed should be adjusted to prevent the saw chain from moving. When you experience trouble with the carburetor, contact your dealer. Air Filter

1. Check before every use. 2. CLOSE choke ( ). 3. Remove air cleaner cover (A) and air filter (B). 4. Lightly brush dust off air filter, or clean with compressed air, or replace the air filter. 5. Install air filter and cover. Spark Plug • Check periodically. • The standard spark gap is 0.65 mm (0.026 in.). • Fastening torque: 15-17 N•m (130-150 in•lbf). 1. Remove air cleaner cover and remove spark plug. A B 0.65 mm (0.026 in.)

2. Correct the spark gap if it is wider or narrower than the standard gap. X7503264706 51 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated MAINTENANCE CS-590 Check Fuel System • Check before every use. • After refueling, make sure fuel does not leak from around fuel pipe, fuel grommet or fuel tank cap. • In case of fuel leakage there is a danger of fire. Stop using the machine immediately and request your dealer to inspect or replace. Fuel Filter • Check periodically. • Do not allow dust to enter fuel tank. • A clogged filter (A) will cause difficulty in starting engine or B abnormalities in engine performance. A 1. Pull filter out through gas port, and inspect filter. Do not damage fuel line while removing fuel filter from tank. 2. When the filter is dirty, replace it as follows: 3. Do not remove the wire coil clamp to remove the fuel filter. Pinch the fuel filter with the fingers on one hand and the fuel line with the other hand. Pull and twist slightly to separate. 4. Install the new filter with the reverse action. 5. When the inside of the fuel tank is dirty, rinse the tank out with gasoline to clean it. Note: Federal EPA regulations require all model year 2012 and later gasoline powered engines produced for sale in the United States to be equipped with a special low permeation fuel supply hose between the carburetor and fuel tank. When servicing model year 2012 and later equipment, only fuel supply hoses certified by EPA can be used to replace the original equipment supply hose. Fines up to $37,500 may be enforced for using an un-certified replacement part. 52 X7503264706 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated CS-590 MAINTENANCE Oil Filter • Check periodically. • Do not allow dust to enter into oil tank. • A clogged oil filter (B) will affect the B normal lubricating system. 1. Pull filter out through oil port, and A inspect filter. 2. If the filter is dirty, wash it in gasoline or replace it as follows: 3. Do not remove the wire coil clamp to remove the filter. Pinch the filter with the fingers on one hand and the line with the other hand. Pull and twist slightly to separate. 4. Install the new filter with the reverse action. 5. When the inside of the tank gets dirty, rinse the tank out with gasoline to clean it. Automatic Oiler • The discharge volume of the A automatic oiler is adjusted to approximately 4 mL/min at 7000 r/ min, prior to shipment from factory. • Always check oil discharge when in use. • Turn adjusting screw (A) counterclockwise to increase oil volume, clockwise to decrease oil volume. When the screws touches the stopper and stops, this position indicates maximum discharge volume. • Do not turn the adjusting screw beyond the maximum or minimum limit of volume adjustment. X7503264706 53 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated MAINTENANCE CS-590

Guide Bar 1. Clean before using. 2. Clean the groove of the guide bar (A) with a small screwdriver. 3. Clean oil holes (B) with a wire. 4. Invert guide bar periodically. 5. Clean the guide bar mount area before installing the guide bar. Sprocket • A damaged sprocket will cause premature damage or wear of saw chain. • When the sprocket has worn 0.5 mm (0.020 in.) or more, replace it. • Check sprocket when you install new chain. Replace it if worn. A B Worn 0.5 mm (0.020 in.)

Some tree sap and resins are corrosive. Thoroughly wash the guide bar and sprocket areas after each use, then coat metal parts with light oil. Cooling System Cleaning • Check periodically. • Clogged fins will result in poor engine cooling. 1. Remove air cleaner cover, and cylinder cover. 2. Use compressed air or wooden tool to remove dirt and dust from between fins to let cooling air pass easily. 54 X7503264706 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated CS-590 MAINTENANCE Spark Arrestor Muffler • The spark arrestor muffler controls the exhaust noise and prevents hot, glowing particles of carbon from leaving the muffler. • Make sure the spark arrestor screen is in good repair and properly seated in the muffler. • Certain internal combustion engines operated on forest, brush, and/or grass-covered areas in the states of Washington, Oregon, Idaho, California, Minnesota, New Jersey and Maine, are required to be equipped with a spark arrestor. This requirement also applies to all U.S. Forest Service lands. In some of these areas, the spark arrestor system must be certified per USDA Forest Service Regulation SAE J335. Check with your local or state authorities for specific regulations in your area. Failure to follow these requirements is a violation of the law. Spark Arrestor Screen Carbon deposits in muffler will cause drop in engine output and overheating. Spark arrestor screen must be checked periodically.

1. Remove air cleaner cover (A) and remove spark plug lead (B). 2. Remove spark arrestor cover (C) and screen (D) from muffler (E) body. 3. Clean carbon deposits from muffler components. 4. Replace screen if it is cracked, or has holes burned through. C D E A B

5. Assemble components in reverse order. Note: When cleaning carbon deposit, be careful not to damage the catalytic element inside muffler. X7503264706 55 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated MAINTENANCE CS-590

Setting The Saw Chain Drive Link Tie Strap Preset Tie Strap Left Hand Cutter Top Plate

Right Hand Cutter Guard Link Side Plate Depth Gage

Important points for proper maintenance of saw chain: • Keep the cutters sharp at all times. • Keep the left and the right cutters properly aligned. • Note that blunt or irregular cutters will result in poor cutting performance, increased vibration of chains and premature breakage of the saw chain. • Drive link serves to remove sawdust from the groove of the guide bar. Keep the lower edge of the drive link sharp where indicated. Sharpen lower edge Setting Saw Chain • For setting saw chain, round file (4.0 mm [5/32 in.] diam.) and flat file are used.

• Push file as shown. 30° Keep this angle

56 X7503264706 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated CS-590 MAINTENANCE

• To keep correct position and correct angle, use a file holder. • Hold the file horizontally. • Place the depth gauge tool firmly on guide bar so that depth gauge protrudes. Then file top of depth gauge with the flat file until flat with top of the depth gauge tool. • One fifth of the file diameter remains above cutter edge. • Be sure to round off the front edge of the depth gauge. • Properly filed cutters are shown in illustration. • When setting of the chain is finished, soak it in oil and wash away filings completely before using. 90° 1/5 Depth gauge tool 55° 30°

Top plate filing angle Side plate angle

X7503264706 57 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated MAINTENANCE CS-590

• When chain has been filed on the bar, supply sufficient oil to it, move the chain slowly to wash away the filings before using again. • If the chain saw is operated with filings clogged in the groove, the saw chain and the guide bar will be damaged prematurely. • If the saw chain becomes soiled with resin, for instance, clean it with kerosene and soak in it oil. 0.64 mm (0.025 in.) Parallel Depth gauge

To sharpen other chains, follow chain manufacturer’s instructions. 58 X7503264706 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated CS-590 TROUBLESHOOTING TROUBLESHOOTING ENGINE PROBLEM TROUBLESHOOTING CHART Problem Check Status Cause Remedy

carburetorNo fuel at Fuel strainer or Clean or replace

Fuel at carburetor No fuel at fuel line obstructed See your dealer

Engine starts hard Fuel at cylinder cylinder Carburetor See your dealer OPEN choke Clean or replace with fuelFuel mixture too

or Engine does not start Spark at end of plug wire Spark at plug Muffler wet No spark rich STOP switch OFF - Electrical problem - Interlock switch Incorrect gap - Covered with carbon - Fouled with fuel - Plug defective air filter Adjust carburetor See your dealer Turn switch to ON See your dealer Adjust to 0.65 mm (0.026 in.) Clean or replace plug

Engine runs, but dies or Engine does not accelerate properly Air filter Air filter dirty Normal wear Clean or replace Fuel filter Fuel filter dirtyContaminants or residue in fuelReplace filter or replace fuel Fuel vent Fuel vent pluggedContaminated fuel Clean or replace

X7503264706 59 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated STORAGE CS-590 ENGINE PROBLEM TROUBLESHOOTING CHART Problem Check Status Cause RemedySpark plug Plug dirty or

Engine runs, but dies worn Normal wear Clean and adjust or replace Carburetor Improper adjustment Vibration Adjust

or Engine does not Cooling system Spark Cooling system dirty or plugged Spark Extended operation in dirty or dusty locations Clean

accelerate properly Engine arrestor screen arrestor screen plugged Normal wear Replace

crankN/A Internal engine

does not problem See your dealer

Fuel vapors are extremely flammable and can cause fire and/or explosion. Never test for ignition spark by grounding spark plug near cylinder plug hole, otherwise serious personal injury can result. STORAGE Storage After Use Units equipped with a Momentary STOP Switch automatically return to RUN position. Engine can start unintentionally. Always remove spark plug lead from spark plug before assembling or performing maintenance procedures. Serious personal injury can result. • Inspect and adjust every part of the chain saw. • Completely clean every part and repair if necessary. • Apply thin coating of oil on metal parts to prevent rust. • Remove chain and guide bar. 60 X7503264706 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated CS-590 SPECIFICATIONS • Drain fuel tank completely. Press purge bulb 6-7 times to remove remaining fuel from carburetor then drain the tank again. Close choke, start and run the engine until it stops due to lack of fuel. • Allow engine to cool. Remove the spark plug lead from the spark plug. Remove the spark plug. Pour 7 cc (0.25 oz.) of fresh, clean, two-stroke engine oil into the cylinder through the spark plug hole. • Store in a dry area, free from dust. Do not store in an enclosure where fuel fumes may accumulate or reach an open flame or spark. Do not lend or rent your chain saw without the Operator’s Manual. Note: • For future reference, you should keep this Operator’s Manual. • If this Operator’s Manual becomes illegible or is lost, please contact your ECHO dealer, or go to echo-usa.com. SPECIFICATIONS MODEL CS-590 Length 448 mm (17.6 in.) Width 245mm (9.6 in) Height 292 mm (11.5 in.) Dry weight 6.0 kg (13.2 lb.) Without chain and guide bar Engine Air-cooled two-stroke single cylinder Displacement 59.8 mL (3.65 cu. in.) Bore 45.0 mm (1.77 in.) Stroke 37.6 mm (1.48 in.) Compressions ratio 7.2:1 Carburetor Diaphragm type Spark plug NGK BPMR8Y (Gap 0.65 mm [0.026 in.]) Fuel tank capacity 645 mL (21.8 US. fl. oz.) Gasoline/Oil Ratio 50:1 X7503264706 61 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated PRODUCT REGISTRATION CS-590 MODEL CS-590 Gasoline Use 89 octane unleaded. Do not use fuel containing methyl alcohol, more than 10% ethyl alcohol or 15% MTBE. Do not use alternative fuels such as E-15 or E-85. Oil ISO-L-EGD (ISO/CD 13738) and JASO M345-FD two-stroke, air-cooled engine oil. Oiling system Adjustable automatic oiler Chain oil capacity 300 mL (10.2 US. fl. oz.) Starter system Automatic rewind starter Clutch Centrifugal type Sprocket type Spur type, 7-tooth, 3/8 in. pitch Chain brake Manual and Non-manual band brake type Idle speed 2,800 RPM Clutch engagement speed 4,000 RPM

Wide open throttle speed (W.O.T.) 12,500 RPM

Chain tensioner Side access system Guide bar 20, (optional 16, 18, 24, 27 in.) Saw chain OREGON chain 72LPX (3/8 in. pitch) Front hand guard, Rear hand guard, Anti-vibration

Standard features device, Spiked bumper, Throttle control lockout, Chain catcher, Spark arrestor muffler, (Kick GuardTM optional)

PRODUCT REGISTRATION Thank you for choosing ECHO Power Equipment Please go to echo-usa.com/Warranty/Register-Your-ECHO to register your new product on-line. It's FAST and EASY! NOTE: your information will never be sold or misused by ECHO, Incorporated. Registering your purchase enables us to contact you in the unlikely event of a service update or product recall, and verifies your ownership for warranty consideration. If you do not have access to the Internet, you can complete the form below and mail to: ECHO Incorporated, Product Registration, PO Box 1139, Lake Zurich IL 60047. 62 X7503264706 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated CS-590 PRODUCT REGISTRATION X7503264706 63 © 09/2020 ECHO Incorporated C69015001001 - C69015999999 ECHO INCORPORATED 400 Oakwood Road Lake Zurich, IL 60047 echo-usa.com


FREE ENGLISH PDF

OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS

USER GUIDE - USER MANUAL

OWNER GUIDE - OWNER MANUAL

REFERENCE GUIDE - REFERENCE MANUAL

INSTRUCTION GUIDE - INSTRUCTION MANUAL

Leave a Reply