ASUS RT-AX89X (01) PDF MANUAL


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PDF Content Summary: User Guide RT-AX89X RT-AX89X Dual-band Wi-Fi Router 2 E15929 First Edition September 2019 Copyright © 2019 ASUSTeK Computer Inc. All Rights Reserved. No part of this manual, including the products and software described in it, may be reproduced, transmitted, transcribed, stored in a retrieval system, or translated into any language in any form or by any means, except documentation kept by the purchaser for backup purposes, without the express written permission of ASUSTeK Computer Inc. (“ASUS”). Product warranty or service will not be extended if: (1) the product is repaired, modified or altered, unless such repair, modification of alteration is authorized in writing by ASUS; or (2) the serial number of the product is defaced or missing. ASUS PROVIDES THIS MANUAL “AS IS” WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. IN NO EVENT SHALL ASUS, ITS DIRECTORS, OFFICERS, EMPLOYEES OR AGENTS BE LIABLE FOR ANY INDIRECT, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING DAMAGES FOR LOSS OF PROFITS, LOSS OF BUSINESS, LOSS OF USE OR DATA, INTERRUPTION OF BUSINESS AND THE LIKE), EVEN IF ASUS HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES ARISING FROM ANY DEFECT OR ERROR IN THIS MANUAL OR PRODUCT. SPECIFICATIONS AND INFORMATION CONTAINED IN THIS MANUAL ARE FURNISHED FOR INFORMATIONAL USE ONLY, AND ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE AT ANY TIME WITHOUT NOTICE, AND SHOULD NOT BE CONSTRUED AS A COMMITMENT BY ASUS. ASUS ASSUMES NO RESPONSIBILITY OR LIABILITY FOR ANY ERRORS OR INACCURACIES THAT MAY APPEAR IN THIS MANUAL, INCLUDING THE PRODUCTS AND SOFTWARE DESCRIBED IN IT. Products and corporate names appearing in this manual may or may not be registered trademarks or copyrights of their respective companies, and are used only for identification or explanation and to the owners’ benefit, without intent to infringe. Table of contents 1 Getting to know your wireless router 1.1 Welcome! ...........................................................................................6 1.2 Package contents ...........................................................................6 1.3 Your wireless router .......................................................................7 1.4 Positioning your router ............................................................. 10 1.5 Setup Requirements ................................................................... 11 1.6 Router Setup ................................................................................. 12 1.6.1 Wired connection ..................................................................12 1.6.2 Wireless connection .............................................................13 2 Getting started 2.1 Logging into the Web GUI ........................................................ 15 2.2 Quick Internet Setup (QIS) with Auto-detection.............. 16 2.3 Connecting to your wireless network .................................. 20 3 Configuring the General settings 3.1 Using the Network Map ........................................................... 21 3.1.1 Setting up the wireless security settings ......................22 3.1.2 Managing your network clients .......................................23 3.1.3 Monitoring your USB device .............................................24 3.2 Creating a Guest Network ........................................................ 27 3.3 AiProtection................................................................................... 29 3.3.1 Network Protection ..............................................................30 3.3.2 Setting up Parental Controls .............................................34 3.4 Using the Traffic Manager ........................................................ 37 3.4.1 Managing QoS (Quality of Service) Bandwidth..........37 3.5 Traffic Analyzer ............................................................................. 40 3.6 Using the USB Application ....................................................... 41 3.6.1 Using AiDisk ............................................................................41 3.6.2 Using Servers Center ............................................................43 3 4 Table of contents 3.6.3 3G/4G ........................................................................................48 3.7 Using AiCloud 2.0 ........................................................................ 50 3.7.1 Cloud Disk ................................................................................51 3.7.2 Smart Access ...........................................................................52 3.7.3 AiCloud Sync ...........................................................................53 4 Configuring the Advanced Settings 4.1 Wireless ...........................................................................................54 4.1.1 General ......................................................................................54 4.1.2 WPS ............................................................................................57 4.1.3 Bridge ........................................................................................59 4.1.4 Wireless MAC Filter ...............................................................61 4.1.5 RADIUS Setting ......................................................................62 4.1.6 Professional .............................................................................63 4.2 LAN ................................................................................................... 66 4.2.1 LAN IP ........................................................................................66 4.2.2 DHCP Server ............................................................................67 4.2.3 Route .........................................................................................69 4.2.4 IPTV ............................................................................................70 4.3 WAN .................................................................................................. 71 4.3.1 Internet Connection .............................................................71 4.3.2 Port Trigger ..............................................................................74 4.3.3 Virtual Server/Port Forwarding ........................................76 4.3.4 DMZ............................................................................................79 4.3.5 DDNS .........................................................................................80 4.3.6 NAT Passthrough ...................................................................81 4.4 IPv6 ...................................................................................................82 4.5 Firewall ............................................................................................83 4.5.1 General ......................................................................................83 4.5.2 URL Filter ..................................................................................83 4.5.3 Keyword filter .........................................................................84 Table of contents 4.5.4 Network Services Filter .......................................................85 4.6 Administration.............................................................................. 87 4.6.1 Operation Mode ....................................................................87 4.6.2 System .......................................................................................88 4.6.3 Firmware Upgrade ................................................................89 4.6.4 Restore/Save/Upload Setting ...........................................89 4.7 System Log .................................................................................... 90 5 Utilities 5.1 Device Discovery ......................................................................... 91 5.2 Firmware Restoration ................................................................. 92 5.3 Setting up your printer server ................................................ 93 5.3.1 ASUS EZ Printer Sharing .....................................................93 5.3.2 Using LPR to Share Printer .................................................97 5.4 Download Master ......................................................................102 5.4.1 Configuring Bit Torrent download settings .............. 103 5.4.2 NZB settings ......................................................................... 104 6 Troubleshooting 6.1 Basic Troubleshooting .............................................................105 6.2 Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) ..................................108 Appendices Notices .......................................................................................................118 ASUS Contact information ..................................................................138 5 6 1 Getting to know your wireless router NOTES: • If any of the items are damaged or missing, contact ASUS for technical inquiries and support. Refer to the ASUS Support Hotline list at the back of this user manual. • Keep the original packaging material in case you would need future warranty services such as repair or replacement. 1.1 Welcome! Thank you for purchasing an ASUS RT-AX89X Wireless Router! The ultra-thin and stylish RT-AX89X features a 2.4GHz and 5GHz dual bands for an unmatched concurrent wireless HD streaming; SMB server, UPnP AV server, and FTP server for 24/7 file sharing; a capability to handle 300,000 sessions; and the ASUS Green Network Technology, which provides up to 70% power-saving solution. 1.2 Package contents

RT-AX89X Wireless Router Power adapter Network cable (RJ-45) Quick Start Guide

1.3 Your wireless router 7 8 SPF+ LED Off: No SPF+ signal. On: Wireless system is ready. Flashing: Transmitting or receiving data via wireless connection. 10GE LED Off: No 10GE signal. On: Wireless system is ready. Flashing: Transmitting or receiving data via wireless connection. LAN LED Off: No power or no physical connection. On: Has physical connection to a local area network (LAN). WAN (Internet) LED Red: No IP or no physical connection. On: Has physical connection to a wide area network (WAN). 5GHz LED Off: No 5GHz signal. On: Wireless system is ready. Flashing: Transmitting or receiving data via wireless connection. 2.4GHz LED Off: No 2.4GHz signal. On: Wireless system is ready. Flashing: Transmitting or receiving data via wireless connection. Power LED Off: No power. On: Device is ready. Flashing slow: Rescue mode WPS button This button launches the WPS Wizard. LED On/Off button This button turns on/off the LED indicators. Wi-Fi On/Off button This button enables or disables Wi-Fi. LAN ports 1 ~ 8 Connect network cables into these ports to establish LAN connection. WAN (Internet) port Connect a network cable into this port to establish WAN connection. 10G base T port This port is for 10G base T connection. 10G SFP+ port This port is for SPF+ connection with data transmission speed up to 10Gbit/s. USB 3.1 Gen 1 ports Insert a USB 3.1 Gen 1 device such as a USB hard disk or a USB flash drive into this port. Insert your iPad’s USB cable into this port to charge your iPad. Power button Press this button to power on or off the stystem. Power (DC-IN) port Insert the bundled AC adapter into this port and connect your router to a power source. NOTES: • Use only the adapter that came with your package. Using other adapters may damage the device. • Specifications: DC Power adapter DC Output: +19V with max 3.42A current; Operating Temperature 0~40oC Storage 0~70oC Operating Humidity 50~90% Storage 20~90% 9 10 1.4 Positioning your router For the best wireless signal transmission between the wireless router and the network devices connected to it, ensure that you: • Place the wireless router in a centralized area for a maximum wireless coverage for the network devices. • Keep the device away from metal obstructions and away from direct sunlight. • Keep the device away from 802.11g or 20MHz only Wi-Fi devices, 2.4GHz computer peripherals, Bluetooth devices, cordless phones, transformers, heavy-duty motors, fluorescent lights, microwave ovens, refrigerators, and other industrial equipment to prevent signal interference or loss. • Always update to the latest firmware. Visit the ASUS website at asus.com to get the latest firmware updates. • To ensure the best wireless signal, orient the eight non- detachable antennas as shown in the drawing below. 1.5 Setup Requirements To set up your wireless network, you need a computer that meets the following system requirements: • Ethernet RJ-45 (LAN) port (10Base-T/100Base-TX/ 1000BaseTX) • IEEE 802.11a/b/g/n/ac/ax wireless capability • An installed TCP/IP service • Web browser such as Internet Explorer, Firefox, Safari, or Google Chrome NOTES: • If your computer does not have built-in wireless capabilities, you may install an IEEE 802.11a/b/g/n/ac/ax WLAN adapter to your computer to connect to the network. • With its dual band technology, your wireless router supports 2.4GHz and 5GHz wireless signals simultaneously. This allows you to do Internet-related activities such as Internet surfing or reading/writing e-mail messages using the 2.4GHz band while simultaneously streaming high-definition audio/video files such as movies or music using the 5GHz band. • Some IEEE 802.11n devices that you want to connect to your network may or may not support 5GHz band. Refer to the device's manual for specifications. • The Ethernet RJ-45 cables that will be used to connect the network devices should not exceed 100 meters. 11 12 1.6 Router Setup IMPORTANT! • Use a wired connection when setting up your wireless router to avoid possible setup problems. • Before setting up your ASUS wireless router, do the following: • If you are replacing an existing router, disconnect it from your network. • Disconnect the cables/wires from your existing modem setup. If your modem has a backup battery, remove it as well. • Reboot your cable modem and computer (recommended). 1.6.1 Wired connection NOTE: You can use either a straight-through cable or a crossover cable for wired connection. Power Modem

Laptop Wall Power Outlet 3 1 LAN WAN LINE LAN RESET PWR

24 To set up your wireless router via wired connection: 1. Insert your wireless router’s AC adapter to the DC-IN port and plug it to a power outlet. 2. Using the bundled network cable, connect your computer to your wireless router’s LAN port. IMPORTANT! Ensure that the LAN LED is blinking. 3 Using another network cable, connect your modem to your wireless router’s WAN port. 4. Insert your modem’s AC adapter to the DC-IN port and plug it to a power outlet. 1.6.2 Wireless connection Smart phone Power Wall Power Outlet Modem 3 2 To set up your wireless router via wireless connection: 1. Insert your wireless router’s AC adapter to the DC-IN port and plug it to a power outlet. 2 Using the bundled network cable, connect your modem to your wireless router’s WAN port. 1 Tablet WAN LINE LAN RESET PWR Laptop 13 14 3. Insert your modem’s AC adapter to the DC-IN port and plug it to a power outlet. 4. Install an IEEE 802.11a/b/g/n/ac/ax WLAN adapter on your computer. NOTES: • For details on connecting to a wireless network, refer to the WLAN adapter’s user manual. • To set up the security settings for your network, refer to the section Setting up the wireless security settings in Chapter 3 of this user manual. 2 Getting started 2.1 Logging into the Web GUI Your ASUS Wireless Router comes with an intuitive web graphical user interface (GUI) that allows you to easily configure its various features through a web browser such as Internet Explorer, Firefox, Safari, or Google Chrome. NOTE: The features may vary with different firmware versions. To log into the web GUI: 1. On your web browser, enter router.asus.com. 2. On the login page, key in the default user name (admin) and password (admin). 3. You can now use the Web GUI to configure various settings of your ASUS Wireless Router. Top command buttons

QIS Information banner Navigation panel right column middle column

NOTE: If you are logging into the Web GUI for the first time, you will be directed to the Quick Internet Setup (QIS) page automatically. 15 16 2.2 Quick Internet Setup (QIS) with Auto- detection The Quick Internet Setup (QIS) function guides you in quickly setting up your Internet connection. NOTE: When setting the Internet connection for the first time, press the Reset button on your wireless router to reset it to its factory default settings. To use QIS with auto-detection: 1. Log into the Web GUI. The QIS page launches automatically. NOTES: • By default, the login username and password for your wireless router's Web GUI is admin. For details on changing your wireless router's login username and password, refer to section 4.6.2 System. • The wireless router's login username and password is different from the 2.4GHz/5GHz network name (SSID) and security key. The wireless router's login username and password allows you to log into your wireless router's Web GUI to configure your wireless router's settings. The 2.4GHz/5GHz network name (SSID) and security key allows Wi-Fi devices to log in and connect to your 2.4GHz/5GHz network. 2. The wireless router automatically detects if your ISP connection type is Dynamic IP, PPPoE, PPTP, L2TP, and Static IP. Key in the necessary information for your ISP connection type. IMPORTANT! Obtain the necessary information from your ISP about the Internet connection type. for Automatic IP (DHCP) for PPPoE, PPTP, and L2TP 17 18 for Static IP NOTES: • The auto-detection of your ISP connection type takes place when you configure the wireless router for the first time or when your wireless router is reset to its default settings. • If QIS failed to detect your Internet connection type, click Skip to manual setting and manually configure your connection settings. 3. Assign the wireless network name (SSID) and security key for your 2.4GHz and 5 GHz wireless connection. Click Apply when done. 4. Your Internet and wireless settings are displayed. Click Next to continue. 5. Read the wireless network connection tutorial. When done, click Finish. 19 20 2.3 Connecting to your wireless network After setting up your wireless router via QIS, you can connect your computer or other smart devices to your wireless network. To connect to your network: 1. On your computer, click the network icon in the notification area to display the available wireless networks. 2. Select the wireless network that you want to connect to, then click Connect. 3. You may need to key in the network security key for a secured wireless network, then click OK. 4. Wait while your computer establishes connection to the wireless network successfully. The connection status is displayed and the network icon displays the connected status. NOTES: • Refer to the next chapters for more details on configuring your wireless network's settings. • Refer to your device's user manual for more details on connecting it to your wireless network. 3 Configuring the General settings 3.1 Using the Network Map Network Map allows you to configure your network’s security settings, manage your network clients, and monitor your USB device. 21 22 3.1.1 Setting up the wireless security settings To protect your wireless network from unauthorized access, you need to configure its security settings. To set up the wireless security settings: 1. From the navigation panel, go to General > Network Map. 2. On the Network Map screen and under System status, you can configure the wireless security settings such as SSID, security level, and encryption settings. NOTE: You can set up different wireless security settings for 2.4GHz and 5GHz bands. 2.4GHz security settings 5GHz security settings 3. On the Wireless name (SSID) field, key in a unique name for your wireless network. 4. From the WEP Encryption dropdown list, select the encryption method for your wireless network. IMPORTANT! The IEEE 802.11n/ac/ax standard prohibits using High Throughput with WEP or WPA-TKIP as the unicast cipher. If you use these encryption methods, your data rate will drop to IEEE 802.11g 54Mbps connection. 5. Key in your security passkey. 6. Click Apply when done. 3.1.2 Managing your network clients To manage your network clients: 1. From the navigation panel, go to General > Network Map tab. 2. On the Network Map screen, select the Client Status icon to display your network client’s information. 3. To block a client’s access to your network, select the client and click block. 23 24 3.1.3 Monitoring your USB device The ASUS Wireless Router provides a USB port for connecting a USB device or a USB printer to allow you to share files and printer with clients in your network. NOTE: To use this feature, you need to plug a USB storage device, such as a USB hard disk or a USB flash drive, to the USB 3.0 port on the rear panel of your wireless router. Ensure that the USB storage device is formatted and partitioned properly. Refer to the Plug-n-Share Disk Support List at event.asus.com/networks/disksupport. IMPORTANT! You first need to create a share account and its permission /access rights to allow other network clients to access the USB device via an FTP site/third-party FTP client utility, Servers Center, Samba, or AiCloud 2.0. For more details, refer to the section 3.6 Using the USB Application and 3.7 Using AiCloud 2.0 in this user manual. To monitor your USB device: 1. From the navigation panel, go to General > Network Map. 2. On the Network Map screen, select the USB Disk Status icon to display your USB device’s information. 3. On the AiDisk Wizard field, click GO to set up an FTP server for Internet file sharing. NOTES: • For more details, refer to the section 3.6.2 Using Servers Center in this user manual. • The wireless router works with most USB HDDs/Flash disks (up to 2TB size) and supports read-write access for FAT16, FAT32, EXT2, EXT3, and NTFS. 25 26 Safely removing the USB disk IMPORTANT: Incorrect removal of the USB disk may cause data corruption. To safely remove the USB disk: 1. From the navigation panel, go to General > Network Map. 2. In the upper right corner, click > Eject USB disk. When the USB disk is ejected successfully, the USB status shows Unmounted. 3.2 Creating a Guest Network The Guest Network provides temporary visitors with Internet connectivity via access to separate SSIDs or networks without providing access to your private network. NOTE: RT-AX89X supports up to six SSIDs (three 2.4GHz and three 5GHz SSIDs). To create a guest network: 1. From the navigation panel, go to General > Guest Network. 2. On the Guest Network screen, select 2.4Ghz or 5Ghz frequency band for the guest network that you want to create. 3. Click Enable. 27 28 4. To configure additional options, click Modify. 5. Click Yes on the Enable Guest Network screen. 6. Assign a wireless name for your temporary network on the Network Name (SSID) field. 7. Select an Authentication Method. 8. Select an Encryption method. 9. Specify the Access time or choose Limitless. 10.Select Disable or Enable on the Access Intranet item. 11. When done, click Apply. 3.3 AiProtection AiProtection provides real-time monitoring that detects malware, spyware, and unwanted access. It also filters unwanted websites and apps and allows you to schedule a time that a connected device is able to access the Internet. 29 30 3.3.1 Network Protection Network Protection prevents network exploits and secures your network from unwanted access. Configuring Network Protection To configure Network Protection: 1. From the navigation panel, go to General > AiProtection. 2. From the AiProtection main page, click on Network Protection. 3. From the Network Protection tab, click Scan. When done scanning, the utility displays the results on the Router Security Assessment page. IMPORTANT! Items marked as Yes on the Router Security Assessment page is considered to be at a safe status. Items marked as No, Weak, or Very Weak is highly recommended to be configured accordingly. 4. (Optional) From the Router Security Assessment page, manually configure the items marked as No, Weak, or Very Weak. To do this: a. Click an item. NOTE: When you click an item, the utility forwards you to the item’s setting page. b. From the item’s security settings page, configure and make the necessary changes and click Apply when done. c. Go back to the Router Security Assessment page and click Close to exit the page. 5. To automatically configure the security settings, click Secure Your Router. 6. When a message prompt appears, click OK. 31 32 Malicious Sites Blocking This feature restricts access to known malicious websites in the cloud database for an always-up-to-date protection. NOTE: This function is automatically enabled if you run the Router Weakness Scan. To enable Malicious Sites Blocking: 1. From the navigation panel, go to General > AiProtection. 2. From the AiProtection main page, click on Network Protection. 3. From the Malicious Sites Blocking pane, click ON. Two-Way IPS Two-Way IPS (Intrusion Prevention System) protects your router from network attacks by both blocking malicious incoming packets and detecting suspicious outgoing packets. NOTE: This function is automatically enabled if you run the Router Weakness Scan. To enable Two-Way IPS: 1. From the navigation panel, go to General > AiProtection. 2. From the AiProtection main page, click on Network Protection. 3. From the Two-Way IPS pane, click ON. Infected Device Prevention and Blocking This feature prevents infected devices from communicating personal information or infected status to external parties. NOTE: This function is automatically enabled if you run the Router Weakness Scan. To enable Infected Device Prevention and Blocking: 1. From the navigation panel, go to General > AiProtection. 2. From the AiProtection main page, click on Network Protection. 3. From the Infected Device Prevention and Blocking pane, click ON. To configure Alert Preference: 1. From the Infected Device Prevention and Blocking pane, click Alert Preference. 2. Select or key in the e-mail provider, e-mail account, and password then click Apply. 33 34 3.3.2 Setting up Parental Controls Parental Control allows you to control the Internet access time or set the time limit for a client’s network usage. To go to the Parental Controls main page: 1. From the navigation panel, go to General > AiProtection. 2. From the AiProtection main page, click on the Parental Controls tab. Web & Apps Filters Web & Apps Filters is a feature of Parental Controls that allows you to block access to unwanted web sites or applications. To configure Web & Apps Filters: 1. From the navigation panel, go to General > AiProtection. 2. From the AiProtection main page, click on the Parental Controls icon to go to the Parental Controls tab. 3. From the Enable Web & Apps Filters pane, click ON. 4. When the End Users License Agreement (EULA) message prompt appears, click I agree to continue. 5. From the Client List column, select or key in the client’s name from the drop down list box. 6. From the Content Category column, select the filters from the four main categories: Adult, Instant Message and Communication, P2P and File Transfer, and Streaming and Entertainment. 7. Click to add the client’s profile. 8. Click Apply to save the settings. 35 36 Time Scheduling Time Scheduling allows you to set the time limit for a client’s network usage. NOTE: Ensure that your system time is synchronized with the NTP server. To configure Time Scheduling: 1. From the navigation panel, go to General >AiProtection > Parental Controls > Time Scheduling. 2. From the Enable Time Scheduling pane, click ON. 3. From the Clients Name column, select or key in the client’s name from the drop down list box. NOTE: You may also key in the client’s MAC address in the Client MAC Address column. Ensure that the client name does not contain special characters or spaces as these may cause the router to function abnormally. 4. Click to add the client’s profile. 5. Click Apply to save the settings. 3.4 Using the Traffic Manager 3.4.1 Managing QoS (Quality of Service) Bandwidth Quality of Service (QoS) allows you to set the bandwidth priority and manage network traffic. To set up bandwidth priority: 1. From the navigation panel, go to General > Traffic Manager > QoS tab. 2. Click ON to enable QoS. Fill in the upload and download bandwidth fields. NOTE: Get the bandwidth information from your ISP. 3. Click Save. NOTE: The User Specify Rule List is for advanced settings. If you want to prioritize specific network applications and network services, select User-defined QoS rules or User-defined Priority from the drop-down list on the upper-right corner. 37 38 4. On the user-defined QoS rules page, there are four default online service types – web surf, HTTPS and file transfers. Select your preferred service, fill in the Source IP or MAC, Destination Port, Protocol, Transferred and Priority, then click Apply. The information will be configured in the QoS rules screen. NOTES • To fill in the source IP or MAC, you can: a) Enter a specific IP address, such as "192.168.122.1". b) Enter IP addresses within one subnet or within the same IP pool, such as “192.168.123.*”, or “192.168.*.*” c) Enter all IP addresses as “*.*.*.*” or leave the field blank. d) The format for the MAC address is six groups of two hexadecimal digits, separated by colons (:), in transmission order (e.g. 12:34:56:aa:bc:ef ) • For source or destination port range, you can either: a) Enter a specific port, such as “95”. b) Enter ports within a range, such as “103:315”, “>100”, or “<65535”. • The Transferred column contains information about the upstream and downstream traffic (outgoing and incoming network traffic) for one section. In this column, you can set the network traffic limit (in KB) for a specific service to generate specific priorities for the service assigned to a specific port. For example, if two network clients, PC 1 and PC 2, are both accessing the Internet (set at port 80), but PC 1 exceeds the network traffic limit due to some downloading tasks, PC 1 will have a lower priority. If you do not want to set the traffic limit, leave it blank. 5. On the User-defined Priority page, you can prioritize the network applications or devices into five levels from the user- defined QoS rules’ dropdown list. Based on priority level, you can use the following methods to send data packets: • Change the order of upstream network packets that are sent to the Internet. • Under Upload Bandwidth table, set Minimum Reserved Bandwidth and Maximum Bandwidth Limit for multiple network applications with different priority levels. The percentages indicate the upload bandwidth rates that are available for specified network applications. NOTES: • Low-priority packets are disregarded to ensure the transmission of high-priority packets. • Under Download Bandwidth table, set Maximum Bandwidth Limit for multiple network applications in corresponding order. The higher priority upstream packet will cause the higher priority downstream packet. • If there are no packets being sent from high-priority applications, the full transmission rate of the Internet connection is available for low- priority packets. 6. Set the highest priority packet. To ensure a smooth online gaming experience, you can set ACK, SYN, and ICMP as the highest priority packet. NOTE: Ensure to enable QoS first and set up the upload and download rate limits. 39 40 3.5 Traffic Analyzer The traffic monitor feature allows you to access the bandwidth usage and speed of your Internet, wired, or wireless networks. It allows you to monitor network traffic in real-time or on a daily basis. It also offers an option to display the network traffic within the last 24 hours. NOTE: Packets from the Internet are evenly transmitted to the wired and wireless devices. 3.6 Using the USB Application The USB Applications function provides AiDisk, Servers Center, Network Printer Server and Download Master submenus. IMPORTANT! To use the server functions, you need to insert a USB storage device, such as a USB hard disk or a USB flash drive, in the USB 3.0 port on the rear panel of your wireless router. Ensure that the USB storage device is formatted and partitioned properly. Refer to the ASUS website at event.asus.com/2009/networks/disksupport/ for the file system support table. 3.6.1 Using AiDisk AiDisk allows you to share files stored on a connected USB device through the Internet. AiDisk also assists you with setting up ASUS DDNS and an FTP server. To use AiDisk: 1. From the navigation panel, go to General > USB application, then click the AiDisk icon. 2. From the Welcome to AiDisk wizard screen, click Go. 41 42 4. Create your domain name via the ASUS DDNS services, read the Terms of Service and then select I will use the service and accept the Terms of service and key in your domain name. When done, click Next. 3. Select the access rights that you want to assign to the clients accessing your shared data. You can also select Skip ASUS DDNS settings then click Next to skip the DDNS setting. 5. Click Finish to complete the setting. 6. To access the FTP site that you created, launch a web browser or a third-party FTP client utility and key in the ftp link (ftp://<domain name>.asuscomm.com) you have previously created. 3.6.2 Using Servers Center Servers Center allows you to share the media files from the USB disk via a Media Server directory, Samba share service, or FTP share service. You can also configure other settings for the USB disk in the Servers Center. Using Media Server Your wireless router allows DLNA-supported devices to access multimedia files from the USB disk connected to your wireless router. NOTE: Before using the DLNA Media Server function, connect your device to RT-AX89X’s network. 43 44 To launch the Media Server setting page, go to General > USB application > Media Services and Servers > Media Servers tab. Refer to the following for the descriptions of the fields: • Enable iTunes Server?: Select ON/OFF to enable/disable the iTunes Server. • Media Server Status: Displays the status of the media server. • Media Server Path Setting: Select All Disks Shared or Manual Media Server Path. Using Network Place (Samba) Share service Network Place (Samba) Share allows you to set up the accounts and permissions for the Samba service. To use Samba share: 1. From the navigation panel, go to General > USB application > Media Services and Servers > Network Place (Samba) Share / Cloud Disk tab. NOTE: Network Place (Samba) Share is enabled by default. 2. Follow the steps below to add, delete, or modify an account. To create a new account: a) Click To delete an existing account: a) Select the account that you want to delete. b) Click . c) When prompted, click Delete to confirm the account deletion. To add a folder: a) Click . b) Enter the folder name, and click Add. The folder that you created will be added to the folder list. to add new account. b) In the Account and Password fields, key in the name and password of your network client. Retype the password to confirm. Click Add to add the account to the list. 45 46 3. From the list of folders, select the type of access permission that you want to assign for specific folders: • R/W: Select this option to assign read/write access. • R: Select this option to assign read-only access. • No: Select this option if you do not want to share a specific file folder. 4. Click Apply to apply the changes. Using the FTP Share service FTP share enables an FTP server to share files from USB disk to other devices via your local area network or via the Internet. IMPORTANT: • Ensure that you safely remove the USB disk. Incorrect removal of the USB disk may cause data corruption. • To safely remove the USB disk, refer to the section Safely removing the USB disk under 3.1.3 Monitoring your USB device. To use FTP Share service: NOTE: Ensure that you have set up your FTP server through AiDisk. For more details, refer to the section 3.6.1 Using AiDisk. 1. From the navigation panel, click General > USB application > Media Services and Servers > FTP Share tab. 2. From the list of folders, select the type of access rights that you want to assign for specific folders: • R/W: Select to assign read/write access for a specific folder. • W: Select to assign write only access for a specific folder. • R: Select to assign read only access for a specific folder. • No: Select this option if you do not want to share a specific folder. 3. Click Apply to confirm the changes. 4. To access the FTP server, key in the ftp link ftp://<hostname>.asuscomm.com and your user name and password on a web browser or a third-party FTP utility. 47 48 3.6.3 3G/4G 3G/4G USB modems can be connected to RT-AX89X to allow Internet access. NOTE: For a list of verified USB modems, please visit: event.asus.com/2009/networks/3gsupport/. To set up 3G/4G internet access: 1. From the navigation panel, click General > USB application > 3G/4G. 2. In the Enable USB Modem field, select Yes. 3. Set up the following: • Location: Select your 3G/4G service provider’s location from the dropdown list. • ISP: Select your Internet Service Provider (ISP) from the dropdown list. • APN (Access Point Name) service (optional): Contact your 3G/4G service provider for detailed information. • Dial Number and PIN code: The 3G/4G provider’s access number and PIN code for connection. NOTE: PIN code may vary from different providers. • Username / Password: The username and password will be provided by the 3G/4G network carrier. • USB Adapter: Choose your USB 3G / 4G adapter from the dropdown list. If you are not sure of your USB adapter’s model or the model is not listed in the options, select Auto. 4. Click Apply. NOTE: The router will reboot for the settings to take effect. 49 50 3.7 Using AiCloud 2.0 AiCloud 2.0 is a cloud service application that allows you to save, sync, share, and access your files. To use AiCloud 2.0: 1. From Google Play Store or Apple Store, download and install the ASUS AiCloud 2.0 app to your smart device. 2. Connect your smart device to your network. Follow the instructions to complete the AiCloud 2.0 setup process. 3.7.1 Cloud Disk To create a cloud disk: 1. Insert a USB storage device into the wireless router. 2. Turn on Cloud Disk. 3. Go to router.asus.com and enter the router login account and password. For better user experience, we recommend that you use Google Chrome or Firefox. 4. You can now start accessing Cloud Disk files on devices connected to the network. NOTE: When accessing the devices that are connected to the network, you need to enter the device’s user name and password manually, which will not be saved by AiCloud 2.0 for security reason. 51 52 3.7.2 Smart Access The Smart Access function allows you to easily access your home network via your router’s domain name. NOTES: • You can create a domain name for your router with ASUS DDNS. For more details, refer to section 4.3.5 DDNS. • By default, AiCloud 2.0 provides a secure HTTPS connection. Key in [yourASUSDDNSname].asuscomm.com for a very secure Cloud Disk and Smart Access usage. 3.7.3 AiCloud Sync To use AiCloud Sync: 1. Launch AiCloud 2.0, click AiCloud Sync. 2. Select ON to enable AiCloud Sync. 3. Click Add new account. 4. Enter your ASUS WebStorage account password and select the directory that you want to sync with WebStorage. 5. Click Apply. 53 54 4 Configuring the Advanced Settings 4.1 Wireless 4.1.1 General The General tab allows you to configure the basic wireless settings. To configure the basic wireless settings: 1. From the navigation panel, go to Advanced Settings > Wireless > General tab. 2. Select 2.4GHz or 5GHz as the frequency band for your wireless network. 3. Assign a unique name containing up to 32 characters for your SSID (Service Set Identifier) or network name to identify your wireless network. Wi-Fi devices can identify and connect to the wireless network via your assigned SSID. The SSIDs on the information banner are updated once new SSIDs are saved to the settings. NOTE: You can assign unique SSIDs for the 2.4 GHz and 5GHz frequency bands. 4. In the Hide SSID field, select Yes to prevent wireless devices from detecting your SSID. When this function is enabled, you would need to enter the SSID manually on the wireless device to access the wireless network. 5. Select any of these wireless mode options to determine the types of wireless devices that can connect to your wireless router: • Auto: Select Auto to allow 802.11AC, 802.11n, 802.11g, and 802.11b devices to connect to the wireless router. • Legacy: Select Legacy to allow 802.11b/g/n devices to connect to the wireless router. Hardware that supports 802.11n natively, however, will only run at a maximum speed of 54Mbps. • N only: Select N only to maximize wireless N performance. This setting prevents 802.11g and 802.11b devices from connecting to the wireless router. 6. Select any of these channel bandwidth to accommodate higher transmission speeds: 40MHz: Select this bandwidth to maximize the wireless throughput. 20MHz (default): Select this bandwidth if you encounter some issues with your wireless connection. 7. Select the operating channel for your wireless router. Select Auto to allow the wireless router to automatically select the channel that has the least amount of interference. 8. Select any of these authentication methods: • Open System: This option provides no security. • Shared Key: You must use WEP encryption and enter at least one shared key. 55 56 • WPA/WPA2 Personal/WPA Auto-Personal: This option provides strong security. You can use either WPA (with TKIP) or WPA2 (with AES). If you select this option, you must use TKIP + AES encryption and enter the WPA passphrase (network key). • WPA/WPA2 Enterprise/WPA Auto-Enterprise: This option provides very strong security. It is with integrated EAP server or an external RADIUS back-end authentication server. • Radius with 802.1x NOTE: Your wireless router supports the maximum transmission rate of 54Mbps when the Wireless Mode is set to Auto and encryption method is WEP or TKIP. 9. Select any of these WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy) Encryption options for the data transmitted over your wireless network: • Off: Disables WEP encryption • 64-bit: Enables weak WEP encryption • 128-bit: Enables improved WEP encryption 10.When done, click Apply. 4.1.2 WPS WPS (Wi-Fi Protected Setup) is a wireless security standard that allows you to easily connect devices to a wireless network. You can configure the WPS function via the PIN code or WPS button. NOTE: Ensure that the devices support WPS. To enable WPS on your wireless network: 1. From the navigation panel, go to Advanced Settings > Wireless > WPS tab. 2. In the Enable WPS field, move the slider to ON. 3. WPS uses 2.4GHz by default. If you want to change the frequency to 5GHz, turn OFF the WPS function, click Switch Frequency in the Current Frequency field, and turn WPS ON again. 57 58 NOTE: WPS supports authentication using Open System, WPA-Personal, and WPA2-Personal. WPS does not support a wireless network that uses a Shared Key, WPA-Enterprise, WPA2-Enterprise, and RADIUS encryption method. 3. In the WPS Method field, select Push Button or Client PIN code. If you select Push Button, go to step 4. If you select Client PIN code, go to step 5. 4. To set up WPS using the router’s WPS button, follow these steps: a. Click Start or press the WPS button found at the rear of the wireless router. b. Press the WPS button on your wireless device. This is normally identified by the WPS logo. NOTE: Check your wireless device or its user manual for the location of the WPS button. c. The wireless router will scan for any available WPS devices. If the wireless router does not find any WPS devices, it will switch to standby mode. 5. To set up WPS using the Client’s PIN code, follow these steps: a. Locate the WPS PIN code on your wireless device’s user manual or on the device itself. b. Key in the Client PIN code on the text box. c. Click Start to put your wireless router into WPS survey mode. The router’s LED indicators quickly flash three times until the WPS setup is completed. 4.1.3 Bridge Bridge or WDS (Wireless Distribution System) allows your ASUS wireless router to connect to another wireless access point exclusively, preventing other wireless devices or stations to access your ASUS wireless router. It can also be considered as a wireless repeater where your ASUS wireless router communicates with another access point and other wireless devices. To set up the wireless bridge: 1. From the navigation panel, go to Advanced Settings > Wireless > WDS tab. 2. Select the frequency band for the wireless bridge. 3. In the AP Mode field, select any of these options: • AP Only: Disables the Wireless Bridge function. • WDS Only: Enables the Wireless Bridge feature but prevents other wireless devices/stations from connecting to the router. 59 60 • HYBRID: Enables the Wireless Bridge feature and allows other wireless devices/stations to connect to the router. NOTE: In Hybrid mode, wireless devices connected to the ASUS wireless router will only receive half the connection speed of the Access Point. 4. In the Connect to APs in list field, click Yes if you want to connect to an Access Point listed in the Remote AP List. 5. In the Control Channel field, select the operating channel for the wireless bridge. Select Auto to allow the router to automatically select the channel with the least amount of interference. NOTE: Channel availability varies per country or region. 6. On the Remote AP List, key in a MAC address and click the Add button to enter the MAC address of other available Access Points. NOTE: Any Access Point added to the list should be on the same Control Channel as the ASUS wireless router. 7. Click Apply. 4.1.4 Wireless MAC Filter Wireless MAC filter provides control over packets transmitted to a specified MAC (Media Access Control) address on your wireless network. To set up the Wireless MAC filter: 1. From the navigation panel, go to Advanced Settings > Wireless > Wireless MAC Filter tab. 2. Tick Yes in the Enable Mac Filter field. 3. In the MAC Filter Mode dropdown list, select either Accept or Reject. • Select Accept to allow devices in the MAC filter list to access to the wireless network. • Select Reject to prevent devices in the MAC filter list to access to the wireless network. 4. On the MAC filter list, click the Add button and key in the MAC address of the wireless device. 5. Click Apply. 61 62 4.1.5 RADIUS Setting RADIUS (Remote Authentication Dial In User Service) Setting provides an extra layer of security when you choose WPA- Enterprise, WPA2-Enterprise, or Radius with 802.1x as your Authentication Mode. To set up wireless RADIUS settings: 1. Ensure that the wireless router’s authentication mode is set to WPA-Enterprise, WPA2-Enterprise, or Radius with 802.1x. NOTE: Please refer to section 4.1.1 General section for configuring your wireless router’s Authentication Mode. 2. From the navigation panel, go to Advanced Settings > Wireless > RADIUS Setting. 3. Select the frequency band. 4. In the Server IP Address field, key in your RADIUS server’s IP Address. 5. In the Connection Secret field, assign the password to access your RADIUS server. 6. Click Apply. 4.1.6 Professional The Professional screen provides advanced configuration options. NOTE: We recommend that you use the default values on this page. In the Professional Settings screen, you can configure the following: • Frequency: Select the frequency band that the professional settings will be applied to. • Enable Radio: Select Yes to enable wireless networking. Select No to disable wireless networking. • Enable wireless scheduler: You can choose clock format as 24-hour or 12-hour. The color in the table indicates Allow or Deny. Click each frame to change the settings of the hour of the weekdays and click OK when done. 63 64 • Set AP isolated: The Set AP isolated item prevents wireless devices on your network from communicating with each other. This feature is useful if many guests frequently join or leave your network. Select Yes to enable this feature or select No to disable. • Multicast rate (Mbps): Select the multicast transmission rate or click Disable to switch off simultaneous single transmission. • Preamble Type: Preamble Type defines the length of time that the router spent for CRC (Cyclic Redundancy Check). CRC is a method of detecting errors during data transmission. Select Short for a busy wireless network with high network traffic. Select Long if your wireless network is composed of older or legacy wireless devices. • RTS Threshold: Select a lower value for RTS (Request to Send) Threshold to improve wireless communication in a busy or noisy wireless network with high network traffic and numerous wireless devices. • DTIM Interval: DTIM (Delivery Traffic Indication Message) Interval or Data Beacon Rate is the time interval before a signal is sent to a wireless device in sleep mode indicating that a data packet is awaiting delivery. The default value is three milliseconds. • Beacon Interval: Beacon Interval is the time between one DTIM and the next. The default value is 100 milliseconds. Lower the Beacon Interval value for an unstable wireless connection or for roaming devices. • Enable TX Bursting: Enable TX Bursting improves transmission speed between the wireless router and 802.11g devices. • Enable WMM APSD: Enable WMM APSD (Wi-Fi Multimedia Automatic Power Save Delivery) to improve power management between wireless devices. Select Disable to switch off WMM APSD. 65 66 4.2 LAN 4.2.1 LAN IP The LAN IP screen allows you to modify the LAN IP settings of your wireless router. NOTE: Any changes to the LAN IP address will be reflected on your DHCP settings. To modify the LAN IP settings: 1. From the navigation panel, go to Advanced Settings > LAN > LAN IP tab. 2. Modify the IP address and Subnet Mask. 3. When done, click Apply. 4.2.2 DHCP Server Your wireless router uses DHCP to assign IP addresses automatically on your network. You can specify the IP address range and lease time for the clients on your network. To configure the DHCP server: 1. From the navigation panel, go to Advanced Settings > LAN > DHCP Server tab. 2. In the Enable the DHCP Server field, tick Yes. 67 68 3. In the Domain Name text box, enter a domain name for the wireless router. 4. In the IP Pool Starting Address field, key in the starting IP address. 5. In the IP Pool Ending Address field, key in the ending IP address. 6. In the Lease Time field, specify in seconds when an assigned IP address will expire. Once it reaches this time limit, the DHCP server will then assign a new IP address. NOTES: • We recommend that you use an IP address format of 192.168.50.xxx (where xxx can be any number between 2 and 254) when specifying an IP address range. • An IP Pool Starting Address should not be greater than the IP Pool Ending Address. 7. In the DNS and Server Settings section, key in your DNS Server and WINS Server IP address if needed. 8. Your wireless router can also manually assign IP addresses to devices on the network. On the Enable Manual Assignment field, choose Yes to assign an IP address to specific MAC addresses on the network. Up to 32 MAC Addresses can be added to the DHCP list for manual assignment. 4.2.3 Route If your network makes use of more than one wireless router, you can configure a routing table to share the same Internet service. NOTE: We recommend that you do not change the default route settings unless you have advanced knowledge of routing tables. To configure the LAN Routing table: 1. From the navigation panel, go to Advanced Settings > LAN > Route tab. 2. On the Enable static routes field, choose Yes. 3. On the Static Route List, enter the network information of other access points or nodes. Click the Add button to add or remove a device on the list. 4. Click Apply. or Delete 69 70 4.2.4 IPTV The wireless router supports connection to IPTV services through an ISP or a LAN. The IPTV tab provides the configuration settings needed to set up IPTV, VoIP, multicasting, and UDP for your service. Contact your ISP for specific information regarding your service. 4.3 WAN 4.3.1 Internet Connection The Internet Connection screen allows you to configure the settings of various WAN connection types. To configure the WAN connection settings: 1. From the navigation panel, go to Advanced Settings > WAN > Internet Connection tab. 2. Configure the following settings below. When done, click Apply. • WAN Connection Type: Choose your Internet Service Provider type. The choices are Automatic IP, PPPoE, PPTP, L2TP or fixed IP. Consult your ISP if the router is unable to obtain a valid IP address or if you are unsure the WAN connection type. • Enable WAN: Select Yes to allow the router Internet access. Select No to disable Internet access. 71 72 • Enable NAT: NAT (Network Address Translation) is a system where one public IP (WAN IP) is used to provide Internet access to network clients with a private IP address in a LAN. The private IP address of each network client is saved in a NAT table and is used to route incoming data packets. • Enable UPnP: UPnP (Universal Plug and Play) allows several devices (such as routers, televisions, stereo systems, game consoles, and cellular phone), to be controlled via an IP-based network with or without a central control through a gateway. UPnP connects PCs of all form factors, providing a seamless network for remote configuration and data transfer. Using UPnP, a new network device is discovered automatically. Once connected to the network, devices can be remotely configured to support P2P applications, interactive gaming, video conferencing, and web or proxy servers. Unlike Port forwarding, which involves manually configuring port settings, UPnP automatically configures the router to accept incoming connections and direct requests to a specific PC on the local network. • Connect to DNS Server: Allows this router to get the DNS IP address from the ISP automatically. A DNS is a host on the Internet that translates Internet names to numeric IP addresses. • Authentication: This item may be specified by some ISPs. Check with your ISP and fill them in if required. • Host Name: This field allows you to provide a host name for your router. It is usually a special requirement from your ISP. If your ISP assigned a host name to your computer, enter the host name here. • MAC Address: MAC (Media Access Control) address is a unique identifier for your networking device. Some ISPs monitor the MAC address of networking devices that connect to their service and reject any unrecognized device that attempt to connect. To avoid connection issues due to an unregistered MAC address, you can: • Contact your ISP and update the MAC address associated with your ISP service. • Clone or change the MAC address of the ASUS wireless router to match the MAC address of the previous networking device recognized by the ISP. 73 74 4.3.2 Port Trigger Port range triggering opens a predetermined incoming port for a limited period of time whenever a client on the local area network makes an outgoing connection to a specified port. Port triggering is used in the following scenarios: • More than one local client needs port forwarding for the same application at a different time. • An application requires specific incoming ports that are different from the outgoing ports. To set up Port Trigger: 1. From the navigation panel, go to Advanced Settings > WAN > Port Trigger tab. 2. Configure the following settings below. When done, click Apply. • Enable Port Trigger: Choose Yes to enable Port Trigger. • Well-Known Applications: Select popular games and web services to add to the Port Trigger List. • Description: Enter a short name or description for the service. • Trigger Port: Specify a trigger port to open the incoming port. • Protocol: Select the protocol, TCP, or UDP. • Incoming Port: Specify an incoming port to receive inbound data from the Internet. • Protocol: Select the protocol, TCP, or UDP. NOTES: • When connecting to an IRC server, a client PC makes an outgoing connection using the trigger port range 66660-7000. The IRC server responds by verifying the username and creating a new connection to the client PC using an incoming port. • If Port Trigger is disabled, the router drops the connection because it is unable to determine which PC is requesting for IRC access. When Port Trigger is enabled, the router assigns an incoming port to receive the inbound data. This incoming port closes once a specific time period has elapsed because the router is unsure when the application has been terminated. • Port triggering only allows one client in the network to use a particular service and a specific incoming port at the same time. • You cannot use the same application to trigger a port in more than one PC at the same time. The router will only forward the port back to the last computer to send the router a request/trigger. 75 76 4.3.3 Virtual Server/Port Forwarding Port forwarding is a method to direct network traffic from the Internet to a specific port or a specific range of ports to a device or number of devices on your local network. Setting up Port Forwarding on your router allows PCs outside the network to access specific services provided by a PC in your network. NOTE: When port forwarding is enabled, the ASUS router blocks unsolicited inbound traffic from the Internet and only allows replies from outbound requests from the LAN. The network client does not have access to the Internet directly, and vice versa. To set up Port Forwarding: 1. From the navigation panel, go to Advanced Settings > WAN > Virtual Server / Port Forwarding tab. 2. Configure the following settings below. When done, click Apply. • Enable Port Forwarding: Choose Yes to enable Port Forwarding. • Famous Server List: Determine which type of service you want to access. • Famous Game List: This item lists ports required for popular online games to work correctly. • FTP Server Port: Avoid assigning the port range 20:21 for your FTP server as this would conflict with the router’s native FTP server assignment. • Service Name: Enter a service name. • Port Range: If you want to specify a Port Range for clients on the same network, enter the Service Name, the Port Range (e.g. 10200:10300), the LAN IP address, and leave the Local Port empty. Port range accepts various formats such as Port Range (300:350), individual ports (566,789) or Mix (1015:1024,3021). NOTES: • When your network’s firewall is disabled and you set 80 as the HTTP server’s port range for your WAN setup, then your http server/web server would be in conflict with the router’s web user interface. • A network makes use of ports in order to exchange data, with each port assigned a port number and a specific task. For example, port 80 is used for HTTP. A specific port can only be used by one application or service at a time. Hence, two PCs attempting to access data through the same port at the same time would fail. For example, you cannot set up Port Forwarding for port 100 for two PCs at the same time. 77 78 • Local IP: Key in the client’s LAN IP address. NOTE: Use a static IP address for the local client to make port forwarding work properly. Refer to section 4.2 LAN for information. • Local Port: Enter a specific port to receive forwarded packets. Leave this field blank if you want the incoming packets to be redirected to the specified port range. • Protocol: Select the protocol. If you are unsure, select BOTH. To check if Port Forwarding has been configured successfully: • Ensure that your server or application is set up and running. • You will need a client outside your LAN but has Internet access (referred to as “Internet client”). This client should not be connected to the ASUS router. • On the Internet client, use the router’s WAN IP to access the server. If port forwarding has been successful, you should be able to access the files or applications. Differences between port trigger and port forwarding: • Port triggering will work even without setting up a specific LAN IP address. Unlike port forwarding, which requires a static LAN IP address, port triggering allows dynamic port forwarding using the router. Predetermined port ranges are configured to accept incoming connections for a limited period of time. Port triggering allows multiple computers to run applications that would normally require manually forwarding the same ports to each PC on the network. • Port triggering is more secure than port forwarding since the incoming ports are not open all the time. They are opened only when an application is making an outgoing connection through the trigger port. 4.3.4 DMZ Virtual DMZ exposes one client to the Internet, allowing this client to receive all inbound packets directed to your Local Area Network. Inbound traffic from the Internet is usually discarded and routed to a specific client only if port forwarding or a port trigger has been configured on the network. In a DMZ configuration, one network client receives all inbound packets. Setting up DMZ on a network is useful when you need incoming ports open or you want to host a domain, web, or e-mail server. CAUTION: Opening all the ports on a client to the Internet makes the network vulnerable to outside attacks. Please be aware of the security risks involved in using DMZ. To set up DMZ: 1. From the navigation panel, go to Advanced Settings > WAN > DMZ tab. 2. Configure the setting below. When done, click Apply. • IP address of Exposed Station: Key in the client’s LAN IP address that will provide the DMZ service and be exposed on the Internet. Ensure that the server client has a static IP address. To remove DMZ: 1. Delete the client’s LAN IP address from the IP Address of Exposed Station text box. 2. When done, click Apply. 79 80 4.3.5 DDNS Setting up DDNS (Dynamic DNS) allows you to access the router from outside your network through the provided ASUS DDNS Service or another DDNS service. To set up DDNS: 1. From the navigation panel, go to Advanced Settings > WAN > DDNS tab. 2. Configure the following settings below. When done, click Apply. • Enable the DDNS Client: Enable DDNS to access the ASUS router via the DNS name rather than WAN IP address. • Server and Host Name: Choose ASUS DDNS or other DDNS. If you want to use ASUS DDNS, fill in the Host Name in the format of xxx.asuscomm.com (xxx is your host name). • If you want to use a different DDNS service, click FREE TRIAL and register online first. Fill in the User Name or E-mail Address and Password or DDNS Key fields.


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